Total 6356 patents for "2007-07-05"

Modification of metal nanoparticles for improved analyte detection by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070155021

A SERS active particle having a metal-containing particle and a cationic coating on the metal-containing particle, wherein the SERS active particle carries a positive charge is disclosed. Also, a SERS active particle having a metal-containing particle and a non-metallic molecule, wherein the metal-containing particle is derivatized with the non-metallic molecule is disclosed. In addition, several methods of modifying the nanoparticles surfaces of a SERS active particle and of improving the interaction between the SERS active particle and an analyte are disclosed.

Application access to cellular telephone settings

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070155426

In an embodiment, a method is presented. The method includes presenting a user interface to a user on a cellular telephone by operating a media player with a content file. The method also includes receiving user commands. The method further includes translating the user commands to device specific commands in the media player responsive to the content file.

ADAPTIVE WRITING METHOD FOR HIGH-DENSITY OPTICAL RECORDING APPARATUS AND CIRCUIT THEREOF

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070153659

An adaptive writing method of a high-density optical recording apparatus and a circuit thereof. The circuit includes a discriminator for discriminating a magnitude of a present mark of input NRZI data and magnitudes of leading and/or trailing spaces of the input NRZI data, a generator for controlling the waveform of a write pulse in accordance with the magnitude of the present mark of the input NRZI data and the magnitudes of the leading and/or trailing spaces of the input NRZI data to generate an adaptive write pulse, and a driver for driving a light source by converting the adaptive write pulse into a current signal in accordance with driving power levels for respective channels of the adaptive write pulse. The widths of the first and/or last pulses of the write pulse waveform are varied in accordance with the magnitude of the present mark of input NRZI data and the magnitude of the leading and/or trailing spaces, thereby minimizing jitter to enhance system reliability and performance.

Digital to analog converter having a single cyclic resistor string and multiple current sources

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070152860

A current driven DAC architecture uses a single resistance string arranged to have a cyclic configuration and a plurality of nodes, one of the nodes being connected to a known potential, e.g., ground potential, and at least two current sources connected to selected ones of said nodes through operable switches, and an output connected to a selected one of said nodes. In one modification, 2 2n2 LSB (least significant bit) voltage levels are generated as outputs from 2 n cyclic string resistors and two current sources. In another modification, spurious-free resolution of (2n2) bits and (2n1) bit resolution with lower SNDR are achieved by using 2 n resistors and two current sources. In one described embodiment, 2 n unit impedances in the cyclic string result in 2(n1) bit resolution. Thus, the single cyclic string of resistances achieves the function of both MSB sub-string and LSB sub-string.

Air conditioner spray applicator triggered by paddle valve to improve efficiency

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151277

This device provides a cooling spray around the condenser unit of an air conditioner to cool the enclosed Freon more than normal air. It is activated by the opening of a paddle valve as a result of air flow from the air conditioner fan, allowing the flow of water into a hose and out a turning spray nozzle. The resulting spray of water quickly lowers the temperature of the condenser to that of the tap or ground water, allowing it to cool the passing air more efficiently.

SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE AND NON-VOLATILE MEMORY SYSTEM USING THE SAME

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070153582

A semiconductor integrated circuit device includes a non-volatile memory having a pseudo pass function of returning a pass as a status even if a bit error reaching an allowable number of bits occurs after at least one of write or erase sequence is completed. The non-volatile memory includes an issue timing control section for controlling timing of issuing the pseudo pass function.

Bristle magazine for a broom or brush stuffing machine

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070152496

A bristle magazine for a broom or brush stuffing machine includes a receiving space for a multitude of bristles, a bending edge and a bracket opposite the bending edge for maintaining the bristles in a curved condition.

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY SELECTING ONE OR MORE METRICS FOR PERFORMING A CAPACITY MATURITY MODEL INTEGRATION

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070156657

A computer implemented method for automatically identifying one or more metrics for performing a CMMI evaluation of an entity, wherein the CMMI evaluation is performed at a particular CMMI level and the method comprises the steps of accessing an electronic database of a plurality of candidate metrics, providing a first list of requirement elements to define a set of specific requirements of the entity, providing a second list of requirement elements to define a set of general requirements of the business field of the entity, searching for a first subset of metrics from the plurality of candidate metrics that match the first list and second list of requirement elements, searching for a second subset of metrics from the first subset of metrics that match with the CMMI level, and outputting the second set of metrics in a user-friendly format suitable for the CMMI evaluation.

System and Method For Establishing And Maintaining Simultaneous Operation of Asynchronous and Isochronous Communications

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070153815

A digital communication system and method for establishing and maintaining simultaneous operation of asynchronous and isochronous communications over the same or different physical communication media. The system includes a Multimode Network Controller having connections to multiple asynchronous and isochronous information sources, two or more normally non-interoperable Member Devices using different native protocols to communicate with the Multimode Network Controller over different wired and wireless physical communication media (or channel), and an algorithm that uses the Time Division Multiple Access technique to enable simultaneous operation of asynchronous and isochronous communications. Some embodiments of the present invention include an algorithm to enable a Member Device to have sub-network controller functions. The system in some embodiments of the present invention may include algorithms that enable the Multimode Network Controller to control and coordinate a transfer of information from information sources to Member Devices over different physical media or through one or more sub-networks.

METHOD FOR FORMING A COPPER METAL INTERCONNECTION OF A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151860

Embodiments relate to a method for forming a copper metal interconnection of a semiconductor device. In embodiments, a copper metal interconnection may be formed through a damascene process. The method may include forming a first copper plating layer on an interlayer dielectric layer of the semiconductor substrate by performing an electrical-chemical plating scheme with a first plating distance, measuring surface uniformity of the first copper plating layer, and forming a second copper plating layer on the first copper plating layer by adjusting a plating distance according to the surface uniformity of the first copper plating layer.

Helical wrapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes by genomic DNA

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070154891

A structure and method for forming single-stranded DNA segments/single-wall carbon nanotube complexes and a method of preparing single-stranded DNA segments. The method for forming single-stranded DNA segments/single-wall carbon nanotube complexes including: attaching single-stranded DNA segments to single-wall carbon nanotubes to form single-stranded DNA segment/single-wall carbon nanotube complexes, each of the single-stranded DNA segments having a same length of greater than 2,000 bases.

MOTION VECTOR ENCODING DEVICE AND DECODING DEVICE

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070153902

A prediction error generating unit generates a predictive vector from the motion vectors of a plurality of adjacent blocks, and obtains a difference from a target vector. A plurality of variable-length coding units respectively encode the output of the prediction error generating unit with different encoding methods. A determining unit estimates the accuracy of the predictive vector generated by the prediction error generating unit based on the degrees of non-uniformity of the motion vectors of the plurality of adjacent blocks. A selecting unit selects one of the encoding results obtained by the plurality of variable-length coding units.

Waterproof and impact resistant mouse

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070152967

A waterproof and impact resistant mouse is provided. The mouse comprises a body case, an electronic device included in the chamber of the body case, operable units which are left and right keys in the front part of the body case, and three scroll keys (3) in a tandem arrangement between the left and right keys. The upper body case and the lower body case are made of silicone and fixed as an integral formation. A rigid extra layer is adhered to the surface under the keys. The integral formation structure of the body case and the keys ensures that the mouse is waterproof. Also, because the opening for the outgoing wire, the mouse wire, and the transparent hole are sealed, this mouse is substantially airtight and waterproof. Additionally, its resistance to impact is extremely strong; therefore, even if the mouse is thrown forcefully on the ground, it will spring up like a ball.

Method of dicing wafer and die

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070155055

Provided are a method of dicing a wafer, which reduces sectional cracking and chipping, and a die. According to the method, a DAF (die attach film) may be attached on a grinded backside of a wafer, and the DAF and the backside of the wafer may be sawed to a depth. The backside of the wafer may be attached to a ring mount blocked by a tape, and the wafer may be separated into a plurality of dies by applying stress on the wafer through the tape of the ring mount. Each of the dies may include a die adhesive dam formed naturally and may be used together with the DAF when a die is bonded.

Ionic liquids as solvents

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070155621

The present invention discloses a method for preparing a dissolved catalyst component comprising the steps of: a) providing a halogenated precursor component of formula (I) X[CH2] b) reacting the halogenated bisimine precursor with an ionic liquid precursor in a solvent to prepare an ionic liquid; c) mixing in a solvent one equivalent of the ionic liquid prepared in step b) with a metallic complex of formula (II) L 2 MY 2 wherein L is a coordinating ligand for the metallic site, said coordination being achieved by phosphorus, nitrogen or oxygen; d) evaporating the solvent; and e) retrieving a hybrid single site catalyst component/ionic liquid system. It also discloses an active catalyst system heterogenised by an ionic liquid and its use in the polymerisation of olefins.

Semiconductor memory device with triple well structure and method of manufacturing the same

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070152280

A semiconductor memory device may include a semiconductor substrate that may have a first conductivity type. A first buried layer may be formed in the semiconductor substrate and may have a second conductivity type opposite to the first type conductivity. A first well may be formed on the first buried layer and may have the first type conductivity. A second well may be formed in the first well over a first surface portion of the first buried layer and may have the second conductivity type. A second buried layer may be formed in the first well and on a second surface portion of the first buried layer and may have the first conductivity type. A third well may be formed in the first well and on the second buried layer and may have the second conductivity type.

Silicoboroncarbonitride ceramics and precursor compounds, method for the production and use thereof

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070155611

The present invention relates to novel alkylhalosilylaminoboranes, in particular alkylchlorosilylaminoboranes, which make it possible to adjust the viscosity of polyborosilazane compounds by varying the number of reactive centers, to novel borosilazane compounds, to novel oligoborosilazane or polyborosilazane compounds which have the structural feature R 1 SiNHBR 2 , where R 1 or R 2 or both is/are a hydrocarbon radical having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, in particular an alkyl, phenyl or vinyl group, to silicon borocarbonitride ceramic powder, to ceramic material based on SiC, SiN and BN and to processes for producing each of these and to the use of the polyborosilazanes and the ceramic materials.

SLIDER HAVING ADJUSTED TRANSDUCER RECESSION AND METHOD OF ADJUSTING RECESSION

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151094

A method and apparatus are provided for adjusting recession of an element, such as a pole tip, in a transducer structure formed in a plurality of thin film layers on an edge of a slider. A pre-stressed structure is formed as part of the plurality of thin film layers on the edge of the slider. The pre-stressed structure has a level of material stress. The recession is measured relative to a bearing surface of the slider, and then the level of material stress is adjusted as a function of the measured to effect a corresponding change in the recession.

Platform independent user interface for a mobile device

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070156841

In an embodiment, a method is presented. The method includes playing a content file on a media player of a cellular telephone to provide a user interface to a user of the cellular telephone. The content file is independent of the cellular telephone. The method also includes receiving user commands through the user interface. The method further includes operating the cellular telephone responsive to the user commands.

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SOLID FUEL

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151145

A system and method for producing solid fuel may comprise a base material in the form of at least one of biomaterial waste and one or more agricultural crops. The base material is combined with at least one additive, wherein the combination of the base material and the at least one additive has at least one property that is different than that of the base material. The combination of the base material and the at least one additive is processed to form the solid fuel.

PRESSURE SENSOR CIRCUITS

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151348

Implantable pressure sensors and methods for making and using the same are provided. A feature of embodiments of the subject pressure sensors is that they are low-drift sensors. The subject sensors find use in a variety of applications.

WET-TYPE MULTI-PLATE CLUTCH

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151822

The present invention provides a wet-type multi-plate clutch subjected to slip control, wherein a first friction material including rich diatom earth at its friction surface acting during the slip control and a second friction material acting at completion of engagement and having great static coefficient of friction are stuck on the same surface of a friction plate of the wet-type multi-plate clutch and wherein the first friction material has an axial thickness greater than that of the second friction material.

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151335

A microfluidic device a micromachined freestanding member adapted to sense one or more properties of a fluid flowing through the freestanding member. The freestanding member is supported by a substrate and spaced apart and separated from the substrate to enable the freestanding member to move relative to the substrate under the influence of a vibration-inducing element. Movement of the freestanding member relative to the substrate is then sensed by a sensing element. The freestanding member has an inlet, an outlet, an internal passage that fluidically couples the inlet and outlet, and a wall that defines and separates first and second passage portions of the internal passage that are arranged in fluidic series so that a fluid flowing through the internal passage flows through the first and second passage portions in opposite directions.

System and method for color measurements or other spectral measurements of a material

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070153278

A system and method for color measurements or other spectral measurements of a material are provided. An illuminating device generates light for illuminating a sample of material. A detector detects light that has interacted with the sample and provides a measurement of the light that has interacted with the sample. A controller adjusts a duty cycle of the illuminating device to control the illumination of the sample. The measurement could be used by an analyzer to determine a spectral characteristic of the sample (such as a color of the sample). The determination of the spectral characteristic could be done without using any measurement of light that has not interacted with the sample. One or multiple light emitting diodes (LEDs) could be used to illuminate the sample, and the duty cycle of individual LEDs or groups of LEDs could be adjusted.

Anatomically supportive bicycle seat

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070152481

The invention disclosed provides an improved bicycle seat or exercise bicycle seat comprised of a narrow anterior portion leading to a wider posterior portion. The improved bicycle seat accommodates, supports, protects, and relieves the male genitals from the pressure of the rider's weight. The posterior portion includes two support surfaces divided by an indented channel. The support surfaces properly remove the weight of the rider from the soft tissues of the perineal area and distribute it to the ischial bones of the pelvis. Located between the narrow anterior portion and the wider posterior portion are two recessed concave cavities separated by a sloped raised ridge and a perineal support projection. The rider's external genitalia are properly supported and protected in the recessed cavities.

Multi-disc brake with fixed center brake pad assembly

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070151814

The invention provides a multi-disc brake for a vehicle having a knuckle for supporting a wheel of a vehicle and a hub mounted for rotation on the knuckle about a rotation axis. The multi-disc brake also includes a pair of discs mounted for rotation with and sliding movement on the hub along the rotation axis. Each disc includes inboard and outboard engaging surfaces. The multi-disc brake also includes a plurality of brake pad assemblies disposed in alternating arrangement between the discs. The multi-disc brake also includes a caliper (62) disposed for sliding movement relative to the knuckle and having an inboard wall (64) and a bridge portion (66) extending from the inboard wall (64) around the discs and the brake pad assemblies to an outboard wall (68) adjacent to the outboard brake pad assembly. An actuator (70) is disposed between the inboard wall (64) of the caliper (62) and the inboard brake pad assembly for urging the inboard brake pad assembly and the inboard wall (64) apart to urge the brake pad assemblies and the discs together to slow rotation of the hub. The multi-disc brake also includes a guide (72) fixed relative to the knuckle for guiding sliding movement of the inboard brake pad assembly and the outboard brake pad assembly wherein the center brake pad assembly being fixed to the guide (72) for limiting taper of the brake pad assemblies.

Keno game with bonus

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070155470

The present invention provides a game including a display defining a plurality of positions grouped into a plurality of zones. A bonus zone is chosen from among the zones, with a bonus symbol selected from among a set of playable symbols. Preferably, a player selects the bonus zone and the bonus symbol. A set of winning symbols are preferably randomly selected from the set of playable symbols and displayed on the display, with one winning symbol displayed in each of the plurality of positions. A bonus game is initiated if the bonus symbol matches any of the winning symbols displayed within the bonus zone.

Negotiated wireless peripheral security systems

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070156906

Methods, apparatus, and business techniques are disclosed for use in mobile network communication systems. A mobile unit such as a smart phone is preferably equipped with a wireless local area network connection and a wireless wide area network connection. The local area network connection is used to establish a position-dependent ecommerce network connection with a wireless peripheral supplied by a vendor. The mobile unit is then temporarily augmented with the added peripheral services supplied by the negotiated wireless peripheral. Systems and methods allow the mobile unit to communicate securely with a remote server, even when the negotiated wireless peripheral is not fully trusted. Also mobile units, wireless user peripherals, and negotiated wireless peripherals that project a non-area constrained user interface image on a display surface are taught.

VIDEO-BASED HANDWRITING INPUT METHOD AND APPARATUS

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070154116

Disclosed is a method and an apparatus, as well as a computer recording medium for handwriting input. The invention is implemented by capturing images including raw strokes with a digital camera and receiving writing sounds with a microphone, when a user writes on a writing surface with a stylus having a special mark (such as special color point or light point), said images and sounds are time-stamped; extracting images of raw stroke by comparing the captured images with the special mark on the stylus; and retrieving effective strokes from the raw strokes by utilizing the received writing sounds. Moreover, the invention discloses a low cost, wireless method and apparatus for handwriting input which enables an user to write on a paper without a touch sensor provided for a computer system (such as Notebook and PDA etc.) equipped with an embedded digital camera.

Wipes

Pub Date: 2007-07-05

Pub Number: US20070155645

The invention relates to cleaning wipes which are characterized in that a water-insoluble substrate is impregnated with an alkylether citrate partial ester.