METAL FRAMING SELF-LOCKING CONNECTORS

Abstract:

The present invention relates to metal framed wall components with self-locking fixed and sliding connections between support members and crossing connecting members without using fasteners to connect the two crossing metal framing members together. Different variations of the shapes of the connecting members as well as the location and shape of the notches, ledges, tabs and notched-tabs are used between the members at the holes, punch-outs or indentations all determine the self-locking connections.


Publication Number: US20190242111

Publication Date: 2019-08-08

Application Number: 15430781

Applicant Date: 2017-02-13

International Class:

    E04B 1/24

    E04B 2/58

    E04C 3/09

Inventors: Dennis LeBlang

Inventors Address: La Quinta,CA,US

Applicators: LeBlang

Applicators Address: nnis

Assignee:


Claims:

1-20. (canceled)

21. A structural framing system comprising: a first metal framing member and a second metal framing member connected by a connector element;the first metal framing member having an aperture in a planar wall, the aperture having a first side and a second side opposite the first side, the aperture having a third side and a fourth side opposite the third side, the aperture adapted to receive the connector, the aperture having a first shoulder proximate an intersection of the first side and the fourth side and a second shoulder proximate an intersection of the second side and the fourth side, a notch formed in the planar wall of the first shoulder and the second shoulder and having the fourth side defining a lowermost portion of the notch, the aperture having a second notch at an intersection of the first side and the third side and a third notch at an intersection of the second side and the third side; the second metal framing member having a first side wall and a second side wall configured to be received between the first shoulder and the second shoulder, the first metal framing member for the connector element is configured to connect between said first metal framing member and said second metal framing member.

22. The structural framing system according to claim 21 wherein the first side wall and the second side wall of said first metal framing element and said second metal framing element are separated by the web and each having a longitudinal plane element extending substantially perpendicular to said respective wall from said connector.

23. (canceled)

24. (canceled)

25. (canceled)

26. The structural framing system according to claim 21 wherein the connector elements is between said first and second framing element members wherein a width of a longitudinal plane of at least first and/or second metal framing element is wider than a width of the aperture of said first metal framing element with said longitudinal plane having an indentation at an intersection of said longitudinal plane and said aperture for the side walls of said second metal framing member to abut the perimeter of said aperture for the longitudinal plane to extend over the bottom edge of said aperture.

27. The structural framing system according to claim 22 wherein the first metal framing element has two L-shaped notches formed in a longitudinal end of said web.

28. (canceled)

29. (canceled)

30. (canceled)

31. (canceled)

32. The structural framing system according to claim 27 wherein the first metal framing element has two L-shaped notches formed in said aperture of the planar wall of the first and second metal framing members.

33. (canceled)

34. (canceled)

35. (canceled)

36. (canceled)

37. (canceled)

38. (canceled)

39. (canceled)

40. (canceled)

41. (canceled)

42. (canceled)

43. (canceled)

44. (canceled)

45. The structural framing system according to claim 27 wherein the two L-shaped notches have in the planar web of metal framing element have a gap between the first side and the second side of the said L-shape notches for the connector having two diagonal planes with slot holes for the planar web having the shape from said L-shaped notches engage into the longitudinal end of said web to fit into.

46. (canceled)

47. (canceled)

48. (canceled)

49. (canceled)

50. (canceled)

51. The structural framing system according to claim 22 further comprising a third metal framing element connected to the second metal framing member wherein the second metal framing element has a first end and a second end and said side walls of said second member each having a lip extending from a respective side edge, each said lip having a notch configured to be received by said perimeter of said aperture of said first metal framing member.

52. The structural framing system according to claim 22 wherein said longitudinal plane elements extends from said connector with the distal longitudinal edges of said longitudinal plane have notches indented from said longitudinal edges engaging said notches at said first side edges and said third side edges of said aperture in said first and second metal framing members.

53. The structural framing system according to claim 21 wherein said aperture being a large aperture has a small aperture extending from said side walls of said large aperture for said smaller aperture having a first side and a second side with a notch similar to said notch in said large aperture for said connector elements to fit into. FIG. 20

54. The structural framing system according to claim 53 wherein said smaller aperture has said first side wall and said second side wall overhang said side walls of said large aperture for said connector to be received between said first side wall and said second side wall of said large aperture and between said small aperture overhang of said first shoulder and said second shoulder.

55. The structural framing system according to claim 54 wherein said connector elements with said notches engage the shoulders of said first side wall and said second side wall of said smaller aperture for said overhang to bend angularly across said connector elements.

Descriptions:

CROSS REFERENCED TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims priority from U.S. provisional application No. 62/264,033 filed Dec. 7, 2015 and U.S. provisional application No. 62/274,134 filed on Dec. 15, 2015 and U.S. provisional application No. 62/345,153 filed on Jun. 3, 2015 which is now part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 15/295,172 filed on Oct. 17, 2016 and U.S. provisional applications 62/294,756 filed on Feb. 12, 2016 and U.S. provisional application 62/298,762 filed on Feb. 23, 2016 and U.S. provisional application 62/308,520 filed Mar. 15, 2016 and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/398,243 filed Feb. 16, 2012 by the inventor hereof the entire disclose of which is incorporated herein by reference. The disclosures of the above cited US patent applications and US Provisional Applications of the Applicant, including all drawings and all the specifications, are hereby in incorporated by reference in their entireties into this US patent application.

FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

Not applicable

PARTIES OR JOINT RESEARCH

Not applicable

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to forming self-locking fixed or self-locking sliding connections between spacer braces and support members without using fasteners to connect the two crossing metal framing members. Different variations of the shapes of the connecting members as well as the location and shape of the notches, ledges, tabs and notched-tabs are used between the members at the holes, punch-outs or indentations all determine the self-locking connections.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Light gauge metal framing have been used in the construction of buildings for many years, however interior and exterior metal framing has always been difficult to assemble as well as construct horizontal and diagonal bracing between support framing members because of the configuration of the support members like a C channel and poor energy efficient shear wall construction. The lip and flange of the C channel protrudes from the web making it difficult to make connections. When bracing members are installed between support members for additional strength, insulation became even more difficult to install as well as form a better insulated wall.

When assembling metal framed walls the vertical support members are not rigid until the bracing members or fasteners are added to help stabilize the support members from moving. In the past there have been attempts to stiffen support members by providing lateral bracing, drywall backing or bracing members between vertical support members.

The bracing members within the wall forming structure are generally required to connect support members together, however horizontal bracing members can be very long and next to impossible to connect horizontal bracing members to individual spacer blocks located between support members. In addition the bracing members are not used to form shear walls or diagonal framing with the walls or have the flexibility to form trusses having diagonally framing members.

Metal framing has developed computer systems to form pre-punched screw holes to designate how and where to install fasteners between metal framing. Different types of notches or shapes of bracing members have help speed up framing assembly. There have been no innovation developed allow metal framing to be connected without using fasteners and nothing has been developed where the spacer brace connects support members together using W clips, U clips, punch-out tables and ledges that form a self-lock connectors that fit together to form a fast an easy connection means to form metal framed wall panels without using fasteners at the support members. The unique wall construction allows wall panels to be fabricated quickly and easily without using fasteners thereby saving money in labor and material.

DESCRIPTION OF PRIOR ART

The horizontal and diagonal connections between metal support members do not form continuous bracing that interlocks between each other but rather are individual components. Individual mounting brackets are used to support trusses or horizontally brace support members. Many different shapes of horizontal bracing members are used to connect metal framing members together and include various grooves, tabs, bridging backing, notches to connect the metal framing members together. Some types of connections between support members use bent hooks, bent flanges, clamping tabs, anchoring hand rail system, adjustable braces or extended tabs to connect trusses. Different types of brackets, shapes, leg supporting connections and blocking are used to install support members together. Slotted holes and bent tabs at the top base plate have been used to compensate for vertical movement between vertical and horizontal support member. Spacer braces do use various types of clips with fasteners to interlock between support members to prevent vertical and horizontal movement. There is no prior art for U or W shaped clips with spacer braces to secure support members together. Some support members have been shown to have a rim around the hole for extra strength or to reduce thermal conductivity through the support member, but not used a part of a self-locking connector. Punch out tabs has been used as spacers or as tabs where the tabs have been used to support another object. A ceiling suspension system uses clips to secure a crossing channels by using tabs and hooks and a demountable attachment for modular construction uses hooks to install a crossing channel or hooks to install electric junction boxes and ceiling base plates use bendable tabs.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to forming self-locking fixed or self-locking sliding connections between spacer braces and support members without using fasteners to connect the two crossing metal framing members. Various shapes or configurations of spacer braces intersect the support members at the top or bottom of the support member and through the holes in the webs. The holes can have rims or ledges that extend from the side edges of holes to form ledge shafts or tabs. The tab ends can be bent to form bent tabs or notches can be installed in the tab to form notched-tabs. The notches, ledges, tabs and notched-tabs can be used to form many variations of self-locking connections between spacer braces intersecting support members as well as between the tongue ends and receiver ends of various shaped spacer braces. The spacer braces have various shapes along with bulges that have notches in the bulges or notches in the web, slide gaps, lips or holes to secure the spacer braces and support member together without having fasteners to secure the member together. The vertical or horizontal direction of the notches and the longitudinal direction of the spacer braces crisscross one another to form self-locking screw-less connections between framing members.

The self-locking connections are formed when the ledge extends through from the hole in the web of the crossing member. The ledge shafts or tab end can be bent to form a self-locking fixed connection or the ledge shaft can have an indentation or notch installed so the web of the crossing member gets inserted into the notch also forming a self-locking connection by using a notched-tab.

Another version is to have the ledger shafts be longer so that the ledger shafts can than have a tab which is just the extension of the longer ledger shaft. These tabs can be pre-bent at a manufacturing plant or can be bent at the job site after the spacer braces are installed into the ledger shafts. The ends of the ledger shafts where the ledger tabs are located can have ledge caps installed over the ends of the ledger shafts or ledger tabs. The ledge caps serve a similar function as bending the tabs over the spacer braces webs to secure the spacer braces to the support member. The slot holes can be notches so the ledger shafts fit into notches at the sides of the web of the spacer braces for a faster and easier installation.

When the rims at the top, bottom and sides of the hole in the web of the support member intersect the crossing spacer braces so the extensions of the webs of the spacer braces engage the hole, rims or the ledge shafts and ledge tabs. The rims at the sides of the hole can have rim notches that engage the spacer brace on three sides that prevent the spacer brace or clips from moving. The spacer braces as previously explained span between support members and the spacer braces have a receiver end and a tongue that fits into a receiver end of an adjacent spacer brace. On the other hand a clip only has two one receiver ends and/or a finger end and a receiver end than engages the web of a support member where the tongue ends fit into the receiver ends. The rim notches at the rims or hole notches engage the extensions that cross the web of the support members. The notched-tabs are also formed by ledge shafts, web tabs or hooked tongue tabs that extend from the web along with the ledge tabs that extend over the ledge shafts that also secure the space braces to the support members by indentations or bending of the tabs. The edge of the rims can be considered as the width of the hole and the rims are notched instead of the web of the support member, but in both cases the notches engage the spacer braces. Sometimes the spacer braces can have flange slot holes where notched-tabs with its ledges tabs with ledge shafts can penetrate the flange slot holes in the spacer braces again securing the spacer braces to the support member. The notched-tabs at the webs can interlock into the hole notches and be extended by adding another spacer brace when being connected between the holes of the support members. The various types of notches act as fasteners when connecting to crossing spacer braces. The notches or tabs with shafts allow the spacer braces to be oriented horizontally or vertically as well as installed at diagonals. The receiver ends can have receiver notches for the notched-tabs at the tongue ends to engage one another interlocking the receiver and tough ends together.

The self-locking connections do not always have to be secured to the support members and spacer braces, but can be connected to one another so the support member can slid vertically within a wall structure so that the top and bottom spacer braces are secured to the floor and ceiling above and still have the floor structure move vertically when additional floor loads occur from additional live loads or dead loads add additional weight causing the floor structure to bend. In this case the tabs of the punch out tabs and the side edges of the flanges in the spacer braces plus the side edges of a web indentation in the support members allow the support member to remain in place when then additional floor structure above the wall framing moves.

The reverse lip spacer braces have a hat channel configuration with a web with two extending web with dorsal extending lips where the lips have lip notches that engage the web of a support member. The reverse lip spacer braces can be fixed as to not move in a vertical direction when the lip notches engage the hole notches interlocking the two notches together or can slide in a vertical direction when the lip notches engage the hole side edges or an indentation in the web so the cross member can move vertically within the support members.

Another aspect of the invention relates to forming self-locking fixed and self-locking sliding connection between spacer braces and support members without using fasteners to connect the two crossing metal framing members. The spacer braces intersect the support members at the top or bottom of the support member and through the holes in the webs. The spacer braces have various shapes along with bulges that have notches in the bulges or web notches, slide gaps, lips or holes to secure the spacer braces and support member together without having fasteners to secure the member together. The vertical or horizontal direction of the notches and the longitudinal direction of the spacer braces crisscross one another to form self-locking connections between framing members.

Another aspect of the invention relates to forming self-locking fixed connections between spacer braces and support members without using fasteners to connect the two crossing metal framing members. The spacer braces intersect the support members at the top or bottom of the support member and through the holes in the webs. Various types of bent tabs are used to form self-locking connections between spacer braces intersecting support members as well as between the tongue and various types of receiver ends. The spacer braces have various shapes along with bulges that have notches in the bulges or notches in the web, slide gaps, lips or holes to secure the spacer braces and support member together without having fasteners to secure the member together. The vertical or horizontal direction of the notches and the longitudinal direction of the spacer braces crisscross one another to form self-locking screw-less connections between framing members.

The description of the drawings and the description via the claims sound different, but are the same. At the end of the figure description is a figure table of contents noting the embodiments to a number. After that figure table of contents is a claim glossary of terms relating to the figure numbers. Since the spacer brace can be used in so many different configurations and orientations, but are installed the same, the interlocking connections need to be claimed in a different manner.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGSFIG. 1 shows an isometric view of four support members having various configurations and crossing members all having various self-locking connections using support tabs, notched-tabs and openings with notches. The support tabs can be ledge tabs, hole tabs, web tabs, L-shaped tabs, hook receiver tabs, key tabs, punch-out tabs, wrap-around tabs, notched-tabs or bent tabs that can be installed in holes, slot holes, hole notches, lip notches, flanges slot holes, web slot holes, raised slot holes, receiver slot holes, bracing holes, tab holes, rim notches, bulge notches, slide notches, clip notches and that can be installed vertically, horizontally or diagonally using the different configured support members and crossing members.FIG. 2 is an isometric of the ledge or its components consisting of a tooth shaft extending through the tab hole in the web of the U shaped spacer brace allowing the end of the ledge tab to extend above the web.FIG. 3 shows a vertical section through the hole shown in FIG. 2.FIG. 4 shows a plan view of the U shaped spacer brace shown in FIG. 197.FIG. 5 has a ledge shafts penetrate the slot holes and the ledge tabs are bent after the shafts penetrates the slot holes.FIG. 6 is a cross section of FIG. 5.FIG. 7 is a plan view of FIG. 5.FIG. 8 is similar to FIG. 5 except the spacer brace rests on the hole bottom edge and the left tab has an indentation forming a notch creating a notched-tab securing the horizontal spacer brace at the hole.FIG. 9 shows the hole having only one notched-tab where head of the notched-tab with rounded edges.FIG. 10 shows the tabs in the punch out tabs are shown allowing vertical movement at intermediate support members along the space brace at the top of a framing structure.FIG. 11 shows a hole at the web with a web shaft and web tab where the web tab is longer than the web shaft.FIG. 12 shows the W shaped clip with the hook receiver end on both sides of the hole having a notch at the web for the web shaft and web tab to fit into.FIG. 13 shows two holes notches in the key hole and two ledge shafts in the middle of the larger hole along with two hole notches that intersect a reverse lip spacer brace with lip notches.FIG. 14 is similar to FIG. 13 except a U shaped spacer brace is installed at a diagonal in the hole notches at the key hole and a vertical oriented U shaped spacer brace is installed at a diagonal between the notched-tabs on the right side of the hole.FIG. 15 shows an isometric view of a U shaped spacer brace having its hook receiver end pass through the hole so the hole notch at the extension fits into hole notches at the side edges and the second leg of the hook receiver end shows receiver notches on both side edges so the tongue end of an adjacent U shaped spacer brace can fit into the gap between the first and third leg of the hook receiver end and the hook tongue with the tongue shaft and the tongue tabs fit into the receiver notches at the second leg of the hook receiver end.FIG. 16 shows a similar isometric view, however the U shaped spacer brace has the bottom edge of the tongue end having two notched-tabs shown as tongue shafts with tongue tabs located near the middle so the two tongue tabs fit into the receiver slot holes in the second leg of the hook receiver end.FIG. 17 shows a U shaped spacer brace at the top and bottom ends of the support member where the lower U shaped spacer brace has the dorsal side against the floor and has slotted holes of the flanges where the slotted hole lower edge is level with the ventral side of the web of the U shaped spacer brace and the reverse occurs on the top U shaped spacer brace. The top and bottom edge of the web of the support member shown as a C channel has a gap where the flange fit between and also has a horizontal extension referred to as a web shaft with a web tab where the web tab has the gap between the web and the web tab. The web tab is longer so the web tab can be inserted into the slot holes having the longer edge bind against the slot hole. At the upper U shaped spacer brace a web tab is shown extended through the slot hole and is bent at the slot hole for an even stronger connection.FIG. 18 shows the floor spacer brace similar to FIG. 17 however the top spacer brace shows slotted holes at the web and web tabs extending from the support member extending through the slot holes.FIG. 19 shows a vertically oriented support channel also referred to as a floor joist intersecting a vertically oriented U shaped spacer brace sometimes referred to as a rim joist where the webs of both members intersect at the web so that the web of the C channel has a pair of web shafts with web tabs that can fit through the slot holes of the U shaped spacer brace so the gaps fits between the flanges of the U shaped spacer braces.FIG. 20 shows an front elevation view of a W-shaped clip where the top side of the web is inserted into the notches of the rim of the triangular shaped hole along with the notches at both sides of the second leg.FIG. 21 shows a plan view of the W-shaped clip where the web is inserted into the notches on both sides of the rim with the notches on the outer edge of the second leg of the hook receiver end.FIG. 22 shows an elevation of a triangular shaped hole with a reverse lip spacer brace where the lips have horizontally oriented notches of the reverse lip spacer brace meet the vertically oriented notches at hole rim have notches so that the horizontal oriented notches intersect the vertically orient notches with the protruding side edges the protruding side edges of the horizontal oriented side edges eliminating any horizontal and vertical movement between notches.FIG. 23 shows the plan view where the reverse lip spacer brace passes through the triangular shape hole so that only the horizontally oriented holes straddles both side of the hole rim which is also angular being a triangular shaped hole therefore making the notches not a rectilinear shape which would occur had the hole been a rectilinear shape and the hole rim also has the notch that straddles the top and bottom edges of the lip of the reverse lip spacer brace.FIG. 24 shows a partial view of a metal framed wall with two reverse lip spacer braces at the top and bottom with a support member connected between spacer braces.FIG. 25 shows an enlargement of the support member intersecting the reverse lip spacer brace.FIG. 26 shows an enlargement of the reverse lip spacer brace where the support member self-locking connection occurs.FIG. 27 shows an isometric of a reverse lip spacer brace within a hole and using a hook finger, bent flap and ledge shaft to secure the end.FIG. 28 shows an isometric of a reverse lip spacer brace installed diagonally through the hole.FIG. 29 shows an isometric view of the tabs passing through the web slot holes of the reverse lip spacer braces then getting bent after passing through.FIG. 30 shows an isometric of a C shaped spacer brace at the top and bottom of a wall using the self-locking slide and fixed connections.FIG. 31 shows an isometric of the U shaped spacer brace at the ceiling using the flange bulge notch as the sliding connecting and the reverse lip spacer brace at the floor using the lip notch and the web notch to form a self-locking fixed connection.FIG. 32 shows a wall section at the ceiling with a U shaped spacer brace where the flange bulge has a flange bulge notch for the support channel to slide through.FIG. 33 shows a wall section at the floor with a U shaped Spacer Brace where the flange bulge has a flange bulge notch for the support channel to slide through.FIGS. 34-41 shows various spacer brace bulge notches and flange bulges when intersecting the support member.FIG. 42 shows the bulge of the spacer brace insert into the hole notch at the lower corners of the hole in the support member.FIG. 43 shows the bulge having a bulge notch where the side edge hole fits into and the lip of the space brace fits into the hole notch of the web in the support member.FIG. 44 shows an isometric view of FIG. 43 where the bulge notch fit into the side edge of the hole and the lip from the spacer brace fits into the hole notch of the web in the support member.FIG. 45 shows a similar isometric view of FIG. 43 however the flange and lip form obtuse angles.FIG. 46 shows the same isometric view of the spacer brace 45 except the side-edges of the hole are inserted to the depth of the back of the notch allowing the spacer brace to be inserted into the deeper side-edges of the hole.FIG. 47 shows an isometric view of FIG. 45FIG. 48 shows a perspective view of the dorsal side of the support member with the receiver end of the spacer brace extending through the receiver notch into the key hole tabs at the key hole.FIG. 49 shows the ventral side of the support member with the extension having a receiver notch for the key hole tabs to fit into and the top edge of the hole shows a web receiver having the tongue of the spacer brace extending through the notches on the bottom edge of the web receiver for the two bent tabs.FIG. 50 shows a W-Clip having clip notches that extend on both sides of the W-Clip for the key tabs to fit into.FIG. 51 shows the same W-Clip as FIG. 50 and a web hook receiver at the top edge of the hole with the tongue tabs for the diagonal spacer brace above passing through the receiver notches at the bottom of the web receiver.FIG. 52 shows the similar spacer braces in FIG. 31 however here the top and bottom of the support member shows bracing holes having a key hole and key tabs on both sides of the key hole.FIG. 53 an irregular shape hole have a continuous rim extending around the hole edges leaving a narrow edge in the corner where the W-Clip could be inserted into the rim of the hole if the rim had a notch or the W-clip was bent to create a notch to form a secure connection.FIG. 54 shows a U shaped spacer brace extending through the hole in FIG. 53 where the bottom edge of the rim penetrates the first leg of the hook receiver.FIG. 55 shows the hook tongue intersecting a hook receiver where the hook receiver also has receiver tabs that extend around a hole or lip and the tongue tabs overlap the receiver tabs.FIG. 56 is an enlargement of the diagonal space brace being installed into a C-shaped spacer brace with its extended flange and notched-tab inserted into the flange hole as shown in FIG. 1.FIG. 57 is an enlargement of the diagonal spacer brace and the support member intersecting the C-shaped spacer brace shown in FIG. 1.FIG. 58 is an enlargement of the diagonal spacer brace being installed into a C-shaped spacer brace shown in FIGS. 56 59 except the web of the diagonal space brace has an indentation at the lips of the horizontal spacer brace and a notched-tab extension has a notched-tab at the end that is inserted into the raised slot hole at the web of the horizontal spacer brace.FIG. 59 shows the diagonal spacer brace intersecting the horizontal spacer brace as shown in FIG. 58 however the a vertical support member is shown intersecting the horizontal spacer brace also having notched-tab indentation at the web with a notched-tab extension having a notched tab at the end inserted into the raised slot hole.FIG. 60 shows an enlarged view of the vertical support member inserting the horizontal spacer brace as shown in FIG. 1 where the web of the support member is indented at the raised area of the web and a notched-tab is extended into the slot hole.FIG. 61 shows an enlarged view of the vertical support member inserted into two diagonally oriented notches at the raised web as shown in FIG. 1 where the web has a notched-tab inserted into one of the diagonally oriented notches and another notched-tab is inserted into the opposite diagonally oriented notches on the opposite side of the raised web.FIG. 62 shows notched-tab having rounded edges and the crossing member having slot holes.FIG. 63 shows only the notched tab as shown in FIG. 62.FIG. 64 shows a C shaped spacer brace as a crossing member having notches at the lips being supported at the hole bottom edge of the support member where the notches in the lips are secured at the notch of the notched-tab at the hole bottom edge.FIG. 65 is similar to FIG. 64 except the notched-tab in located at the top edge of a support member and the crossing member is a C shaped spacer brace having the dorsal side even with the top edge of the support member and the notched-tab is the anchor space at the ventral side of the web of the crossing member.FIGS. 66 67 are similar to FIGS. 58 59 except the hooked tongue is V-shaped.FIG. 68 is similar to FIGS. 15 16 except the V-shape tongue is used therefore the hooked receiver is slightly different shape.FIGS. 69 70 shows a reverse lip spacer brace extending through a V shaped hole having a blunt end and also connected by lip notches and hole notches.FIGS. 71 72 shows a V shaped hole having a V shaped spacer brace with a notched-tab at the vertex and FIGS. 73 74 show the V shaped spacer brace being connect by holes notches and leg notches. FIGS. 75 76 also use the V shaped hole but the notched-tabs extend from the angular hole bottom edge.FIG. 77 shows two spacer braces having notched-tab ends overlapping and intersecting at a notched hole.FIG. 78 shows two spacer braces intersecting a notched hole where one end has the extension engaged in the notched hole with the finger extending over the bottom edge having a web-slot hole for the opposite end of an adjacent spacer brace having a notched-tab end engage the web-slot hole.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 1 shows an isometric view of four support members having various types of connections using interlocking support members crossing spacer braces and bracing clips, hook clips all having various self-locking connections using support tabs, notched-tabs and openings with notches. The support tabs can be ledge tabs 79 t , hole tabs, web tabs 42 at , J-shaped gap tabs 45 jt , hook receiver tabs 129 t , key tabs 36 kt , punch-out tabs 326, wrap-around tabs 326 tw , notched-tabs 126 nt , hook tongue tabs 128 tt that can be bent after being installed in holes 36, slot holes 36 s , hole notches 126 h , lip notches 126 p , flanges slot holes 36 fs , web slot holes 36 ws , receiver slot holes 36 rs , bracing holes 36 b , tab holes 36 tb , rim notches 126 rm , bulge notches 126 g , slide notches 126 s , clip notches 126 c , lip notches 126 p , receiver notches 126 r and that can be installed vertically, horizontally or diagonally using the different configured support members and crossing members.

FIG. 2-4 shows another tongue and receiver combination where ledge tabs 79 t extends from the bottom edge of the tab holes 36 tb in the web 42 a of a support member. An array of ledge tabs 79 t extend upward forming a ledge shaft 79 s that extends through the tab holes 36 tb in the web 302 a of the U shaped spacer brace 302. The ends of the ledge tabs 79 t are slightly larger than the tab holes 36 tb so the ends can extend over the tab holes 36 tb allowing the ends of the ledge tabs 79 t to retain the U shaped spacer brace 302 from moving vertically. On the other hand, the flanges 302 b have flange notches 126 fg that extend halfway the length of the flanges 302 b of the U shaped spacer brace 302. When the U shaped spacer brace 302 is inserted into the hole 36 which is the same width as the hole 36, the flanges 302 b are resting on the flange notches 126 fg and the ends of the ledge tabs 79 t are extending above the web 302 a . The flange notches 126 fg are shown have a flared edge 126 f so the U shaped spacer brace 302 can bend and easily slid into place. FIG. 3 shows a vertical cross section with the ledge shafts 79 s extend through the tab holes 36 tb allow the wider end of the ledge tab 79 t to secure the web 302 a . FIG. 4 shows a plan view of the tab holes 36 tb which are slightly larger than the ledge shafts 79 s in order for the ledge-shafts 79 s can bend slightly to allow for the wider end of the ledge tabs 79 t to secure the web 302 a.

FIG. 5 shows an isometric view of a U shaped spacer brace 302 extending the width of the hole 36 having the ventral side facing downward toward the bottom edge of the hole 36 at the web 42 of the support member. The flanges 302 b have flange notches 126 fg with flare edges 126 f so the U shaped spacer brace 302 rests at the end of the flange notches 126 fg . The bottom edge of the hole 36 has two ledge shafts 79 s with ledge indentation 79 i on either side so the ledge shafts 79 s can extend through the web slot hole 36 ws in the web 302 a of the U shaped spacer brace 302. The ledge shaft 79 s is long enough so the end of the ledge shaft 79 s can be bent to form ledge tab 79 t . The ledge tab 79 t can be bent in both directions so the ledge tabs 79 t cannot move side to side and the ledge tabs 79 t with its bent side fitting firmly against the web 302 a secures the U shaped spacer brace 302 from moving in a vertical movement between the bent edge of the ledge tabs 79 t and the flange notches 126 fg forming a self-locking connection. FIG. 6 shows the cross section and FIG. 7 shows a plan view of the self-locking connection. Since the ledge shafts 79 s are long the excess length that extends through the web slot holes 36 ws are bent after the ledge shaft 79 s has been installed into the web slot holes 36 ws.

FIG. 8 is similar to FIG. 5 however the U shaped spacer brace 302 has the dorsal side facing downward onto the bottom edge of the hole 36 located in the web 42 a of the support member referred to as a C shape channel 42. The web 302 a is shown having web slot holes 36 ws where the left web slot hole 36 ws shows a ledge shaft 79 s that extend from the hole bottom edge 36 be . The left ledge shaft 79 s is described as a ledge shaft 79 s also shown in FIGS. 5-7. The right ledge shaft 79 s is described as a notched-tab notch 126 ntn when extending through the web slot holes 36 ws and the ledge tabs 79 t that extend above the web slot holes 36 ws are the end or heads 126 nth of the notched-tab 126 nt . The head 126 nth of a notched-tab 126 nt is wider than the length of the web slot hole 36 ws that forms the notched-tab notch 126 ntn . The hole side edges 36 se engage the dorsal side of the flanges 302 b of the U shaped spacer brace 302 from moving horizontally and the notched-tab notch 126 ntn secures the dorsal and ventral sides of the web 302 b from moving vertically within the hole 36.

FIG. 9 is similar to FIG. 8 except only one notched-tab 126 nt without showing the U shaped spacer brace 302. The notched-tab 126 nt is shown having rounded edges at the head 126 ntn in order to more easily slide through the web slot holes 36 ws . Since the head 126 nth has the rounded edges, the U shaped spacer brace 302 might have to be installed at a slight angle in order for the head 126 nth to pass through the web slot hole 36 w . When only one notched-tab 126 nt is used as in FIG. 8 only one web slot hole 36 ws is required which is easier and faster to install.

FIG. 10 shows the U shaped spacer brace at the floor with its dorsal side facing the floor and the ventral side shows the flanges 302 b extending upward from the web 302 a . At the center of the U shaped spacer brace 302 shows a wrap-around tab 326 tw extending from the pivot edge 326 pe of the punch out tab 326 wrapping around the ledge 79 extending from the web 42 a of the support member shown as a C channel 42. The ledge 79 is shown the same width as the U shaped spacer brace 302. The ends of the ledge 79 get inserted into the flange notches 126 fn on both flanges 302 b and the end of the ledge 79 is inserted into a notch gap 126 ng . The one side of the flange notches 126 fn has flare edges 126 f so the web 42 a can more easily fit into the flange notches 126 fn . The wrap-around tab 326 tw wraps around the ledge 79 just enough so that the inner side closed the web 42 a can extend pass the ledge 79 than veer away from the ledge 79 leaving a sort of angular shape so the web 42 a can extend past the wrap-around tab allowing the wrap-around tab to slight bend so the ledge 79 can become lodged into the flange notches 126 fn and the notch gap 126 ng . After the U shaped spacer brace 302 is installed at the floor another U shaped spacer brace 302 can be installed at the top end of the support members. The upper U shaped spacer brace 302 is shown so the support member can move vertically within the wall framing structure. The top end of the C channel 42 shows the web 42 a having a bracing hole 36 b which is the same width as the U shaped spacer brace 302. The U shaped spacer brace 302 shows its flanges 302 b extending ventrally downward from the web 302 a . The flanges 302 b have flange notches 126 fn extending into the flanges 302 b with one side having a flare edge 126 f and the straight edge on the opposite side for a simple and easy connection. The U shaped spacer brace 302 is inserted into the bracing hole 36 b so that the flanges 302 b are inserted between the side edges of the bracing hole 36 b , so the flange notches 126 fn engage the bottom edge of the bracing hole 36 b . When inserting the U shaped space brace 302, the web 302 a has a punch out tab 326 with the tab 326 t extending ventrally downward so that the tab 326 t is against the web 42 a on one side and the opposing side of the web 42 a rests against the straight edge of the notch 126. When the U shaped spacer brace 302 has the dorsal side web 302 a secured to a floor joist above, the floor joist above (not shown) can bend due to earthquakes or increase floor loading (by live or dead loads) the U shaped spacer brace 302 will slid up and down between the tab 326 t and the straight edge of the flange notch 126 fn and will also not move sideways as the U shaped spacer brace 302 is wedged between the side edges of the bracing hole 36 b of the support member. If the tab 326 t was longer in length at the punch-out hole 326, fasteners (not shown) could secure the tabs 326 t to the web 42 a and if the wall framing structure would be panelized.

FIG. 11 shows an isometric view of a support member shown as a C channel 42 with a rectilinear shaped hole 36 at the web 42 a also shown with hole notches 126 h at the hole side edges 36 se . The hole bottom edge 36 be has two vertical oriented notched-tab shafts 126 nts that extend above the hole bottom edge 36 be with a notched-tab head 126 nth above. The notched-tab head 126 nth are slightly longer so that the notched-tab shafts 126 nts form a notched-tab notch 126 ntn forming an indentation between the hole bottom edge 36 be and the notched-tab head 126 nth . The longer the notched-tab head 126 nth the easier the notched-tab head 126 nth are to bend as shown in FIG. 5.

FIG. 12 shows the notched-tab 126 nt described in FIG. 11 on the right side of the hole 36. The hole bottom edge 36 be is shown without the notched-tab 126 nt as described above, however the right side shows the notched-tab 126 nt extend above a W shaped clip 307. When a W shaped clip 307 is used at a hole 36 having the notched-tab 126 nt , the web 307 a of the W shaped clip 307 has a clip notch 126 c at both sides of the web 307 a at the vertical side edges of the hole bottom edge 36 be . The notched-tab shafts 126 nts and notched-tab heads 126 nth are shown in FIG. 11 as extending from the hole bottom edge 36 be , however the notched-tab shafts 126 nts and notched-tab heads 126 nth could also originate at the hole side edges 36 se . The W shaped clip 307 has an anchor space 355 on the ventral side of the web 307 a at the hole bottom edge 36 be where the two hook receiver 129 ends extend downward with the first leg 129 a extending parallel to the web 42 a of the support member then bending outward at the second leg 129 b then back upward forming a gap 45 between the first leg 129 a and the third leg 129 c . When the ventral side of the W shaped clip 307 is installed into the hole 36 the first legs 129 a of each hook receiver 129 straddle the hole bottom edge 36 be and the side edge of the web 307 a gets inserted into the side edges of the notched-tab notches 126 ntn with the notched-tab head 126 nth extending over the dorsal side of the web 307 a securing the web 307 a to the notched-tab 126 nt and the hole bottom edge 36 be.

FIG. 13 shows a reverse lip spacer brace 301 with the dorsal side of the web 301 a resting on the hole bottom edge 36 be with the flanges 301 b extending upward and the lip 301 c extending outward. Above the hole 36 shows a smaller size hole referred to as a key hole 36 k where the key hole 36 k becomes part of the hole 36. The side edges of the key hole 36 k shows hole notches 126 h cut into the web 42 a where one edge of the hole notch 126 h is an extension of the top edge of the key hole 36 k . At the upper side of hole 36 shows two ledge shafts 79 s that are used in FIG. 14 below. In addition, two additional hole notches 126 h are installed on both the hole side edge 36 se at the intersection of the lips 301 c which have lip notches 126 p installed at the outside side edges of the lip 301 c . The reverse lip spacer brace 301 shows the horizontal oriented lip 301 c with its lip notch 126 p installed into the hole notch 126 h where the hole side edges 36 se are in a vertical orientation. The depth of the lip notch 126 p is longer engaging the both planes of the web 42 a and the hole notch 126 h engages both top and bottom plane of the lip 301 c thereby interlocking both vertically and horizontally forming a self-locking connection between the two notches. Before one the two notches are totally secure, the lip notch 126 p on the opposing side lip 302 c is engaged against the hole side edges 36 se so the second lip notch 126 p is continually being forced into the hole notch 126 h until both lip notches 126 p are secured into both the hole notches 126 h by completing the self-locking connection of all four notches. The flanges 301 b will bent until the lip notches 126 p are installed into the hole notches 36 h and then return back to their original configuration after being installed into the hole notches 36 h.

FIG. 14 shows a hole 36 and a key hole 36 k . The hole notches 126 h on both sides of the key hole 36 k shows the width of the hole notch 126 h slightly wider to accommodate the angular orientation of the U shaped spacer brace 302 having the flange notch 126 fg . The self-locking connection is again made, but this time the top and bottom edges of the hole notches 126 h at the key hole 36 k and the outside plane of the flanges 302 b form the self-locking connection. The hole 36 shows two notched-tabs 126 nt at each of the vertical hole side edges 36 se . A diagonally oriented U shaped spacer brace 302 is installed between the notched tab 126 nt on the right side of the hole 36. The U shaped spacer brace 302 has the dorsal side of the web 302 a abutting the hole side edge 36 se and the head 126 nth of the notched tab 126 nt extending over the flange 302 b and where the notched-tab notch 126 ntn extend into the flange notch 126 fg connecting the notched-tab 126 nt against the hole side edge 36 se . A flange notch 126 fg is shown in the flanges 302 b so that flange 302 b with its flange notch 126 fg can be inserted into the ledge tab 79 t and the opposing the web 302 a flange 301 b can be pressured so the ledge tab 79 t can be inserted into the flange notch 126 fg forming another self-locking connection.

FIG. 15 shows the self-locking connection between the hook receiver 129 at one end of one U shaped spacer brace 302 and the opposing end of another U shaped spacer brace 302 having the hook tongue 128 at the opposing end. The isometric view shows the U shaped spacer brace 302 abutting the hole 36 where the flanges 302 abut the web 42 a on one planar surface at the indentation 302 i in the hole side edge 36 se and the extension 302 e passes through the hole notches 126 h occurring at the bottom corners of the hole 36 than passes over the anchor space 355 which is the hole bottom edge 36 be and extends downward at the hook receiver 129 which formed a self-locking connection with the hole notch 126 h . Since the extension 302 e passes into the hole notches 36 h , the U shaped spacer brace 302 has to be installed where one side edge of the extension 302 e fits into the one hole notch 36 h then the opposing side edge of the extension 302 e is pressured to fit into the opposing hole notch 36 h thereby securing the U shaped spacer brace 302 from moving vertically as well as horizontally within the hole 36. The hook receiver 129 has the first leg 129 a extending downward along the web 42 a plane, then turning outwardly at the second leg 129 b then back upward at the third leg 129 c forming a gap 45 between the first and third leg 129 a 129 c . The second leg 129 b shows receiver notches 126 r at both the side edges. The adjacent U shaped spacer brace 302 shows a hook tongue 128 extending downward from the web 302 a so that the hook tongue 128 fits into the gap 45 of the hook receiver 129. The hook tongue 128 shows a notched-tab 126 nt comprising of the hook tongue 128, two tongue shafts 128 s with a tongue tab 128 tt extending from the tongue shafts 128 s . The tongue tab 128 tt is slightly longer so the tongue tabs 128 tt can fit into the receiver notches 126 r at both sides of the second leg 129 b allowing the tongue tabs 128 tt to extend over the bottom edge of the second leg 129 b forming a self-locking connection between the hook tongue 128 and the hook receiver 129. The hooked tongue tabs 128 tt can be long so the hooked tongue tabs 128 tt can be bent either at the first or third legs 129 a or 129 c of the hook receiver 129 or are shorter and have a hook tongue tab-indentation 128 ti to connect the hook receiver 129 and hook tongue 128 together.

FIG. 16 is the similar as FIG. 48 except the interlocking self-locking connection is slightly different. The second leg 129 b has two receiver slot holes 36 rs between the first leg 129 a and the third leg 129 c and the hook tongue 128 has two corresponding tongue shafts 128 s and tongue tabs 128 tt that fit into the receiver slot holes 36 rs . The length of the hook tongue tab-indentation 128 ti will depend how much pressure is required to insert the tongue tab 128 tt through the receiver slot hole 36 rs . When the tongue tabs 128 tt are very long, the tongue tabs 128 tt can be bent to secure the tongue tabs 128 tt to the hook receiver 129 in lieu of using the hook tongue tab-indentations 128 ti to secure the hook tongue 128 to the hook receiver 129. The notched-tab 126 nt is slightly different than shown in FIG. 17 as the hooked tongue 128 has tongue shafts 128 s having hook tongue tab-indentations 128 ti on both sides of the tongue tabs 128 tt.

FIG. 17 has a U shape spacer brace 302 at the top and bottom of the support member have the same configuration that is they are both U shaped having two flanges 302 b extending from the web 302 a with an array of flange slot holes 36 fs where the narrow edge of the flange slot holes 36 fs are flush with the plane of the ventral side of the web 302 a . The top and bottom ends of the web 42 a of the support member have a J-shape gap 45 jt where the gap is a J-shaped. The vertical edge of the J-shape gap 45 j is formed by the space occupied by the outside edge of the flange 302 b . The ventral side of the U spaced spacer brace consists of a web shaft 42 s and a web tab 42 at where the web tab 42 at forms the bottom edge of the J-shape gap 45 jt and the web shaft 42 s forms the short vertical section of the J-shape gap 45 jt and where the web shaft 42 s is connected to the web 42 a . The J-shaped gap 45 j forms a J-shape because the flange 302 b fits into the vertical space of J-shaped gap 45 jt plus the web tab 42 at fits into the slot hole 36 s and when the first web tab 42 at slides into the slot hole 36 s the flange 302 b will bend outwardly and the opposite J-shaped gap 45 jt will have the opposite side flange 302 b also bend until both the web tabs 42 at pass through the flange slot holes 36 fs allowing the web indentation 42 ai to be logged between the ventral and dorsal side of the flange slot holes 36 fs in both flanges 302 b forming a self-locking connection between the web tabs 42 at in the support member and the slot holes 36 s in the U shaped spacer brace 302. If the web tabs 42 at are long enough the web tabs 42 at can be bent to form a stronger connection between the support member and the spacer brace.

FIG. 18 shows several different ways to form bent tabs. At the top of the C channel web tabs 42 at extend from the top edge of the web 42 a and having a slight web indentation 42 ai where the ventral side of a horizontal U shaped spacer brace 302 having web-slot holes 36 ws in the web 302 a for the web tabs 42 at to pass through an be bent horizontally forming another self-locking connection. The bottom end of the C channel showing U shaped spacer brace 302 (shown in solid lines) is the same configuration as FIG. 17 which only allows one J-shaped gap tab 45 jt to be bent per U shaped spacer brace 302. Another version of a notched-tab 126 nt is shown as a dashed configuration, with the two J-shaped gap tabs 45 jt having the J-shaped gaps 45 j configured in the same direction. The U shaped spacer brace 302 has the flange 302 b inserted into the vertical portion of the J-shaped gap 45 j and when the top edge of the flange slot holes 36 fs becomes aligned with the hinged side of the J-shaped gap tabs 45 jt are bent against the flange-slot holes 36 fs forming a self-locking secured connection. The bottom flange and crossing member is showed and explained in FIG. 17.

FIG. 19 shows the C channel 42 as a horizontal support member having a web 42 a with two flanges 42 b and lips 42 c with the web 42 a having a notched tab 126 t at its end intersecting a horizontally oriented stringer. The stringer is a U shaped spacer brace 302 having a web 302 a with slight canted flanges 302 b extending outwardly at an angle. The notched-tab 126 nt at the web 42 a is a J-shape gap 45 j as previously described in FIG. 18, however in FIG. 19 a ledge 79 has been added to the head 126 nth of the notched-tab 126 nt . The longitudinal edge of the web 42 a is the end of the notched tab 126 t has a ledge 79 similar to the ledge 79 in FIG. 10. The ledge 79 corresponds to the wrap-around tab 326 in the web 302 a so the pivot edge 326 pe is under the ledge 79 and the tab 326 t at the vented edge 326 ve wraps around the ledge 79 securing the vented edge 326 ve against the web 42 a . Because the flanges 302 b are slightly angled it will be visually easier to install the web tabs 42 at into the flange slot holes 36 fs in the flanges 302 b which again forms the self-locking connections between a stringer shown here as the U shaped spacer brace 302 and a floor or ceiling joist or support member shown here as a C channel 42. A similar J-shape gap 45 j is shown in FIGS. 30 31 where a C shaped space brace 303 and reverse lip spacer brace 301 are used to secure the support member and stringer together.

FIG. 20 shows a W-shape clip 307 having a web 308 a that extends over the rim 36 r at the triangular shaped hole 36 tr having a hook receiver 129 shown extending over the ventral and dorsal side of the C channel 42. The first leg 129 a is braced on the dorsal side of the web 42 a of the support member and the opposite first leg 129 a extends over the rim 36 a . Both side edges of the web 307 a are inserted into the rim notches 126 rn at each side of the rim 36 r . The hole 36 and the rim 36 r are angular in shape making it difficult to be inserted into the rim notches 126 rm , however once the side edge of the web 307 a is inserted into the diagonal oriented rim 36 r the opposite side edge of the web 307 a will snap into the rim notch 36 rn on the opposing side similar to the method used in FIG. 15. FIG. 20 shows an elevation view of the triangular shaped hole 36 tr and the rim 36 r along with the hook receiver 129 passing through the triangular shaped hole 36 tr . FIG. 21 shows a plane view of the W-shape clip 307 passing through the triangular shaped hole 36 tr with the hook receiver 129 extending over the side plane of the web 42 a and over the hole rim 36 r at the first leg 129 a then turning outward at the second leg 129 b and then turning upward at the third leg 129 c leaving a gap 45 between the first and third leg 129 a 129 c where receiver notches 126 n are located at their outside edges in FIGS. 15 16.

FIGS. 22 23 show the same triangular shaped hole 36 tr as in FIGS. 20 21 except a reverse lip channel 301 is shown with a web 301 a and extending flanges 301 b and horizontal extending lips 301 c where the lips 301 c have lip notches 126 p that extend into the rim notches 126 rm shown in the rims 36 r of the triangular shaped hole 36 tr . Because the rims 36 r are canted ventrally inward the area occupied by the rim notch 126 r are an unusual shape. Again the interlocking self-locking connections are made when the lip notches 126 p installed into the rim notches 126 rm in the rim 36 r by having the vertical oriented rim notches 126 rm interlock to the horizontal oriented lip notches 126 p creating the interlocking self-locking connections between the two members.

FIG. 24 shows two reverse lip spacer braces 301 connected by a support member shown as a C channel 42 has a web 42 a with extending flanges 42 b and outwardly extending lips 42 c with longitudinal edges of the lips 42 c having a lip notch 126 p with a flare edge 126 f . The reverse lip spacer brace 301 shown at the top edge of the support member is also shown in FIGS. 31, 32 52 and the reverse lip spacer brace 301 is shown in FIGS. 24-26 where the dorsal side of the web 301 a is against the floor. The support member is shown with the web 42 a having two L-shaped gaps 126 e where the flanges 301 b and lip 301 c would intersect the web 42 a . The web 42 a of the support member is narrow at the L-shaped gaps 45 e and is wide enough for the flange 301 b and lip 301 c to slide into. The flange 301 b will bent ventrally inward when the lip 301 c and flange 301 b are inserted into the narrow portion of the L-shaped gap 45 e The opposing L-shaped gap 45 e will also be inserted at the same time. The lips 301 c will become slanted downward as pressure is applied to insert the lips 301 c into the L-shaped gap 45 e . The lips 301 c could be slanted initially in order to more easily fit into the L-shaped gap 45 e . Once the lips 301 c are completely inserted into the L-shaped gap 45 e the lip 301 c will flex back into their original position when the lips 301 c reach the web notch 126 w at the top of the L-shaped gap 45 e . The web gap 45 w is more clearly shown in FIG. 25 and the lip notch 126 p is more clearly shown in FIG. 26. When the lip notch 126 p is oriented to the longitudinal direction of the reverse lip spacer brace 301 and the web notch 126 w which is oriented in the direction of the C channel 42 cross, the vertical and horizontal notches becomes a self-locking secured connection between the two framing members. The web 42 a between the L-shaped gaps 45 e at the bottom edge of the support member describes the notched-tab 126 nt with the notched-tab notches 126 ntn and head 126 nth as previously described in other notched-tabs.

the second reverse lip channel 301 shown at the top of the support member in FIG. 24 shows the ventral side extending downward toward the C channel 42. The reverse lip spacer brace 301 has the ventral side of the web 301 a abut the longitudinal edge of the web 42 a . The web 42 a shows an web-indentation 42 ai where the 301 a crosses the web 301 a of the reverse lip spacer brace 301. The two slide gaps 45 s shown at the top end of the web 42 a has a narrow width wide enough for the flange 301 b to slide into so the lip notch 126 p can fit into and wrap around the both side planes of the web 42 a of the C channel 42. When the dorsal side of the reverse lip spacer brace 301 has the web 301 a secured to a floor or structure above, the reverse lip spacer brace 301 is forced to move or bent when a vertical load is applied to the reverse lip spacer brace 301 then the lip notches 126 p will slide vertically between side edges of the lip notches 126 p at the top reverse lip spacer brace 301 forming a self-locking sliding connection between the two framing members.

FIG. 27 shows an isometric view of a reverse lip spacer brace 301 being terminated at the end of the hole 36 where the web 301 a is extended to form a hook finger 127 that extends downward over the hole bottom edge 36 be and the two lips 301 c are show with lip notches 126 p on the near side and the flanges 301 b being wrapped around the far side of the hole side edges 36 se . The near side of the lip notch 126 p and the flap 76 will prevent the reverse lip spacer brace 301 from moving horizontally. The hook finger 127 and lip notch 126 p prevent the reverse lip from moving horizontally. The whole notch 126 h that support the lip notch 126 p prevents the reverse lip spacer brace from moving vertically. Another alternative is the ledge shaft 79 s (not shown), but described in FIGS. 22 23 that could fit above the lip 301 c to secure the reverse lip spacer brace 301 at the lip and the hole bottom edge 36 be secured the web 301 a . In previous pending applications a ledge 79 (not shown) extends from the hole bottom edge 36 be and the hook finger 127 can wrap around the ledge 79 to also secure the reverse lip spacer brace 301 from moving vertically.

FIG. 28 shows an isometric view of a reverse lip spacer brace 301 installed diagonally passing through the hole 36. The lip notches 126 p would typically be deeper since the lip notches 126 p have to pass over the web notches 126 w into the hole notches 36 h so the lip 301 c can still be supported in the web notches 126 w.

FIG. 29 shows a similar isometric view as FIG. 24 except here a web shaft 42 s is the anchor space 355 at the ventral side of the reverse lip spacer brace 301 at the top of the support member while bottom of the support member has a web tab 42 at at the head 126 nth of the notched tab 126 nt . The web tabs 42 at extends through the web slot holes 36 ws and the web tabs 42 at can be bent or have a notch installed similar to the head 126 nt of a shown in FIG. 8. This usually occurs when metal framing is assembled horizontally then erected vertically after the web tabs 42 at are bent. The top reverse lip spacer brace 301 shows two web tabs 42 at , while the bottom reverse lip spacer brace 301 shows the notched-tab 126 nt as shown in FIG. 24.

The reverse lip channel 301 shown mounted at the floor can also be used at the top of the support members. Other types of spacer braces previously shown in previous pending patents can be installed as a diagonal or using any of the hole notches, rim notches, wrap-around tabs, the tabs from the punch out holes, the hook receiver with hook tongues and hook fingers.

FIG. 30 shows an isometric drawings of a C shaped spacer brace 303 where the dorsal side of the web 303 a is mounted typically by fasteners (not shown) against the underside of a floor or ceiling with the flanges 303 b extending downward and the lips 303 c turning ventrally inward and the longitudinal edge of the lips 303 c has a lip notch 126 p that occurs at a standard array spacing in alignment with the web 42 a of an intersecting support member. The bottom of the wall shows another C shaped spacer brace 303 with the dorsal side of the web 303 against the floor and connected by fasteners (not shown). The C shaped spacer brace 303 is shown having a sharp bulge 303 sg at the intersection of the web 303 a and the flanges 303 b extending upward being connected to the lips 303 c . The sharp bulge 303 sg protrudes from the dorsal side of the flanges 303 b enough to have a bulge notch 126 bg that is also in alignment with web 42 a of the support member. After the C shaped spacer braces 303 are installed at the floor and ceiling the support members can be installed between the two C shaped spacer braces can now be installed. Each of the ends of the web 42 a have L-shape gaps 45 e also described as slide gaps 45 s that correspond to the flanges 303 b in both the top and bottom spacer braces and the web 42 a has an web indentation 42 ai so all the edges of the web 42 a will rest on the ventral side of a crossing member or on the same plane as the dorsal side of the crossing member. The web 42 a at the top of the support member is inserted vertically into slide gap 45 s and moved horizontally until the web 42 a is inserted into the lip notch 126 p . Taking the support member and lifting the support member higher into the ventral side of the web 303 a , the bottom end of the web 42 a of the support member will detect the slide gap 45 s at the bottom edge of the support member. Since the C shaped spacer brace 303 at the floor has a lip 303 c that is narrower than the slide gap 45 s , the flange 303 b will flex allowing the lip 303 c having a longitudinal edge be allowed to enter the slide notch 126 s at the end of the slide gap 45 s , securing the lip 303 c into the slide notch 126 s . Once the web 42 a is secured into the slide notch 126 s the end of the web 42 a of the support member can be installed into the bulge notch 126 bg . A bulge notch 126 bg can be any type of notch that can protrude from a flange in order form a notch that can be inserted into the web 42 a of a support member. At the top and bottom C shaped spacer brace 303 the web 303 a has a web slot hole 36 s where the web slot hole 36 ws is oriented so the length of the web slot hole 36 ws is the width of the C shaped spacer brace 303. So when a fastener not shown is installed in the web slot hole 36 ws the C shaped spacer brace 303 will be able to slide horizontally in the direction of the web slot holes 36 ws.

FIG. 31 is similar to FIG. 30 except a U shaped spacer brace 302 has its dorsal side of the web 302 a mounted against the ceiling with its flanges 302 b extending downward. A rounded shape bulge 302 g is shown extending outward from the flange 302 b and in the middle of the longitudinal oriented bulge 302 g shows a bulge notch 126 bg that is in alignment with the web 42 a of the support member. The bottom reverse lip spacer brace 301 has the dorsal side of its web 301 a fastened (not shown) to the floor with its flanges 301 b extending upward and its lips 301 c extending outward. A bulge 301 g is shown extending outward from the web 301 a protruding outward from the flange 301 b so a bulge notch 126 g can be located in the bulge 301 g aligned with the web 42 a of the support member. Again the top and bottom spacer braces are mounted at floor and ceiling and the support member has its web 42 a with its sliding gaps 45 s inserted into the flanges 302 b 301 b . The bottom end of the support member also has a slide gap 45 s , but is shown with a slide notch 126 s at the end and aligned so the slide notch 126 s is on the flange sides of the slide gap 45 s . After the web 42 a is inserted in the flanges 301 b at the slide gap 45 s of the L-shaped gap 45 e , then the lip 301 c is inserted into the slide gap 45 s and adjusted to fit into the two slide notches 126 s in both slide gaps 45 s and the support member is then slid horizontally so the web 42 a can fit into the bulge notches 126 bg . One end of the web 302 a is bent to form a hook finger 127 at one end of the reverse lip spacer brace 301. At the top of the support member additional vertically oriented web slot holes 36 ws are shown and are aligned with the slide gaps 45 s above. Should a support member need to be cut shorter, the web slot holes 36 ws would then be used as the slide gaps 45 s.

FIG. 32 shows a wall section through a longitudinal U shaped spacer brace 302 where the web 302 a has the dorsal side mounted against the ceiling with fasteners (not shown) and two flanges extending downward where the right flange 302 b shows a bulge notch 126 bg projecting from the dorsal sides of the flanges 302 b . As further explained bugles 302 b with bulge notches 126 bg are required on both flanges 302 b for the U shaped spacer brace 302 to slide vertically in the slide gaps 45 s . The bulge 302 g have vertical oriented bulge notches 126 g located at the slide gaps 45 s so the sides of the vertically oriented bulge notches 126 bg engage both planes of the web 42 a of the support member. The bulges 302 g can be located on the ventral or dorsal side of the U shaped spacer brace 302. The bulge notches 126 bg are notched typically 16 or 24 on center and can have a flared edge to make it easier to insert into the slide gap 45 s which is also shown to have a flared edge at the end of the support member. When bending occurs from a ceiling or floor member above, the slide gaps 45 s located in the web 42 a of the support members, allows the U shaped spacer brace 302 to move vertically by allowing the support member to slide vertically within the slide gaps 45 s . On the left side the bulge 302 g is shown extending inward on the ventral side of the U shaped spacer brace 302. In this case the left bulge 302 g does not have a bulge notch 126 bg in the bulge 302 g , but a slide bulge notch 126 sg is shown on the ventral side of the slid gap 45 s so the bulge 302 g can be inserted into the slide notch 126 s . By having the right slide gap 45 s have a bulge notch 126 bg and the left slide gap 45 s having a slide notch 126 s , the two different types of notches interlock the support member and the U shape spacer brace 302 together. Also in FIG. 41 a lip 302 c is shown in lieu of the bulge 302 g . When the lip 302 c is turned so the lip 302 c is extending on the dorsal side the spacer brace has been referred to as a reverse lip spacer brace 301, however for explanation purposes the lip 302 c has a lip notch 126 p shown at the longitudinal end that engages the slide gap 45 s similar to a previous FIG. 29.

FIG. 33 shows the wall section in FIG. 32 extending to the floor line where the C shaped spacer brace 303 has the web 303 a with its dorsal side mounted at the floor by fasteners (not shown). The flanges 303 b extend upward with the lips 303 c extending ventrally from the flanges 303 b . The flanges 303 b also have the bulge 303 g protruding dorsally from the flanges 303 b and have a bulge notch 126 bg occurring typically 16 or 24 on center. The support member has the slide gap 45 s at the bottom of the web 42 a along with a slide notch 126 s for the lip 303 c to be inserted into. When the web 42 a is inserted into the slide gap 45 s the lip 303 c along with the flange 303 b will bend then the bulge notch 126 g will engage the side planes of the web 42 a at the slide gap 45 s until the lips 303 c are inserted into the slide notches 126 s in the web 42 a of the support member.

FIGS. 34-41 shows the cross section of various configurations of bulges that can be used to form the bulge notches 126 bg located in the bulges 302 g or slide notches 126 s located in slide gaps 45 s or holes notches 126 h located in the holes of the support members. Only one flange is shown in the enlargements, however typically the bulges 302 g are located on both flanges of the spacer brace. The bulges 302 g can be located anywhere along the plane of the flanges and are located in a slide gap 45 s of a web 42 a of a support member. A U shaped spacer brace 302 is used where the bulge 302 g extends wider than the slide gap 45 s so a bulge notch 126 bg can be formed on the dorsal side of the bulge notch 126 bg so both sides of the bulge slide notch 126 sg engage both sides of the slide gap 45 s . The bulges 302 g can be located on either side of the slide gap 45 s . FIG. 34 shows a pointed shape bulge 126 g having a vertex where the two planes intersect with a bulge slide notch 126 sg located where the web 42 a of the slide gap 45 s intersect the bulge slide notch 126 sg and in FIG. 35 the pointed shaped bulge 126 g does not have a bulge slide notch 126 sg , but instead has a slide notch 126 s so the bulge 302 g can fit into and will be lodge into the slide notch 126 s and will not move vertically within the slide notch 126 s . FIGS. 36 37 are similar however the bulge 302 g is like a half-circle shaped bulge and in FIG. 36 the bulge 302 g has a bulge notch 126 bg and in FIG. 46 the bulge 302 g is continuous and the slide gap 45 s has a slide notch 126 s to fit into. FIGS. 38 39 are similar to FIG. 36 that is the bulge 302 g is a combination of two bulges 302 g as shown in FIG. 36 where one-half of the bulge 302 g extends over the ventral side of the slide gap 45 s and the other half of the bulge 302 g extends over the dorsal side and both halves have the bulge notch 126 bg that extends over the side plane of the slide gaps 45 s . FIG. 39 is similar to FIG. 38 having two half bulges 302 g each extending over the dorsal and ventral sides of the slide gap 45 s , however both bulges 302 g extend into the slide notches 126 s of the slide gap 45 s . FIG. 40 is similar to FIGS. 38 39 as the bulge 302 g consist of two half bulges where one half bulge has bulge notch 126 bg and the other half bulge has a slide notch 126 s . FIG. 41 is the same as FIG. 40 except the slide gap 45 s is horizontal rather than vertical and the half bulges are the same as in FIG. 40.

FIGS. 35-40 shows several different configurations of spacer braces crossing and passing through the hole 36 of a support member. At both sides of the key hole 36 k shows two ledge tabs 79 t that are formed by making a tab forming cut 251 along the hole side edge 36 se to the hole top edge 36 te . The ledge tabs 79 t were previously described in FIGS. 13-16. FIG. 35 shows a U shaped spacer brace 302 that has a bulge 302 g that first extends outward forming a half-circle shape then upward forming the flange 302 b . The half-circle shape of the bulge 302 g corresponds to the half-circle shape of the web-bulge notch 126 wg for the bulge 302 g to fit into as shown in FIG. 44.

FIG. 43 is similar to FIG. 42 except the space brace is a reverse lip spacer brace 301 however they both have a half-circle shape at the bulge 301 g . The bulge 301 g is shown as a half-circle being vertically oriented having a bulge notch 126 bg on the dorsal side of the bulge notch 126 bg for the hole side edges 36 se to fit into. The flanges 301 b extend from the bulge notch 126 bg to the lips 301 c that extend dorsally at an angle. The hole lip notches 126 hp are vertically oriented and inset into the hole side edges 36 se for the longitudinal edges of the lips 301 c to be inserted into. The reverse lip spacer brace 301 is inserted into the hole 36 at a slight angle allowing the flanges 301 b to bend where the bulge notches 126 bg slide into the hole side edges 36 se and the reverse lip spacer brace 301 is continually pressed downward until the lips 301 c engage the both hole side edges 36 se.

FIG. 44 shows a reverse lip spacer brace 301 having a web 301 a with bulges 301 g at each intersection of the flanges 301 b with the left side having a horizontal oriented lip 301 c and the right side having an angular oriented lip 301 c . The left hole side edge 36 se at the bottom corner has a web-bulge notch 126 wg as shown in FIG. 42 for the bulge 301 g to fit into and the left lip 301 c has a lip notch 126 p for the hole side edge 36 se to fit into. The right side would typically have the same above described combination of self-locking connections on the opposing side of the reverse lip spacer brace 301. Another combination of self-locking connection is shown on the right side which is the same combination as shown in FIG. 43.

FIGS. 45-47 show a reverse lip spacer brace 301 having a web 301 a with bulges 301 g on both sides having flanges 301 b extending ventrally inward at an angle from the bulges 301 g then bending outward forming a lip 301 c . In FIG. 45 the reverse lip spacer brace 301 passes through the hole 36 so the bulge notches 126 bg intersect the hole side edges 36 se and the longitudinal side edges of the lips 301 c are inserted into the hole lip notches 126 hp forming a self-locking connection with the hole 36. FIG. 46 has the same reverse lip spacer brace 301 along with the bulge notch 126 bg at the bulge 301 g . The hole lip notch 126 hp is shown as a web notch 126 w because the hole side edge 36 se at the reverse lip spacer brace 301 is recessed rather than shown as a hole lip notch 126 hp . The isometric in FIG. 47 has the same profile as FIG. 45.

FIG. 48 shows a perspective view of the dorsal side of the support member shown as a C channel 42 with a large shaped hole 36 and a key hole 36 k below with key hole tabs 36 kt on both sides of the key 36 k . A U shaped spacer brace 302 with the dorsal side of the web 302 a facing upward and the extension 302 e extending through the key hole 36 k with the extension 302 e and the flanges 302 b abut the ventral side on the web 42 a . The extension 302 e has receiver notches 126 r on both side edges for the key tabs 36 kt to fit into. The first leg 129 a of the hook receiver 129 and the extension 302 e abuts the ventral side of the web 42 a and the first leg 129 a is bent ventrally downward against the dorsal side plane of the web 42 a . The second leg 129 b extends away from the web 42 a and is then bent vertically leaving a gap 45 between the first leg 129 a and the third leg 129 c . The second leg 129 b has receiver notches 126 r on both side edges similar to the hook receiver in FIG. 49. The key hole tabs 36 kt form a triangular shape because the key tabs 36 k are bent at an angle shown as a dashed line at the corner edges of the hole 36 and the edge of the key tabs 36 kt where the extension 302 e intersects the key tabs 36 kt . At the hole top edge 36 te two tongue tabs 128 tt are shown extending downward from the hook tongue 128 shown in FIG. 58 with the right tongue tab 128 tt bent.

FIG. 49 shows the ventral side of the C channel 42 shown in FIG. 57 and the lower edge of the hole 36 shows the dorsal side of a U shaped spacer brace 302 extending through the key hole 36 k with the key-tabs 36 kt shown ready to be bent. At the hole top edge 36 te shows a hook receiver 129 shown as a web hook receiver 129 wr where the dorsal side of the web 42 a is the same as the first leg 129 a of a hook receiver 129. The second leg 129 b is a continuation of the web 42 a bent perpendicular to the web 42 a and then bent vertically leaving a gap 45 between the third leg 129 c and the web 42 a . The second leg 129 b has receiver notches 126 r at both side edges for tongue tabs 128 tt to pass through. The web hook receiver 129 wr shows a U shaped spacer brace 302 with its hook tongue 128 extending into the gap 45 of the web hook receiver 129 wr with its tongue tabs 128 tt extending through the receiver notches 126 r and where the left tongue tab 128 tt is bent forming a secure self-locking connection between the U shaped spacer brace 302 and a web hook receiver 129 wr.

FIG. 50 shows an isometric view of a W-shaped clip 307 having a hook receiver 129 extending over dorsal and ventral sides of the web 42 a of the C channel 42 and where the first leg 129 a is against the plane of the web 42 a and the second leg 129 b extends outward with the third leg extending upward leaving a gap 45 between the first and third legs 129 a 129 c . The web 307 a of the W-shaped clip 307 shows clip notches 126 c on both side edges of the web 307 a for the key tabs 36 kt to extend through the clip notches 126 c to fit through and upon the ventral side of the web 307 a being secured into the anchor space 355, the key tabs 36 kt are bent at an angle of least resistance allowing the W-shaped clip 307 to have a self-locking connection into the key hole 36 k.

FIG. 51 shows an isometric view of the C channel 42 with the same W-shaped clip 307 shown installed at the key hole 36 k as shown in FIG. 59 and the web hook receiver 129 w as shown in FIG. 49. At the top of the hole 36 shows a web hook receiver 129 wr that is formed from the web 42 a of the C channel 42. When the hole 36 is manufactured the center section of the hole 36 is removed, however for a web hook receiver 129 wr the first leg 129 a is the web 42 a of the C channel 42 and the second leg 129 b and third leg 129 c is the cut-away area of the web 42 a that is discarded to create the hole 36. Therefore the second leg 129 b is bent perpendicular to the web 42 a with the third leg 129 c extending upward leaving a gap 45 between the web 42 a and the third leg 129 c . A receiver notch 126 r is installed at both the side edges of the second leg 129 b of the web hook receiver 129 wr for the two tongue tabs 128 tt that are extending into the receiver notches 126 r from the U shaped spacer brace 302 shown dotted.

FIG. 52 is similar to FIG. 24 except a bracing hole 36 b is shown between the previously described slide gaps 45 s and the web indentation 42 i is now shown as a bracing hole 36 b with a key hole 36 k and two key tabs 36 kt form the hole bottom edge 36 be . When the flange 303 c from the reverse lip spacer brace 303 extends to the bottom of the slide gap 45 s the web 302 a would be flush with the dorsal side of the reverse lip spacer brace 303. To form a recess base at the top or bottom of the metal framing the slide gap 45 s is required to be shorter than the flange 303 b then the flange 303 b will extend beyond the top and bottom edge of the support member. The reverse occurs at the bracing hole 36 b at the lower bottom edge of the web 42 a where the key hole 36 k and the two key tabs 36 kt form the hole top edge 36 te .with the side edges of the key hole 36 k being the side edges of the key tabs 36 kt . The bottom edge of the key tabs 36 kt in the bottom bracing hole 36 b shows a web-hole notch 126 wh at both side edges of the bracing hole 36 b for the lip notches 126 p at the longitudinal side edge of the lips 303 c for the reverse lip spacer brace 303. The web 303 a shows web-slot holes 36 ws extending in both a width and longitudinal direction for fasteners (not shown) to be installed into a floor.

FIG. 53 shows a rectilinear shaped hole 36 having a continuous rim 36 r extend from the web 42 a of the support member and where the corners have a short depth at the rims 36 r . FIG. 54 shows a U shaped spacer brace 302 extending through a hole 36 shown similar to the U shaped spacer brace 302 in FIG. 15, however the hole bottom edge 36 be in FIG. 53 has an irregular shape configuration. The hook receiver 129 is shown extending over the irregular shape of the hole bottom edge 36 be due to the shape of the rim 36 r . The first leg 129 a of the hook receiver 129 shows a receiver slot hole 36 rs so the rim 36 r can fit into. If the hook receiver 129 extends through the hole 36 in reverse, the flanges 302 b would have notches 126 at the end side edges of the flanges 302 for the rim 36 r could fit into will the hook receiver 129 would have extended over the hole bottom edge 36 be against the web 42 a . The rims 36 r are irregular in shape allowing the rim 36 r to extend through the receiver slot hole 36 rs forming another similar self-locking connection.

FIG. 55 shows a U shaped spacer brace 302 with it dorsal side facing upward having a hook receiver 129 at the end with an adjacent U shaped spacer brace 302 having its hook tongue 128 ready to be connected to each other. In FIG. 15 a similar connection occurs between the hook tongue 128 fits into the hook receiver 129, except here the hook receiver 129 is not required since the hook tongue tabs 128 t wrap around the bottom edge of the first leg 129 a of the hook receiver 129. The hook tongue 128 still fits into the gap 45 between the first and third legs 129 a 129 c , however in lieu of shorter tongue tabs 128 tt the tongue tabs are longer and extend around the hook receiver tabs 129 t.

FIG. 56 shows an enlargement of FIG. 58 where the diagonal oriented framing member shown as a U shaped spacer brace 302 is installed into the horizontal C shaped spacer brace 302. The diagonal oriented U shaped spacer brace 302 is slightly wider than the horizontal oriented C shaped spacer brace 303 so the extended flanges 302 be are flush with the dorsal side of the flanges 303 b . The extended flanges 302 be form the beginning side of the notched-tabs 126 nt so the extended flanges 302 be can be bent to fit into the flange slot holes 36 sf . The extended flanges 302 be have an indentation 302 bei at the hole top edge 36 te so the head 126 nth of the notched-tab 126 nt can fit into and be secured at the flange slot hole 36 sf . The web 302 g of the diagonal U shaped spacer brace 302 has the same or similar notched-tab 126 nt as described in FIGS. 58 59.

FIG. 58 is similar to FIG. 56 as they both show a vertical oriented C channel 42 and a diagonal oriented U shaped spacer brace 302 intersecting a horizontal oriented C shaped spacer brace 303. FIG. 58 shows the horizontal oriented C shaped spacer brace 303 having a raised web 303 ra with sloped sides 303 sa ; however the web 303 a is still resting on the dorsal side against a floor. The raised web 303 ra shows a raised slot hole 36 rs oriented to be aligned parallel to the web 42 a of the support member. The notched-tab 126 nt starts as a notched-tab extension 42 nte at the web 42 a of the support member. The notched-tab extension 42 nte is shown having an indentation 42 nti that is indented around the lip 303 c and the lip extension 303 ce . The notched-tab extension 42 nte has a notch 126 ntn where the notched-tab 126 nt intersects the raised slot hole 36 rs and the head 126 nth of the notched-tab 126 nt extends through the raised slot hole 36 rs . FIG. 58 also shows a similar diagonal oriented U shaped spacer brace 302 intersecting the horizontally oriented C shaped spacer brace 303 as shown in FIGS. 56 57.

FIG. 59 shows an enlarged isometric view of the diagonal oriented U shaped spacer brace 302 intersecting the C shaped spacer brace with the raised web 303 ar . The web 302 a has an indentation 302 nti at the lips 303 c and extended lips 303 ce with the web 302 a having an extension 302 nte at the start of the notched-tab 126 nt . The notched-tab 126 nt at the raised slot hole 36 rs has a notch 126 ntn at the raised slot hole 36 rs with the head 126 nth extending through the raised slot hole 36 rs to the dorsal side of the raised web 303 ra of the C shaped spacer brace 303.

FIG. 60 also has the support member shown as a C channel 42 intersect the C shaped spacer brace 303 where the web 303 has a raised web 303 ra with raised sloped sides 303 sa , however here the left side of horizontal spacer brace is shown as a U shaped spacer brace 302 where the lips 303 c extended lips 303 ce are removed and the right horizontal spacer brace is shown as a C shaped spacer brace 303 with lips 303 c and extended lips 303 ce . On the left side of the horizontal spacer brace the web 42 a for the support member rests on the ventral side of the web 303 a while the right side the web 42 a would be required to have an indentation 42 i (but not shown here). Depending on the width of the vertical support member and the width of the horizontal spacer brace the bearing point or the anchor space 355 would vary. Should the support member fit into the ventral side of the flanges the bearing point would be at the web 42 a adjacent to the flanges and at the head 126 nth of the notched-tab 126 nt . When the raised slot holes 35 rs are located in the middle of the raised web 303 sa or 302 sa , the notched-tab 126 nt is aligned with the raised slot holes 36 rs and the notches 126 ntn of the notched-tab 126 nt as similarly described in FIG. 70. FIGS. 1, 60 61 show vertical oriented slot holes 36 s at the flanges of adjacent support members where a U shaped spacer brace 302 is shown spanning between adjacent support members. The U shaped spacer braces 302 are shown having notched-tabs 126 nt extending from their webs 302 a . The flanges 302 b abut the webs 42 a or lips 42 c of the support member and the web extension 302 e are part of the notch 126 ntn of the notched tab 126 nt as the web extension 302 e wraps around the hole side edge 36 se and the head 126 nth becomes wider than the slot hole 36 s and therefore becomes a notched-tab 126 nt when extended through the slot hole 36 s

FIG. 61 is similar to FIG. 59 as the horizontal spacer brace can be U shaped or C shaped as described above. FIG. 60 has sloped edge notches 126 se at the raised sloped sides 303 sa where the sloped edge notches 126 se are notched at the sloped edges and slightly indented into the raised web 303 sa to give additional bearing to the web 42 a which is the beginning side of the notched-tab 126 nt , but in this case it is a one-half notched-tab 126 nt 2 where one-half of the notched-tab 126 is located in the sloped edge notches 126 se . The web 42 a is the beginning side of the one-half notched-tab 126 nt 2 with the notches 126 n being inserted into the side edge of the sloped edge notches 126 se and the finish side being at the same plane as the ventral side of the web 303 a . Therefore notches 126 n form the same function as the two one-half notched-tabs as the notches 126 secures two crossing members together.

FIG. 62 is similar to FIGS. 8 9 except only one notched-tab 126 nt is shown along with one slot-tab hole 36 st . The notched-tab 126 nt also shown in FIG. 63 is shown having rounded edges to be inserted easier into the slot-tab holes 36 st.

FIG. 64 is similar to FIG. 63 in spacer brace 14 (a previous application), however the C shaped spacer brace is smaller and passes through the hole 36 in a support member. The C shaped spacer brace is shown having the dorsal side of the lips 303 c supported on the hole bottom edge 36 be with the side edges of the lip 303 c extending against the notch 126 n of the notched-tab 126 nt . If the C shaped spacer brace 303 is required to be fixed a lip notch 126 p needs to be installed so the C shaped spacer brace 303 will not be allowed to slide horizontally.

FIG. 65 is a sectional view but similar to FIG. 57 in the previous application, however the dorsal side of the web 302 a of the U shaped spacer brace 303 is shown even with the top edge of the support member and the notched-tab 126 nt has it top edge being the anchor space 355 for the ventral side of the web 303 a to rest on. In addition the flanges 303 b extend into the web-gap 45 w allowing the lips 303 c to flex and become engaged into the notch 126 n of the notched-tab 126 nt.

FIGS. 66 67 are similar to FIGS. 58 59 in spacer brace 14 (previous application) where the notched-tab 126 nt extends through the raised slot hole 36 rs , however in both figures the notched-tab 126 nt is a V-shaped notched-tab 126 v where the first leg 126 va extends from the notched-tab extension 126 nte but is narrower than the length of the raised slot hole 36 rs forming the top edge of a notch type of connection. The second leg 126 vb of the V-shaped notched-tab 126 v is angled back in the direction of the raised slot hole 36 rs so the end of the edge of the second leg 126 vb abut the dorsal side of the C shaped spacer brace 303 at the web 303 a . Since the V-shaped notched-tab 126 v is used, the raised slot hole 36 rs should have edge extension that extends on the dorsal side of the raised web 303 ra . The edge extension is not shown but is similar to the fourth leg 129 d of the hook receiver 129 shown in FIG. 294.

In FIG. 68 the hooked tongue 128 and hooked receiver are slightly different than in FIG. 219 a . In FIG. 68 the hooked tongue 128 has a V-shaped notched-tab 126 v having the first leg 126 va extend downward from the web 302 a with the second leg 126 vb extending at an obtuse angle back to the ventral side of the U shaped spacer brace 302. The V shape of the hooked tongue 128 is inserted into the hooked receiver 129 where the first leg 129 a is extended from the hole extension 302 he extending downward then extending horizontally at the second leg 129 b then extending upward as the third leg 129 c then turning again at the fourth leg 129 d back toward first leg 129 a leaving a gap 45 between the first leg 129 a and the fourth leg 129 d . The hooked tongue 128 referred to as a V-shaped notched-tab 126 v extends into the hooked receiver 129 so the first leg 126 a and second leg 126 b become compressed together so when the V-shape is fully extended into the hooked receiver 129 the second leg 126 b of the V-shaped notched-tab 126 v springs back so the second leg 126 b becomes lodged under the fourth leg 129 d of the hooked receiver 129.

FIGS. 69-76 show different variations of a V-shaped hole 36 v also described as V V. A V-shaped hole 36 v has the hole bottom edge 36 be in a V-shape. In FIG. 69 the V-shaped hole V has the bottom edge oriented horizontally or the blunt end 159 of the V-shaped hole V while both the hole side edges 36 se are at an angle similar to FIG. 73, in addition the vertical hole side edges 36 se has hole notches 36 h similar to other previous figures at the intersection of the hole side edges 36 se and the angular side walls of the V-shaped hole 36V. A reverse lip spacer brace 301 is shown having a web 301 a abutting the blunt end 159 with the flanges 301 b parallel with the angular side walls of the V-shaped hole 36 and lips 301 c extending dorsally having lip notches 126 p extending into the hole notches 36 h.

FIG. 71 is similar to FIG. 69 except the V-shaped hole 36 v has a notched-tab 126 nt at the vertex and does not have holes notches 36 h . In FIG. 72 a V-shaped channel or V-shaped spacer brace 299 has two angular legs 299 a that meet a the vertex of the angular legs 299 a , however at the vertex a vertex slot hole 36 v is installed so the notched tab 126 nt can fit into. The notched tab 126 nt is extended from the web 42 a through the vertex slot hole 36 v with the head 126 nth being larger and taper so the head 126 nth can slide into the vertex of the vertex slot hole 36 v.

FIG. 73 is similar to FIG. 69 as the V shaped hole 36 v has hole notches 36 h at the angular oriented hole bottom edges 36 be and the hole side edges 36 se In FIG. 74 the V shaped spacer brace 299 has leg notches 126 eg to fit into the hole notches 36 h thereby eliminating any vertical and horizontal movement of the V shaped spacer brace 299.

FIG. 75 is showing a V shaped hole 36 v having a slightly different configuration where a notched-tab 126 nt is shown at each of the angular oriented hole bottom edges 36 be . In FIG. 76 a U shaped spacer brace 302 is installed in the V shaped hole 36 v and corner slot holes 36 cs are installed at the intersection of the web 302 a and flanges 302 b on both side corner edges. The corner slot holes 36 cs are large enough for the head 126 h to fit through and become engaged at the notched-tab notch 126 ntn of the notched-tab 126 nt.

FIG. 77 shows two horizontal oriented U shaped spacer braces 302 having horizontal oriented notched-tabs 126 nt extend from the web 302 a at each end into the vertical oriented hole notches 126 h at the each of the hole side edges 36 se . The web 302 a and flanges 302 b abut one side of the 42 a of the C channel 42 at the indentation 302 i with the web extension 302 we passing through the hole side edges 36 se extending from the web 302 a over the hole bottom edge 36 be then extending along the opposing side plane of the web 42 forming a notch 126 ntn in the notched-tab 126 nt to the end of the head 126 nth of the notched-tab 126 nt . Since the notched-tab 126 nt passes through the vertical oriented hole notches 126 n , notches 126 ntn are installed on both side edges of the notched-tab 126. The adjacent U shaped spacer brace 302 also has the notched-tab 126 at each end along with the notches 126 ntn at the notched-tabs 126 nt . When two notched-tabs 126 nt are installed over each other into the same hole notch 126 h the hole notch 126 h is taller to accommodate two notched-tab 126 nt . The notch 126 ntn of the notched-tab 126 nt has the web 42 a as one side edge the web extension 302 we as the second side edge and the head 126 nth as the third side edge of the notched tab 126 nt . Since the U shaped space brace 302 and the notched-tabs 126 nt are wider than the width of the hole 36, the U shaped spacer brace 302 is installed at an angle installing one notch 126 ntn into the hole notch 36 h at one hole side edge 36 se then pushing the opposing notch 126 ntn into the opposing hole notch 126 h on the opposing hole side edge 36 se . The notched-tab 127 nt could also be described as a notched-finger 127 n similar to FIG. 78 or as an extension of the web 302 a having a notch 126 and now referred to as notched-tab notch 127 ntn.

FIG. 78 shows two horizontal oriented U shaped spacer braces 302 connected together when passing through the hole of a support member having hole notches 126 h at the hole side edges 36 se with the bottom edge of the hole notches 126 h being the at the hole bottom edge 36 be . The web 302 a and flanges 302 b abut one side of the 42 a of the C channel 42 at the indentation 302 i with the web extension 302 we passing through the hole bottom edge 36 be and into the hole notches 126 h so the hook finger 127 can extend downward over the hole bottom edge 36 be and against the planar surface of the web 42 a . At the web 302 a a receiver slot hole 36 rs that extends parallel to the web 42 a less than the width of the hole 36 for an adjacent spacer brace to connect into. The opposing end also has the web 302 a and flanges 302 b abut the planar surface of the adjacent web 42 a of another support member. The opposite end of a second U shaped spacer brace 302 has a web extension 302 we with a notched-tab 126 nt at the end which is installed over the hook finger 128 and web 302 a of the first U shaped spacer brace 302. The web extension 302 we is wider than the width of the receiver slot hole 36 rs of the first U shaped spacer brace 302 so notches 126 ntn can be bent and installed at the side edges of the web extension 302 we and then inserted into the web slot hole 36 we . The notched-tab 126 nt in the web slot hole 36 ws and the hole notches 126 h and the hook finger 128, web 302 a and flanges 302 b engage the opposing end making a self-locking connection between the two U shaped spacer braces 302.

There are many different variations of the connections that have been shown in the figures and when discussed in the claims could be referred to as connectors. Since a notched tab 126 nt could extend from a web or flange of either a support member or spacer braces the tab as explained in the claims is the first metal framing element. When a crossing member intersects say the notched tab, the notches of the notched tab engage an opening which could be the edge of a lip of a U or C shaped support or spacer brace as well as many of the different types of holes or notches that the notched-tab notch 126 ntn would connect or engage too. Sometimes a notch for example a hole notch could be considered as a pocket to receive a crossing element that fits into the pocket. In addition sometimes the construction of the spacer brace being the web, flanges or lips are referred to as a wall. The notched-tab can be installed in various positions where a wall description can be considered is many different locations.

FIGURE NUMBER GLOSSARY OF TABLE OF CONTENTS

36 hole: 36 be hole bottom edge, 36 se hole side edge, 36 te hole top edge, 36 tr triangular shaped hole, 36 k key hole, 36 ws web slot holes, 36 bf bent flange edge, 36 b bracing hole, 36 kt key tab, 36 fs flange slot holes, 36 rs receiver slot hole, 36 th tab holes, 36 v vertex slot hole, 36 cs corner slot hole, 36 v V shaped hole36 r rim42 C channel: 42 a web, 42 b flange, 42 c lip, 42 at web tab. 42 ai web indentation, 42 s web shaft45 gap: 45 j J-shaped gap, 45 e L-shaped gap, 45 w web gap, 45 s slide gap, 45 jt J-shaped gap tab, 45 g ledge gap76 flap79 ledge: 79 i ledge indentation, 79 t ledge tab, 79 s ledge shaft, 79 cp ledge cap, 79 cr cap rim, 79 sh hollow shaft ledge126 notches: 126 n notch, 126 f flare edge, 126 ng notch gap, 126 c clip notch, 126 r receiver notch, 126 h hole notches, 126 rm rim notch, 126 p lip notch, 126 w web notch, 126 bg bulge notch, 126 wg web-bulge notch, 126 wh web-hole notch, 126 nt notched-tab, 126 hp hole lip notch, 126 fg flange notch, 126 s slide notch, 126 sg bulge slide notch, 126 c clip notch, 126 nth notched-tab head, 126 eg leg notch,127 hook finger128 hook tongue: 128 s tongue shaft, 128 tt hook tongue tab, 128 ti hook tongue tab-indentation129 hook receiver: 129 a first leg, 129 b second leg, 129 c third leg, 129 wr wide hook receiver, 129 fr flange receiver, 129 wr web hook receiver, 129 t hook receiver tab157 blunt end251 tab forming cut299 V shaped spacer brace, 299 a angular leg301 reverse lip spacer brace: 301 a web, 301 b flange, 301 c lip, 301 g bulge302 U shaped spacer brace: 302 a web, 302 b flange, 302 we web extension, 302 fe flange extensions, 302 he hole extension, 302 re receiver extension, 302 i indentation, 302 g bulge303 C shaped spacer brace: 303 a web, 303 b flange, 303 c lip, 303 g bulge, 303 ar raised web, 303 s sloped ledge, 303 ce lip extension, 303 be flange extension, 303 ar raised web, 303 as sloped web edge, 303 sg sharp bulge307 W-shaped clip: 307 a web, 307 b flange320 ridges326 punched out tabs: 326 ve vented edge, 326 pe pivot edge, 326 t tab, 326 tw wrap-around tab340 s starting position, 340 e ending position355 anchor space