SDN Controller, Data Center System, and Routing Connection Method

Abstract:

A software defined networking (SDN) controller, a data center system, and a routing connection method relates to the field of communications technologies, where the method may use to resolve a technical problem in other approaches where a data center network cannot complete recovery of a communication fault. The SDN controller includes a receiver configured to receive a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and a processor configured to perform route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.


Publication Number: US20200014614

Publication Date: 2020-01-09

Application Number: 16576391

Applicant Date: 2019-09-19

International Class:

    H04L 12/751

    H04L 12/715

Inventors: Qinghua Yu Xinhua Yang

Inventors Address: Dongguan,CN Shenzhen,CN

Applicators: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Applicators Address: Shenzhen CN

Assignee:


Claims:

1. A routing connection method implemented by a software defined networking (SDN) controller, the method comprising:receiving, from an endpoint device manager, a route calculation request that carries information about endpoint devices of two communication parties that need to perform route calculation;performing, according to the information about the endpoint devices, route calculation for the endpoint devices; andcontrolling, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the two communication parties.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the information about the endpoint devices comprises one or more of identification information about the endpoint devices or topology location information about the endpoint devices.

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the information about the endpoint devices is obtained by:receiving, by the endpoint device manager, quality information reported by an endpoint device, wherein the quality information is about communication with another endpoint device; andobtaining the information by screening, the endpoint devices of the two communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the information about the endpoint devices is obtained by the endpoint device manager receiving identification information reported by an endpoint device, wherein the identification information is of the endpoint devices of the two communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the information about the endpoint devices of the two communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained by determining, by the endpoint device, wherein the identification information is obtained after detecting and obtaining communication quality information about communication with a peer endpoint device.

6. The method according to claim 1, wherein receiving the route calculation request comprises receiving, by the SDN controller using a newly added interface of the endpoint device manager, the route calculation request from the endpoint device manager.

7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the newly added interface uses a representational state transfer (REST) protocol.

8. The method according to claim 1, wherein receiving the route calculation request comprises receiving, by the SDN controller using a unified arrangement component, the route calculation request from the endpoint device manager.

9. A data center system, comprising:an endpoint device manager configured to send a route calculation request that carries information about endpoint devices of two communication parties that need to perform route calculation;a software defined networking (SDN) controller configured to receive the route calculation request and perform, according to the route calculation request, route calculation for the endpoint devices; anda forwarding device configured to perform, according to calculated route information under the control of the SDN controller, routing connection for the endpoint devices.

10. The data center system according to claim 9, wherein the endpoint device manager is further configured to:receive quality information reported by an endpoint device, wherein the quality information is about communication with another endpoint device;obtain, by screening, the endpoint devices of the two communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement; andadd identification information of the endpoint devices of the two communication parties to the route calculation request.

11. The data center system according to claim 9, wherein the endpoint device manager is further configured to:receive identification information reported by an endpoint device, wherein the identification information is of the endpoint devices of the two communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement; andadd the identification information to the route calculation request.

12. A non-transitory computer-readable storage product having a program recorded thereon, wherein the program includes instructions that, when executed by a processor, cause a software defined networking (SDN) controller to implement a routing connection method, the method comprising:receiving, from an endpoint device manager, a route calculation request that carries information about endpoint devices of two communication parties that need to perform route calculation;performing, according to the information about the endpoint devices, route calculation for the endpoint devices; andcontrolling, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the two communication parties.

13. The non-transitory computer-readable storage product according to claim 12, wherein the information about the endpoint devices comprises identification information about the endpoint devices.

14. The non-transitory computer-readable storage product according to claim 12, wherein the information about the endpoint devices comprises topology location information about the endpoint devices.

15. The non-transitory computer-readable storage product according to claim 12, wherein the information about the endpoint devices is obtained by:receiving, by the endpoint device manager, quality information reported by an endpoint device, wherein the quality information is about communication with another endpoint device; andobtaining the information by screening endpoint devices of the two communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

16. The non-transitory computer-readable storage product according to claim 12, wherein the information about the endpoint devices is obtained by the endpoint device manager receiving identification information reported by an endpoint device, wherein the identification information is of the endpoint devices of the two communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

17. The non-transitory computer-readable storage product according to claim 16, wherein the information about the endpoint devices of the two communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained by determining, by the endpoint device, wherein the identification information is obtained after detecting and obtaining communication quality information about communication with a peer endpoint device.

18. The non-transitory computer-readable storage medium according to claim 12, wherein receiving the route calculation request comprises receiving, by the SDN controller using a newly added interface of the endpoint device manager, the route calculation request from the endpoint device manager.

19. The non-transitory computer-readable storage product according to claim 18, wherein the newly added interface uses a representational state transfer (REST) protocol.

20. The non-transitory computer-readable storage product according to claim 12, wherein receiving the route calculation request comprises receiving, by the SDN controller using a unified arrangement component, the route calculation request from the endpoint device manager.

Descriptions:

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 15/199,194, filed on Jun. 30, 2016, which is a continuation of International Patent Application No. PCT/CN2014/093478, filed on Dec. 10, 2014, which claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201310754276.4, filed on Dec. 31, 2013. All of the aforementioned patent applications are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present disclosure relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a software defined networking (SDN) controller, a data center system, and a routing connection method.

BACKGROUND

Telecommunications network element cloudification means that a traditional telecommunications network element and an application that are based on a physical subrack and a board are deployed on a universal data center server in a software virtual machine (VM) manner, and various telecommunications services are provided. This deployment manner is referred to as network functions virtualization (NFV) in the industry. In a cloudified data center, a telecommunications network element and an application exist in a VM form, and do not exist in a form of a traditional telecommunications hardware board. Communication between one network element and another network element, and communication between different service progresses within a same network element are both presented as communication between VMs. As shown in FIG. 1A, FIG. 1A is an architectural model diagram of a data center networking architecture and cloudified deployment of a telecommunications network element in other approaches.

To ensure reliability of communication between VMs, during networking of a data center network, the following reliability mechanism may be used, as shown in FIG. 1B.

1. Reliability of a local area network (LAN) switch (LSW) node is ensured using an intelligent stack (iStack)/cluster switch system (CSS) technology.

2. A link aggregation group (LAG) trunk link is established between LSWs, and a physical redundant link is provided. After one or more links become faulty, traffic is automatically switched to another normal physical link in a trunk group.

3. An Ethernet fault detection protocol such as Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.3ah Ethernet operation administration and maintenance (OAM) is deployed between LSWs in a data center to monitor a link fault.

However, only link-by-link fault detection is performed in IEEE 802.3ah Ethernet OAM, and end-to-end fault detection cannot be performed. From a point of view of fault detection, the link-by-link fault detection cannot replace the end-to-end fault detection. Moreover, only fault detection is performed in Ethernet OAM, and is not integrated with a fault protection switching mechanism, and a communication fault cannot automatically recover.

To resolve a problem in the foregoing solution that end-to-end communication fault detection cannot be performed on a VM, an Internet Protocol (IP) flow performance measurement (FPM) solution is proposed in the industry. As shown in FIG. 1C, FIG. 1C is a schematic diagram of IP FPM. In this solution, a detection function is deployed on an edge device (a router or an LSW) of a network, and with reference to time synchronization of the entire network, an end-to-end communication fault of the VM is detected using a series of feature packet detection and statistical algorithms at an ingress and an egress of the network. The solution may resolve problems of IP statistical accuracy and transmission path monitoring in networking such as multihoming access and link trunk such that end-to-end service communication quality in a bottom-layer IP bearer network can be accurately monitored, and a fault of an end-to-end communication path can be found in time.

However, IP FPM can only complete the end-to-end fault detection, but cannot complete fault recovery.

SUMMARY

Embodiments of the present disclosure provide an SDN controller, a data center system, and a routing connection method in order to resolve a technical problem in other approaches that a data center network cannot complete fault recovery.

According to a first aspect of the present disclosure, a SDN controller is provided, including a receiver configured to receive a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and a processor configured to perform route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

With reference to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties includes one or more of identification information and topology location information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

With reference to the first aspect, in a second possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner: the endpoint device manager receives quality information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is about communication with another endpoint device, and obtains, by screening, endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

With reference to the first aspect, in a third possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner: the endpoint device manager receives identification information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is of endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

With reference to the third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a fourth possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner: after detecting and obtaining communication quality information about communication with the peer endpoint device, the endpoint device determines the identification information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement.

With reference to the first aspect, in a fifth possible implementation manner, the receiver is further configured to receive, using a newly added interface of the endpoint device manager, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager, or receive, using a unified arrangement module, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager.

With reference to the fifth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a sixth possible implementation manner, the newly added interface uses the representational state transfer (REST) protocol.

According to a second aspect of the present disclosure, a data center system is provided, including an endpoint device manager and an SDN controller, where the endpoint device manager is configured to send a route calculation request to the SDN controller, and the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and the SDN controller is configured to perform, according to the route calculation request, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

With reference to the second aspect, in a first possible implementation manner, the endpoint device manager is further configured to receive quality information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is about communication with another endpoint device, obtain, by screening, endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, and add the identification information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties to the route calculation request as the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

With reference to the second aspect, in a second possible implementation manner, the endpoint device manager is further configured to receive identification information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is of endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, and add the identification information to the route calculation request as the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

According to a third aspect of the present disclosure, a routing connection method is provided, including receiving, by an SDN controller, a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, performing, by the SDN controller according to the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and controlling, by the SDN controller according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

With reference to the third aspect, in a first possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties includes one or more of identification information and topology location information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

With reference to the third aspect, in a second possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner: the endpoint device manager receives quality information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is about communication with another endpoint device, and obtains, by screening, endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

With reference to the third aspect, in a third possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner: the endpoint device manager receives identification information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is of endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

With reference to the third possible implementation manner of the third aspect, in a fourth possible implementation manner, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner: after detecting and obtaining communication quality information about communication with the peer endpoint device, the endpoint device determines the identification information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement.

With reference to the third aspect, in a fifth possible implementation manner, receiving, by an SDN controller, a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager includes receiving, by the SDN controller using a newly added interface of the endpoint device manager, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager, or receiving, by the SDN controller using a unified arrangement module, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager.

With reference to the fifth possible implementation manner of the third aspect, in a sixth possible implementation manner, the newly added interface uses the REST protocol.

Beneficial effects of the present disclosure are as follows.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, an SDN controller first receives a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation. Then the SDN controller performs, according to the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and the SDN controller controls, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

That is, the SDN controller may perform, according to the route calculation request, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to the calculated route information, the forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties. Therefore, when communication between an endpoint device and a peer endpoint device does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, a communication path that is between the endpoint device and the peer endpoint device and that satisfies the preset communication quality requirement may be selected using the SDN controller. Therefore, a technical effect that a data center network can complete fault recovery is achieved, thereby further ensuring reliability of communication between endpoint devices.

Moreover, to use the solution, only a communications interface needs to be established between the endpoint device manager and the SDN controller. Therefore, if network construction costs are not increased, reliability of communication between the endpoint devices is ensured.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGSFIG. 1A is an architectural model diagram of a data center networking architecture and cloudified deployment of a telecommunication network element;FIG. 1B is an architectural diagram of reliability of a data center network based on bundling and stacking;FIG. 1C is a schematic diagram of IP FPM;FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an SDN architecture in a data center system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;FIG. 3 is a structural diagram of an SDN controller according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;FIG. 4 is a structural diagram of a data center system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a routing connection method according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;FIG. 6 is a structural diagram of a data center system according to Embodiment 1 of the present disclosure; andFIG. 7 is a structural diagram of a data center system according to Embodiment 2 of the present disclosure.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

For a technical problem in other approaches where a data center network cannot complete fault recovery, a technical solution proposed in embodiments of the present disclosure includes a data center system, where a bearer network of the data center system is an SDN network. Referring to FIG. 2, FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an SDN architecture, including a network application layer, a network control layer, and a network infrastructure layer. The network infrastructure layer further includes at least one forwarding device.

A technical essence of an SDN technology is to separate a control plane of a current LSW/router from a forwarding plane of the current LSW/router. A network control plane is mainly implemented by an SDN controller at the network control layer. A specific forwarding path of each IP flow in the network is controlled by the SDN controller, and is delivered, using the OPENFLOW protocol, to a forwarding device for execution. Therefore, the forwarding path of each IP flow may be flexibly controlled by the SDN controller. A network forwarding plane is implemented by the forwarding device at the network infrastructure layer. The forwarding device is only responsible for forwarding a packet, and is not responsible for calculating and maintaining the forwarding path.

In the embodiments of the present application, a communication channel from the SDN controller to an endpoint device manager of the data center system is newly added in the foregoing SDN architecture such that the SDN controller may acquire a route calculation request using the communication channel.

In addition, a routing connection method is provided, where the method includes receiving, by an SDN controller, a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, performing, by the SDN controller according to the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and controlling, by the SDN controller according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

That is, the SDN controller may perform, according to the route calculation request, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to the calculated route information, the forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties. Therefore, when communication between an endpoint device and a peer endpoint device does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, a communication path that is between the endpoint device and the peer endpoint device and that satisfies the preset communication quality requirement may be selected using the SDN controller. Therefore, a technical effect that a data center network can complete fault recovery is achieved, thereby further ensuring reliability of communication between endpoint devices.

The following expounds main implementation principles of the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present disclosure, implementation manners thereof, and corresponding accomplishable beneficial effects with reference to each accompanying drawing.

According to a first aspect, an embodiment of the present disclosure provides an SDN controller, including a receiver 30 and a processor 31. Refer to FIG. 3, where the receiver 30 is configured to receive a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

Optionally, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties includes one or more of identification information and topology location information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

For example, the identification information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties is medium access control (MAC) addresses, IP addresses, or identifiers (IDs) of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties, where a MAC address of an endpoint device is, for example, 28-6e-d4-88-c4-f8.

For example, the topology location information is at least one type of information of an ID of a server and a MAC address of an associated and connected LSW. In an example implementation process, after obtaining identification information of an endpoint device, the endpoint device manager may directly acquire prestored topology location information of the endpoint device. The topology location information is, for example, a MAC address+a port number of an LSW, for example, [70-7b-e8-ed-35-1c, 0/0/1]+[70-7b-e8-ed-35-0d, 1/1/12], for another example a MAC address through which an endpoint connects to the LSW, for example, [70-7b-e8-ed-35-1c]+[70-7b-e8-ed-35-0d]. In an example implementation process, information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that is included in a route calculation request reported by the endpoint device manager to the SDN controller varies with a manner of calculating route information by the SDN controller. The information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties is, for example, [ID of a source VM1, ID of a server 1, MAC address through which an LSW1 is connected]+[ID of a destination VM2, ID of a server 2, MAC address through which an LSW2 is connected], or [MAC address of a source VM1, MAC address through which an LSW1 is connected]+[MAC address of a destination VM2, MAC address through which an LSW2 is connected], or [MAC address of a source VM1, Access port number]+[MAC address of a destination VM2, Access port number].

Optionally, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation may be obtained in multiple manners. The following lists two manners for description. Certainly, in an implementation process, the manners are not limited to the following two cases.

First, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner. The endpoint device manager receives quality information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is about communication with another endpoint device, and obtains, by screening, endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

The endpoint device may be an endpoint device in an IP communications network, such as a VM or a physical machine.

The endpoint device manager may be a VM manager, a physical machine manager, or the like.

The communication quality information further includes at least one of on-off information about a communication path and information about quality of service (QoS).

For example, the endpoint device may detect on-off information about a communication path to another endpoint device, or detect QoS information, where the QoS information may further include multiple types of information, for example, a packet loss rate, delay information, jitter information, and an error rate.

After detecting the communication quality information, the endpoint device reports the communication quality information to the endpoint device manager. The endpoint device manager determines whether quality of communication between any two endpoint devices satisfies the preset communication quality requirement in order to obtain, by screening, the endpoint devices of the both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement.

For example, if communication quality information is the on-off information about the communication path, the preset communication quality requirement may be the communication path is in a connected state. It is assumed that an endpoint device is a VM1. Other endpoint devices communicating with the VM1 include a VM2, a VM3, a VM4, and a VM5, and on-off information about communication paths between the VM2, the VM3, the VM4, and the VM5 and the VM1 is shown in Table 1 below.

TABLE 1Peer endpoint deviceVM2VM3VM4VM5On-offDisconnectedConnectedConnectedDisconnectedinformationstatestatestatestate

According to the preset communication quality requirement, it may be determined that quality of communication between the VM1 and two endpoint devices VM2 and VM5 does not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement, and the endpoint device manager obtains, by screening, the following information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation: [VM1, VM2], and [VM1, VM5].

If the communication quality is the packet loss rate in the QoS information, where a higher packet loss rate indicates lower quality of communication between the endpoint device and another endpoint device, or even a fault occurs. Therefore, a packet loss rate threshold may be set, for example, 10% or 20%. When the packet loss rate exceeds the packet loss rate threshold, it indicates that quality of communication between the endpoint devices of the both communication parties does not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement.

Because services and communication protocols between different endpoint devices of both communication parties are different, capabilities of packet loss concealment are also different. Therefore, different packet loss rate thresholds may further be set for different endpoint devices of both communication parties. Still in terms of the previously listed five VMs, packet loss rate thresholds shown in Table 2 may be set.

TABLE 2Endpoint devices of both communication parties[VM1,[VM1,[VM1,[VM1,VM2]VM3]VM4]VM5]Packet loss5%10%5%15%rate threshold

Certainly, the foregoing packet loss rate thresholds are only an example, and constitute no limitation.

When the communication quality is other QoS information, for example, delay information, jitter information, or an error rate, a manner of determining whether the quality of communication between the endpoint devices of the both communication parties satisfies the preset communication quality requirement is similar to a manner of the determining using the packet loss rate, and details are not described herein again.

In the foregoing solution, the endpoint device sends the communication quality information to the endpoint device manager, and then the endpoint device manager obtains, by screening, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement. Therefore, a technical effect of reducing processing load of the endpoint device is achieved.

Second, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner. The endpoint device manager receives identification information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is of endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

Furthermore, the endpoint device manager does not need to receive the communication quality information from the endpoint device, and directly receives, from the endpoint device, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

Optionally, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner. The endpoint device determines the identification information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement after detecting and obtaining communication quality information about communication with a peer endpoint device.

The communication quality information further includes at least one of on-off information about a communication path and information about QoS.

A process in which the endpoint device obtains, by screening according to the communication quality information, the identification information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement is similar to a screening process of the endpoint device manager, and therefore details are not described herein again.

In the foregoing solution, because the endpoint device directly obtains, by screening, the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement, information that is sent by the endpoint device to the endpoint device manager may include only the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement, information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that satisfy the preset communication quality requirement does not need to be reported, and the communication quality information may also not be uploaded. Therefore, a technical effect of reducing data transmission traffic is achieved.

Optionally, the receiver 30 may receive the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager in multiple manners. The following lists two manners for description. Certainly, in an implementation process, the manners are not limited to the following two cases.

In a possible implementation manner, the receiver 30 receives, using a newly added interface of the endpoint device manager, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager.

Optionally, the newly added interface uses the REST protocol. The REST protocol defines a group of architecture principles such that a Web service centering on a system resource may be designed according to these principles. The Web service centering on the system resource includes, how a client compiled using different languages processes and transmits a resource status over hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP).

In the foregoing solution, only a communications interface needs to be established between the endpoint device manager and the SDN controller. Therefore, if network construction costs are not increased, reliability of communication between the endpoint devices is ensured.

In another possible implementation manner, the receiver 30 receives, using a unified arrangement module, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager.

Further, that is, the endpoint device manager does not directly send the route calculation request to the SDN controller, but uses the unified arrangement module to forward the route calculation request to the SDN controller.

The processor 31 is configured to perform route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

In an example implementation process, the processor 31 performs route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation may be calculation is performed when the communication quality of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties does not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement, or calculation is performed when the endpoint devices of the both communication parties are first connected, which is not limited in this embodiment of the present disclosure.

That the processor 31 performs route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is for example:

1. The processor 31 of the SDN controller receives, from a newly added interface {circle around (2)}, MAC addresses of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement and LSW information of an access location that are sent by the endpoint device manager;

2. The processor 31 of the SDN controller selects a forwarding table entry of a flow that is from N flows in an LSW to which source and destination VMs connect and for which no exception is reported to replace an original flow forwarding table entry of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement, where the flow forwarding table entry is route information that is obtained after the route calculation is performed. Furthermore, one group of endpoint devices of both communication parties is one flow, and a quantity of flows in an LSW is generally massive. If there is only one flow in the beginning and communication is abnormal, a new path may be determined in at least the following two manners: (1) Calculation is performed on all available paths to acquire a new path with relatively high quality; (2) Switching to any new path is performed for attempt, and if communication quality satisfies the preset communication quality requirement, the new path is used as a new path of the group of endpoint devices of both communication parties. Otherwise, switching continues to be performed for attempt until the communication quality of the group of endpoint devices of both communication parties satisfies the preset communication quality requirement.

In an example implementation process, after performing route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation and obtaining route information, the processor 31 distributes the route information to each forwarding device such that the forwarding device updates a routing table according to the route information, and controls, according to an updated routing table, the endpoint devices of the both communication parties to perform routing connection.

According to a second aspect, based on a same inventive concept, an embodiment of the present disclosure provides a data center system. Referring to FIG. 4, the data center system further includes an endpoint device manager 40 and an SDN controller 41.

The endpoint device manager 40 is configured to send a route calculation request to the SDN controller, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

The SDN controller 41 is configured to perform, according to the route calculation request, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

Optionally, the endpoint device manager 40 is further configured to receive quality information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is about communication with another endpoint device, obtain, by screening, endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, and add the endpoint devices of the both communication parties to the route calculation request as the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

Optionally, the endpoint device manager 40 is further configured to receive identification information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is of endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, and carry the identification information in the route calculation request as the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

According to a third aspect, based on a same inventive concept, an embodiment of the present disclosure provides a routing connection method. Referring to FIG. 5, the routing connection method includes the following steps.

Step S501: An SDN controller receives a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager, where the route calculation request carries information about endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

Step S502: The SDN controller performs, according to the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties, route calculation for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation.

Step S503: The SDN controller controls, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

Optionally, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties includes one or more of identification information and topology location information of the endpoint devices of the both communication parties.

Optionally, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner. The endpoint device manager receives quality information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is about communication with another endpoint device, and obtains, by screening, endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

Optionally, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner. The endpoint device manager receives identification information that is reported by an endpoint device and that is of endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement.

Optionally, the information about the endpoint devices of the both communication parties that need to perform route calculation is obtained in the following manner. The endpoint device determines identification information of endpoint devices of both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement after detecting and obtaining communication quality information about communication with a peer endpoint device.

Optionally, an SDN controller receives a route calculation request sent by an endpoint device manager includes receiving, by the SDN controller using a newly added interface of the endpoint device manager, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager, or receiving, by the SDN controller using a unified arrangement module, the route calculation request sent by the endpoint device manager.

Optionally, the newly added interface uses the REST protocol.

Embodiment 1

In this embodiment of the present application, a communication channel from an SDN controller to a VM manager of a data center system is newly added in an SDN architecture in FIG. 2 such that the SDN controller may acquire a route calculation request using the communication channel.

Referring to FIG. 6, a data center system described in Embodiment 1 of the present disclosure includes a VM 60, a VM manager 61, and an SDN controller 62.

The VM 60 is configured to communicate with a peer VM, detect quality of communication with the peer VM, and report communication quality information to the VM manager 61 using an interface {circle around (1)}, where the reported communication quality information is further shown in Table 3 below.

TABLE 3Endpoint devices of both communication parties[VM60,[VM60,[VM60,VMa]VMb]VMc]Delay information2001002600milliseconds (ms)

The VM manager 61 obtains, by screening delay information reported by the VM60, endpoint devices of both communication parties that are corresponding to delay information greater than 160 ms (that is, obtains, by screening, endpoint devices of both communication parties whose communication quality does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement), that is, [VM60, VMa] and [VM60, VMc].

Then, the VM manager 61 reports, to the SDN controller 62 using an interface {circle around (2)}, a route calculation request that includes identification information [VM 60, VMa] and [VM60, VMc] and topology location information, where the route calculation request includes, for example, the following information:

[MAC address of the VM60, MAC address through which an LSW1 is connected]+[MAC address of the VMa, MAC address through which an LSW2 is connected], and

[MAC address of the VM60, MAC address through which the LSW1 is connected]+[MAC address of the VMc, MAC address through which an LSW3 is connected].

The SDN controller is configured to perform, according to the route calculation request, route calculation for endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, which further includes route information corresponding to [VM60, VMa] and [VM60, VMc] is respectively calculated using [MAC address of the VM60, MAC address through which the LSW1 is connected]+[MAC address of the VMa, MAC address through which the LSW2 is connected] and [MAC address of the VM60, MAC address through which the LSW1 is connected]+[MAC address of the VMc, MAC address through which the LSW3 is connected]. A forwarding device 63 of the data center system is notified of the calculated route information using an interface {circle around (3)}. A routing switching algorithm may be used to select a normal path from N flow paths of an LSW to replace a path whose communication is abnormal. Therefore, using the route information, it can be ensured that quality of communication between an endpoint device and a peer endpoint device satisfies the preset communication quality requirement.

Embodiment 2

In this embodiment, a bearer network of a data center system is still an SDN architecture. Referring to FIG. 7, the data center system includes a VM 70, a VM manager 71, a unified arrangement module 72, and an SDN controller 73.

The VM 70 is further configured to detect and obtain on-off information about a communication path through which communication with a peer VM is performed, which is shown in Table 4 below.

TABLE 4Endpoint devices of both communication parties[VM70,[VM70,[VM70,VMa]VMb]VMc]On-offDisconnectedConnectedConnectedinformationstatestatestate

Then, the VM 70 determines that quality of communication with the VMa does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, and therefore reports, to the VM manager 71 using an interface {circle around (1)}, identification information of endpoint devices of both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement, that is, [VM70, VMa].

The VM manager 71 is further configured to obtain topology location information of [VM70, VMa] in order to obtain a route calculation request that includes the identification information [VM70, VMa] and the topology location information after [VM70, VMa] reported by the VM70 is received, for example, [VM70, ID of a server 1, MAC address of an LSW1]+[VMa, ID of a server 2, MAC address of an LSW2]. Then, the VM manager 71 reports the route calculation request to the unified arrangement module 72 using an interface {circle around (2)}.

The unified arrangement module 72 is further configured to send the route calculation request to the SDN controller 73 using an interface {circle around (2)} after the route calculation request sent by the VM manager 71 is received.

The SDN controller 73 is configured to perform route calculation for [VM70, VMa] based on [VM70, ID of the server 1, MAC address of the LSW1]+[VMa, ID of the server 2, MAC address of the LSW2], and then send, using an interface {circle around (3)}, route information that is obtained through calculation to a forwarding device 74 of the data center system.

Endpoint devices of both communication parties that do not satisfy the preset communication quality requirement perform routing according to recalculated route information that is forwarded by the forwarding device 74.

Beneficial effects of the present disclosure are as follows.

In this embodiment of the present disclosure, an SDN controller may perform, according to a route calculation request, route calculation for endpoint devices of both communication parties that need to perform route calculation, and control, according to calculated route information, a forwarding device to perform routing connection for the endpoint devices of the both communication parties. Therefore, when communication between an endpoint device and a peer endpoint device does not satisfy a preset communication quality requirement, a communication path that is between the endpoint device and the peer endpoint device and that satisfies the preset communication quality requirement may be selected using the SDN controller. Therefore, a technical effect that a data center network can complete fault recovery is achieved, thereby further ensuring reliability of communication between endpoint devices.

Moreover, to use the solution, only a communications interface needs to be established between the endpoint device manager and the SDN controller. Therefore, if network construction costs are not increased, the reliability of the communication between the endpoint devices is ensured.

Moreover, in the foregoing solution, communication quality detection is completed by the endpoint device and does not depend on an existing fault detection technology (for example, an Ethernet OAM technology or an IP FPM technology) in an LSW/router. The LSW/router has a great difficulty in identifying a specific communication endpoint and a service thereof. Therefore, detection and determining by a communication endpoint are more direct and accurate.

Moreover, the endpoint device does not need to detect and maintain multiple communication paths (for example, a primary path and multiple secondary paths), and only needs to detect communication quality information of a current path. Therefore, a design of the endpoint device is simplified. For example, overhead of a probe packet for detecting quality of communication between endpoint devices is saved, and a transceiving status of a service packet is directly used to detect the communication quality.

Moreover, in this embodiment of the present disclosure, route calculation may also be performed on the endpoint devices of the both communication parties when the endpoint devices of the both communication parties are first connected. Therefore, a technical effect that reliability of communication between first connected endpoint devices is ensured is achieved.

Persons skilled in the art should understand that the embodiments of the present application may be provided as a method, a system, or a computer program product. Therefore, the present application may use a form of hardware only embodiments, software only embodiments, or embodiments with a combination of software and hardware. Moreover, the present application may use a form of a computer program product that is implemented on one or more computer-usable storage media (including but not limited to a disk memory, a compact disc read-only memory (CD-ROM), an optical memory, and the like) that include computer usable program code.

The present application is described with reference to the flowcharts and/or block diagrams of the method, the device (system), and the computer program product according to the embodiments of the present application. It should be understood that computer program instructions may be used to implement each process and/or each block in the flowcharts and/or the block diagrams and a combination of a process and/or a block in the flowcharts and/or the block diagrams. These computer program instructions may be provided for a general-purpose computer, a dedicated computer, an embedded processor, or a processor of any other programmable data processing device to generate a machine such that the instructions executed by a computer or a processor of any other programmable data processing device generate an apparatus for implementing a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

These computer program instructions may also be stored in a computer readable memory that can instruct the computer or any other programmable data processing device to work in a specific manner such that the instructions stored in the computer readable memory generate an artifact that includes an instruction apparatus. The instruction apparatus implements a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

These computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer or another programmable data processing device such that a series of operations and steps are performed on the computer or the other programmable device, thereby generating computer-implemented processing. Therefore, the instructions executed on the computer or the other programmable device provide steps for implementing a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

Although some preferred embodiments of the present application have been described, persons skilled in the art can make changes and modifications to these embodiments once they learn the basic inventive concept. Therefore, the following claims are intended to be construed as to cover the preferred embodiments and all changes and modifications falling within the scope of the present application.

Further, persons skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the embodiments of this application without departing from the spirit and scope of the embodiments of the present disclosure. This application is intended to cover these modifications and variations provided that they fall within the scope of protection defined by the following claims and their equivalent technologies.