Substituted diazabicycloalkane derivatives

Abstract:

Compounds of formula (I) Z-Ar 1 Ar 2 (I) wherein Z is a diazabicyclic amine, Ar 1 is a 5- or 6-membered aromatic ring, and Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of an unsubstituted or substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl ring; unsubstituted or substituted bicyclic heteroaryl ring; 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl; carbazolyl; tetrahydrocarbazolyl; naphthyl; and phenyl; wherein the phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 substituents in the meta- or para-positions. The compounds are useful in treating conditions or disorders prevented by or ameliorated by 7 nAChR ligands. Also disclosed are pharmaceutical compositions comprising compounds of formula (I) and methods for using such compounds and compositions.


Publication Number: US20050101602

Publication Date: 2005-05-12

Application Number: 10942035

Applicant Date: 2004-09-16

International Class:

Inventors: ROBERT DEBERARDINE;ABBOTT LABORATORIES

Inventors Address:

Applicators: Basha Bunnelle Dart Gallagher Ji Li Pace Ryther Tietje Mortell Nersesian Schrimpf

Applicators Address: wer lliam chael gan anguo o nnifer ith rin thleen ana chael

Assignee:


Claims:

1. A compound of the formula (I): ZAr 1 Ar 2 (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, ester, amide, or prodrug thereof, wherein: Z is a diazabicyclic amine of the formula: IMGAr 1 is a 5- or 6-membered aromatic ring of the formula (a) or (b): IMGAr 2 is selected from the group consisting of an unsubstituted or substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl ring; unsubstituted or substituted bicyclic heteroaryl ring; 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl; carbazolyl; tetrahydrocarbazolyl; naphthyl; and phenyl; wherein the carbazolyl; tetrahydrocarbazolyl; naphthyl; and phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkenyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxysulfonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, alkylsulfonyl, alkylthio, alkynyl, carboxy, cyano, formyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halogen, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, mercapto, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )carbonyl, (NR A R B )sulfonyl, and phenyl; provided that when Y 1 is O or S, Y 2 is N, Y 3 is CR 3 and R 3 is hydrogen, and Y 4 is C, then Ar 2 is not 5-tetrazolyl; X 1 , X 2 , X 3 , and X 4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of N and CR 3 , provided that R 3 is not hydrogen at least in one occurrence when X 1 , X 2 , X 3 , and X 4 are all CR 3 ; Y 1 , Y 2 , and Y 3 are each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O, S, and CR 3 ; Y 4 is selected from the group consisting of C and N, provided that when Y 4 is C at least one of Y 1 , Y 2 , and Y 3 , is other than CR 3 ; l, m, n, o, and p are each independently selected from the group consisting of 0, 1, or 2, provided that the sum total of l, m, n, o, and p is 3, 4, or 5, and further provided that the sum of l and o is at least 1 and the sum of m and p is at least 1; R 1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkenyl, alkyl alkoxycarbonyl, arylalkyl, and heteroarylalkyl; R 2 at each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkoxycarbonyl, and alkyl; R 3 at each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R A and R B are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylcarbonyl, formyl and (NR C R D )sulfonyl; and R C and R D are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl.

2. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of: IMG

3. The compound of claim 1, wherein Ar 1 is selected from the group consisting of isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, oxazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyridyl, pyrimidinyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, thiazolyl, thienyl, and phenyl, wherein the pyridazinyl, pyridyl, and phenyl, are substituted with 0 or 1 substitutent selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, and hydroxy.

4. The compound of claim 1, wherein Ar 1 is selected from the group consisting of: IMGwherein R 3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, and hydroxy.

5. The compound of claim 1, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of benzofuranyl; benzothienyl; carbazolyl; tetrahydrocarbazolyl; furyl; imidazolyl; 3-indolyl; 4-indolyl; 5-indolyl; isoxazolyl; naphthyl; pyrazolyl; pyridazinyl; pyridyl; pyrimidinyl; 2-pyrrolyl, 3-pyrrolyl; quinolinyl; thienyl; 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl; and phenyl; wherein the phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

6. The compound of claim 1, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of: IMGIMGwherein R 4 at each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

7. The compound of claim 1, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of phenyl, para-acetylaminophenyl, meta-aminophenyl, para-aminophenyl, para(2-(diethylamino)ethoxy)phenyl, meta(2-(diethylamino)ethoxy)phenyl, para-(dimethylamino)phenyl, para-bromophenyl, meta-cyanophenyl, para-cyanophenyl, meta-hydroxyphenyl, para-hydroxyphenyl, para-iodophenyl, meta-methylphenyl, para-methylphenyl, 3,5-dimethylphenyl, meta-methoxyphenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, meta-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, meta-nitrophenyl, para-nitrophenyl, and meta-trifluoromethylphenyl.

8. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of IMGAr 1 is pyridazinyl.

9. The compound of claim 8, wherein Ar 2 is phenyl substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

10. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of IMGAr 1 is selected from the group consisting of pyridazinyl and pyridyl.

11. The compound of claim 10, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of 3-indolyl, 5-indolyl; 1-methyl-3-indolyl, 1-methyl-5-indolyl, 3-methyl-5-indolyl, 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl, and phenyl, wherein the phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

12. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z is IMGAr 1 is pyridazinyl.

13. The compound of claim 12, wherein Ar 2 is phenyl substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

14. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z is IMGAr 1 is pyridyl.

15. The compound of claim 14, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of heteroaryl and bicyclic heteroaryl, provided that Ar 2 is not 1-pyrrolyl or 1-indolyl.

16. The compound of claim 14, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of furyl, benzothienyl, and phenyl, wherein the phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

17. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z is IMGAr 1 is selected from the group consisting of either isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyrimidinyl, thiadiazolyl, and thiazolyl.

18. The compound of claim 17, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of furyl and phenyl, wherein the phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

19. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z is IMGAr 1 is pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, or thiazolyl.

20. The compound of claim 19, wherein Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl and phenyl wherein the phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

21. The compound of claim 1, wherein n is 0.

22. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, ester, amide, or prodrug thereof, selected from the group consisting of: 3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 8-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 6-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 8-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 2-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-m-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-biphenyl-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-biphenyl-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-[6-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[5-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenylamine; 5-(6-furan-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-fu ran-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-phenyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(2-phenyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; diethyl-(2-{3-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; diethyl-(2-{3-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; 2-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(1-phenyl-1 h-pyrazol-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(3-phenyl-isoxazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (1S,5S) 3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-6-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-3-methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R) 3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-1-{4-[5-(3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone; (1R,5R)-1-{4-[5-(6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone; 6a-methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-(5-phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(5-phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 8-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 6a-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic acid ethyl ester; 2,5-Bis-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic acid ethyl ester; (1R,5R)-6-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; Ethyl 2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylate; 5-Methyl-2-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyridine; 1-Benzyl-6a-methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 3-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 8-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 1,6a-Dimethyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; 3-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-[6-(4-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(2-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(4-nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Imidazol-1-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-imidazol-1-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (1R,5S)-6-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; 2-(5-Methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(4-Methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(4-methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-p-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3,5-Dimethyl-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Furan-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Thiophen-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 5-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 5-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1-methyl-1H-indole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-o-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-p-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3,5-Dimethyl-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Furan-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 3-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-(6-Benzofuran-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-pyridin-2-ylamine; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(1H-pyrrol-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-9H-carbazole; 2-(6-Fu ran-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[34-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-pyrimidin-5-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-benzonitrile; 2-[5-(2-Methoxy-pyrimidin-5-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(3,5-Dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(3,5-Dimethyl-isoxazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,3]bipyridinyl; 6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,4]bipyridinyl; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-benzonitrile; 6-(5-M ethyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,3]bipyridinyl-6-ylamine; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrrol-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,3]bipyridinyl-2-carbonitrile; 2-(5-Fu ran-3-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(5-Benzofuran-5-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(5-Fu ran-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-9H-carbazole; 5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-2H-pyridazin-3-one; 2-(6-Phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 2-[6-(3-Trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 8-[5-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline; 2-(6-Naphthalen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Benzofuran-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-nitro-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 8-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline; 2-Methyl-5-(6-naphthalen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 5-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; 4-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; 5-[5-(5-M ethyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline; (1R,5R)-3-(6-p-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-m-Tolyi-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-p-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-o-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-4-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-3-(6-Benzofuran-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-4-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine; (1R,5S)-3-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-thiophene; (1R,5S)-5-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole (1R,5S)-4-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole 3-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indazole; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-3-methyl-1H-indazole; (1R,5R)-{4-[5-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-dimethyl-amine; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-p-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-benzonitrile; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(4-Ethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-Dimethyl-{4-[5-(6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-amine; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-Benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(3,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-[2,3]bipyridinyl; (1R,5R)-5-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-5-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; (1R,5S)-6-(6-Phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-6-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-3-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-5-[5-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-3-(5-Phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-6-Methyl-3-(5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl]pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-(4-Phenyl-thiophen-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-Phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(2-phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(4-Phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Benzyl-5-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Chloropyridin-3-ylmethyl)-5-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenyl pyridazin-3-yl)-5-(2-pyridin-3-ylethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Allyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-But-2-enyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Ethyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-propyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Isopropyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (3aR,6aR)-5-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(4-Chloro-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 6-Methyl-3-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 4-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-ol; 4-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-ol; Diethyl-(2-{3-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; 4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol; Diethyl-(2-{4-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; (2-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-dimethyl-amine; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol; Diethyl-(2-{4-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; N-{4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-methanesulfonamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-benzamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-methanesulfonamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-dimethylaminosulfonamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-acetamide; N-{4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-acetamide; 2-[5-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyrimidin-2-yl]-phenol; 2-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyrimidin-2-yl]-phenol; 2-(4-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(4-pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Biphenyl-4-yl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Biphenyl-4-yl-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 1-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; Dimethyl-{5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indol-3-ylmethyl}-amine; (1S,5S)-6-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole; (1R,5S)-5-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-2-thiophen-2-yl-nicotinonitrile; (1R,5S)-5-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-2-thiophen-2-yl-nicotinonitrile; (1S,5S)-3-(4-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-6-Methyl-3-(4-pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; and (1S,5S)-5-[4-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-phenyl]-3-methyl-1H-indazole.

23. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1 in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

24. A method of selectively modulating the effects of 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in a mammal comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of claim 1.

25. A method for treating a condition or disorder modulated by an 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor comprising the step of administering a compound of claim 1.

26. The method according to claim 25, wherein the condition or disorder is selected from the group consisting of attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment, senile dementia, AIDS dementia, Parkinson's disease, Pick's Disease, dementia associated with Lewy bodies, dementia associated with Down's syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, diminished CNS function associated with traumatic brain injury, acute pain, post-surgical pain, chronic pain, inflammatory pain, neuropathic pain, infertility, need for new blood vessel growth associated with wound healing, need for new blood vessel growth associated with vascularization of skin grafts, and lack of circulation, more particularly circulation around a vascular occlusion.

27. The method according to claim 25, wherein the condition or disorder is selected from the group consisting of a cognitive disorder, neurodegeneration, and schizophrenia.

28. The method according to claim 25, further comprising administering a compound of claim 1 in combination with an atypical antipsychotic.

Descriptions:

This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/504,353, filed Sep. 19, 2003.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Technical Field

The invention relates to diazabicycloalkane derivatives, compositions comprising such compounds, and methods of treating conditions and disorders using such compounds and compositions.

2. Description of Related Technology

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are widely distributed throughout the central (CNS) and peripheral (PNS) nervous systems. Such receptors play an important role in regulating CNS function, particularly by modulating release of a wide range of neurotransmitters, including, but not necessarily limited to acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin and GABA. Consequently, nicotinic receptors mediate a very wide range of physiological effects, and have been targeted for therapeutic treatment of disorders relating to cognitive function, learning and memory, neurodegeneration, pain and inflammation, psychosis and sensory gating, mood and emotion, among others.

Many subtypes of the nAChR exist in the CNS and periphery. Each subtype has a different effect on regulating the overall physiological function. Typically, nAChRs are ion channels that are constructed frown a pentameric assembly of subunit proteins. At least 12 subunit proteins, 2-10 and 2-4, have been identified in neuronal tissue. These subunits provide for a great variety of homomeric and heteromeric combinations that account for the diverse receptor subtypes. For example, the predominant receptor that is responsible for high affinity binding of nicotine in brain tissue has composition (4) 2 (2) 3 (the 42 subtype), while another major population of receptors is comprised of the homomeric (+7) 5 (the 7 subtype).

Certain compounds, like the plant alkaloid nicotine, interact with all subtypes of the nAChRs, accounting for the profound physiological effects of this compound. While nicotine has been demonstrated to have many beneficial properties, not all of the effects mediated by nicotine are desirable. For example, nicotine exerts gastrointestinal and cardiovascular side effects that interfere at therapeutic doses, and its addictive nature and acute toxicity are well-known. Ligands that are selective for interaction with only certain subtypes of the nAChR offer potential for achieving beneficial therapeutic effects with an improved margin for safety.

The 7 nAChRs have been shown to play a significant role in enhancing cognitive function, including aspects of learning, memory and attention (Levin, E. D., J. Neurobiol. 53: 633-640, 2002). For example, 7 nAChRs have been linked to conditions and disorders related to attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment, senile dementia, dementia associated with Lewy bodies, dementia associated with Down's syndrome, AIDS dementia, Pick's Disease, as well as cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia, among other systemic activities. The activity at the 7 nAChRs can be modified or regulated by the administration of 7 nAChR ligands. The ligands can exhibit antagonist, agonist, partial agonist, or inverse agonist properties. Thus, 7 ligands have potential in treatment of various cognitive disorders.

Although various classes of compounds demonstrating 7 nAChR-modulating activity exist, it would be beneficial to provide additional compounds demonstrating activity at the 7 nAChRs that can be incorporated into pharmaceutical compositions useful for therapeutic methods. Specifically, it would be beneficial to provide compounds that interact selectively with 7-containing neuronal nAChRs compared to other subtypes.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention is directed to diazabicycloalkane derivative compounds as well as compositions comprising such compounds, and method of using the same. Compounds of the invention have the formula: Z-Ar 1 Ar 2 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, ester, amide, or prodrug thereof, wherein: Z is a diazabicyclic amine of the formula: IMG Ar 1 is a 5- or 6-membered aromatic ring of the formula (a) or (b): IMG Ar 2 is selected from the group consisting of an unsubstituted or substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl ring; unsubstituted or substituted bicyclic heteroaryl ring; 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl; carbazolyl; tetrahydrocarbazolyl; naphthyl; and phenyl; wherein the carbazolyl; tetrahydrocarbazolyl; naphthyl; and phenyl is substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkenyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxysulfonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, alkylsulfonyl, alkylthio, alkynyl, carboxy, cyano, formyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halogen, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, mercapto, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )carbonyl, (NR A R B )sulfonyl, and phenyl; provided that when Y 1 is O or S, Y 2 is N, Y 3 is CR 3 and R 3 is hydrogen, and Y 4 is C, then Ar 2 is not 5-tetrazolyl; X 1 , X 2 , X 3 , and X 4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of N and CR 3 , provided that R 3 is not hydrogen at least in one occurrence when X 1 , X 2 , X 3 , and X 4 are all CR 3 ; Y 1 , Y 2 , and Y 3 are each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O, S, and CR 3 ; Y 4 is selected from the group consisting of C and N, provided that when Y 4 is C at least one of Y., Y 2 , and Y 3 , is other than CR 3 ; l, m, n, o, and p are each independently selected from the group consisting of 0, 1, or 2, provided that the sum total of l, m, n, o, and p is 3, 4, or 5, and further provided that the sum of l and o is at least 1 and the sum of m and p is at least 1; R 1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkenyl, alkyl alkoxycarbonyl, arylalkyl, and heteroarylalkyl; R 2 at each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkoxycarbonyl, and alkyl; R 3 at each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R A and R B are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylcarbonyl, formyl and (NR C R D )sulfonyl; and R C and R D are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl.

Another aspect of the invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising compounds of the invention. Such compositions can be administered in accordance with a method of the invention, typically as part of a therapeutic regimen for treatment or prevention of conditions and disorders related to nAChR activity, and more particularly 7 nAChR activity.

Yet another aspect of the invention relates to a method of selectively modulating to nAChR activity, for example 7 nAChR activity. The method is useful for treating and/or preventing conditions and disorders related to 7 nAChR activity modulation in mammals. More particularly, the method is useful for conditions and disorders related to attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment, senile dementia, AIDS dementia, Parkinson's disease, Pick's Disease, dementia associated with Lewy bodies, dementia associated with Down's syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, diminished CNS function associated with traumatic brain injury, acute pain, post-surgical pain, chronic pain, inflammatory pain, neuropathic pain, infertility, need for new blood vessel growth associated with wound healing, need for new blood vessel growth associated with vascularization of skin grafts, and lack of circulation, more particularly circulation around a vascular occlusion, among other systemic activities.

The compounds, compositions comprising the compounds, and methods for treating or preventing conditions and disorders by administering the compounds are further described herein.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Definition of Terms

Certain terms as used in the specification are intended to refer to the following definitions, as detailed below.

The term alkenyl as used herein, means a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon containing from 2 to 10 carbons and containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond formed by the removal of two hydrogens. Representative examples of alkenyl include, but are not limited to, ethenyl, 2-propenyl, 2-methyl-2-propenyl, 3-butenyl, 4-pentenyl, 5-hexenyl, 2-heptenyl, 2-methyl-1-heptenyl, and 3-decenyl.

The term alkoxy means an alkyl group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an oxygen atom. Representative examples of alkoxy include, but are not limited to, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, 2-propoxy, butoxy, tert-butoxy, pentyloxy, and hexyloxy.

The term alkoxyalkoxy as used herein, means an alkoxy group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through another alkoxy group, as defined herein. Representative examples of alkoxyalkoxy include, but are not limited to, tert-butoxymethoxy, 2-ethoxyethoxy, 2-methoxyethoxy, and methoxymethoxy.

The term alkoxyalkyl as used herein, means an alkoxy group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of alkoxyalkyl include, but are not limited to, tert-butoxymethyl, 2-ethoxyethyl, 2-methoxyethyl, and methoxymethyl.

The term alkoxycarbonyl means an alkoxy group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a carbonyl group, represented by C(O), as defined herein. Representative examples of alkoxycarbonyl include, but are not limited to, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, and tert-butoxycarbonyl.

The term alkoxysulfonyl as used herein, means an alkoxy group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a sulfonyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of alkoxysulfonyl include, but are not limited to, methoxysulfonyl, ethoxysulfonyl and propoxysulfonyl.

The term alkyl means a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon containing from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Representative examples of alkyl include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, iso-propyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, iso-butyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, and n-hexyl.

The term alkylcarbonyl as used herein, means an alkyl group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a carbonyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of alkylcarbonyl include, but are not limited to, acetyl, 1-oxopropyl, 2,2-dimethyl-1-oxopropyl, 1-oxobutyl, and 1-oxopentyl.

The term alkylcarbonyloxy as used herein, means an alkylcarbonyl group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an oxygen atom. Representative examples of alkylcarbonyloxy include, but are not limited to, acetyloxy, ethylcarbonyloxy, and tert-butylcarbonyloxy.

The term alkylsulfonyl as used herein, means an alkyl group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a sulfonyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of alkylsulfonyl include, but are not limited to, methylsulfonyl and ethylsulfonyl.

The term alkylthio as used herein, means an alkyl group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a sulfur atom. Representative examples of alkylthio include, but are not limited, methylthio ethylthio, tert-butylthio, and hexylthio.

The term alkynyl as used herein, means a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon group containing from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Representative examples of alkynyl include, but are not limited, to acetylenyl, 1-propynyl, 2-propynyl, 3-butynyl, 2-pentynyl, and 1-butynyl.

The term aromatic refers to a planar or polycyclic structure characterized by a cyclically conjugated molecular moiety containing 4n+2 electrons, wherein n is the absolute value of an integer. Aromatic molecules containing fused, or joined, rings also are referred to as bicyclic aromatic rings. For example, bicyclic aromatic rings containing heteroatoms in a hydrocarbon ring structure are referred to as bicyclic heteroaryl rings.

The term aryl, as used herein, means a phenyl group or a naphthyl group.

The aryl groups of the present invention can be optionally substituted with one, two, three, four, or five substituents independently selected from the group consisting of alkenyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, alkylthio, alkynyl, carboxy, cyano, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halogen, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, mercapto, and nitro.

The term arylalkyl as used herein, means an aryl group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of arylalkyl include, but are not limited to, benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, 3-phenylpropyl, and 2-naphth-2-ylethyl.

The term arylcarbonyl as used herein, means an aryl group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a carbonyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of arylcarbonyl include, but are not limited to, benzoyl and naphthoyl.

The term carbonyl as used herein, means a C(O) group.

The term carboxy as used herein, means a CO 2 H group.

The term cyano as used herein, means a CN group.

The term formyl as used herein, means a C(O)H group.

The term halo or halogen means Cl, Br, I or F.

The term haloalkoxy as used herein, means at least one halogen, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkoxy group, as defined herein. Representative examples of haloalkoxy include, but are not limited to, chloromethoxy, 2-fluoroethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, and pentafluoroethoxy.

The term haloalkyl means at least one halogen, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of haloalkyl include, but are not limited to, chloromethyl, 2-fluoroethyl, trifluoromethyl, pentafluoroethyl, and 2-chloro-3-fluoropentyl.

The term heteroaryl means an aromatic five- or six-membered ring containing 1, 2, 3, or 4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur. The heteroaryl groups are connected to the parent molecular moiety through a carbon or nitrogen atom. Representative examples of heteroaryl include, but are not limited to, furyl, imidazolyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, oxazolyl, pyrazinyl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyridyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrrolyl, tetrazolyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolyl, thienyl, triazinyl, and triazolyl.

The heteroaryl groups of the invention are substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from alkenyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxysulfonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, alkylsulfonyl, alkylthio, alkynyl, carboxy, cyano, formyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halo, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, mercapto, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )carbonyl, and (NR A R B )sulfonyl.

The term bicyclic heteroaryl refers to fused aromatic nine- and ten-membered bicyclic rings containing 1, 2, 3, or 4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur. The bicyclic heteroaryl groups are connected to the parent molecular moiety through a carbon or nitrogen atom. Representative examples of bicyclic heteroaryl rings include, but are not limited to, indolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzofuranyl, isoquinolinyl, and quinolinyl. Bicyclic heteroaryl groups of the invention are substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from alkenyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxysulfonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, alkylsulfonyl, alkylthio, alkynyl, carboxy, cyano, formyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halo, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, mercapto, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )carbonyl, and (NR A R B )sulfonyl.

The term heteroarylalkyl as used herein, means a heteroaryl, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of heteroarylalkyl include, but are not limited to, pyridin-3-ylmethyl and 2-(thien-2-yl)ethyl.

The term hydroxy as used herein, means an OH group.

The term hydroxyalkyl as used herein, means at least one hydroxy group, as defined herein, is appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of hydroxyalkyl include, but are not limited to, hydroxymethyl, 2-hydroxyethyl, 3-hydroxypropyl, 2,3-dihydroxypentyl, and 2-ethyl-4-hydroxyheptyl.

The term mercapto as used herein, means a SH group.

The term nitro as used herein, means a NO 2 group.

The term NR A R B as used herein, means two groups, R A and RB, which are appended to the parent molecular moiety through a nitrogen atom. R A and R B are each independently hydrogen, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylcarbonyl, formyl or (NR C R D )sulfonyl. Representative examples of NR A R B include, but are not limited to, amino, methylamino, acetylamino, and acetylmethylamino.

The term (NR A R B )alkyl as used herein, means a NR A R B group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of (NR A R B )alkyl include, but are not limited to, (amino)methyl, (dimethylamino)methyl, and (ethylamino)methyl.

The term (NR A R B )alkoxy as used herein, means a NR A R B group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through an alkoxy group, as defined herein. Representative examples of (NR A R B )alkoxy include, but are not limited to, (amino)methoxy, (dimethylamino)methoxy, and (diethylamino)ethoxy.

The term (NR A R B )carbonyl as used herein, means a NR A R B group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a carbonyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of (NR A R B )carbonyl include, but are not limited to, aminocarbonyl, (methylamino)carbonyl, (dimethylamino)carbonyl, and (ethylmethylamino)carbonyl.

The term (NR A R B )sulfonyl as used herein, means a NR A R B group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a sulfonyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of (NR A R B )sulfonyl include, but are not limited to, aminosulfonyl, (methylamino)sulfonyl, (dimethylamino)sulfonyl, and (ethylmethylamino)sulfonyl.

The term NR C R D as used herein, means two groups, R C and R D , which are appended to the parent molecular moiety through a nitrogen atom. R C and R D are each independently hydrogen or alkyl. Representative examples of NR C R D include, but are not limited to, amino, methylamino and dimethylamino.

The term (NR C R D )sulfonyl as used herein, means a NR C R D group, as defined herein, appended to the parent molecular moiety through a sulfonyl group, as defined herein. Representative examples of (NR C R D )sulfonyl include, but are not limited to, aminosulfonyl, (methylamino)sulfonyl, (dimethylamino)sulfonyl, and (ethylmethylamino)sulfonyl.

Although typically it may be recognized that an asterisk is used to indicate that the exact subunit composition of a receptor is uncertain, for example 3b4* indicates a receptor that contains the 3 and 4 proteins in combination with other subunits, the term 7 as used herein is intended to include receptors wherein the exact subunit composition is both certain and uncertain. For example, as used herein 7 includes homomeric (7) 5 receptors and (7* receptors, which denote a nAChR containing at least one 7 subunit.

Compounds of the Invention

Compounds of the invention can have the formula (I) as described above. More particularly, compounds of formula (I): Z-Ar 1 Ar 2 (I) are those wherein Z is a moiety of the formula (II): IMG

Z can have substituents represented by R 1 and R 2 . Examples of moieties suitable for Z can include, but are not limited to: IMG

The Ar 1 moiety can be selected independently of the moiety selected for Z. Suitable moieties for Ar are those represented by a 5- or 6-membered aromatic ring of the formula: IMG

In such moieties, X 1 , X 2 , X 3 , and X 4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of N and CR 3 , provided that R 3 is not hydrogen at least in one occurrence when X 1 , X 2 , X 3 , and X 4 all are CR 3 , such that a phenyl group contains at least one substituent. The moiety represented by formula (a) is attached to the diazabicyclic amine and the Ar 2 moiety by 1,4-substitution or para-attachment. Preferably, the moiety represented by formula (a) contains at least one heteroatom, particularly when Ar 2 is a phenyl group.

Formula (b) represents a five-membered ring wherein Y 1 , Y 2 , and Y 3 are each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O, S, and CR 3 . Y 4 is selected from C or N. When Y 4 is C at least one of the substituents represented by Y., Y 2 , and Y 3 , is other than CR 3 , such that the moiety represented by formula (b) contains at least one heteroatom. The moiety generally is attached to the diazabicyclic amine and the Ar 2 moiety by 1,3-substitution.

Examples of specific rings suitable for Arm include, but are not limited to, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, oxazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyridyl, pyrimidinyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, thiazolyl, thienyl, and phenyl, wherein the pyridazinyl, pyridyl, and phenyl, are substituted with 0 or 1 substitutent selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, and hydroxy. More particularly, the rings represented by Ar 1 are, for example, IMGIMG

The preferred ring for Ar 1 is pyridazinyl, exemplified by (i), wherein R 3 is hydrogen, alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, or hydroxy, wherein hydrogen or methyl are preferred. Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is pyridyl, exemplified by (ii), wherein R 3 is hydrogen, alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, or hydroxy, wherein hydrogen or cyano are preferred. Another preferred ring for Are is pyrimidinyl, exemplified by (iii). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is thiadiazolyl, exemplified by (iv) and (v). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is oxadiazolyl, exemplified by (vi). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is pyrazolyl, exemplified by (vii) and (viii). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is isoxazolyl, exemplified by (ix). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is thiazolyl, exemplified by (x) and (xi). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is thienyl, exemplified by (xii). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is oxazolyl, exemplified by (xiii). Another preferred ring for Ar 1 is phenyl, exemplified by (xiv), wherein R 3 is hydrogen, alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, or hydroxy. It is to be understood that either end of the rings (i), (ii), (iii), (v), (vii), (ix), (x), (xi), (xii), and (xiii) can be attached to Z.

Ar 2 can be independently selected regardless of the moiety selected for Z or Ar 1 . When Ar 2 is phenyl or substituted phenyl, Ar 1 preferably contains at least one heteroatom. Moieties suitable for Ar 2 can be an unsubstituted or substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl ring; an unsubstituted or substituted bicyclic heteroaryl ring; 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl; carbazolyl; tetrahydrocarbazolyl; naphthyl; or phenyl. The carbazolyl, tetrahydrocarbazolyl, naphthyl, and phenyl moieties can be substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 substituents preferably in the meta- or para-position.

Examples of heteroaryl or bicyclic heteroaryl rings are, for example, furyl, imidazolyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, oxazolyl, pyrazinyl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyridyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrrolyl, tetrazolyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolyl, thienyl, triazinyl, triazolyl, indolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzofuranyl, isoquinolinyl, and quinolinyl. Suitable substituents for the heteroaryl and bicyclic heteroaryl ring include, but are not limited to, alkenyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxysulfonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, alkylsulfonyl, alkylthio, alkynyl, carboxy, cyano, formyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halogen, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, mercapto, nitro, NR A R B , wherein R A and R B are each independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, or formyl, (NR A R B )carbonyl, and (NR A R B )sulfonyl.

More particularly, Ar 2 are preferably selected from benzofuranyl; benzothienyl; furyl; imidazolyl; 3-methylindazolyl; 3-indolyl; 5-indolyl; 1-methyl-3-indolyl; 1-methyl-5-indolyl; 3-methyl-5-indolyl; 3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]indolyl; 1-[(4-methylphenyl)sulfonyl]indolyl; 3,5-dimethylisoxazolyl; naphthyl; pyrazolyl; 3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl; 1-methylpyrazolyl; 6-oxopyridazinyl; pyridyl; 6-aminopyridyl; 2-cyanopyridyl; pyrimidinyl; 2-methoxypyrimidinyl; 2-pyrrolyl; 3-pyrrolyl; quinolinyl; or thienyl.

Phenyl and substituted phenyl groups, for example benzodioxolyl and 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl, also are suitable for Ar 2 . Additional suitable substituents for the phenyl ring can include, but are not limited to, alkenyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxysulfonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, alkylsulfonyl, alkylthio, alkynyl, carboxy, cyano, formyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, halogen, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, mercapto, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )carbonyl, (NR A R B )sulfonyl, and phenyl. R A and R B are each independently hydrogen, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylcarbonyl, formyl or (NR C R D )sulfonyl. R C and R D are each independently hydrogen or alkyl. For example, Ar 2 can be phenyl substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents, such as alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl. More specific examples of moieties suitable for Ar 2 include, but are not limited to: IMGIMG

One example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is a seven-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example IMG

Another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is a seven-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example IMG

One example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is an eight-membered bridged bicyclic ring, for example IMG

Another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is an eight-membered bridged bicyclic ring, for example IMG

One example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is a eight-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example IMG

Yet another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is an eight-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example, IMG

Ar 1 is pyridazinyl; and Ar 2 is as described, or more particularly, phenyl substituted with 0, 1, or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkyl, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, cyano, halogen, haloalkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxy, nitro, NR A R B , (NR A R B )alkyl, (NR A R B )alkoxy, and phenyl.

Still yet another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is an eight-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example, IMG

Yet another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is an eight-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example, IMG

One example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is wherein Z is a eight-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example IMG

Another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is an eight-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example wherein Z is IMG

Another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is an eight-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example wherein Z is IMG

Another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is a seven-membered bridged bicyclic ring, for example wherein Z is IMG

Another example of a particular embodiment of the compounds for the invention is a nine-membered fused bicyclic ring, for example wherein Z is IMG

Specific embodiments contemplated include, but are not limited to, compounds of formula (I), as defined, wherein: 3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 8-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 6-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 8-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 2-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-m-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-biphenyl-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-biphenyl-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-[6-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[5-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenylamine; 5-(6-furan-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-furan-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-phenyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(2-phenyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; diethyl-(2-{3-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; diethyl-(2-{3-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; 2-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(1-phenyl-1 h-pyrazol-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(3-phenyl-isoxazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (1S,5S) 3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-6-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-3-methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-1-{4-[5-(3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone; (1R,5R)-1-{4-[5-(6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}ethanone; 6a-methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-(5-phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-methyl-5-(5-phenyl-th iazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 8-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 6a-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic acid ethyl ester; 2,5-Bis-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic acid ethyl ester; (1R,5R)-6-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; Ethyl 2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylate; 5-Methyl-2-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyridine; 1-Benzyl-6a-methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 3-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 8-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 1,6a-Dimethyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; 3-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-[6-(4-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(2-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(4-nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Imidazol-1-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-imidazol-1-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (1R,5S)-6-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.]heptane; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-3-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; 2-(5-Methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(4-Methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(4-methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-p-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3,5-Dimethyl-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Furan-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Thiophen-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3;4-c]pyrrole; 5-[6-(Hexa hydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 5-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1-methyl-1H-indole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-o-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-p-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3,5-Dimethyl-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Fu ran-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane; 5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 3-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-(6-Benzofuran-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-pyridin-2-ylamine; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(1H-pyrrol-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-9H-carbazole; 2-(6-Fu ran-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-pyrimidin-5-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-benzonitrile; 2-[5-(2-Methoxy-pyrimidin-5-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(3,5-Dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(3,5-Dimethyl-isoxazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,3]bipyridinyl; 6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,4]bipyridinyl; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-benzonitrile; 6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,3]bipyridinyl-6-ylamine; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrrol-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-[3,3]bipyridinyl-2-carbonitrile; 2-(5-Furan-3-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(5-Benzofuran-5-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(5-Fu ran-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-9H-carbazole; 5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-2H-pyridazin-3-one; 2-(6-Phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 2-[6-(3-Trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 8-[5-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline; 2-(6-Naphthalen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Benzofuran-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-nitro-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 8-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline; 2-Methyl-5-(6-naphthalen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 5-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; 4-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; 5-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline; (1R,5R)-3-(6-p-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-p-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-o-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-4-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-3-(6-Benzofuran-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-4-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine; (1R,5S)-3-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-thiophene; (1R,5S)-5-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole (1R,5S)-4-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole 3-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indazole; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-3-methyl-1H-indazole; (1R,5R)-{4-[5-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-dimethyl-amine; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-p-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-benzonitrile; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(4-Ethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-Dimethyl-{4-[5-(6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-amine; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-(6-Benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-3-[6-(3,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5R)-5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-[2,3]bipyridinyl; (1R,5R)-5-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-5-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; (1R,5S)-6-(6-Phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-6-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-3-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1R,5S)-5-[5-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; (1S,5S)-3-(5-Phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-6-Methyl-3-(5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-5-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole; 2-(4-Phenyl-thiophen-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(2-Phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(2-phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(4-Phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Benzyl-5-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Chloropyridin-3-ylmethyl)-5-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenyl pyridazin-3-yl)-5-(2-pyridin-3-ylethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Allyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-But-2-enyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Ethyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-propyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Isopropyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; (3aR,6aR)-5-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole; 2-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-[5-(4-Chloro-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 6-Methyl-3-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 4-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-ol; 4-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-ol; Diethyl-(2-{3-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; 4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol; Diethyl-(2-{4-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; (2-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-dimethyl-amine; 3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol; 4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol; Diethyl-(2-{4-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine; N-{4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-methanesulfonamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-benzamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-methanesulfonamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-20 dimethylaminosulfonamide; N-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-acetamide; N-{4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-acetamide; 2-[5-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyrimidin-2-yl]-phenol; 2-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyrimidin-2-yl]-phenol; 2-(4-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Methyl-5-(4-pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Biphenyl-4-yl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 2-Biphenyl-4-yl-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole; 1-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole; Dimethyl-{5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indol-3-ylmethyl}-amine; (1S,5S)-6-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole; (1R,5S)-5-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-2-thiophen-2-yl-nicotinonitrile; (1R,5S)-5-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-2-thiophen-2-yl-nicotinonitrile; (1S,5S)-3-(4-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; (1S,5S)-6-Methyl-3-(4-pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane; and (1S,5S)-5-[4-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-phenyl]-3-methyl-1H-indazole; or pharmaceutically acceptable salts, esters, amides, and prodrugs thereof.

Compound names are assigned by using AUTOOM

Compounds of the invention may exist as stereoisomers wherein, asymmetric or chiral centers are present. These stereoisomers are R or S depending on the configuration of substituents around the chiral element. The terms R and S used herein are configurations as defined in IUPAC 1974 Recommendations for Section E, Fundamental Stereochemistry, Pure Appl. Chem., 1976, 45: 13-30. The invention contemplates various stereoisomers and mixtures thereof and are specifically included within the scope of this invention. Stereoisomers include enantiomers and diastereomers, and mixtures of enantiomers or diastereomers. Individual stereoisomers of compounds of the invention may be prepared synthetically from commercially available starting materials which contain asymmetric or chiral centers or by preparation of racemic mixtures followed by resolution well-known to those of ordinary skill in the art. These methods of resolution are exemplified by (1) attachment of a mixture of enantiomers to a chiral auxiliary, separation of the resulting mixture of diastereomers by recrystallization or chromatography and optional liberation of the optically pure product from the auxiliary as described in Furniss, Hannaford, Smith, and Tatchell, Vogel's Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry, 5th edition (1989), Longman Scientific Technical, Essex CM20 2JE, England, or (2) direct separation of the mixture of optical enantiomers on chiral chromatographic columns or (3) fractional recrystallization methods.

Methods for Preparing Compounds of the Invention

As used in the descriptions of the schemes and the examples, certain abbreviations are intended to have the following meanings: Ac for acetyl; Bu for n-butyl; BINAP for 2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-binaphthyl; DBU for 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene; DMSO for dimethylsulfoxide; EtOAc for ethyl acetate; EtOH for ethanol; Et 3 N for triethylamine; Et 2 O for diethyl ether; HPLC for high pressure liquid chromatography; i-Pr for isopropyl; MeOH for methanol; NBS for N-bromosuccinimide; OAc for acetate; Ph for phenyl; t-Bu for tert-butyl; and THF for tetrahydrofuran.

The reactions exemplified in the schemes are performed in a solvent appropriate to the reagents and materials employed and suitable for the transformations being effected. The described transformations may require modifying the order of the synthetic steps or selecting one particular process scheme over another in order to obtain a desired compound of the invention, depending on the functionality present on the molecule.

Nitrogen protecting groups can be used for protecting amine groups present in the described compounds. Such methods, and some suitable nitrogen protecting groups, are described in Greene and Wuts (Protective Groups In Organic Synthesis, Wiley and Sons, 1999). For example, suitable nitrogen protecting groups include, but are not limited to, tert-butoxycarbonyl (BOC), benzyloxycarbonyl (CBZ), benzyl (Bn), acetyl, and trifluoracetyl. More particularly, the BOC protecting group may be removed by treatment with an acid such as trifluoroacetic acid or hydrochloric acid. The CBZ and Bn protecting groups may be removed by catalytic hydrogenation. The acetyl and trifluoracetyl protecting groups may be removed by a hydroxide ion. IMG

Pyridazines of general formula (4) and (5), wherein Ar 2 and R 3 are as defined in formula (I), can be prepared as described in Scheme 1. 3,6-Dichloropyridazines can be treated with a boronic acid, palladium (0), and a base to provide monochloropyridazines of general formula (2). Monochloropyridazines of general formula (2) can be treated with diazabicycles of the present invention and a base to provide pyridazines of general formula (3), wherein P is a nitrogen protecting group. Pyridazines of general formula (3) can be deprotected to provide pyridazines of general formula (4). Pyridazines of general formula (4) can be alkylated using reductive amination methods well-known to those of skill in the art to provide pyridazines of general formula (5) wherein R is alkyl. IMG

An alternative procedure for preparing pyridazines of general formula (4) and (5), wherein Ar 2 and R 3 are as defined in formula (I), is exemplified in Scheme 2. 3,6-Dichloropyridazines can be treated with diazabicycles of the present invention, palladium (0), BINAP, and a base to provide pyridazines of general formula (8), wherein P is a nitrogen protecting group. Pyridazines of general formula (8) can be treated with a boronic acid, palladium (0), and a base to provide pyridazines of general formula (3). Pyridazines of general formula (3) can be processed as described in Scheme 1 to provide pyridazines of general formula (4) and (5). IMGIMG

Pyridines of general formula (14) and (16), wherein Ar 2 and R 3 are as defined in formula (I), can be prepared as described in Scheme 3. 2,5-Dihalopyridines can be treated with palladium (0), BINAP, a base, and diazabicycles of the present invention wherein P is a nitrogen protecting group to provide 5-diazabicyclo-2-halopyridines of general formula (11) and 2-diazabicyclo-5-halopyridines of general formula (12). 5-Diazabicyclo-2-halopyridines of general formula (11) and 2-diazabicyclo-5-halopyridines of general formula (12) can be processed as described in Scheme 1 to provide pyridines of general formula (14) and (16). IMG

An alternative procedure for preparing pyridines of general formula (14), wherein Ar 2 and R 3 are as defined in formula (I), is exemplified in Scheme 4. Diazabicycles of the present invention, wherein P is a nitrogen protecting group, can be treated with 5-bromopyridine, BINAP, palladium (0), and a base to provide pyridines of general formula (21). Pyridines of general formula (21) can be treated with N-bromosuccinimide to provide bromides of general formula (22). Bromides of general formula (22) can be treated with a boronic acid, palladium (0), and a base to provide biarylcompounds of general formula (23). Biarylcompounds of general formula (23) can be processed as described in Scheme 1 to provide pyridines of general formula (14). IMG

Pyrimidines of general formula (29), wherein Ar 2 and R 3 are as defined in formula (I), can be prepared as described in Scheme 5. Diazabicycles of the present invention, wherein P is a nitrogen protecting group, can be treated with 5-bromopyrimidines of general formula (25), BINAP, palladium (0), and a base to provide pyrimidines of general formula (26). Pyrimidines of general formula (26) can be treated with N-bromosuccinimide to provide bromides of general formula (27). Bromides of general formula (27) can be treated with a boronic acid, palladium (0), and a base to provide biarylcompounds of general formula (28). Biarylcompounds of general formula (28) can be processed as described in Scheme 1 to provide pyrimidines of general formula (29). IMG

Compounds of general formula (33), wherein Ar 2 , Y 1 , Y 2 , Y 3 , and Y 4 are as defined in formula (I) can be prepared as described in Scheme 6. Diazabicyclic compounds of general formula (1), can be treated with 5-membered aromatic heteroaryls of general formula (31), purchased commercially or prepared using methodology well-known to those in the art, preferably in the presence of palladium (0), BINAP, and a base to provide compounds of general formula (32). Compounds of general formula (32) can be processed as described in Scheme 1 to provide compounds of general formula (33). IMG

An alternate method of preparing compounds of general formula (33), wherein Ar 2 , Y 1 , Y 2 , Y 3 , and Y 4 are as defined in formula (I), is described in Scheme 7. Diazabicyclic compounds of general formula (1) can be treated with dihalo-5-membered aromatic heteroaryls of general formula (35), purchased commercially or prepared using methodology well-known to those in the art, in the presence of palladium (0), BINAP, and a base to provide monohalo compounds of general formula (36). Monohalo compounds of general formula (36) can be treated with boronic acids, palladium (0), and a base to provide compounds of general formula (32). Compounds of general formula (32) can be processed as described in Scheme 1 to provide compounds of general formula (33). IMG

Compounds of general formula (42) and (43), wherein Ar 2 and R 3 are as defined in formula (I), can be prepared as described in Scheme 8. Diazabicycles of the present invention, wherein P is a nitrogen protecting group, can be treated with bromides of general formula (38), BINAP, palladium (0), and a base to provide compounds of general formula (39). Compounds of general formula (39) can be treated with iodine and thallium acetate to provide iodo compounds of general formula (40). Iodo compounds of general formula (40) can be treated with a boronic acid, palladium (0), and a base to provide biarylcompounds of general formula (41). Biarylcompounds of general formula (41) can be processed as described in Scheme 1 to provide compounds of general formula (42) and (43).

The compounds and intermediates of the invention may be isolated and purified by methods well-known to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis. Examples of conventional methods for isolating and purifying compounds can include, but are not limited to, chromatography on solid supports such as silica gel, alumina, or silica derivatized with alkylsilane groups, by recrystallization at high or low temperature with an optional pretreatment with activated carbon, thin-layer chromatography, distillation at various pressures, sublimation under vacuum, and trituration, as described for instance in Vogel's Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry, 5th edition (1989), by Furniss, Hannaford, Smith, and Tatchell, pub. Longman Scientific Technical, Essex CM20 2JE, England.

The compounds of the invention have at least one basic nitrogen whereby the compound can be treated with an acid to form a desired salt. For example, a compound may be reacted with an acid at or above room temperature to provide the desired salt, which is deposited, and collected by filtration after cooling. Examples of acids suitable for the reaction include, but are not limited to tartaric acid, lactic acid, succinic acid, as well as mandelic, atrolactic, methanesulfonic, ethanesulfonic, toluenesulfonic, naphthalenesulfonic, carbonic, fumaric, gluconic, acetic, propionic, salicylic, hydrochloric, hydrobromic, phosphoric, sulfuric, citric, or hydroxybutyric acid, camphorsulfonic, malic, phenylacetic, aspartic, glutamic, and the like.

Compositions of the Invention

The invention also provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I) in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. The compositions comprise compounds of the invention formulated together with one or more non-toxic pharmaceutically acceptable carriers. The pharmaceutical compositions can be formulated for oral administration in solid or liquid form, for parenteral injection or for rectal administration.

The term pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, as used herein, means a non-toxic, inert solid, semi-solid or liquid filler, diluent, encapsulating material or formulation auxiliary of any type. Some examples of materials which can serve as pharmaceutically acceptable carriers are sugars such as lactose, glucose and sucrose; starches such as corn starch and potato starch; cellulose and its derivatives such as sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, ethyl cellulose and cellulose acetate; powdered tragacanth; malt; gelatin; talc; cocoa butter and suppository waxes; oils such as peanut oil, cottonseed oil, safflower oil, sesame oil, olive oil, corn oil and soybean oil; glycols; such a propylene glycol; esters such as ethyl oleate and ethyl laurate; agar; buffering agents such as magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide; alginic acid; pyrogen-free water; isotonic saline; Ringer's solution; ethyl alcohol, and phosphate buffer solutions, as well as other non-toxic compatible lubricants such as sodium lauryl sulfate and magnesium stearate, as well as coloring agents, releasing agents, coating agents, sweetening, flavoring and perfuming agents, preservatives and antioxidants can also be present in the composition, according to the judgment of one skilled in the art of formulations.

The pharmaceutical compositions of this invention can be administered to humans and other mammals orally, rectally, parenterally, intracisternally, intravaginally, intraperitoneally, topically (as by powders, ointments or drops), bucally or as an oral or nasal spray. The term parenterally, as used herein, refers to modes of administration, including intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, intrasternal, subcutaneous, intraarticular injection and infusion.

Pharmaceutical compositions for parenteral injection comprise pharmaceutically acceptable sterile aqueous or nonaqueous solutions, dispersions, suspensions or emulsions and sterile powders for reconstitution into sterile injectable solutions or dispersions. Examples of suitable aqueous and nonaqueous carriers, diluents, solvents or vehicles include water, ethanol, polyols(propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, glycerol, and the like, and suitable mixtures thereof), vegetable oils (such as olive oil) and injectable organic esters such as ethyl oleate, or suitable mixtures thereof. Suitable fluidity of the composition may be maintained, for example, by the use of a coating such as lecithin, by the maintenance of the required particle size in the case of dispersions, and by the use of surfactants.

These compositions can also contain adjuvants such as preservative agents, wetting agents, emulsifying agents, and dispersing agents. Prevention of the action of microorganisms can be ensured by various antibacterial and antifungal agents, for example, parabens, chlorobutanol, phenol, sorbic acid, and the like. It also can be desirable to include isotonic agents, for example, sugars, sodium chloride and the like. Prolonged absorption of the injectable pharmaceutical form can be brought about by the use of agents delaying absorption, for example, aluminum monostearate and gelatin.

In some cases, in order to prolong the effect of a drug, it is often desirable to slow the absorption of the drug from subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. This can be accomplished by the use of a liquid suspension of crystalline or amorphous material with poor water solubility. The rate of absorption of the drug can depend upon its rate of dissolution, which, in turn, may depend upon crystal size and crystalline form. Alternatively, a parenterally administered drug form can be administered by dissolving or suspending the drug in an oil vehicle.

Suspensions, in addition to the active compounds, can contain suspending agents, for example, ethoxylated isostearyl alcohols, polyoxyethylene sorbitol and sorbitan esters, microcrystalline cellulose, aluminum metahydroxide, bentonite, agar-agar, tragacanth, and mixtures thereof.

If desired, and for more effective distribution, the compounds of the invention can be incorporated into slow-release or targeted-delivery systems such as polymer matrices, liposomes, and microspheres. They may be sterilized, for example, by filtration through a bacteria-retaining filter or by incorporation of sterilizing agents in the form of sterile solid compositions, which may be dissolved in sterile water or some other sterile injectable medium immediately before use.

Injectable depot forms are made by forming microencapsulated matrices of the drug in biodegradable polymers such as polylactide-polyglycolide. Depending upon the ratio of drug to polymer and the nature of the particular polymer employed, the rate of drug release can be controlled. Examples of other biodegradable polymers include poly(orthoesters) and poly(anhydrides) Depot injectable formulations also are prepared by entrapping the drug in liposomes or microemulsions which are compatible with body tissues.

The injectable formulations can be sterilized, for example, by filtration through a bacterial-retaining filter or by incorporating sterilizing agents in the form of sterile solid compositions which can be dissolved or dispersed in sterile water or other sterile injectable medium just prior to use.

Injectable preparations, for example, sterile injectable aqueous or oleaginous suspensions can be formulated according to the known art using suitable dispersing or wetting agents and suspending agents. The sterile injectable preparation also can be a sterile injectable solution, suspension or emulsion in a nontoxic, parenterally acceptable diluent or solvent such as a solution in 1,3-butanediol. Among the acceptable vehicles and solvents that can be employed are water, Ringer's solution, U.S.P. and isotonic sodium chloride solution. In addition, sterile, fixed oils are conventionally employed as a solvent or suspending medium. For this purpose any bland fixed oil can be employed including synthetic mono- or diglycerides. In addition, fatty acids such as oleic acid are used in the preparation of injectables.

Solid dosage forms for oral administration include capsules, tablets, pills, powders, and granules. In such solid dosage forms, one or more compounds of the invention is mixed with at least one inert pharmaceutically acceptable carrier such as sodium citrate or dicalcium phosphate and/or a) fillers or extenders such as starches, lactose, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, and salicylic acid; b) binders such as carboxymethylcellulose, alginates, gelatin, polyvinylpyrrolidinone, sucrose, and acacia; c) humectants such as glycerol; d) disintegrating agents such as agar-agar, calcium carbonate, potato or tapioca starch, alginic acid, certain silicates, and sodium carbonate; e) solution retarding agents such as paraffin; f) absorption accelerators such as quaternary ammonium compounds; g) wetting agents such as cetyl alcohol and glycerol monostearate; h) absorbents such as kaolin and bentonite clay; and i) lubricants such as talc, calcium stearate, magnesium stearate, solid polyethylene glycols, sodium lauryl sulfate, and mixtures thereof. In the case of capsules, tablets and pills, the dosage form may also comprise buffering agents.

Solid compositions of a similar type may also be employed as fillers in soft and hard-filled gelatin capsules using lactose or milk sugar as well as high molecular weight polyethylene glycols.

The solid dosage forms of tablets, dragees, capsules, pills, and granules can be prepared with coatings and shells such as enteric coatings and other coatings well-known in the pharmaceutical formulating art. They can optionally contain opacifying agents and can also be of a composition that they release the active ingredient(s) only, or preferentially, in a certain part of the intestinal tract in a delayed manner. Examples of materials useful for delaying release of the active agent can include polymeric substances and waxes.

Compositions for rectal or vaginal administration are preferably suppositories which can be prepared by mixing the compounds of this invention with suitable non-irritating carriers such as cocoa butter, polyethylene glycol or a suppository wax which are solid at ambient temperature but liquid at body temperature and therefore melt in the rectum or vaginal cavity and release the active compound.

Liquid dosage forms for oral administration include pharmaceutically acceptable emulsions, microemulsions, solutions, suspensions, syrups and elixirs. In addition to the active compounds, the liquid dosage forms may contain inert diluents commonly used in the art such as, for example, water or other solvents, solubilizing agents and emulsifiers such as ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, ethyl carbonate, ethyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, benzyl benzoate, propylene glycol, 1,3-butylene glycol, dimethylformamide, oils (in particular, cottonseed, groundnut, corn, germ, olive, castor, and sesame oils), glycerol, tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, polyethylene glycols and fatty acid esters of sorbitan, and mixtures thereof.

Besides inert diluents, the oral compositions can also include adjuvants such as wetting agents, emulsifying and suspending agents, sweetening, flavoring, and perfuming agents.

Dosage forms for topical or transdermal administration of a compound of this invention include ointments, pastes, creams, lotions, gels, powders, solutions, sprays, inhalants or patches. A desired compound of the invention is admixed under sterile conditions with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and any needed preservatives or buffers as may be required. Ophthalmic formulation, eardrops, eye ointments, powders and solutions are also contemplated as being within the scope of this invention.

The ointments, pastes, creams and gels may contain, in addition to an active compound of this invention, animal and vegetable fats, oils, waxes, paraffins, starch, tragacanth, cellulose derivatives, polyethylene glycols, silicones, bentonites, silicic acid, talc and zinc oxide, or mixtures thereof.

Powders and sprays can contain, in addition to the compounds of this invention, lactose, talc, silicic acid, aluminum hydroxide, calcium silicates and polyamide powder, or mixtures of these substances. Sprays can additionally contain customary propellants such as chlorofluorohydrocarbons.

Compounds of the invention also can be administered in the form of liposomes. As is known in the art, liposomes are generally derived from phospholipids or other lipid substances. Liposomes are formed by mono- or multi-lamellar hydrated liquid crystals that are dispersed in an aqueous medium. Any non-toxic, physiologically acceptable and metabolizable lipid capable of forming liposomes may be used. The present compositions in liposome form may contain, in addition to the compounds of the invention, stabilizers, preservatives, and the like. The preferred lipids are the natural and synthetic phospholipids and phosphatidylcholines (lecithins) used separately or together.

Methods to form liposomes are known in the art. See, for example, Prescott, Ed., Methods in Cell Biology, Volume XIV, Academic Press, New York, N.Y., (1976), p 33 et seq.

Dosage forms for topical administration of a compound of this invention include powders, sprays, ointments- and inhalants. The active compound is mixed under sterile conditions with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and any needed preservatives, buffers or propellants. Ophthalmic formulations, eye ointments, powders and solutions are also contemplated as being within the scope of this invention. Aqueous liquid compositions of the invention also are particularly useful.

The compounds of the invention can be used in the form of pharmaceutically acceptable salts, esters, or amides derived from inorganic or organic acids. The term pharmaceutically acceptable salts, esters and amides, as used herein, include salts, zwitterions, esters and amides of compounds of formula (I) which are, within the scope of sound medical judgment, suitable for use in contact with the tissues of humans and lower animals without undue toxicity, irritation, allergic response, and the like, are commensurate with a reasonable benefit/risk ratio, and are effective for their intended use.

The term pharmaceutically acceptable salt refers to those salts which are, within the scope of sound medical judgment, suitable for use in contact With the tissues of humans and lower animals without undue toxicity, irritation, allergic response, and the like, and are commensurate with a reasonable benefit/risk ratio. Pharmaceutically acceptable salts are well-known in the art. The salts can be prepared in situ during the final isolation and purification of the compounds of the invention or separately by reacting a free base function with a suitable organic acid.

Representative acid addition salts include, but are not limited to acetate, adipate, alginate, citrate, aspartate, benzoate, benzenesulfonate, bisulfate, butyrate, camphorate, camphorsulfonate, digluconate, glycerophosphate, hemisulfate, heptanoate, hexanoate, fumarate, hydrochloride, hydrobromide, hydroiodide, 2-hydroxyethansulfonate (isethionate), lactate, maleate, methanesulfonate, nicotinate, 2-naphthalenesulfonate, oxalate, pamoate, pectinate, persulfate, 3-phenylpropionate, picrate, pivalate, propionate, succinate, tartrate, thiocyanate, phosphate, glutamate, bicarbonate, p-toluenesulfonate and undecanoate.

Also, the basic nitrogen-containing groups can be quaternized with such agents as lower alkyl halides such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl chlorides, bromides and iodides; dialkyl sulfates such as dimethyl, diethyl, dibutyl and diamyl sulfates; long chain halides such as decyl, lauryl, myristyl and stearyl chlorides, bromides and iodides; arylalkyl halides such as benzyl and phenethyl bromides and others. Water or oil-soluble or dispersible products are thereby obtained.

Examples of acids which can be employed to form pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts include such inorganic acids as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulphuric acid and phosphoric acid and such organic acids as oxalic acid, maleic acid, succinic acid, and citric acid.

Basic addition salts can be prepared in situ during the final isolation and purification of compounds of this invention by reacting a carboxylic acid-containing moiety with a suitable base such as the hydroxide, carbonate or bicarbonate of a pharmaceutically acceptable metal cation or with ammonia or an organic primary, secondary or tertiary amine. Pharmaceutically acceptable salts include, but are not limited to, cations based on alkali metals or alkaline earth metals such as lithium, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and aluminum salts, and the like, and nontoxic quaternary ammonia and amine cations including ammonium, tetramethylammonium, tetraethylammonium, methylamine, dimethylamine, trimethylamine, triethylamine, diethylamine, ethylamine and the such as. Other representative organic amines useful for the formation of base addition salts include ethylenediamine, ethanolamine, diethanolamine, piperidine, and piperazine.

The term pharmaceutically acceptable ester, as used herein, refers to esters of compounds of the invention which hydrolyze in vivo and include those that break down readily in the human body to leave the parent compound or a salt thereof. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable, non-toxic esters of the invention include C 1 -to-C 6 alkyl esters and C 5 -to-C 7 cycloalkyl esters, although C 1 -to-C 4 alkyl esters are preferred. Esters of the compounds of formula (I) can be prepared according to conventional methods. Pharmaceutically acceptable esters can be appended onto hydroxy groups by reaction of the compound that contains the hydroxy group with acid and an alkylcarboxylic acid such as acetic acid, or with acid and an arylcarboxylic acid such as benzoic acid. In the case of compounds containing carboxylic acid groups, the pharmaceutically acceptable esters are prepared from compounds containing the carboxylic acid groups by reaction of the compound with base such as triethylamine and an alkyl halide, alkyl trifilate, for example with methyl iodide, benzyl iodide, cyclopentyl iodide. They also can be prepared by reaction of the compound with an acid such as hydrochloric acid and an alkylcarboxylic acid such as acetic acid, or with acid and an arylcarboxylic acid such as benzoic acid.

The term pharmaceutically acceptable amide, as used herein, refers to non-toxic amides of the invention derived from ammonia, primary C 1 -to-C 6 alkyl amines and secondary C 1 -to-C 6 dialkyl amines. In the case of secondary amines, the amine can also be in the form of a 5- or 6-membered heterocycle containing one nitrogen atom. Amides derived from ammonia, C 1 -to-C 3 alkyl primary amides and C 1 -to-C 2 dialkyl secondary amides are preferred. Amides of the compounds of formula (I) can be prepared according to conventional methods. Pharmaceutically acceptable amides can be prepared from compounds containing primary or secondary amine groups by reaction of the compound that contains the amino group with an alkyl anhydride, aryl anhydride, acyl halide, or aroyl halide. In the case of compounds containing carboxylic acid groups, the pharmaceutically acceptable esters are prepared from compounds containing the carboxylic acid groups by reaction of the compound with base such as triethylamine, a dehydrating agent such as dicyclohexyl carbodiimide or carbonyl diimidazole, and an alkyl amine, dialkylamine, for example with methylamine, diethylamine, piperidine. They also can be prepared by reaction of the compound with an acid such as sulfuric acid and an alkylcarboxylic acid such as acetic acid, or with acid and an arylcarboxylic acid such as benzoic acid under dehydrating conditions as with molecular sieves added. The composition can contain a compound of the invention in the form of a pharmaceutically acceptable prodrug.

The term pharmaceutically acceptable prodrug or prodrug, as used herein, represents those prodrugs of the compounds of the invention which are, within the scope of sound medical judgment, suitable for use in contact with the tissues of humans and lower animals without undue toxicity, irritation, allergic response, and the like, commensurate with a reasonable benefit/risk ratio, and effective for their intended use. Prodrugs of the invention can be rapidly transformed in vivo to a parent compound of formula (I), for example, by hydrolysis in blood. A thorough discussion is provided in T. Higuchi and V. Stella, Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems, V. 14 of the A.C.S. Symposium Series, and in Edward B. Roche, ed., Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design, American Pharmaceutical Association and Pergamon Press (1987).

The invention contemplates pharmaceutically active compounds either chemically synthesized or formed by in vivo biotransformation to compounds of formula (I).

Methods of the Invention

Compounds and compositions of the invention are useful for modulating the effects of nAChRs, and more particularly 7 nAChRs. In particular, the compounds and compositions of the invention can be used for treating and preventing disorders modulated by 7 nAChRs. Typically, such disorders can be ameliorated by selectively modulating the 7 nAChRs in a mammal, preferably by administering a compound or composition of the invention, either alone or in combination with another active agent, for example, as part of a therapeutic regimen.

The compounds of the invention, including but not limited to those specified in the examples, possess an affinity for nAChRs, and more particularly 7 nAChRs. As 7 nAChRs ligands, the compounds of the invention can be useful for the treatment and prevention of a number of 7 nAChR-mediated diseases or conditions.

For example, 7 nAChRs have been shown to play a significant role in enhancing cognitive function, including aspects of learning, memory and attention (Levin, E. D., J. Neurobiol. 53: 633-640, 2002). As such, 7 ligands are suitable for the treatment of cognitive disorders including, for example, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment, senile dementia, AIDS dementia, Pick's Disease, dementia associated with Lewy bodies, and dementia associated with Down's syndrome, as well as cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia.

In addition, 7-containing nAChRs have been shown to be involved in the neuroprotective effects of nicotine both in vitro (Jonnala, R. B. and Buccafusco, J. J., J. Neurosci. Res. 66: 565-572, 2001) and in vivo (Shimohama, S. et al., Brain Res. 779: 359-363, 1998). More particularly, neurodegeneration underlies several progressive CNS disorders, including, but not limited to, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, as well as diminished CNS function resulting from traumatic brain injury. For example, the impaired function of 7 nAChRs by -amyloid peptides linked to Alzheimer's disease has been implicated as a key factor in development of the cognitive deficits associated with the disease (Liu, Q.-S., Kawai, H., Berg, D. K., PNAS 98: 4734-4739, 2001). The activation of 7 nAChRs has been shown to block this neurotoxicity (Kihara, T. et al., J. Biol. Chem. 276: 13541-13546, 2001). As such, selective ligands that enhance 7 activity can counter the deficits of Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Parkinson's disease is characterized by muscular rigidity, tremor, and bradykinesia. Epidemiologic studies have long demonstrated that cigarette-smoking subjects have lower risk of parkinsonism than nonsmokers (Baron, J. A. Neurology 36: 1490-1496, 1986). Moreover, direct administration of nicotine has been shown to improve tremor in Parkinson's patients. At least part of the beneficial effect of nicotine is thought to involve neuroprotection, a feature that is now understood to be mediated by 7 neuronal nAChRs (Jonnala, R. R., Buccausco, J. J. J. Neurosci. Res. 66: 565-571, 2001).

Schizophrenia is a complex disease that is characterized by abnormalities in perception, cognition, and emotions. Significant evidence implicates the involvement of 7 nAChRs in this disease, including a measured deficit of these receptors in post-mortem patients (Leonard, S. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 393: 237-242, 2000). Deficits in sensory processing (gating) are one of the hallmarks of schizophrenia. These deficits can be normalized by nicotinic ligands that operate at the 7 nAChR (Adler L. E. et al., Schizophrenia Bull. 24: 189-202, 1998; Stevens, K. E. et al., Psychopharmacology 136: 320-327,1998). Thus, 7 ligands demonstrate potential in the treatment schizophrenia.

Angiogenesis, a process involved in the growth of new blood vessels, is important in beneficial systemic functions, such as wound healing, vascularization of skin grafts, and enhancement of circulation, for example, increased circulation around a vascular occlusion. Non-selective nAChR agonists like nicotine have been shown to stimulate angiogenesis (Heeschen, C. et al., Nature Medicine 7: 833-839, 2001). Improved angiogenesis has been shown to involve activation of the 7 nAChR (Heeschen, C. et al, J. Clin. Invest. 110: 527-536, 2002). Therefore, nAChR ligands that are selective for the 7 subtype offer improved potential for stimulating angiogenesis with an improved side effect profile.

A population of 7 nAChRs in the spinal cord modulate serotonergic transmission that have been associated with the pain-relieving effects of nicotinic compounds (Cordero-Erausquin, M. and Changeux, J.-P. PNAS 98:2803-2807, 2001). The 7 nAChR ligands demonstrate therapeutic potential for the treatment of pain states, including acute pain, post-surgical pain, as well as chronic pain states including inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain. Moreover, 7 nAChRs are expressed on the surface of primary macrophages that are involved in the inflammation response, and that activation of the 7 receptor inhibits release of TNF and other cytokines that trigger the inflammation response (Wang, H. et al Nature 421: 384-388, 2003). Therefore, selective 7 ligands demonstrate potential for treating conditions involving inflammation and pain.

The mammalian sperm acrosome reaction is an exocytosis process important in fertilization of the ovum by sperm. Activation of an 7 nAChR on the sperm cell has been shown to be essential for the acrosome reaction (Son, J.-H. and Meizel, S. Biol. Reproduct. 68: 1348-1353 2003). Consequently, selective 7 agents demonstrate utility for treating fertility disorders.

Compounds of the invention are particularly useful for treating and preventing a condition or disorder affecting cognition, neurodegeneration, and schizophrenia. Cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia often limits the ability of patients to normally function, a symptom not adequately treated by commonly available treatments, for example, treatment with an atypical antipsychotic. (Rowley, M. et al., J. Med. Chem. 44: 477-501, 2001). Such cognitive deficit has been linked to dysfunction of the nicotinic cholinergic system, in particular with decreased activity at 7 receptors. (Friedman, J. I. et al., Biol Psychiatry, 51: 349-357, 2002). Thus, activators of 7 receptors can provide useful treatment for enhancing cognitive function in schizophrenic patients who are being treated with atypical antipsychotics. Accordingly, the combination of an 7 nAChR ligand and an atypical antipsychotic would offer improved therapeutic utility. Specific examples of suitable atypical antipsychotics include, but are not limited to, clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, quietapine, ziprasidone, zotepine, iloperidone, and the like.

Actual dosage levels of active ingredients in the pharmaceutical compositions of this invention can be varied so as to obtain an amount of the active compound(s) that is effective to achieve the desired therapeutic response for a particular patient, compositions and mode of administration. The selected dosage level will depend upon the activity of the particular compound, the route of administration, the severity of the condition being treated and the condition and prior medical history of the patient being treated. However, it is within the skill of the art to start doses of the compound at levels lower than required to achieve the desired therapeutic effect and to gradually increase the dosage until the desired effect is achieved.

When used in the above or other treatments, a therapeutically effective amount of one of the compounds of the invention can be employed in pure form or, where such forms exist, in pharmaceutically acceptable salt, ester, amide or prodrug form. Alternatively, the compound can be administered as a pharmaceutical composition containing the compound of interest in combination with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers. The phrase therapeutically effective amount of the compound of the invention means a sufficient amount of the compound to treat disorders, at a reasonable benefit/risk ratio applicable to any medical treatment. It will be understood, however, that the total daily usage of the compounds and compositions of the invention will be decided by the attending physician within the scope of sound medical judgment. The specific therapeutically effective dose level for any particular patient will depend upon a variety of factors including the disorder being treated and the severity of the disorder; activity of the specific compound employed; the specific composition employed; the age, body weight, general health, sex and diet of the patient; the time of administration, route of administration, and rate of excretion of the specific compound employed; the duration of the treatment; drugs used in combination or coincidental with the specific compound employed; and like factors well-known in the medical arts. For example, it is well within the skill of the art to start doses of the compound at levels lower than required to achieve the desired therapeutic effect and to gradually increase the dosage until the desired effect is achieved.

The total daily dose of the compounds of this invention administered to a human or lower animal range from about 0.10 mg/kg body weight to about 1 g/kg body weight. More preferable doses can be in the range of from about 0.10 mg/kg body weight to about 100 mg/kg body weight. If desired, the effective daily dose can be divided into multiple doses for purposes of administration. Consequently, single dose compositions may contain such amounts or submultiples thereof to make up the daily dose.

The compounds and processes of the invention will be better understood by reference to the following examples and reference examples, which are intended as an illustration of and not a limitation upon the scope of the invention.

EXAMPLES

Examples 1-25, entitled Diamine Cores, describe diamine moieties that can be are used as referenced in the Examples to prepare compounds identified in Examples 31-110,114-128,131-188, 191-197, 204-213, 225-240, and 243-320. General procedures for coupling the 3-chloro-6-phenylpyridazine, deprotecting the resulting compound, methylating the amine nitrogen, and preparing a salt of the compound obtained thereof, as described in the Examples, are described in Example 31, and additional methods are further described in later Examples.

Diamine Cores

Example 1

3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Example 1A

5-Oxo-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic Acid Methyl Ester

To a solution of DL

Example 1B

1-Benzyl-5-oxo-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic Acid Methyl Ester

To a slurry of NaH (22 g of 60% NaH in mineral oil, 0.55 mol) in 400 mL benzene was added the product of Example 1A (0.387 mol) in 100 mL benzene dropwise via addition funnel. The mixture stirred for 30 minutes after the addition was complete, then was warmed to reflux and allowed to stir for 1.5 h. The reaction was cooled to 45 C. and stirred for 16 h. A portion of benzyl bromide (45 mL, 0.38 mol) was added, the mixture was warmed to reflux and an additional amount of benzyl bromide was added (45 mL, 0.38 mol). This solution stirred for 24 h at reflux, then was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered through Celite diatomaceous earth and the residue was washed with CH 2 Cl 2 . The combined filtrates were concentrated under reduced pressure and excess benzyl bromide was removed via distillation. The distillation residue was purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 75% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 46.6 g of the title compound (0.2 mol, 52% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 234 (M+H) + .

Example 1C

1-Benzyl-5-ethoxy-2-methoxycarbonyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrolium Tetrafluoroborate

The product of Example 1B (46.6 g, 0.2 mol) in 200 mL CH 2 Cl 2 was added via addition funnel to a solution of Meerwein's reagent (Et 3 O + BF 4 ) (Aldrich, 200 mL of 1 M solution in CH 2 Cl 2 , 0.2 mol) at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture stirred for 18 h then was concentrated and the residue was determined to be a 1.8:1 mixture of starting material to product. This mixture was carried on to the next step without further purification.

Example 1D

1-Benzyl-5-nitromethylene-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic Acid Methyl Ester

To the mixture obtained in Example 1C (0.2 mol) in 130 mL CH 2 Cl 2 at ambient temperature was added Et 3 N (33.5 mL, 0.24 mol) followed by CH 3 NO 2 (13 mL, 0.24 mol). The mixture stirred at ambient temperature for 8 h then was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 , the layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with 20 mL 5% H 2 SO 4 and 20 mL brine. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated and purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 10.2 g of the title compound (36.9 mmol). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 277 (M+H) + .

Example 1E

8-Benzyl-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octan-2-one

The product of Example 1D (10.2 g, 36.9 mmol) and 5% Pt/C (2 g) in 200 mL CH 3 OH was shaken under a 30 psi atmosphere of H 2 at ambient temperature for 24 h. The mixture was then filtered through Celite diatomaceous earth, and concentrated to give 2.88 g (13.3 mmol, 36%) of the title. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 217 (M+H) + .

Example 1F

8-Benzyl-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane

The product of Example 1E (2.88 g, 13.3 mmol) in 40 mL THF was added via cannula to a mixture of LiAlH 4 (1.52 g, 39.9 mmol) in 40 mL THF at 0 C. After the addition was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stir for 2 h. The mixture was warmed to reflux and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was cooled to 0 C. then 1.5 mL H 2 O, 1.5 mL 15% NaOH and 4.5 mL H 2 O were added sequentially to quench the reaction. The material was filtered, the residue was washed with EtOAc, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and carried on directly to the next reaction. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 203 (M+H) + .

Example 1G

1-(8-Benzyl-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-2,2,2-trifluoro-ethanone

To the product of Example 1F (2.0 g, 9.8 mmol) in 50 mL CH 2 Cl 2 was added Et 3 N (7.0 mL, 50 mmol). The mixture was cooled to 0 C. and trifluoroacetic anhydride (3.53 mL, 25 mmol) was added. The ice-bath was removed after the addition was complete and the reaction stirred for 16 h at ambient temperature. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 2.5 g of the title compound (8.4 mmol, 86% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 299 (M+H) + .

Example 1H

3-(2,2,2-Trifluoro-acetyl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the product of Example 1G (2.5 g, 8.4 mmol) in 20 mL EtOAc, was added di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (2.0 g, 9.22 mmol) and Pd/C (10 wt %, 0.25 g). This mixture was placed under 1 atm. of H 2 via balloon and was allowed to stir for 48 h. The reaction mixture was filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 2 g of the title compound (6.5 mmol, 77% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 253 (M+H) + .

Example 1I

3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

To the product of Example 1H (2.0 g, 6.5 mmol) in 57 mL CH 3 OH and 11 mL H 2 O was added 2.8 g K 2 CO 3 (20.3 mmol). The mixture stirred for 16 h at ambient temperature then was filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 1.2 g of the title compound (5.65 mmol, 87% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 2

3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Example 2A

tert-Butyl 2-Azabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-en-2-carboxylate

Aqueous formalin (37%, 114 mL, 1.41 mol) was added to a well-stirred solution of NH 4 Cl (85.0 g, 1.59 mol) in water (250 mL). Freshly distilled cyclopentadiene (170 g, 2.58 mol) was added all at once, and the mixture was stirred vigorously at ambient temperature for 17 h. The lower, aqueous phase was separated, and was treated with di-t-butyl dicarbonate (172 g, 0.78 mol). Aqueous 1 M NaOH (100 mL) was added to adjust the pH to 8, and the mixture was stirred for 7 h at ambient temperature with addition of solid NaOH (40 g total) to maintain pH 8. The mixture was extracted with hexanes (2200 mL), and the combined organic phase was washed with brine (50 mL), dried over MgSO 4 , and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was distilled under vacuum to provide the title compound (bp 80-92 C./10 Torr) as a pale yellow liquid that crystallized on cooling (123 g, 0.63 mol, 45% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.57 (m, 2H), 2.63 (m, 1H), 3.16 (br s, 1H), 3.31 (dd, J=9, 3 Hz, 1H), 4.55-4.73 (br m, 1H), 6.25-6.41 (br m, 2H). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 196 (M+H) + .

Example 2B

2,4-Diformyl-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Through a solution of Example 2A (0.57 g, 2.9 mmol) in 1.5 mL acetic acid and 25 mL CH 2 Cl 2 at 78 C. was bubbled O 3 until the solution turned blue. O 2 was then flushed through the system for 10 min after which dimethylsulfide (0.54 mL, 7.30 mmol) was added. The mixture was slowly warmed to 20 C. and allowed to stir for 18 h. The solution was concentrated and the crude product was carried on directly to the next reaction. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 228 (M+H) + .

Example 2C

3-Benzyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To a solution of the crude product of Example 2B (2.92 mmol) in CH 3 OH at 0 C. was added benzylamine (0.35 mL, 3.21 mmol) and NaCNBH 3 (1.83 g, 29.2 mmol). The ice-bath was removed and the mixture stirred at 20 C. for 24 h. The solution was cooled to 0 C. and 10 mL EtOAc and 10 mL H 2 O were added followed by 5 mL of saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 . The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with 10 mL EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with 5 mL H 2 O followed by 5 mL brine, then were dried over anhydrous Na 2 SO 4 . The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated and purified via flash column chromatography to give 0.68 g (2.25 mmol, 77% two-step yield) of the title compound. 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.37 and 1.51 (s, rotamers, 9H), 1.46 (m, 1H), 1.57 (dd, J=11.2, 7.46 Hz, 1H), 1.88 (m, 1H), 1.97 (m, 1H), 2.32 (m, 2H), 2.82 (m, 1H), 3.02 (m, 1H), 3.52 (m, 3H), 3.91 (m, 1H), 7.20 (m, 1H), 7.27 (m, 4H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 303 (M+H) + .

Example 2D

3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the product of Example 2C (0.553 g, 1.83 mmol) in 50 mL CH 3 OH was added 111 mg Pd(OH) 2 /C (20 wt %). The mixture was put under 60 psi of H 2 , warmed to 50 C. and allowed to stir for 36 h. The solution was then cooled to 20 C., filtered through Celite diatomaceous earth, and concentrated to give the desired product. 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.46 and 1.48 (s, rotamers, 9H), 1.78 (dd, J=11.2, 5.43 Hz, 1H), 1.91 (m, 1H), 2.28 (m, 1H), 2.61 (d, J=12.9 Hz, 1H), 2.82 (m, 3H), 3.41 (m, 2H), 3.93 (m, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 3

3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane-8-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Example 3A

3-Oxo-piperidine-1,4-dicarboxylic Acid 1-tert-butyl Ester 4-ethyl Ester

A mixture of commercially available ethyl-N-benzyl-3-oxo-4-piperidinecarboxylate hydrochloride (Aldrich, 75.4 g, 0.25 mol), di-t-butyl dicarbonate (58.5 g, 0.27 mol), Et 3 N (36 mL, 0.26 mol), and Pd(OH) 2 /C (7.5 g, 50% in H 2 O) in 660 mL EtOH was put under 60 psi of H 2 and was shaken for 25 min. The mixture was then filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound which was used in the next step without further purification. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 272 (M+H) + .

Example 3B

5-((1R)-1-Phenyl-ethylamino)-3,6-dihydro-2H-pyridine-1,4-dicarboxylic Acid 1-tert-butyl Ester 4-ethyl Ester

A mixture of the product of Example 3A (72 g, 0.265 mol) and D-(+)--methylbenzylamine (Aldrich, 35.9 mL, 0.279 mol) in 750 mL of toluene was combined in a 1 L, round-bottom flask equipped with a Dean-Stark trap. The mixture was refluxed for 36 h with water being removed via the Dean-Stark trap. After cooling to ambient temperature, the solution was concentrated and redissolved in EtOAc. Filtration through silica gel and Celite diatomaceous earth gave the crude title compound which was carried on directly to the next reaction. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 375 (M+H) + .

Example 3C

3-((1R)-1-Phenyl-ethylamino)-piperidine-1,4-dicarboxylic Acid 1-tert-butyl Ester 4-ethyl Ester

To a mixture of the product of Example 3B (0.265 mol), NaBH(OAc) 3 (280.8 g, 1.33 mol), and 200 g of 4 powdered molecular sieves in 900 mL toluene in a 3-neck round bottom flask equipped with an internal thermometer, mechanical stirrer and addition funnel at 0 C. was added acetic acid (303 mL, 5.3 mol) dropwise via the addition funnel. After the addition was complete, the mixture was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stir for 16 h. The reaction was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove as much of the acetic acid as possible. The residue was dissolved in 750 mL EtOAc and 500 mL saturated aqueous NaHCO 3 solution was added slowly to neutralize the residual acid. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with 2100 mL EtOAc. The combined organics were dried over Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound which was carried on to the next reaction without further purification. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 377 (M+H) + .

Example 3D

4-Hydroxymethyl-3-((1R)-1-phenyl-ethylamino)-piperidine-1-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To a slurry of LiAlH 4 (0.292 mol) in 1 L tetrahydrofuran at 0 C. was added the product of Example 3C (0.265 mol) dropwise via addition funnel. The ice-bath was removed after the addition was complete and the mixture stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was quenched by the slow addition of approximately 100 g Na 2 SO 4 10H 2 O (excess). The mixture stirred for 16 h then was filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 33% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 76.5 g of the mixture of isomers (0.23 mol, 86%). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 335 (M+H) + .

Example 3E

8-((1R)-1-Phenyl-ethyl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane-3-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the mixture of isomers from Example 3D (76.5 g, 0.23 mol) in 1.1 L of tetrahydrofuran at 0 C. was added Et 3 N (95.8 mL, 0.687 mol) followed by methanesulfonyl chloride (23 mL, 0.30 mol). The ice-bath was removed after the additions were complete and the reaction was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stiredr for 1 h. Cs 2 CO 3 (excess) was added and the mixture was warmed to 60 C. and stirred for 16 h. The reaction was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered, and the filtrate was washed with 2100 mL H 2 O. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with 2100 mL EtOAc. The combined organics were dried over Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The material was purified and the isomers separated via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 30.65 g of the major isomer ((1S,6R)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane-3-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (97 mmol, 42%) and 16.5 g of the minor isomer ((1R,6S)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]-octane-3-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (52 mmol, 23%). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 317 (M+H) + .

Example 3F

(1R,6S)-8-((1R)-1-Phenyl-ethyl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane

To the minor isomer product of Example 3E (9.3 g, 29.4 mmol) in 40 mL CH 2 Cl 2 at 0 C. was added 20 mL trifluoroacetic acid. The ice bath was removed after the addition and the mixture stirred at ambient temperature for 3 h then was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1% NH 4 OH: 9% CH 3 OH: 90% CH 2 Cl 2 ) to give the title compound. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 217 (M+H) + .

Example 3G

2,2,2-Trifluoro-1-[(1R,6S)-8-(1-phenyl-ethyl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]oct-3-yl]-ethanone

To the product of Example 3F (29.4 mmol) in 210 mL tetrahydrofuran (THF) at 30 C. was added triethylamine (5.15 mL, 36.8 mmol) followed by trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFAA, 4.36 mL, 30.9 mmol). The mixture was warmed to 10 C. and stirred for 30 min. The reaction was quenched with 50 mL saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 then was diluted with 100 mL H 2 O and 100 mL EtOAc. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted 250 mL EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 SO 4 , filtered through silica gel and Celite diatomaceous earth with EtOAc and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 8.8 g of the title compound (28.2 mmol, 96% two-step yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 313 (M+H) + .

Example 3H (1R,6S)-3-(2,2,2-Trifluoro-acetyl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane-8-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

A mixture of the product of Example 3G (8.8 g, 28.2 mmol), di-t-butyl dicarbonate (6.15 g, 28.2 mmol), and 2.21 g of 20% Pd(OH) 2 /C in 100 mL CH 3 OH was shaken under 60 psi of H 2 for 5 h at 50 C. then for 9.5 h at ambient temperature. The reaction was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. 1 H-NMR indicated the presence of a bis-di-t-butyl dicarbamide-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane side product which carried on to the next step along with the crude product. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 326 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 31

(1R,6S)-3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane-8-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the crude product of Example 3H (28.2 mmol) in 140 mL CH 3 OH and 30 mL H 2 O was added 4.7 g K 2 CO 3 (33.8 mmol). The mixture stirred at ambient temperature for 16 h then was diluted with a 100 mL of a solution of 1% NH 4 OH: 9% CH 3 OH: 90% CH 2 Cl 2 and filtered through Celite diatomaceous earth and silica gel. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1% NH 4 OH: 9% CH 3 OH: 90% CH 2 Cl 2 ) to give 3.3 g of the title compound (15.6 mmol, 55% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 4

(1S,6R)-3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane-8-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The major isomer from Example 3E was processed according to the procedures of Examples 3F, 3G, 3H, and 31 to provide the title compound: MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 5

t-Butyl 3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-3-carboxylate

Example 5A

1-(3-Benzyl-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-yl)-2,2,2-trifluoro-ethanone

To the product of Example 2C (0.68 g, 2.25 mmol) in 7 mL CH 2 Cl 2 at 0 C. was added 3.5 mL trifluoroacetic anhydride. The ice-bath was removed and the mixture stirred at 20 C. fr 2 h. The solution was then concentrated and the residue was dissolved in THF (15 mL). Triethylamine (0.41 mL, 2.92 mmol, 1.3 eq) was added, followed by trifluoroacetic anhydride (0.38 mL, 2.70 mmol, 1.2 eq). The mixture was stirred for 15 min at 0 C. then was allowed to warm to 20 C. at which temperature it stirred for 18 h. The solution was concentrated and purified via flash column chromatography to give quantitative yield of the desired trifluoroacetamide (0.67 g, 2.25 mmol, 100% two-step yield). 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.97 (m, 1H), 2.06 (m, 1H), 2.12 (m, 1H), 2.84 (m, 1H), 3.41 (m, 2H), 3.61 (m, 2H), 3.82 (m, 1H), 4.32 (m, 2H), 4.64 (m, 1H), 7.48 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 299 (M+H) + .

Example 5B

t-Butyl 3,6-Diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylate

To the product of Example 5A (0.67 g, 2.25 mmol) and Boc 2 O (0.55 g, 2.51 mmol, 1.1 eq) in 50 mL CH 3 OH was added 135 mg Pd(OH) 2 /C (20 wt %). The mixture was put under 60 psi of H 2 and allowed to stir for 18 h. The solution was then filtered through Celite, and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in CH 3 OH (10 mL) and H 2 O (2 mL) and treated with K 2 CO 3 (0.5 g, 3.62 mmol, 1.6 eq). The mixture stirred for 20 h and then concentrated. The residue was taken up in a mixture of 90% CH 2 Cl 2 , 9% CH 3 OH and 1% NH 4 OH and filtered through diatomaceous earth and silica gel. The filtrate was concentrated to provide 0.47 g of the title compound (2.21 mmol, 98% yield). 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.42 (m, 1H), 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.89 (m, 2H), 2.58 (m, 1H), 3.00 (m, 2H), 3.12 (m, 2H), 3.78 (m, 1H), 3.84 (dd, J=12.88, 3.39 Hz, 1H), 3.92 (br d, J=13.9 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 6

Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Example 6A

5-Benzyl-tetrahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,3-dione

To the maleimide (80.4 g, 0.83 mol) in 1.5 L of CH 2 Cl 2 in a 3-neck, 3-L round bottom flask equipped with an addition funnel, internal thermometer, and N 2 inlet at 0 C. was added trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) (6.4 mL, 83 mmol). Benzyl(methoxymethyl)trimethylsilylmethylamine (261 g, 1.1 mol) in 500 mL CH 2 Cl 2 was added dropwise via addition funnel over 3 hours with the reaction temperature being maintained below 5 C. After the addition was complete, the mixture was allowed to warm slowly to ambient temperature and then was stirred for 16 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in 500 mL CH 2 Cl 2 and was washed with 250 mL saturated NaHCO 3 . The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted 225 mL CH 2 Cl 2 . The combined organics were washed with 25 mL brine, dried over saturated, aqueous Na 2 SO 3 , and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound which was carried on to the next step without further purification. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 231 (M+H) + .

Example 6B

5-Benzyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To a slurry of LiAlH 4 (25 g, 0.63 mol) in 1 L THF at 0 C. in a 3-L round bottom flask equipped with an addition funnel and an N 2 inlet, was added 48 g (0.19 mmol) of the crude product of Example 6A (0.21 mol) in 500 mL THF dropwise via the addition funnel over 3 h. After the addition was complete, the ice-bath was removed and the mixture stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min before being warmed to reflux and stirred for 4 h. The reaction was cooled to 0 C. and quenched by the slow addition of Na 2 SO 4 10H 2 O (excess). This mixture stirred for 16 h at ambient temperature then was filtered and the residue was washed with EtOAc. The combined filtrates were concentrated and the residue was dissolved in 500 mL THF. Di-t-butyl dicarbonate (46 g, 0.21 mol) and 100 mL saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 were added and the mixture stirred for 16 h at ambient temperature. The reaction was quenched with 50 mL H 2 O and 250 mL EtOAc was added. The layers were separated, the aqueous layer was extracted 350 mL EtOAc, and the combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) gave 33.4 g of the title compound (0.11 mol, 53% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 303 (M+H) + .

Example 6C

Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the product of Example 6B (107.8 g, 0.356 mol) in 250 mL CH 3 OH was added 10.8 g of 20% Pd(OH) 2 /C, wet. This mixture was hydrogenated for 2.5 h under 60 psi of H 2 at 50 C. The mixture was filtered and concentrated to give 74 g of the title compound (0.35 mmol, 98% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 7

Benzyl(1S,5S)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3-carboxylate

Example 7A

(2,2-Dimethoxy-ethyl)-carbamic Acid Benzyl Ester

Benzyl chloroformate (Aldrich, 231.3 g, 1.3 mol) was added gradually to a mixture of aminoacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal (Aldrich, 152.0 g, 1.3 mol) in toluene (750 mL) and aqueous NaOH (72.8 g, 1.82 mol; in 375 mL of water) at 10-20 C. After the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 4 h. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine (2100 mL) and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as an oil (281.5 g, 90% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 4 , 300 MHz) 3.33 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.39 (s, 6H), 4.37 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 7.30 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 257 (M+NH 4 ) + , 240 (M+H) + .

Example 7B

Allyl-(2,2-dimethoxy-ethyl)-carbamic Acid benzyl Ester

The product of Example 7A (281.0 g, 1.18 mol) in dry toluene (1.0 L) was treated with powdered KOH (291.2 g, 5.20 mol) and triethylbenzylammonium chloride (Aldrich, 4.4 g, 0.02 mol). A solution of allyl bromide (Aldrich, 188.7 g, 1.56 mol) in toluene (300 mL) was then added dropwise over 1 hour at 20-30 C. The mixture was stirred for 18 h at ambient temperature and then water (300 mL) was added over 20 minutes at 20-30 C. The layers were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with toluene (2300 mL). The organic phases were combined, washed with brine (2100 mL), dried (K 2 CO 3 ), filtered and the filtrate concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as an oil (315.6 g, 1.13 mol, 96%, yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.32 (s, 3H) 3.37 (m, 5H), 3.97 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 2H), 4.50-4.40 (m, 1H), 5.15 (m, 4H), 5.75 (m, 1H), 7.23 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 297 (M+NH 4 ) + , 280 (M+H) + .

Example 7C

Allyl-(2-oxo-ethyl)-carbamic Acid Benzyl Ester

The product of Example 7B (314.0 g, 1.125 mol) was treated with formic acid (88%, 350 mL) at room temperature and allowed to stir for 15 hours. Most of the formic acid was removed by concentration under reduced pressure at 40-50 C. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate (3500 mL). The extracts were combined and washed with brine until the wash had a pH=6-7. The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as a slightly yellow oil (260.0 g, 1.12 mmol 99% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 3.20 (m, 1H), 3.97 (m, 2H), 4.10 (m, 1H), 5.10 (m, 4H), 5.75 (m, 1H), 7.45 (m, 5H), 9.50 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 234 (M+H) + .

Example 7D

Allyl-(2-hydroxyimino-ethyl)-carbamic Acid benzyl Ester

The product of Example 7C (260 g, 1.12 mol) in acetonitrile (1.5 L) was treated with sodium acetate trihydrate (170.6 g, 4.41 mol, in 0.75 L distilled water) and NH 2 OHhydrochloride (98.0 g, 4.41 mol) under N 2 . The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature over 20 hours. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure and the residue was extracted with ethyl acetate (2750 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine until the wash had a pH=7. The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as an oil (271 g, 1.09 mol, 98% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.94 (m, 2H), 3.98 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 4.17 (d, J=4.4 Hz, 1H), 5.30 (m, 4H), 5.60 (m, 1H), 7.40 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 266 (M+NH 4 ) + , 249 (M+H) + .

Example 7E benzyl(cis)-3-amino-4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-pyrrolidinecarboxylate

A solution of the product of Example 7D (240 g, 0.97 mol) in xylene (1.0 L) was heated at reflux under N 2 for 10 hours. The resulting brown solution was cooled to 10-15 C. and acetic acid (1.0 L) was added under N 2 . Zinc powder (100 g, 1.54 mol) was added gradually, and the gray mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 hours. The mixture was filtered and water (1.0 L) was added to the filtrate. The filtrate was stirred for 10 minutes and the brown organic layer was separated. The aqueous phase was washed well with xylenes (4400 mL) and then concentrated under reduced pressure to a volume of approximately 200 mL. This residue was adjusted to pH 9-10 by cautious addition of saturated, aqueous Na 2 CO 3 . The precipitated white solid was removed by filtration and the filtrate was extracted with CHCl 3 (3600 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with saturated, aqueous Na 2 CO 3 solution (250 mL) and dried over anhydrous Na 2 CO 3 . The mixture was filtered through a short column of diatomaceous earth and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as a slightly yellow oil (145 g, 0.58 mol, 60% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.40 (m, 1H), 3.30 (m, 2H), 3.80-3.50 (m, 5H), 5.10 (s, 2H), 7.35 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 251 (M+H) + .

Example 7F

Benzyl(cis)-2,2-dimethylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-d][1,3]oxazine-6(4H)-carboxylate

(R)-Mandelate

The product of Example 7E (140 g, 0.56 mol) in dry acetone (150 mL) was treated with 2-methoxypropene (55 mL, 0.57 mol) at ambient temperature for 18 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in dry acetone (750 mL). (R)-Mandelic acid (85 g, 0.56 mol) was added and the brown solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 48 hours. The precipitate was isolated by filtration and dried under reduced pressure to a mixture of the title compound as a white solid (57.0 g, 0.13 mol, yield, 23%) and the hydrolyzed compound benzyl(cis)-3-amino-4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-pyrrolidinecarboxylate (R)-mandelate. 1 H NMR for title compound (MeOH-D 4 , 300 MHz) 1.20-1.40 (m, 3H), 2.09 (s, 3H), 3.30 (m, 1H), 3.48-3.75 (m, 6H), 4.20 (m, 1H), 5.10 (m, 3H), 7.25-7.52 (m, 10H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 291 (M+H)+(for the title compound) 251 (M+H)+(for the hydrolyzed product).

Example 7G

Benzyl(3S,4S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-pyrrolidinecarboxylate

The product of Example 7F (56 g, 127 mmol) in ethanol (50 mL) was treated with 5% aqueous H 2 SO 4 (100 mL) at ambient temperature and allowed to stir for 16 hours. The mixture was adjusted to pH 10 with 20% aqueous NaOH (50 mL) and then the mixture was treated with di-t-butyl dicarbonate (41.5 g, 190 mmol) in ethanol (50 mL) at 10-20 C. After stirring at ambient temperature for 4 hours, the ethanol was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was extracted with ethyl acetate (3500 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine (2100 mL) and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound (43.7 g, 0.125 mol, 98% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.50 (m, 1H), 3.25 (m, 1H), 3.40 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.75 (m, 4H), 4.20 (m, 1H) 5.10 (s, 2H), 7.35 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 368 (M+NH 4 ) + , 351 (M+H) + . The enantiopurity of the title compound was determined to be 99% ee by HPLC (HPLC conditions: Chiracel AD column; ethanol/hexanes=20/80, flow rate, 1.0 mL/min; uv 220 nm; retention time for the title compound as the more mobile isomer: 10.8 minutes; Retention time for less mobile isomer: 13.9 minutes; reference: JP 2000 026408).

Example 7H Benzyl(3S,4S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[(methylsulfonyl)oxy]methyl}-1-pyrrolidinecarboxylate

The product of Example 7G (43.7 g, 125 mmol) and triethylamine (25.2 g, 250 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 (600 mL) were treated with methanesulfonyl chloride (12.6 mL, 163 mmol) over 30 minutes at 10 C. The solution was allowed to warm to ambient temperature over 1 hour and was monitored by HPLC. When the reaction was completed, it was quenched with water (100 mL). The layers were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (2400 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine (2100 mL), dried over Na 2 SO 4 , filtered and the filtrate concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as a brown oil (52.0 g, 0.12 mol, 97% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.80 (m, 1H), 3.08 (s, 3H), 3.40 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 2H), 4.10 (m, 1H), 4.40 (m, 2H), 4.75 (m, 1H), 5.16 (s, 2H), 7.30 m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 446 (M+NH 4 ) + , 429 (M+H) + . HPLC conditions: HPLC conditions: Zorbax-XDB-C8 column 4.6250 mm with solvents H 2 O (0.2 v.% HClO 4 )/MeCN (from v.80:20 to 10:90 within 15 min.) at 1.0 mL/Min., UV detection @220 nm. 20/80, flow rate, 1.0 mL/min; uv 220 nm; t R =13.1 minutes.

Example 71

Benzyl(3S,4S)-3-(amino)-4-{[(methylsulfonyl)oxy]methyl}-1-pyrrolidinecarboxylate trifluroacetate

The product of Example 7H (43.7 g, 125 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 (150 mL) was treated with trifluoroacetic acid (50 mL) at ambient temperature and allowed to stir for 1 h. The reaction was monitored with HPLC. After the reaction went to completion, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound in quantitative yield. 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 2.80 (m, 1H) 3.15 (s, 3H), 3.40 (m, 1H), 3.70 (m, 3H), 4.10 (m, 1H), 4.05 (m, 1H), 4.44 (m, 2H), 5.16 (s, 2H), 7.30-7.50 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 329 (M+HCF 3 CO 2 H) + . HPLC conditions: Zorbax-XDB-C8 column 4.6250 mm with solvents H 2 O (0.2 v.% HClO 4 )/CH 3 CN (from v.80:20 to 10:90 within 15 min.) at 1.0 mL/Min., UV detection @220 nm. 20/80, flow rate, 1.0 mL/min; uv 220 nm; t R =8.2 minutes.

Example 7J

Benzyl(1S,5S)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3-carboxylate

The product of Example 71 (125 mmol) was dissolved in ethanol (250 mL) and adjusted to pH 12 with 25% aqueous NaOH. The mixture was warmed to 60 C. for 1.5 h and monitored via HPLC. After the reaction went to completion, it was allowed to cool down to ambient temperature and used for the next step with the exception of 1 mL which was used for characterization. The 1 mL sample was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove most of the ethanol. The residue was extracted with CHCl 3 (25 mL). The extracts were combined, washed with brine (32 mL) and then passed through a short column of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as a yellow oil. 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.30-3.16 (m, 3H), 3.36 (m, 1H), 3.82 (m, 3H), 4.55 (m, 1H), 5.20 (s, 2H), 7.36 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 250 (M+NH 4 ) + , 233 (M+H) + . HPLC conditions: Zorbax-XDB-C8 column 4.6250 mm with solvents H 2 O (0.2 v.% HClO 4 )/MeCN (from v.80:20 to 10:90 within 15 min.) at 1.0 mL/Min., UV detection @220 nm. 20/80, flow rate, 1.0 mL/min; uv 220 nm; t R =7.2 min.

Example 8

tert-Butyl(1R,5S)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-6-carboxylate

Example 8A

3-Benzyl, 6-tert-butyl-(1R,5S)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3,6-dicarboxylate

To the solution of Example 7J (125 mmol) was slowly added di-t-butyl dicarbonate (40.9 g, 188 mmol) ethanol (50 mL) solution over 30 min at ambient temperature. The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for an additional 0.5-1 h with monitoring by HPLC. After the reaction went to completion, it was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove most of the ethanol. The residue was extracted with EtOAc (3500 mL). The extracts were combined, washed with brine (350 mL) and stirred with KHSO 4 (5%, 100 mL) for 10 min. to remove unreacted di-t-butyl dicarbonate. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine (350 mL) and passed through a short column of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as a yellow oil (40.2 g, 97% three-step yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.4 (s, 9H), 3.10 (m, 2H), 3.30 (m, 1H), 3.45 (m, 1H), 3.90 (d, J=12.2 Hz, 1H), 4.06 (m, 2H), 4.66 (dd, J=6.4, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 5.16 (s, 2H), 7.36 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 333 (M+H) + . HPLC conditions: Zorbax-XDB-C8 column 4.6250 mm with solvents H 2 O (0.2 v.% HClO 4 )/MeCN (from v.80:20 to 10:90 within 15 min.) at 1.0 mL/Min., UV detection @220 nm. 20/80, flow rate, 1.0 mL/min; uv 220 nm; t R =13.6 minutes.

Example 8B

tert-Butyl(1R,5S)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-6-carboxylate

The product of Example 8A (40.0 g, 0.120 mol) was dissolved in methanol (400 mL) and treated with Pd/C (10 wt %, 4.0 g) under H 2 at ambient temperature for 10 h. The reaction was monitored with HPLC. After the reaction was complete, the catalyst was removed by filtration through a short column of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as a colorless oil (22.8 g, 11.5 mmol, 96% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.43 (s, 9H), 2.47 (dd, J=112.6, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 2.62 (dd, J=112.2, 5.7 Hz, 1H), 2.96 (m, 1H), 3.05 (d, J=112.2 Hz, 1H), 3.22 (d, J=112.5 Hz, 1H), 3.45 (m, 1H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.63 (dd, J=6.1, 3.7 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 199 (M+H) + . HPLC conditions: Zorbax-XDB-C8 column 4.6250 mm with solvents H 2 O (0.2 v.% HClO 4 )/MeCN (from v.80:20 to 10:90 within 15 min.) at 1.0 mL/Min., UV detection @ 220 nm. 20/80, flow rate, 1.0 mL/min; uv 220 nm; t R =8.6 minutes.

Example 9

Benzyl(1R,5R)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3-carboxylate

The product of Example 7E was processed according to the procedure of Example 7F, substituting (S)-mandelic acid for the (R)-mandelic acid therein. The resulting material was processed according to the procedures of Examples 7G, 7H, 71, and 7J to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.30-3.16 (m, 3H), 3.36 (m, 1H), 3.82 (m, 3H), 4.55 (m, 1H), 5.20 (s, 2H), 7.36 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 250 (M+NH 4 ) + , 233 (M+H) + .

Example 10

tert-Butyl(11S,5R)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-6-carboxylate

The product of Example 9 was treated with di-t-butyl dicarbonate, then Pd/C under a hydrogen atmosphere according to the procedures of Example 8A and 8B, to provide the title compound. 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.43 (s, 9H), 2.47 (dd, J=12.6, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 2.62 (dd, J=12.2, 5.7 Hz, 1H), 2.96 (m, 1H), 3.05 (d, J=12.2 Hz, 1H), 3.22 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 1H), 3.45 (m, 1H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.63 (dd, J=6.1, 3.7 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 199 (M+H) + .

Example 11

Benzyl 2,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylate

Example 11A

Benzyl 3-oxo-2,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylate

Benzyl 5-oxo-2-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylate (2.46 g, 10.0 mmol), prepared according to the procedures described by (Carroll, F. I.; et. al., J. Med. Chem. (1992) 35, 2184), in 50 mL of 95% aqueous ethanol at ambient temperature was treated with sodium acetate (2.47 g, 30.1 mmol) and hydroxylamine hydrochloride (3.48 g, 50.1 mmol). After 45 minutes, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with saturated aqueous NaHCO 3 and extracted with EtOAc. The organic extract was dried (MgSO 4 ) and concentrated to afford 2.50 grams (96%) of a mixture of the desired oximes as a white solid. A portion of this material (1.57 g, 6.03 mmol) was stirred in a 5:1 solution of CH 2 Cl 2 /trimethylsilylpolyphosphate for 12 hours at ambient temperature. The solution was diluted with H 2 O and extracted twice with EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were dried (MgSO 4 ) and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography (silica gel; 95:5 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH) to provide 1.08 grams (68%) of the title compound as a white solid. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 261 (M+H) + , 278 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 11B

benzyl 2,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylate

The product from example 11A (800 mg, 3.07 mmol) in THF (12 mL) at 0 C. was treated dropwise with a 2.0 M solution of borane-methyl sulfide complex in THF (3.4 mL, 6.8 mmol). The solution was stirred for 14 hours at ambient temperature, then recooled to 0 C. and quenched by the careful addition of MeOH and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in toluene (12 mL) and treated with n-propylamine (1.7 mL). The mixture was stirred for 3 hours at 60 C., allowed to cool to ambient temperature, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with saturated aqueous NaHCO 3 and extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (4). The organic extracts were combined, dried (K 2 CO 3 ), and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography (silica gel; 90:10:1 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH/NH 4 OH) to provide 453 mg (60%) of the title compound as a colorless oil. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 247 (M+H) + .

Example 12

tert-butyl 2,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylate

The product from Example 11B (140 mg, 0.568 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 at ambient temperature was treated with triethylamine followed by di-tert-butyl dicarbonate. The solution was stirred for 2 hours, diluted with saturated aqueous K 2 CO 3 , and extraced with CH 2 Cl 2 (2). The organic extracts were combined, dried (Na 2 SO 4 ), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 190 mg a colorless oil. A suspension of the oil and 10% Pd/C (20 mg) in MeOH (10 mL) were stirred under one atmosphere of hydrogen (balloon) for 6 hours. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a plug of Celite (CH 2 Cl 2 wash). The filtrate was concentrated to provide (106 mg, 91%) the title compound as a colorless oil. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + , 230 M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 13

9-Methyl-3,9-diazabicyclo[4.2.1]nonane

The title compound was prepared as described in U.S. Pat. No. 2,999,091.

Example 14

tert-butyl(3aR,6aR)-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1 (2H)-carboxylate

Example 14A

ethyl {[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]amino}acetate

Ethyl bromoacetate (4.14 g; 24.8 mmol) was treated with (R) -methylbenzylamine (3 g, 24.8 mmol) and ethyldiisopropylamine (3.2 g; 24.8 mmol) in toluene (100 mL). After heating at reflux for 18 hours, the mixture was cooled to room temperature and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (SiO 2 , 20% ethyl acetate/pentane) to provide the title compound (3.2 g, 63% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 208 (M+H) + .

Example 14B

{[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]amino}acetic Acid

The product from Example 14A (4.5 g; 15.6 mmol) in water (100 mL) was heated to reflux for 18 hours. The mixture was cooled to 30 C. and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compounds as a white solid (2.7 g; 80% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 180 (M+H) + .

Example 14C

Ethyl cis-1-[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5(1H)-carboxylate

The product from Example 14B (27.5 g, 154 mmol) and ethyl allyl(2-oxoethyl)carbamate (26.3 g, 154 mmol), prepared as described in (U.S. Pat. No. 5,071,999), in toluene (500 mL) were heated at reflux for 17 hours. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to provide the crude product (45 g) as a nearly 1:1 mixture of diastereomers. These were separated by flash chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 30% ethyl acetate in pentane.

The more mobile diastereomer was obtained as a thick syrup (R f =0.42, pentane:ethyl acetate (3:7) 17 g, 38% yield). The stereocenters were determined to be (R,R) using X-Ray diffraction as described in Example 14E. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 289 (M+H) + .

The less mobile diastereomer was obtained as a thick syrup (R f =0.21, pentane:ethyl acetate (3:7) 17.8 g, 40% yield). The stereocenters were determined to be (S,S) using X-Ray diffraction as described in Example 15B. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 289 (M+H) + .

Example 14D

(3aR,6aR)-1-[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

The more mobile diastereomer from Example 14C (17 g, 59.0 mmol) in hydrochloric acid (12N, 200 mL) was heated in an oil bath at 120 C. for 20 hours. The mixture was cooled to 20 C. and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove excess HCl. The residue was taken in 10% Na 2 CO 3 (100 mL) and extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (3200 mL). The organic layers were combined, washed with brine, dried (Na 2 CO 3 ), and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography (SiO 2 , eluted with CH 2 Cl 2 :MeOH:NH 4 OH; 90:10:1) to afford the title compound as a brownish oil (11.4 g, 89% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 217 (M+H) + .

Example 14E

(3aR,6aR)-5-[(4-nitrophenyl)sulfonyl]-1-[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

The product from Example 14D was processed as described in Example 15B to provide the title compound. The stereocenters were determined to be (R,R) using X-ray diffraction as described in Example 15B.

Example 14F

(3aR,6aR)-1-[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]-5-(trifluoroacetyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

The product from Example 14D (11.3 g, 52 mmol) and triethylamine (6.8 g, 68 mmol) in anhydrous THF (200 mL) at 0-5 C. was treated with trifluoroacetic anhydride (25.2 g, 63 mmol) dropwise. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature overnight. The THF was removed under reduced pressure and replaced with CH 2 Cl 2 (200 mL). The methylene chloride was washed with brine, dried (MgSO 4 ), and concentrated. The residue was purified using chromatography (SiO 2 , eluting with 5-15% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to provide the title compound as a light yellow oil (13.7 g, 84% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 313 (M+H) + .

Example 14G

tert-butyl(3aR,6aR)-5-(trifluoroacetyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1 (2H)-carboxylate

The product from Example 14F (11.2 g; 35.8 mmol) and di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (8.58 g, 39.4 mmol) in methanol (400 mL) was treated with 10% Pd/C (0.6 g). The mixture was shaken under an atmosphere of hydrogen (4 atm) at 25 C. for 18 hours. After filtration, the solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by chromatography (SiO 2 , 2:1 ethyl acetate:hexanes) to provide the title compound as a crystalline solid (9.88 g, 89% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 326 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 14H

tert-butyl(3aR,6aR)-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1 (2H)-carboxylate

The product from Example 14G (9.88 g, 32 mmol) in methanol (200 mL) and water (40 mL) was treated with solid potassium carbonate (4.86 g; 35 mmol). After stirring at 20 C. for 18 hours, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was azeotroped with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice and finally with toluene (100 mL). The dry powder was stirred with 20% MeOH/CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL), filtered, and the filtercake was rinsed with 20% MeOH/CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL). The filtrate was concentrated to provide the title compound as a white solid. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 is (M+H) + .

Example 15

(tert-butyl(3aS,6aS)-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1 (2H)-carboxylate

Example 15A

(3aS,6aS)-1-[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

The less mobile diastereomer from Example 14C was processed as described in Example 14D to provide the title compound as a brownish oil (11.3 g, 76% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 217 (M+H) + .

Example 15B

(3aS,6aS)-5-[(4-nitrophenyl)sulfonyl]-1-[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]octahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

The product from Example 15A (148 mg, 0.68 mmol) and triethyl amine (0.15 mL, 1.08 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL) at 0 C. was treated with 4-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride (166 mg, 0.75 mmol) in dichloromethane (2 mL) over 1 minute. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature. After 1 hour, the mixture was diluted with dichloromethane (20 mL) and washed with 5% NaHCO 3 (10 mL), brine (10 mL), dried (MgSO 4 ) and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound as a light yellow solid (270 mg, 98%). Single crystals suitable for x-ray diffraction were grown by slow evaporation from ethyl acetate solution. Crystal data: MW=401.48, C 20 H 23 N 3 O 4 S, crystal dimensions 0.600.100.10 mm, orthorhombic, P2 1 2 1 2 1 (#19), a=5.4031(5), b=16.168(2), c=22.687(2) , V=1981.8(3) 3 , Z=4, D calc =1.345 g/cm 3 . Crystallographic data were collected using Mo K radiation (=0.71069 ). Refinement of the structure using full matrix least squares refinement of 253 parameters on 2005 reflections with l3.00(l) gave R=0.117, R w =0.123.

Example 15C

(3aS,6aS)-1-[(1R)-1-phenylethyl]-5-(trifluoroacetyl)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

The product from Example 15A (11.3 g, 52 mmol) was processed as described in Example 14F to provide the title compound (11.2 g, 69% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 313 (M+H) + .

Example 15D

tert-butyl(3aS,6aS)-5-(trifluoroacetyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1 (2H)-carboxylate

The product from example 15C was processed as described in Example 14G to provide the title compound (97% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 326 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 15E

tert-butyl(3aS,6aS)-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1 (2H)-carboxylate

The product from Example 15D was processed as described in the Example 14H to provide the title compound.

Example 16

tert-butyl(3aR,6aR)-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5-carboxylate

The product of Example 14D was treated with di-t-butyl dicarbonate, then hydrogenated over palladium according to U.S. Pat. No. 5,071,999 (Example 3) to provide the title compound.

Example 17

tert-butyl(3aS,6aS)-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5-carboxylate

The product of Example 15A was processed as described in Example 16 to provide the title compound.

Example 18

(1R,6S)-3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[4.0]octane-3-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the minor isomer product of Example 3E (2.4 g, 7.5 mmol) in 30 mL CH 3 OH was added 0.58 g of 20% Pd(OH) 2 /C (wet). This mixture was shaken under 60 psi of H 2 for 16.5 h at 50 C. The mixture was filtered, concentrated to proved the title compound, suitable for use without further purification. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 19

(1S,6R)-3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]Octane-3-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The major product from Example 3E was processed according to the procedure of Example 18 to provide the title compound: MS (DCl/NH3) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 20

6a-Methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

Example 20A

N-Allyl-N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-carbamic Acid benzyl Ester

The product of Example 7C (13.2 g, 56.6 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was treated with MeMgBr (3M in THF, 24.5 mL, 73.5 mmol) at 78 C. over 2 hours. The mixture was then warmed to ambient temperature. The reaction was quenched with saturated, aqueous NH 4 Cl solution (50 mL) at 0 C., the layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3200 mL). The organic layers were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residues were purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 40% hexanes-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (6.48 g, 26 mmol, 46% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 1.16 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 3H), 3.14-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.834.09 (m, 3H), 5.02-5.22 (m, 4H), 5.69-5.90 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.40 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 250 (M+H) + , 267 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 20B

N-Allyl-N-(2-oxo-propyl)-carbamic Acid Benzyl Ester

Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO, 4.7 g, 60.1 mmol) was added slowly into a solution of oxalyl chloride (3.82 g, 30.1 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 (150 ml) at 78 C. After the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred for 15 minutes. The product of Example 20A (6.25 g, 25.1 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 (20 mL) was added to the above mixture at 78 C. After the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, triethylamine (12.6 g, 125 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was then warmed slowly to ambient temperature. After the reaction was complete, it was quenched with water (10 mL). The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3200 ML). The extracts were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 40% hexanes-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (4.3 g, 17.4 mmol, 70% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 2.05 (s, 1.4H), 2.14 (s, 1.6H), 3.91-4.08 (m, 4H), 5.06-5.21 (m, 4H), 5.68-5.86 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.40 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 248 (M+H) + , 265 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 20C

1-Benzyl-6a-methyl-hexa hydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5-carboxylic Acid Benzyl Ester

The product of Example 20B (3.0 g, 12.1 mmol) was treated with benzylaminoacetic acid (Aldrich, 2.0 g, 12.1 mmol) in toluene (50 mL) at 110 C. over 2 days. The toluene was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 40% hexanes-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (2.8 g, 8.0 mmol, 66% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.23 (s, 3H), 1.49-1.64 (m, 1H), 1.93-2.10 (m, 1H), 2.36-2.51 (m, 1H), 2.56-2.67 (m, 1H), 2.73-2.87 (m, 1H), 3.10 (d, J=11.5 Hz, 1H), 3.32-3.41 (m, 1H), 3.52 (d, J=13.2 Hz, 1H), 3.58-3.78 (m, 3H), 5.03-5.22 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.42 (m, 10H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 351 (M+H) + .

Example 20D

1-Benzyl-6a-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole

The product of Example 20C (1.7 g, 4.85 mmol) was treated with Pd/C (10 wt %, 300 mg) i-PrOH (50 mL) at ambient temperature under 1 atm of H 2 for 18 h. After the reaction went completion, the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (0.7 g, 3.2 mmol, 66% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.23 (s, 3H), 1.32-1.46 (m, 1H), 1.94-2.07 (m, 1H), 2.23-2.39 (m, 2H), 2.46-2.56 (m, 1H), 2.66-2.75 (m, 2H), 2.95-3.04 (m, 2H), 3.62 (d, J=12.9 Hz, 1H), 3.73 (d, J=12.9 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.37 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 217 (M+H) + .

Example 20E

1-Benzyl-6a-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 20D (700 mg, 3.24 mmol) was treated with di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (706 mg, 3.24 mmol) and Et 3 N (2 mL) in CH 2 Cl 2 (10 mL) for 16 hours. The mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 40% hexanes-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (1.02 g, 3.24 mmol, 100% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 61.22 (s, 3H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.49-1.62 (m, 1H), 1.94-2.11 (m, 1H), 2.34-2.46 (m, 1H), 2.57-2.68 (m, 1H), 2.73-2.87 (m, 1H), 3.02 (d, J=11.5 Hz, 1H), 3.21-3.27 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.74 (m, 4H), 7.15-7.32 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 317 (M+H) + .

Example 20F

6a-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1,5-dicarboxylic Acid 1-benzyl ester 5-tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 20E (1.02 g, 3.24 mmol) was treated with Pd/C (10 wt %, 100 mg) in MeOH (50 mL) under 1 atm. H 2 at 50 C. for 16 hours The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was treated with CbzCl (0.5 mL, 3.5 mmol) and Et 3 N (3 mL) in CH 2 Cl 2 (20 mL) at 0 C. for 2 h. After the reaction was complete, it was quenched with water (5 mL) and extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (320 mL). The extracts were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 40% hexanes-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (0.87 g, 2.42 mmol, 75% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.36-1.50 (m, 13H), 1.67-1.80 (m, 1H), 1.98-2.14 (m, 1H), 2.53-2.68 (m, 1H), 3.14-3.32 (m, 2H), 3.49-3.68 (m, 3H), 5.09 (s, 2H), 7.22-7.42 (m, 5H).

Example 20G

6a-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1-carboxylic Acid Benzyl Ester

The product of Example 20F (0.8 g, 2.22 mmol) was treated with TFA (5 mL) in CH 2 Cl 2 (10 mL) at ambient temperature for 1 h. The mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 90: 9: 1 CH 2 Cl 2 : MeOH: NH 4 OH) to give the title compound (0.32 g, 1.23 mmol, 55% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.42, 1.47 (s, 3H, rotamers), 1.63-1.75 (m, 1H), 1.98-2.13 (m, 1H), 2.37-2.52 (m, 1H), 2.62-2.76 (m, 2H), 3.00-3.12 (m, 1H), 3.26, 3.47 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1H, rotamers), 3.53-3.62 (m, 2H), 5.08, 5.13 (s, 2H, rotamers), 7.25-7.42 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 261 (M+H) + .

Example 21

Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic Acid Ethyl Ester

Example 21A

2,5-Dibenzyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic Acid Ethyl Ester

To the ethyl propynoate (Aldrich, 3.96 g, 40 mmol) in THF (200 mL) in a 3-neck, 3-L round bottom flask equipped with an addition funnel, internal thermometer, and N 2 inlet at 0 C. was added trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) (Aldrich, 0.3 mL, 4 mmol). Benzyl(methoxymethyl)trimethylsilylmethylamine (Aldrich, 23.7 g, 100 mmol) in 50 mL THF was added dropwise via addition funnel over 30 minutes with the reaction temperature being maintained below 5 C. After the addition was complete, the mixture was allowed to warm slowly to ambient temperature and then was stirred for 10 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in 500 mL EtOAc. It was washed with 250 mL saturated NaHCO 3 and 25 mL brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 , and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 14.5 g of the title compound (36.6 mmol, 91% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 365 (M+H) + .

Example 21B

Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic Acid Ethyl Ester

To the product of Example 21A (1.0 g, 2.75 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (Aldrich, 20% wet, 0.20 g). This mixture was hydrogenated for 2.5 h under H 2 at 50 C. The mixture was filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (0.50 g, 2.71 mmol, 99% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 1.26 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 2.67 (dd, J=11.5, 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.79 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 2H), 2.87-3.03 (m, 1H), 3.10 (dd, J=11.5, 7.8 Hz, 2H), 4.17 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 185 (M+H) + .

Example 22

Cis-3-methyl-3,8-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]nonane

Example 22A

2-Benzyl-hexahydro-cyclopenta[c]pyrrol-4-one

A 3-neck, 1-L round bottom flask equipped with an addition funnel, internal thermometer, and N 2 inlet at RT was charged with cyclopentenone (16.48 g, 0.20 mol) in 0.5 L of CH 2 Cl 2 . Benzyl(methoxymethyl)trimethylsilylmethylamine (5.0 grams, 21 mmol) and trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) (1.07 mL, 13.9 mmol) were added. To this mixture was added additional benzyl(methoxymethyl)-trimethylsilylmethylamine (40 g, 0.168 mol) dropwise via addition funnel over 1 hour with the reaction temperature being maintained below 25 C. (water bath). After the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred for 4 h. The mixture was washed with 1100 mL 10% Na 2 CO 3 . The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with 1100 mL 23% NaCl. The organic extract was concentrated under reduced-pressure to give an oil. The oil was redissolved in methyl-t-butyl ether (250 mL) and extracted into 1M H 3 PO 4 (200 mL). The aqueous layer was basified with 50% NaOH to pH 12. The product was extracted with methyl-t-butyl ether (250 mL). The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with 23% NaCl. The layers were separated. The organic layer was charged with acetonitrile (50 mL) and silica gel (10 gms). The mixture was stirred 5 minutes and filtered through a silica gel pad (10 grams). The filtrate was concentrated to give the title compound (35.0 grams, 81.4% of theory), which was carried on to the next step without further purification. MS (ESI/APCl) m/z 216 (M+H) + .

Example 22B

2-Benzyl-hexahydro-cyclopenta[c]pyrrol-4-one oxime

To the ketone from Example 22A (32.4 grams, 150 mmol) in a 1-L round bottom flask equipped with an condenser and an N 2 inlet was added EtOH (absolute, 375 mL). To this solution was added a solution comprised of hydroxylamine hydrochloride (13.08 g, 190 mmol) and NaOAc in water (40 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at 65 C. for 1 h until TLC showed the reaction was complete (5:1 MTBE/CH 3 CN w/0.1% Et 3 N; PMA char; R f SM 0.75, R f 0.3 and 0.4 for oxime isomers). The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to dryness. The residue was extracted with MTBE (200 mL) and water (200 mL). The biphasic mixture was treated with 50% NaOH solution until the pH of the solution was 12. The MTBE layer was washed with 23% NaCl solution (150 mL). The layers were separated and the organic layer was concentrated in vacuo to afford 34 g of crude material. The residue was dissolved in MTBE (25 mL) and pentane (40 mL) and seeded with 10 mg of authentic seeds. The mixture was stirred and swirled occasionally for 20 minutes and filtered. The cake was washed with 2:1 pentanes-MTBE (325 mL). The solid was dried in a vacuum oven to a constant weight of 11.4 grams (33%). The solid was primarily one geometrical isomer of the oxime. MS (ES I) m/z 231 (M+H) + .

Example 22C

2-Benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyridin-4-one

A 500 mL, 3-neck, round bottom flask was charged with the syn-oxime from Example 22B (12.0 g, 51.9 mmol) and polyphosphoric acid (120 g). The flask was purged with N 2 /vacuum 3 times. The thick mixture was heated for 1.25 h at 100 C. The mixture was cooled to rt and poured onto ice (240 g). The mixture was adjusted to pH=12 with 25% NaOH and extracted with EtOAc (150 mL). The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was washed with 1100 mL EtOAc. The organic layers were combined and washed with 150 mL of 23% aq. NaCl. The residue was concentrated in vacuo to afford 11 g of an oil. The oil was dissolved in MTBE (40 mL) and treated with 10 mg of seed crystals, followed by pentane (15 mL). The resulting slurry was stirred for 30 minutes, filtered and washed with 2:1 MTBE-pentanes. The solid was dried to a constant weight of 6.4 grams. MS (Cl) m/z 231 (M+H) + .

Example 22D

2-Benzyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyridine

To a solution of the lactam from Example 22C (0.46 g) in THF (5 mL) was added 1M LiAlH 4 (4.0 mL). The mixture was heated at 50 C. for 2 h, cooled to 15 C., and quenched by cautious addition of water (0.15 mL), followed by 15% NaOH (0.15 mL), then water (0.456 mL). The mixture was stirred for 5 minutes and filtered and washed with THF (35 mL). The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford 442 mg of the title compound as a clear oil (quantitative yield). MS (Cl) m/z 217 (M+H) + ; 1 H NMR: 1.8-1.5 (m, 3H), 2.33-2.10 (m, 2H), 2.8-2.4 (m, 8H), 3.75 (s, 2H), 7.25 ppm (m, 5H).

Example 23

3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-3-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Example 23A

8-Benzyl-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-3-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (0.79 g, 3.6 mmol) was added to a mixture of the product of Example 1F (0.70 g, 3.5 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (30 mL) and saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 (5 mL). This mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 h then diluted with H 2 O (10 mL) and EtOAc (15 mL). The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (35 mL). The combined extract was dried over anhydrous Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes in EtOAc) to provide the title compound (0.62 g, 59% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 303 (M+H) + .

Example 23B

3,8-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-3-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

A solution of the product of Example 23A (0.62 g. 0.12 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) was stirred with Pd/C (Aldrich, 60 mg, 10 wt %) under 1 atmosphere of H 2 (balloon) for 18 h. The mixture was filtered, concentrated and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1% NH 4 OH: 9% CH 3 OH: 90% CH 2 Cl 2 ) to provide the title compound (0.44 g, 100% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 213 (M+H) + .

Example 24

6-Benzyl-2,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane

Example 24A

(2S, 3S)-3-Hydroxy-pyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylic Acid 1-tert-butyl Ester

3-Hydroxy-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (Aldrich, 1.31 g, 10 mmol) was treated with di-tert-butyl dicarbanate (Aldrich, 2.18 g, 10 mmol) and NaOH (5%, 20 mL, 25 mmol) at room temperature for 2 hours. The mixture was acidified with 5% HCl solution at 0-10 C. to bring to pH=4. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (350 mL). The extracts were combined and washed with brine (210 mL). The organic solution was concentrated under vacuum to give the title compound as white solid (2.0 g, 8.6 mmol, 86% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 1.40-1.49 (m, 9H), 1.82-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.97-2.12 (m, 1H), 3.46-3.60 (m, 2H), 4.07-4.18 (m, 1H), 4.38 (dd, J=4.2, 1.9 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 232 (M+H) + .

Example 24B

(2R, 3S)-3-Hydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 24A (2.0 g, 8.6 mmol) was treated with BH 3 (Aldrich, 1M, in THF, 17 mL, 17 mmol) in THF (50 mL) at 65 C. for 1 h. The mixture was cooled and quenched with methanol (5 mL) at 0-10 C., then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was treated with saturated NaHCO 3 solution (15 mL) and stirred for additional 1 h. The slightly yellow mixture was extracted with EtOAc (350 mL). The extracts were combined, washed with brine (210 mL), and then concentrated under vacuum to give 1.8 gram title compound as white solid (8.25 mmol, 96% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.76-1.88 (m, 1H), 2.03-2.19 (m, 1H), 3.33-3.58 (m, 3H), 3.59-3.71 (m, 2H), 4.30 (dd, J=15.8, 3.6 Hz, 1-H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 218 (M+H) + .

Example 24C

(2R, 3S)-3-Methanesulfonyloxy-2-methanesulfonyloxymethyl-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 24B (1.8 g, 8.25 mmol) was treated with methanesulfonyl chloride (Aldrich, 2.37 g, 20.7 mmol) and triethylamine (3.3 g, 33.1 mmol) in methylene chloride (50 mL) at 0 C. for 4 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was diluted with ethyl acetate (100 mL), washed with saturated NaHCO 3 (310 mL) and brine (210 mL). The organic solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 hexanes:EtOAc=40:60, v.) to provide the title compound (3.0 g, 8.0 mol, 97% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 1.45-1.54 (s, 9H), 2.14-2.28 (m, 1H), 2.28-2.46 (m, 1H), 3.08-3.19 (m, 6H), 3.51 (dd, J=9.8, 5.8 Hz, 2H), 4.19 (s, 1H), 4.25-4.46 (m, 2H), 5.24 (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 374 (M+H) + .

Example 24D

(2R, 5R)-6-Benzyl-2,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 24C (3.0 g, 8 mmol) was treated with benzyl amine (Aldrich, 2.67 g, 25 mmol) in toluene (50 mL) at 110 C. for 16 h. Toluene was removed under vacuum, and the residue was diluted with methylene chloride (50 mL), then washed with 1N NaOH solution (25 mL). The organic solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , hexanes/EtOAc=20/80, v.) to provide the title compound (1.8 g, 6.25 mol, 78% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 1.44 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 9H), 1.52-1.65 (m, J=8.3, 3.6 Hz, 2H), 3.15-3.21 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.76 (m, 4H), 3.99 (t, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 4.16-4.28 (m, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.35 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 289 (M+H) + .

Example 24E

(2R, 5R)-2,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 24D (0.8 g, 2.78 mmol) in MeOH (50 mL) was stirred with Pd/C (Aldrich, 5%, 120 mg) under 1 atmosphere of hydrogen at 50 C. for 2 h. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated to give 0.46 g of the title compound (2.3 mmol, 84% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 1.45 (d, J=10.2 Hz, 9H), 1.73-1.93 (m, 2H), 3.07 (dd, J=9.5, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 3.65-3.90 (m, 3H), 4.42 (s, 1H), 4.59 (t, J=5.6 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 199 (M+H) + .

Example 24F

(2R,5R)-6-Benzyl-2,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane

The product of Example 24D (1.0 g, 3.47 mmol) was treated with trifluoroacetic acid (5 mL) in methylene chloride (20 mL) at ambient temperature for 2 h. It was then concentrated, and the residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH/NH 4 OH=90/10/1, v.) to give 0.43 g of the title compound (2.29 mol, 66% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 61.68-1.88 (m, 1H), 1.91-2.06 (m, 1H), 3.53-3.80 (m, 4-H), 3.96 (s, 2H), 4.34-4.46 (m, J=6.4 Hz, 2H), 7.26-7.43 (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 189 (M+H) + .

Example 24G

(2R,5R)-2,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2,6-dicarboxylic Acid 6-benzyl Ester 2-tert-Butyl Ester

The product of example 24E (6.83 g, 34.5 mmol) and triethylamine (7 g, 69.0 mmol) in 50 ml methylene chloride was cooled to 0 C. then treated with CBzCl (6.45 g, 38 mmol), the mixture was stirred at 0 C. for 3 hours then concentrated under vacuum, after diluted with 50 ml Ethyl Acetate and washed with water (30 ml3), the organic solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , hexanes/EtOAc=40/60, v.) to provide the title compound (6.25 g, 18.8 mol, 55% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 1.37-1.53 (m, 9H) 1.75-1.94 (m, 1H) 2.17 (s, 1H) 3.42-3.61 (m, 2H) 3.77-3.91 (m, 1H) 4.03-4.23 (m, 1H) 4.40 (s, 1H) 4.89-4.98 (m, 1H) 5.02-5.19 (m, 2H) 7.17-7.45 ppm (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 333 (M+H)+350 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 24H

(2R,5R)-2,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-6-carboxylic Acid Benzyl Ester

The product of Example 24G (1.2 g, 3.61 mmol) was treated with trifluoroacetic acid (5 mL) in methylene chloride (20 mL) at ambient temperature for 2 h. It was then concentrated, and the residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH/NH 4 OH=90/10/1, v.) to give 0.6 g of the title compound (2.59 mol, 72% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 1.85-2.02 (m, 1H) 2.31-2.46 (m, 1H) 3.54-3.77 (m, 2H) 3.78-3.92 (m, 1H) 4.25-4.37 (m, 1H) 4.41-4.49 (m, 1H) 5.00 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H) 5.11 (s, 2H) 7.27-7.42 ppm (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 233 (M+H) + .

Example 25

(1R,4R)-2-(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1 heptane 4-methylbenzenesulfonate

Example 25A

tert-butyl(1R,4R)-5-benzyl-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylate

(1R,4R)-2-(benzyl)-2,5-diazabicylo[2.2.1]heptane dihydrobromide (12.4 g, 35.5 mmol), prepared as described in (J. Med. Chem., (1990) 33, 1344) and K 2 CO 3 (16.2 g, 117 mmol) in 100 mL of DMF were treated with di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (8.1 g, 37 mmol) at ambient temperature. After stirring for 16 hours, the mixture was filtered and the filtrate diluted with water (500 mL). The mixture was extracted with Et 2 O (3300 mL). The extracts were combined, washed with 50% brine (1020 mL), dried over MgSO 4 , and the solvent removed under reduced pressure to provide the title compound (9.7 g, 94%). 1 H NMR (DMSO-d 6 , 300 MHz) 1.62 (m, 1H), 1.79 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 2.51 (m, 1H), 2.75 (m, 1H) 3.07 (t, J=10.2 Hz, 1H), 3.32-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.67 (s, 1H), 4.16 (d, 9.8 Hz, 1H), 7.19-7.33 ppm (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 199 (M+H) + , 216 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 25B

tert-butyl(1R,4R)-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylate

The product from Example 25A (2 g, 6.9 mmol) in 50 mL of EtOH was treated with 10% Pd/C (150 mg) under an H 2 atmosphere (1 atm) for 16 hours. The mixture was filtered and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to yield 1.28 g (93.4%) of the title compound. 1 H NMR (DMSO-d 6 , MHz) 1.39 (s, 9H), 1.54 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 1.58 (t, J=9.5 Hz, H), 2.70-2.81 (M, 2H), 3.50 (dd, J=1.02, 10.50. 1H), 3.17 (m, 1H), 3.50 (s, 1H), 4.17 ppm (d, J=10.17 Hz, H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 199 (M+H) + , 216 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Examples 31-89

General Procedures for Coupling with 3-Chloro-6-phenylpyridazines

Method (A): The bicyclic secondary amine (5 mmol) was combined with 3-chloro-6-phenylpyridazine (Aldrich, 7.5 mmol) in toluene (50 mL). Cesium carbonate (5.5 mmol), 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 0.3 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.2 mmol) were added, and the mixture was evacuated, then purged with N 2 (three times). The mixture was warmed under N 2 to 85 C. for 12-72 h. The reaction was cooled to room temperature, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography to provide respective aminopyridazine.

Method B: The bicyclic secondary amine (4.1 mmol), 3-chloro-6-phenylpyridazine (Aldrich, 4.92 mmol) and triethylamine (1.7 mL, 12.3 mmol) were combined in dry toluene (30 mL) in a sealed tube and warmed to 110 C. for 1-5 days. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (10 mL) and H 2 O (10 mL) and the layers were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (25 mL). The combined extract was dried (Na 2 SO 4 ), concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by column chromatography to provide the respective aminopyridazine.

Method C: The bicyclic secondary amine (95 mmol), 3-chloro-6-phenylpyridazine (Aldrich, 95 mmol) and N,N-diisopropyl)ethylamine (50 mL) were combined with dimethylsulfoxide (50 mL) and the mixture was warmed to 105 C. for 24-60 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, diluted with water (300 mL) and extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (2150 mL). The combined extract was concentrated under vacuum, and the residue puridfied by column chromatography to provide the aminopyridazine.

Method D: The bicyclic secondary amine (1.4 mmol), 3-chloro-6-arylpyridazine (1.4 mmol) and N,N-(diisopropyl)ethylamine (0.3 mL, 1.7 mmol) were combined with 1,2-dichlorobenzene (1.5 mL). The mixture was heated in a sealed tube to 140 C. at 330 watts for 60 min in an Emry Creator microwave. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and loaded directly onto a silica column. The product was purified by column chromatography to provide the aminopyridazine.

General Procedures for Deprotection

Method FB: The Boc-protected amine (1 mmol) was dissolved in CH 2 Cl 2 (2 mL) and cooled in ice as trifluoroacetic acid (1 mL) was added over 5 min. The resulting solution was allowed to warm to room temperature over 1 h, then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by column chromatography (eluting with MeOH CH 2 Cl 2 NH 4 OH (10: 90: 1)) to provide the free base.

Method PD: A solution of the N-benzyl or Cbz-protected amine (1 mmol) in ethanol (10 mL) was stirred with Pd/C (100 mg, 10 wt %) under hydrogen (1-4 atm) at ambient temperature for 2-4 h. The mixture was purged with nitrogen, filtered through diatomaceous earth, and concentrated to give the free amine.

General Procedures for N-Methylation

Method EC: The Boc-protected or free amine (1 mmol) was combined with 36% aqueous formalin (1-2 mmol) and 88% formic acid (1-5 mL) was added. The mixture was warmed to 100 C. for 1-2 h, then cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by column chromatography chromatography (eluting with MeOHCH 2 Cl 2 NH 4 OH (10:90:1)) to provide the N-methylated free base, which was converted to a salt by one of procedures S1-S5.

Method RA: The free amine (1 mmol) and NaBH(OAc) 3 (1 mmol) in 36% aqueous formalin (10-20 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 5-20 h. The mixture was quenched with saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 (25 mL), extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (325 mL), dried (Na 2 SO 4 ) and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (eluting with MeOHCH 2 Cl 2 NH 4 OH (10:90: 1)) to provide the N-methylated free base, which was converted to a salt by one of procedures S1-S5.

Method MEPD: The free amine (1 mmol) and paraformaldehyde (1.1 mmol) in ethanol (10 mL) was stirred with Pd/C (100 mg, 10 wt %) under hydrogen (1-4 atm) at ambient temperature for 2-4 h. The mixture was purged with nitrogen, filtered through diatomaceous earth, and concentrated to give the free amine. The residue was purified by column chromatography (eluting with MeOHCH 2 Cl 2 NH 4 OH (10: 90:1)) to provide the N-methylated free base, which was converted to a salt by one of procedures S1-S5, below.

General methods for Salt Formation

Methods S1-S5: The base was combined with 1-2 equivalents of one of the following acids in the solvent indicated, and the resulting preciitate was isolated by filtration and dried to provide the named salt: Method S1: 4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid (EtOH-EtOAc) Method S2: fumaric acid (10% MeOH-ether) Method S3: HCl (EtOH-EtOAc) Method S4: Trifluoroacetic acid (10% MeOH-ether)

Method S5: L-tartaric acid (MeOH-EtOAc) StartingExampleMaterialConditionsResulting Compound31Example 1I1) A3-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane2) FBbis-p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.15(m, 4H), 2.35(s, 6H), 3.53(m, 1H),3.58(m, 1H), 4.32(m, 3H), 4.37(m, 1H), 7.22(m, 4H), 7.64(m, 3H), 7.68(m, 4H), 7.93(m, 2H), 7.97(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 8.36(d, J=9.3Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267; Anal. C 16 H 18 N 4 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S; C,H, N32Example 3I1) A3-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane2) FBbis(trifluoroacetate)3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.10(dq, J=15.3, 4.1Hz, 1H), 2.31(m,1H), 3.27(m, 1H), 3.72(ddd, J=12.2, 5.4, 3.7Hz, 1H), 3.83(dd, J=15.3,3.4Hz, 1H), 4.05(m, 2H), 4.22(dd, J=11.2, 9.2Hz, 1H), 4.61(dd, J=15.3,3.1Hz, 1H), 4.90(m, 1H), 7.54(m, 3H), 7.63(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.95(m,2H), 8.16(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 48.59; H, 4.08; N, 11.33. Found:C, 48.69; H, 4.34; N, 11.04.33Example 3I1) B3-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane2) FBbis-trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.10(m, 1H), 2.31(m, 1H), 3.24(m, 1H),3.73(dt, J=12.6, 5.7, 4.1Hz, 1H), 3.83(dd, J=15.3, 3.4Hz, 1H), 4.05(m,2H), 4.23(dd, J=11.2, 9.2Hz, 1H), 4.61(dd, J=15.3, 3.1Hz, 1H), 4.91(dt, J=9.3, 3.2, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.55(m, 3H), 7.64(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.95(m, 2H), 8.19ppm(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 48.59; H, 4.08; N, 11.33.Found: C. 48.15; H, 4.16; N, 11.07.34Example 181) B8-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane2) FBp-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.09(m, 1H), 2.34(s, 3H), 2.39(m, 2H),2.99(m, 1H), 3.22(m, 1H), 3.41(dd, J=14.4, 3.2Hz, 1H), 3.59(m, 1H),3.92(m, 2H), 4.19(t, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 4.78(m, 1H), 7.21(m, 3H), 7.51(m, 3H), 7.68(m, 2H), 7.92(m, 2H), 8.04ppm(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .1.35C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C,61.28; H, 5.82; N, 11.23. Found: C, 61.08; H, 5.88; N, 11.37.35Example 23B1) B3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.1]octane bis p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD3OD) 2.20(m, 2H), 2.36(s, 6H), 2.40(m, 2H),2.91(s, 3H), 3.27(m, 1H), 3.43(m, 1H), 3.43(m, 1H), 3.64(br d,J=11.9Hz, 1H), 5.02(m, 2H), 7.22(m, 4H), 7.62(m, 3H), 7.69(m, 4H), 7.94(m, 2H), 8.03(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 8.43ppm(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H);MS(DCI/NH3)m/z281(M+H)+; Anal. calculated forC17H20N4.2.3C7H8O3S.0.6H2O: C, 57.85; H, 5.81; N, 8.15. Found: C,57.58; H, 5.83; N, 8.46.36Example 6C1) C2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole2) FBtrifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.36(m, 4H), 3.65(m, 2H), 3.75(dd,J=11.5, 3.1Hz, 2H), 3.89(m, 2H), 7.46(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.53(m, 3H),7.96(m, 2H), 8.17(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .1.7CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 50.63; H, 4.31; N, 12.17.Found: C, 50.50; H, 4.14; N, 12.14.37Example 20D1) A6a-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) PDpyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 1.66(s, 3H), 2.02-2.15(m, 1H),2.40-2.54(m, 1H), 2.88-2.98(m, 1H), 3.42-3.49(m, 2H), 3.59-3.70(m, 2H), 3.82(dd, J=10.9, 8.1Hz, 1H), 4.20(d, J=12.5Hz, 1H), 6.68(s,2H), 7.15(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.39-7.53(m, 3H), 7.90-7.97(m, 3H);MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + . Anal. C 17 H 20 N 4 .C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.38Example 7J1) A(1S, 5S)-6-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.25(dd, J=13.2, 4.0Hz, 1H), 2.38(dd,J=12.2, 7.0Hz, 1H), 3.50(m, 1H), 3.74(d, J=12.3Hz, 1H), 3.87(d,J=12.9Hz, 1H), 3.90(dd, J=8.6, 3.4Hz, 1H), 4.29(t, J=8.3Hz, 1H);5.21(dd, J=6.4, 3.6Hz, 1H), 6.67(s, 2H), 6.99(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.52(m, 3H), 7.90-7.99(m, 3H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z253(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 15 H 16 N 4 .C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.3H 2 O: C, 61.05; H, 5.55; N, 14.99.Found: C, 61.27; H, 5.55; N, 14.63.39Example 8B1) A(1R, 5S)-3-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis-p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.24(s, 6H), 3.70(m, 2H), 3.81(dd,J=13.9, 5.7Hz, 1H), 3.88(dd, J=13.2, 4.0Hz, 1H), 4.32(m, 2H), 4.60(d,J=13.9Hz, 1H), 5.22(m, 1H), 7.19(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.62(m, 3H), 7.67(d,J=8.2Hz, 4H), 7.90-8.02(J=m, 3H), 8.40(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H).; MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z 253(M+H) + . Anal. Calculated for C 15 H 16 N 4 .2.00C 7 H 8 SO 3 : C, 58.37; H,5.41; N, 9.39. Found: C, 58.27; H, 5.29; N, 9.21.40Example 101) A(1S, 5R3-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis-p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.23(s, 3H), 3.34(m, 1H), 3.70(m, 1H),3.81(dd, J=13.9, 3.8Hz, 1H), 3.86(m, 1H), 4.32(m, 2H), 4.58(d, J=13.6Hz,1H), 5.22(m, 1H), 7.20(d, J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.62(m, 3H), 7.67(d, J=8.5Hz,2H), 7.80(m, 3H), 8.42(d, J=9.9Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z253(M+H) + . Anal. Calculated for C 15 H 16 N 4 .2.00C 7 H 8 SO 3 .1.00H 2 O: C, 56.66;H, 5.57; N, 9.11. Found: C, 56.59; H, 5.25; N, 8.80.41Example 25B1) B2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane2) FBp-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(300MHz, D 2 O) dppm 2.11-2.26(m, 1H) 2.40(s, 3H) 2.30-2.33(m, 1H) 3.52(s, 2H) 3.65-3.80(m, 1H) 3.80-3.99(m, 1H) 4.60-4.75(m, 2H) 7.24(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.37(d, J=8Hz, 2H) 7.53-7.64(m, 3H) 7.69(d, J=8Hz, 2H) 7.82-8.00(m, 3H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z257(M+H) + . Anal. Calculated for C15H16N4.1.1C 7 H 8 SO 3 Ca, 61.53, H 5.66,N12.68. Found C, 61.53, H, 5.50, N, 12.8242Example 21B1) A2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) S3c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic acid ethyl ester trihydrochloride 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 1.34(t, J=7.1Hz, 3H), 3.46-3.72(m, 4H), 3.78(dd, J=11.7, 7.0Hz, 1H), 3.93(dd, J=11.7, 4.6Hz, 1H), 4.02-4.20(m, 2H), 4.24-4.45(m, 3H), 7.40-7.75(m, 3H), 7.43-7.74(m, 3H), 7.86(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.91-8.14(m, 2H), 8.47(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H),8.46(d, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z339(M+H) + . Anal. Calculated forC 19 H 22 N 4 O 2 .3.00HCl.1.00H 2 O: C, 48.99; H, 5.84; N, 12.03. Found: C,49.12: H, 5.45; N, 12.43.43Example 21B1) A2,5-Bis-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) S3c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylic acid ethyl ester bishydrochloride 1 H NMR(MeOH-d4, 300MHz) 1.33(t, J=7.1Hz, 1H), 3.67-3.84(m, 1H), 3.86-4.03(m, 2H), 4.10(q, J=7.1Hz, 5H), 4.33(q, J=7.1Hz, 2H),4.44(d, J=11.9Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.71(m, 6H), 7.86(d, J=9.8Hz, 2H),7.90-8.12(m, 4H), 8.47(d, J=9.8Hz, 2H); MS(DCI/NH3)m/z493(M+H)+. Anal. Calculated for C29H28N6O2.2.45HCl.1.6C4H8O2: C,58.82; H, 6.03; N, 11.63. Found: C, 59.12; H, 5.65; N, 11.35.44Example 24E1) A(1R, 5R)-6-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane Bisfumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(300MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 1.98-2.14(m, 1H), 2.55(dd, J=14.2,5.4Hz, 1H), 3.69-3.84(m, 2H), 4.11(dd, J=10.3, 2.9Hz, 1H). 4.47(dd,J=10.5, 7.1Hz, 1H), 4.60-4.67(m, 1H), 5.22(t, J=5.1Hz, 1H), 6.75(s,4H), 7.05(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 7.42-7.54(m, 3H), 7.90-7.97(m, 3H);MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z253(M+H) + ; Anal. C 15 H 16 N 4 .2C 4 H 4 O 4 .1.2C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C,H, N.45Example 24F1) A(1R, 5R)-2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,6-diaza-2) PDbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(300MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 2.38-2.58(m, 2H), 3.64(dd, J=11.4,3.2Hz, 1H), 3.81-3.94(m, 1H), 4.15-4.26(m, 1H), 4.39(dd, J=11.4,5.9Hz, 1H), 5.05(dt, J=5.9, 3.1Hz, 1H), 5.22(t, J=6.1Hz, 1H), 6.68(s,2H), 7.25(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.40-7.53(m, 3H), 7.89-8.01(m, 3H);MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z253(M+H) + ; Anal. C 15 H 16 N 4 .1.2C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.46Example 25B1) B2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,5-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[2.2.1]heptane p-toluenesulfonate3) MEPD1H NMR MeOH-d 4 ,(300MHz) dppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.36-2.42(m, 1H)4) S12.39-2.61(m, 1H) 3.02(s, 3H) 3.86(s, 4H) 4.50(s, 1H) 5.12(s, 1H)7.20(dd, J=9, 4Hz, 3H) 7.34-7.60(m, 3H) 7.68(d, J=8Hz, 2H) 7.85-8.04(m, 3H), MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 16 H 18 N 4 .1.1C 7 H 8 SO 3 C, 62.73, , 5.51, N.12.35. Found C, 62.81, H, 5.90,N, 12.46.47Example 21B1) AEthyl 2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-2) RApyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-3a-carboxylate dihydrochloride3) S3 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 1.34(t, J=7.1Hz, 3H), 3.05(s, 3H),3.22-3.45(m, 4H), 3.96-4.25(m, 5H), 4.33(q, J=7.1Hz, 2H) 7.52-7.67(m, 3H) 7.84(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H) 7.91-8.07(m, 2H) 8.45(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H): MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z353(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 20 H 24 N 4 O 2 .2.00HCl.1.7H 2 O.0.20C 4 H 9 O 2 : C, 57.73; H, 6.42; N, 13.46. Found:C, 58.86: H, 5.21; N, 12.25.48Example 221) RA5-Methyl-2-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) PDc]pyridine trifluoroacetate3) D 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 1.87-2.26(m, 2H) 2.67-2.78(m, J=4.7Hz,4) S41H) 2.80-2.88(m, J=5.4Hz, 1H) 2.90(s, 3H) 3.22-3.29(m, J=5.1Hz,2H) 3.37-3.49(m, J=12.4, 4.6Hz, 2H) 3.55-3.65(m, 2H) 3.74(dd, J=10.5, 7.8Hz, 2H) 7.06(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H) 7.37-7.53(m, 3H) 7.89(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H) 7.89-7.96(m, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295; Anal.C 18 H 22 N 4 .C 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, H, N49Example 25B1) B2-Benzyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,5-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[2.2.1]heptane p-toluenesulfonate3) S11H NMR(300MHz, DEUTERIUM OXIDE) dppm 2.40(s, 3H) 2.41-2.59(m, 1H) 3.60(s, 2H) 3.88(s, 1H) 4.15(q, J=7Hz, 1H) 4.37-4.83(m, 5H) 7.22(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.37(d, J=8Hz, 2H) 7.47-7.65(m, 8H) 7.69(d,J=8Hz, 2H) 7.81-7.99(m, 3H)); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z343(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 22 H 22 N 4 O 2 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 67.68; H, 5.86; N, 10.89. Found:C, 67.43; H, 5.73; N, 10.72.50Example 20D1) A1-Benzyl-6a-methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) S2pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole difumarate 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm1.42-1.52(m, 3H), 1.64-1.77(m,1H), 1.99-2.22(m, 2H), 2.58-2.79(m, 2H), 2.81-2.92(m, 1H), 3.49-3.57(m, 1H), 3.64-3.96(m, 4H), 7.04(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.14-7.52(m,9H), 7.84(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.89-7.97(m, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z371(M+H) + ; Anal. C 24 H 26 N 4 .2C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.2H 2 O: C, H, N.51Example 6C1) C2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole dihydrochloride3) EC 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.96 and 3.03(rotamer s, 3H), 3.16(m,4) S31H), 3.47(m, 2H), 3.60(m, 1H), 3.77(m, 1H), 3.93(m, 3H), 4.01(m, 2H),7.58(m, 3H), 7.79 and 7.81(rotamer d, J=9.4Hz, 1H), 7.95(m, 2H), 8.41and 8.42(rotamer d, J=9.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 .2HCl.1.5H 2 O: C, 53.69; H, 6.63; N, 14.73. Found:C, 53.59; H, 6.72; N, 14.96.52Example 2D1) B6-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.1]octane p-toluenesulfonate3) EC 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.15(m, 1H), 2.34(s, 3H), 2.48(m, 1H),4) S12.95(s, 3H), 3.22(m, 3H), 3.31(m, 1H), 3.80(m, 1H), 4.12(m, 2H), 4.60(m, 1H), 7.21(m, 2H), 7.39(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.50(m, 3H), 7.69(m, 2H),7.94(m, 2H), 7.95(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H). MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ;Anal. C 17 H 20 N 4 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, H, N.53Example 5B1) B3-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) ECbicyclo[3.2.1]octane p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.16(m, 2H), 2.34(s, 3H), 2.88(s, 3H), 2.94(m, 1H), 3.24(m, 2H), 3.41(m, 1H), 3.64(m, 2H), 3.78(m, 2H), 7.21(m, 3H), 7.49(m, 3H), 7.67(m, 2H), 7.92(m, 2H), 7.98(m, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 63.69; H, 6.24; N, 12.38. Found: C, 64.10; H, 5.96;N, 11.81.54Example 41) B8-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-bicyclo[4.2.0]octane2) FBp-toluenesulfonate3) EC 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.10(m, 1H), 2.35(m, 1H), 2.36(s, 3H),4) S12.93(m, 1H), 3.20(m, 2H), 3.39(dd, J=14.2, 3.1Hz, 1H), 3.56(m, 1H),3.88(dd, J=7.8, 2.7Hz, 1H), 3.93(dd, J=14.6, 2.0Hz, 1H), 4.14(t, J=7.5Hz,1H), 4.73(dt, J=5.2, 2.5Hz, 1H), 7.10(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 7.22(d,J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.49(m, 3H), 7.70(d, J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.92(m, 2H), 7.97ppm(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ; Anal. calculatedfor C 16 H 18 N 4 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.25H 2 O: C, 62.35; H, 6.03; N, 12.65. Found: C,62.19; H, 6.00; N, 12.30.55Example 3I1) B8-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-2) ECbicyclo[4.2.0]octane p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.15(dq, J=14.9, 4.8Hz, 1H), 2.29(s,6H), 2.35(m, 1H), 3.02(m, 3H), 3.26(m, 1H), 3.72(dt, J=12.9, 4.8Hz,1H), 3.84(dd, J=15.3, 3.1Hz, 1H), 4.14(m, 2H), 4.32(dd, J=11.2, 4.8Hz,1H), 4.59(dd, J=15.6, 2.4Hz, 1H), 4.79(dt, J=9.5, 2.7Hz, 1H), 7.16(m,4H), 7.61(m, 3H), 7.63(m, 4H), 7.92(m, 2H), 7.93(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H),8.28(d, J=10.0Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculatedfor C 17 H 20 N 4 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S.H 2 O: C, 57.93; H, 5.96; N, 8.72. Found: C; 57.84;H, 5.75; N, 8.62.56Example 191) B3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[4.2.0]octane L-tartrate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.223) S5(m, 1H), 2.49(m, 1H), 2.81(m, 1H), 2.89(s, 3H), 3.02(ddd, J=12.0, 3.9Hz,1H), 3.26(m, 1H), 3.54(m, 1H), 3.75(dd, J=7.3, 1.9Hz, 1H), 4.07(m, 2H), 4.39(s, 2H), 4.69(m, 1H), 7.07(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 7.48(m, 3H), 7.92(m, 2H), 7.94ppm(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 .C 4 H 6 O 6 : C, 58.59; H, 6.09; N, 13.02.Found: C, 58.24; H, 5.97; N, 12.74.57Example 181)3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-2)bicyclo[4.2.0]octane L-tartrate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.223)(m, 1H), 2.50(m, 1H), 2.80(m, 1H), 2.88(s, 3H), 3.00(m, 1H), 3.24(dd, J=13.9, 3.4Hz, 1H), 3.55(m, 1H), 3.75(dd, J=7.3, 1.9Hz, 1H),4.07(m, 2H), 4.39(s, 2H), 4.68(m, 1H), 7.07(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.49(m, 3H), 7.92(m, 2H), 7.94ppm(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 ) m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 .1.2C 4 H 6 O 6 .1 H 2 O: C, 54.32; H,6.15; N, 11.71. Found: C, 54.94; H, 6.54; N, 11.37.58Example 23B1)3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-2)bicyclo[3.2.1]octane bis p-toluenesulfonate3) 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.20(m, 2H), 2.36(s, 6H), 2.40(m, 2H),2.91(s, 3H), 3.27(m, 1H), 3.43(m, 1H), 3.43(m, 1H), 3.64(br d,J=11.9Hz, 1H), 5.02(m, 2H), 7.22(m, 4H), 7.62(m, 3H), 7.69(m, 4H), 7.94(m, 2H), 8.03(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 8.43ppm(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H);MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .2.3C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.6H 2 O: C, 57.85; H, 5.81; N, 8.15. Found: C,57.58; H, 5.83; N, 8.46.59Example 81) A(1 S, 5S)-6-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.88(s, 3H), 3.37-3.60(m, 3H), 3.89(dd,4) S2J=11.2, 4.7Hz, 1H), 4.00-4.15(m, 2H), 4.48(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 4.90(m,1H), 6.69(s, 2.4H), 7.32(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.39-7.53(m, 3H), 7.90-8.02(m, 3H).; MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ; Anal.C 16 H 18 N 4 .1.2C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.5H 2 O: C, H, N.60Example 101) A(1R, 5S)-6-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis-p-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.31(s, 3H) 2.94-3.11(m, 3H), 3.45-3.774) S1(m, 2H), 4.06-4.36(m, 2H), 4.60(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 4.94-5.13(m, 1H), 7.18(d, J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.44-7.54(m, 3H), 7.60(d, J=9.5Hz,1H), 7.66(d, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 8.15(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 ) m/z267(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .1.34C 7 H 8 SO 3 .0.5H 2 O: C,60.23; H, 5.92; N, 11.07. Found: C, 60.32; H, 5.72; N, 10.67.61Example 71) A(1R, 5S)-3-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.00(s, 3H), 3.12(dd; J=12.2, 3.7Hz,4) S21H), 3.20(dd, J=12.2, 7.5Hz, 1H), 3.50(m, 1H), 3.89(d, J=12.2Hz, 1H),3.93(dd, J=8.4, 3.4Hz, 1H), 4.01(d, J=12.2Hz, 1H), 4.29(t, J=8.2Hz,1H), 5.21(dd, J=7.1, 3.7Hz, 1H), 6.69(s, 3H), 7.01(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H),7.38-7.52(m, 3H), 7.90-7.99(m, 3H).; MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .1.5C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.5H 2 O: C, 58.79; H, 5.61; N,12.47. Found: C, 58.86; H, 5.21; N, 12.25.62Example 1I1) A8-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-2) ECbicyclo[3.2.1]octane p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.13(m, 2H), 2.34(m, 2H), 2.35(s, 3H),2.93(br s, 3H), 3.23(m, 1H), 3.42(m, 1H), 4.15(m, 2H), 4.41(m, 2H),7.22(m, 2H), 7.40(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.49(m, 3H), 7.69(m, 2H), 7.93(m,2H), 7.97(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal.Calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.7H 2 O: C, 61.97; H, 6.37; N, 12.04.Found: C, 62.34; H, 6.17; N, 11.68.63Example 24E1) A(2R, 5R)-2-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane Fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.01-2.18(m, 1H) 2.33(dd, J=13.7, 5.3Hz,4) S21H) 2.73(s, 3H) 3.33-3.48(m, 2H) 4.11-4.19(m, 1H) 4.21-4.28(m, 1H) 4.30-4.38(m, 1H) 5.14(t, J=5.1Hz, 1H) 6.70-6.75(m, 3H)6.99(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H) 7.38-7.52(m, 3H) 7.86-7.95ppm(m, 3H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + .64Example 24H1) A(2R, 5R)-6-Methyl-2-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-2, 6-diaza-2) PDbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.27-2.43(m, 1H) 2.44-2.56(m,4) S2J=6.8Hz, 1H) 2.85(s, 3H) 3.74-3.90(m, 2H) 4.00(dd, J=10.7, 6.3Hz,1H) 4.08-4.18(m, 1H) 4.75-4.82(m, 1H) 4.91-4.99(m, 1H) 6.70(s,2H) 7.20(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H) 7.38-7.55(m, 3H) 7.87-8.02(m, 3H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z267(M+H) + .65Example 20G1) A1,6a-Dimethyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) PDpyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm1.59(s, 3H), 1.90-2.02(m, 1H),4) S22.41-2.56(m, 1H), 2.86(s, 3H), 2.91-3.02(m, 1H), 3.34-3.56(m, 3H), 3.65-3.72(m, 1H), 3.77-3.86(m, 1H), 4.22(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H),6.71(s, 3H), 7.18(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.40-7.53(m, 3H), 7.90-7.96(m,3H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 22 N 4 .C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.

Example 66

3-(4-Bromophenyl)-3-chloropyridazine

Example 66A

6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyridazin-3-one

A solution of 4-(4-bromo-phenyl)-4-oxo-butyric acid (Aldrich, 25.0 g, 97.3 mmol) in EtOH (100 mL) was treated with aqueous hydrazine (Aldrich, 55%, 9.1 mL, 100 mmol) at 80 C. for 2 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and the precipitate was collected by filtration and dried under vacuum to provide the title compound (24 g, 97% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ) 2.35-2.76 (m, 2H), 2.80-3.11 (m, 2H), 7.45-7.77 (m, 4H), 8.55 (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 253 (M+H) + , 255 (M+H) + .

Example 66B

6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-2H-pyridazin-3-one

The product of example 66A (24.0 g, 94.5 mmol) was dissolved in HOAc (200 mL) and treated with bromine (Aldrich, 18.81 g, 104.5 mmol) in acetic acid (20 mL) at ambient temperature. The brown mixture was then warmed to 100 C. for 1 h, cooled down to ambient temperature and diluted with of water (200 mL) while stirring. The white precipitate was isolated by filtration and dried under vacuum overnight to provide the title compound (25.0 g, 100%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ) 7.07 (d, J=10.2 Hz, 1H), 7.55-7.69 (m, 4H), 7.72 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 251 (M+H) + , 253 (M+H) + .

Example 66C

3-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-6-chloro-pyridazine

The product of example 66B (25.0 g, 99 mmol) was stirred with POCl 3 (200 mL) at 100 C. for 16 h. Most of the POCl 3 was removed by distillation, and the residue was qhenched by pouring onto crushed ice with vigorous stirring. The mixture was stirred for an additional 1 h. The white sold was filtered off, washed with water and dried under vacuum to provide the title compound (26.2 g, 97 mmol, yield, 98%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, MeOH-D 4 ) 7.64-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.86 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.93-8.08 (m, 2H), 8.19 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 269 (M+H) + , 271 (M+H) + .273(M+H) + .

Examples 67-69

The product of Example 66C was coupled to the listed amine according to the indicated method. Further processing as noted in the table below provided the title compounds. StartingExampleMaterialConditionsResulting Compound67Example 6C1) A2-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis hydrochloride3) RA 1 H NMR(D 2 O, 300MHz) 2.90(s, 3H), 3.05(m, 1H) 3.29-4.09(m, 94) S3H), 7.60(d, J=10.2Hz, 1H), 7.67(d, J=8.5Hz, 2H) 7.74(d, J=8.5Hz, 2H), 8.17(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z359(M+H) + , 361(M+H) + ;Anal. Calculated for C 17 H 19 BrN 4 .2.00HCl.2.00H 2 O: C, 43.61; H, 5.38; N,11.97. Found: C, 43.52; H, 5.12; N, 11.70.68Example 7J1) A(1S, 5S)-3-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.33(s, 6H), 3.68-3.89(m, 4H), 4.28-4.36(m, 2H), 4.60(d, J=13.9Hz, 1H), 5.24(t, J=6.3Hz, 1H), 7.19(d,J=8.1Hz, 4H) 7.65(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.78(d, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 7.82-8.08(m, 3H), 8.38(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z331(M+H) + , 333(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 15 H 15 BrN 4 .2.10C 7 H 8 SO 3 .0.50H 2 O: C,50.83; H, 4.71; N, 7.98. Found: C, 50.84; H, 4.64; N, 7.66.69Example 7J1) A(1S, 5S)-3-[6-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-6-methyl-2) FB3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane p-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.32(s, 3H), 2.90(S, 3H), 3.43-3.814) S1(m, 3H), 4.09-4.31(m, 3H), 4.60(d, J=13.9Hz, 1H), 5.03(dd, J=7.1,5.1Hz, 1H), 7.19(d, J=7.8Hz, 2H), 7.57(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.61-7.78(m, 4H), 7.90(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 8.14(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z 345(M+H) + , 347(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 16 H 17 BrN 4 .1.40C 7 H 8 SO 3 .0.50H 2 O: C, 52.05; H, 4.94; N, 9.41. Found: C,52.31; H, 4.89; N, 9.09.

Examples 70-74

The listed diamine was coupled with 3-(6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)-1H-indole in place of 3-chloro-6-phenylpyridazine, and further processed according to the listed methods, to provide the title compounds. ExampleStarting MaterialConditionsResulting Compound70Example 6C1) C3-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2) FB1H-indole Bis(trifluoroacetate)3) S2 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm3.32-3.49(m, 4H), 3.68(dd,J=11.5, 7.1Hz, 2H), 3.77(dd, J=11.5, 3.1Hz, 2H), 3.92-4.02(m, 2H), 7.19-7.31(m, 2H), 7.48-7.52(m, 1H), 7.65(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H),8.10(s, 1H), 8.27(d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 8.37(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z306(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 19 N 5 .2.15C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.71Example 121B1) C3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole Trifluoroacetate3) S2 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.99(s, 3H), 3.36-3.98(m, 10H), 7.17-7.32(m, 2H), 7.50(d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.65(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 8.09(s, 1H), 8.26(d, J=7.1Hz, 1H), 8.35(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z320(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 21 N 5 .2.1C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.72Example 101) C(1R, 5R)-3-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole Bis(trifluoroacetate)3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm3.52-3.61(m, 1H), 3.68(dd,J=13.7, 5.6Hz, 2H), 3.81(dd, J=11.4, 5.3Hz, 1H), 4.25(d, J=11.5Hz,1H), 4.33(dd, J=11.2, 8.5Hz, 1H), 4.51(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 5.18(d,J=6.1Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.34(m, 2H), 7.49-7.56(m, 1H), 7.81(d, J=9.8Hz,1H), 8.12(s, 1H), 8.17-8.24(m, 1H), 8.40(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z292(M+H) + ; Anal. C 17 H 17 N 5 .2.1CF 3 CO 2 H: C, H, N.73Example 81) C(1S, 5S)-3-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm3.46(dd, J=11.5, 6.4Hz, 1H),3.52-3.69(m, 2H), 3.80(dd, J=11.4, 5.3Hz, 1H), 4.21(d, J=11.2Hz,1H), 4.32(dd, J=11.0, 8.6Hz, 1H), 4.49(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 5.10-5.18(m, 1H), 7.16-7.31(m, 2H), 7.49(d, J=7.1Hz, 1H), 7.61(d,J=9.8Hz, 1H), 8.01(s, 1H), 8.18-8.29(m, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 ) m/z292(M+H) + ; Anal. C 17 H 17 N 5 .1.6C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.74Example 101) C(1R, 5R)-3-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-2) FByl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.95(s, 3H), 3.31-3.38(m, 14) S4H), 3.43(dd, J=13.6, 4.7Hz, 1H), 3.51-3.62(m, 1H), 3.93-4.04(m,1H), 4.13(d, J=11.2Hz, 1H), 4.17-4.27(m, 1H), 4.51(d, J=13.6Hz,1H), 4.92-5.00(m, 1H), 6.72(s, 4H), 7.11-7.24(m, 2H), 7.33(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.45(d, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.85(s, 1H), 7.97(d, J=9.5Hz,1H), 8.31(d, J=7.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z306(M+H) + ; Anal.C 18 H 19 N 5 .2.9C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.

Examples 75-85

The product of Example 6C was coupled with the chloropyridazines described in Examples 82A-E and processed according to the conditions listed in the table to provide the title compounds.

Example 82A

3-Chloro-6-(nitrophenyl)-pyridazine

To an ice-cold solution of 3-chloro-6-phenylpyridazine (Aldrich, 1.4 g, 7.5 mmol) in conc. sulfuric acid (30 mL) was added 90% nitric acid (0.6 mL, 15 mmol). After 15 min. the mixture was poured over ice (200 mL) and neutralized with 25% aq. NaOH. The resulting precipitate was collected by filtration and dried under vacuum. The crude product (1.84 g) was a 1:1:0.5 mixture of ortho:meta para isomers.

Example 82B

3-Chloro-6-(2-nitrophenyl)-pyridazine

The crude product from Example 82A was dissolved in warm methanol (80 mL) and allowed to crystallize for 18 h. The supernatant liquid was concentrated and the major component was isolated by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 0.5% methanol-CH 2 Cl 2 ) to give 560 mg of the pure ortho isomer (2.4 mmol, 32% yield). MS (ESI) m/z 236 (M+H) + .

Example 82C

3-Chloro-6-(4-nitrophenyl)-pyridazine

The precipitate (500 mg) from Example 82B was dissolved in warm ethanol (100 mL) and allowed to crystallize for 18 h. The solid was collected by filtration and washed with cold ethanol and dried to give 75 mg of the pure para isomer (0.32 mmol, 4% yield). MS (ESI) m/z 236 (M+H) + .

Exmaple 82D

3-Chloro-6-(3-nitrophenyl)-pyridazine

The supernate from Example 82C (300 mg) was concentrated to a solid (300 mg), which was dissolved in warm methanol (50 mL). A cloudy solution was obtained. The mixture was filtered and the supernate was concentrated. The resulting solid was dissolved in methanol, filtered and allowed to crystallize for 18 h. The solid was collected by filtration and dried to give 106 mg of the pure meta isomer (0.45 mmol, 6% yield). MS (ESI) m/z 236 (M+H) + .

Example 82E

3-Chloro-6-imidazol-1-yl-pyridazine

A solution of 3,6-dichloropyridazine (Aldrich, 300 mg, 2.0 mmol), imidazole (Aldrich, 163 mg, 2.4 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (620 mg, 4.8 mmol) in 1.5 mL 1,2-dichlorobenzene was heated in a sealed tube to 120 C. at 330 watts for 45 min in an Emry Creator microwave. The crude reaction mixture was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1% methanol-CH 2 Cl 2 ) to give 135 mg of the title compound (0.75 mmol, 38% yield) as the major product. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 181 (M+H) + . ExampleStarting MaterialConditionsResulting Compound75Example 82C1) D2-[6-(4-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.86(dd, J=11.5, 3.7Hz, 2H) 3.02-3.14(m, J=7.1, 3.4Hz, 2H) 3.21(dd, J=11.4, 7.6Hz, 2H) 3.55(dd,J=11.4, 3.2Hz, 2H) 3.75-3.86(m, 2H) 7.09(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H)7.98(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H) 8.17-8.25(m, 2H) 8.29-8.39(m, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z312(M+H) + ; Anal. C 16 H 17 N 5 O 2 .0.7H 2 O: C, H, N.76Example 82B1) D2-[6-(2-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.24-3.37(m, 4H) 3.57-3.65(m,2H) 3.65-3.72(m, 2H) 3.74-3.83(m, 2H) 6.67(s, 2H) 7.12(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H) 7.62(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H) 7.64-7.70(m, 2H) 7.78(td,J=7.5, 1.0Hz, 1H) 7.97-8.02(m, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z312(M+H) + .77Example 82D1) D2-[6-(3-Nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(DMSO-d 6 , 300MHz) 2.81(dd, J=6.6, 4.9Hz, 3H) 2.86-2.96(m, 1H) 3.04-3.20(m, 1H) 3.23-3.36(m, 2H) 3.47-3.58(m, 2H) 3.59-3.66(m, 2H) 3.66-3.82(m, 2H) 3.83(s, 3H) 7.05-7.16(m, 2H) 7.75-7.86(m, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z312(M+H) + .78Example 82C1) D2-Methyl-5-[6-(4-nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.36(s, 3H) 2.57(dd, J=9.8, 3.7Hz,2H) 2.82(dd, J=9.8, 7.5Hz, 2H) 3.06-3.17(m, 2H) 3.58(dd,J=10.9, 3.1Hz, 2H) 3.77(dd, J=11.0, 7.7Hz, 2H) 7.10(d, J=9.5Hz,1H) 7.98(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H) 8.17-8.27(m, 2H) 8.30-8.39(m,2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z326(M+H) + ; Anal. C 17 H 19 N 5 O 2 .0.3H 2 O: C,H, N.79Example 82D1) D2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-nitro-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole3) RA 1 H NMR(DMSO-d 6 , 300MHz) 3.11-3.22(m, 4H) 3.38-3.49(m,2H) 3.51-3.59(m, 2H) 3.64-3.74(m, 2H) 7.44-7.75(m, 2H)7.79-8.00(m, 2H) 8.97(s, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z326(M+H) + .80Example 82E1) C2-(6-Imidazol-1-yl-pyridazin)-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole hydrochloride3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.97(s, 3H) 3.35-3.51(m, 4H)4) S33.63-3.75(m, 4H) 3.75-3.86(m, 2H) 7.28(s, 1H) 7.30(d, J=9.8Hz,1H) 7.87(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H) 7.90(s, 1H) 8.61(s, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z271(M+H) + ; Anal. C 14 H 18 N 6 .1.5HCl: C, H, N.81Example 82E1) C2-(6-Imidazol-1-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis hydrochloride3) S3 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.33-3.42(m, 4H) 3.61-3.70(m, 2H) 3.72-3.77(m, 2H) 3.83-3.90(m, 2H) 7.35(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H)7.77-7.82(m, 1H) 8.01(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H) 8.29-8.32(m, 1H) 9.68(t, J=1.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z257(M+H) + ; Anal.C 13 H 16 N 6 .2.2HCl: C, H, N.

Examples 83-85

The title compounds were prepared by coupling the listed diamine with 3-(4-iodophenyl)-6-chloropyridazine (described in Example 83F) and processing according to the specified methods to provide the title salt.

Example 83

Example 83A

2-Bromo-1-(4-iodo-phenyl)-ethanone

A solution of bromine (79.3 g, 508 mmo) in glacial acetic acid (50 mL) was added at room temperature to a solution of 1-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-ethanone (Aldrich, 125 g, 508 mmol) in glacial acetic acid (600 mL). The mixture was stirred for 10 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with ethyl acetate (100 mL), and washed with brine (350 mL). The organic layer was concentrated, and the residue was crystallized from ethyl ether to provide the title compound as a yellow solid (150 g, 462 mmol, 91% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ) 4.39 (s, 2H), 7.69 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.87 ppm (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 246 (MBr) + 264 (MBr+NH 4 ) + .

Example 83B

2-[2-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-2-oxo-ethyl]-malonic Acid Diethyl Ester

Diethyl malonate (8 g, 50 mmol) was treated with sodium hydride (1.2 g, 50 mmol) in dry THF (120 mL) under nitrogen at 0 C. for 30 minutes. A solution of the product from Example 83A (15.8 g, 48.6 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added, and the mixture stirred for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (200 mL) and washed with brine (320 mL). The organic layer was concentrated to give the title compound as oil (15 g, 36 mmol, 74% yield): 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ) 1.25-1.32 (m, J=7.1, 7.1 Hz, 7H), 3.57 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 4.16-4.29 (m, 4H), 7.69 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.84 ppm (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 405 (M+H) + , 422 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 83C

2-[2-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-2-oxo-ethyl]-malonic Acid

The product of Example 83B (1 g, 2.5 mmol) was treated with NaOH solution (1 N, 7.5 ml, 7.5 mmol) in ethanol (5 mL) at 60 C. for 1.5 hours, and then filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum and the residue was diluted with water (20 mL) and acidified with HCl (6 N) to bring to pH=1. The resulting precipitate was collected by filtration and dried to provide the title compound as white solid (730 mg, 2.1 mmol, 84% yield): 1 H NMR (300 MHz, MeOH-D 4 ) 3.58 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.91 ppm (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 366 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 83D

6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyridazin-3-one

The product of Example 83C (25 g, 71.8 mmol) was treated with hydrazine hydrate (55% aq., 16 mL, 275 mmol) in ethanol (300 mL) at 78 C. for 60 hours. The mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was stirred with water (250 mL) for 1 h. The solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to provide the title compound (20.5 g, 68.3 mmol, 95.1% yield): 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ) 2.62 (t, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.45 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.75 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 8.51 ppm (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 301 (M+H)+318 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 83E

6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-2H-pyridazin-3-one

The product of Example 83D (20.5 g, 68.3 mmol) in glacial acetic acid (200 mL) was treated with a solution of bromine (12 g, 75 mmol) in glacial acetic acid (50 mL) at 100 C. for 1 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and stirred for an additional 16 h. Most of the acetic acid solvent was removed under vacuum, and the residue was stirred with water (250 mL) for 1 h. The solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to provide the title compound (20 g, 66.7 mmol, 98% yield): 1 H NMR (300 MHz, MeOH-D 4 ) 7.06 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.84 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 8.01 ppm (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 299 (M+H) + .

Example 83F

3-Chloro-6-(4-iodo-phenyl)-pyridazine

The product of Example 83E (20 g, 66.7 mmol) was treated with POCl 3 (200 mL) at 1000 for 16 hours. Most of the POCl 3 was removed by distillation, and the residue was poured into ice (500 g) slowly while stirring. The precipitated solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to provide the title compound (19.2 g, 60.7 mmol, 91% yield): 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) ppm 7.57 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.76-7.83 (m, 3H), 7.85-7.91 ppm (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 317 (M+H) + . ExampleStarting MaterialConditionsResulting Compound83Example 71) C(1R, 5S)-6-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-2) TFAbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane Trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm3.23-3.31(m, 1H), 3.39(dd,J=12.4, 7.3Hz, 1H), 3.47-3.60(m, 1H), 3.76(d, J=12.2Hz, 1H),3.82-3.93(m, 2H), 4.32(t, J=8.3Hz, 1H), 5.24(dd, J=6.4, 3.7Hz,1H), 7.04(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.69-7.76(m, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 7.86(d,J=8.5Hz, 2H), 7.95(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z379(M+H) + ; Anal. C 15 H 15 IN 4 .1.15C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.84Example 81) C(1S, 5S)-3-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane Trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm3.42(dd, J=11.4, 6.3Hz, 1H), 3.50-3.67(m, 2H), 3.78(dd, J=11.4, 5.3Hz, 1H), 4.20(d,J=11.5Hz, 1H), 4.30(dd, J=11.2, 8.5Hz, 1H), 4.51(d, J=13.6Hz,1H), 5.12(dd, J=6.8, 5.8Hz, 1H), 7.45(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.76(d,J=8.8Hz, 2H), 7.89(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 8.08(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z379(M+H) + ; Anal. C 15 H 15 IN 4 .1.85C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.85Example 81) C(1S, 5S)-3-[6-(4-Iodo-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-6-methyl-2) EC3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane Trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm3.02(s, 3H), 3.34-3.44(m,1H), 3.49(dd, J=13.7, 4.9Hz, 1H), 3.54-3.66(m, 1H), 4.04-4.22(m, 3H), 4.55(d, J=13.9Hz, 1H), 4.92-5.01(m, 1H), 7.35(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.76(d, J=8.5Hz, 2H), 7.88(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 8.01(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z393(M+H) + ; Anal.C 16 H 17 IN 4 .1.3C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.

Example 86

Examples 86A and 86B

The product of Example 6C (0.60 g, 2.8 mmol), 3,6-dichloro-4-methylpyridazine (Aldrich, 0.60 g, 3.7 mmol), Cs 2 CO 3 (1.4 g, 4.2 mmol), 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 0.12 g, 0.28 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.10 g, 0.11 mmol) were combined and the mixture was evacuated, then purged with N 2 (three times). This reaction mixture was warmed to 85 C., stirred for 18 h then cooled to ambient temperature and filtered. Purification via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes in EtOAc) yielded 0.40 g of the major regioisomer (5-(6-Chloro-5-methyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester, Example 86A, 1.2 mmol, 42% yield) and 0.27 g of the mino regioisomer (5-(6-Chloro-4-methyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester, Example 86B, 0.80 mmol, 28% yield). Major and minor regioisomer: MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 339 (M+H) + .

Examples 86-89

A chloropyridazinyl diamine (Example 86A or 86B) (0.40 g, 1.2 mmol), phenylboronic acid (0.29 g, 2.4 mmol), aqueous Na 2 CO 3 (2 M, 2 mL), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 43 mg, 0.047 mmol) and 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 50 mg, 0.12 mmol) were combined and evacuated, then purged with N 2 (three times). The mixture was stirred at 85 C. for 20 h then was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes in EtOAc) to provide the phenyl-substituted pyridazine. This product was processed through the deprotection, methylation (if applicable) and salt formation steps according to the conditions in the table below to provide the title compounds. StartingExampleMaterialConditionsResulting Compound86Example 86A1) FB2-(5-Methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) S1c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.35(s, 6H), 2.39(d, J=1.4Hz, 3H),3.43(m, 4H), 3.65(m, 2H), 3.77(dd, J=11.7, 2.9Hz, 2H), 3.95(m, 2H),7.22(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.57(m, 6H), 7.67(m, 4H); MS(DCI/NH 3 ) m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 59.59; H, 5.81;N, 8.97. Found: C, 59.35; H, 5.74; N, 8.81.87Example 86A1) FB2-Methyl-5-(5-methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) RApyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(300MHz,3) S1CD 3 OD) ppm2.35(s, 6H), 2.39(s, 3H), 2.99(s, 3H), 3.16(m, 2H), 3.48(m, 2H), 3.89(m, 6H), 7.22(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.58(m, 6H),7.68(m, 4H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 18 H 22 N 4 .2.25C 7 H 8 O 3 S.H 2 O: C, 57.92; H, 6.05; N, 8.01. Found: C, 57.55;H, 5.96; N, 8.31.88Example 86B1) FB2-(4-Methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) S5c]pyrrole bis-L-tartrate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.50(d, J=0.7Hz, 3H), 3.31(m, 4H),3.60(m, 4H), 3.71(m, 2H), 4.45(s, 4H), 7.48(m, 3H), 7.80(d, J=0.7Hz,1H), 7.95(m, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculatedfor C 17 H 20 N 4 .2C 4 H 5 O 5 : C, 51.72; H, 5.56; N, 9.65. Found: C, 51.89; H,5.47; N, 10.22.89Example 86B1) FB2-Methyl-5-(4-methyl-6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) RApyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole fumarate3) S2). 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.50(d, J=0.7Hz, 3H), 2.91(s, 3H), 3.25(m, 4H), 3.48(m, 2H), 3.64(m, 2H), 3.71(d, J=11.2Hz, 2H),6.68(s, 2H), 7.48(m, 3H), 7.81(d, J=1.0Hz, 1H), 7.95(m, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 18 H 22 N 4 .C 4 H 4 O 4 .H 2 O: C,64.09; H, 6.41; N, 13.59. Found: C, 63.78; H, 6.32; N, 13.27.

Examples 90-110

Example 90A

5-(6-Chloro-pyridazin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 6c (1.5 g, 7.1 mmol) was dissolved in 1,4-dioxane (35 mL). 3,6-Dichloropyridazine (Aldrich, 1.37 g, 9.2 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.28 g, 0.31 mmol), 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 0.38 g, 0.90 mmol), and Cs 2 CO 3 (6.97 g, 21.2 mmol) were added and the mixture was stirred at 85 C. for 18 h, then cooled to room temperature, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was triturated with 80% EtOAc-hexanes (50 mL) and the resulting solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to give 0.81 g of the title compound (2.5 mmol, 35% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 325 (M+H) + .

Examples 91-110

The General Procedures for preparing compounds described in Examples 91-110 are described below.

General Procedure for Suzuki Coupling

Method G: The The aryl chloride from Example 90 (5 mmol) and the listed arylboronic acid (6 mmol) were dissolved in 1,4-dioxane (50 mL). Cesium carbonate (14 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.3 mmol) and 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 0.8 mmol) were added, and the mixture was stirred at 85 C. and for 20 h. The reaction was then cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by column chromatography to provide the arylated pyridazine. Deprotection and/or N-methylation, followed by salt formation according to the procedures previously described in Example 31, provided the title compounds.

Method H: The aryl chloride from Example 90 (1.5 mmol) and the listed arylboronic acid (3 mmol) were stirred in toluene (25 mL). Aqueous Na 2 CO 3 (2M, 2.5 mL), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.06 mmol) and 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 0.15 mmol) were added, and the mixture was stirred at 85 C. for 16 h. The mixture was then cooled to ambient temperature, filtered through diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography to provide the arylated pyridazine. Deportection and/or N-methylation, followed by sal formation according to the procedures previously described in Example 31, provided the title compounds.

Method I: The aryl chloride from Example 90 (0.6 mmol) and the listed arylboronic acid (0.66 mmol) were combined in dioxane (15 mL). Cesium carbonate (0.72 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 9 mol) and Bu 3 P (Strem, 70 L of 10 wt % in hexanes, 24 mol) were added, and the mixture was warmed to 95 C. for 18 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, filtered through diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was purified by column chromatography to provide the arylated pyridazine. Deprotection and/or N-methylation, followed by salt formation according to the procedures previously described in Example 31, provided the title compounds.

Method MW: The aryl halide from Example 90 (0.5 mmol) and the arylboronic acid or arylboronic ester (1.5 mmol) were dissolved in dioxane-ethanol (1:1, 2 mL). Dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)-palladium(II) (Aldrich, 0.05 mmol) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)biphenyl(Strem, 0.0125 mmol) were added followed by 1 N Na 2 CO 3(aq) (1 mL) and the suspension was stirred for 5 minutes. The reaction mixture was heated in a sealed tube to 150 C. at 330 Watts for 10 min. in an Emry is Creator microwave. The reaction was then cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by HPLC (Xterra C 18 30, X 100 mm). The salt was prepared according to the procedures previously described in Example 31, to provide the title compounds. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound91o-tolyl boronic acid1) H2-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole bis-trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.36(s, 3H), 3.25(m, 2H), 3.39(m, 2H), 3.66(m, 2H), 3.75(dd, J=11.7, 3.2Hz, 2H), 3.90(m,2H), 7.39(m, 4H), 7.52(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.89ppm(d, J=9.5Hz,1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 49.61; H, 4.36; N, 11.02. Found: C,50.09; H, 4.47; N, 11.24.92m-tolyl boronic acid1) G2-(6-(3-methylphenyl)pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Bis(trifluoroacetate)3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.44(m, 3H), 3.30(m, 1H),3.40(m, 3H), 3.66(m, 2H), 3.76(m, 2H), 3.91(m, 2H), 7.36(m, 1H), 7.43(m, 1H), 7.54(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.70(m, 1H),7.79(m, 1H), 8.22(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. C 17 H 20 N 4 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, H, N.93p-tolyl boronic acid1) G2-(6-p-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.42(s, 3H), 3.40(m, 4H),3.66(m, 2H), 3.75(dd, J=11.9, 3.4Hz, 2H), 3.91(m, 2H),7.36(m, 2H), 7.54(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.85(m, 2H), 8.22ppm(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 .1.9CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 50.27; H, 4.44; N,11.27. Found: C, 50.23; H, 4.52; N, 11.57.943,5-1) G2-[6-(3,5-Dimethyl-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-dimethylphenylboronic2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetateacid3) S4 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.40(s, 6H), 3.38(m, 4H),3.66(m, 2H), 3.75(dd, J=11.7, 3.2Hz, 2H), 3.92(m, 2H),7.20(s, 1H), 7.56(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.56(s, 2H), 8.23(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 18 H 22 N 4 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 50.58; H, 4.63; N,10.72. Found: C, 50.66; H, 4.56; N, 10.66.95p-methoxyphenyl1) H2-[6-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-octahydro-boronic acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole hydrochloride3) S3 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.35(m, 2H), 3.43(m, 2H),3.66(m, 2H), 3.77(m, 2H), 3.88(s, 3H), 3.97(m, 2H), 7.11(m,2H), 7.72(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.93(m, 2H), 8.37(d, J=9.8Hz,1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z297(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .3HCl: C, 50.32; H, 5.71; N, 13.81. Found: C, 50.42;H, 6.11; N, 13.71.96Furan-3-yl boronic acid1) H2-(6-Furan-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm3.39(m, 4H), 3.65(m, 2H), 3.74(dd, J=11.7, 3.2Hz, 2H), 3.92(m, 2H), 7.00(dd,J=1.7, 0.7Hz, 1H), 7.56(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.69(t, J=1.7Hz,1H), 8.10(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.29(m, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 ) m/z257(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 14 H 16 N 4 O.2CF 3 CO 2 H: C,44.64; H, 3.75; N, 11.57. Found: C, 44.49; H, 3.70; N, 11.42.97Thiophen-3-yl boronic1) H2-(6-Thiophen-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.33(s, 3H), 3.32(m, 4H), 3.64(m, 2H), 3.71(m, 2H), 3.82(m, 2H), 7.21(m, 2H),7.27(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.56(dd, J=5.1, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.68(m,3H), 8.00(m, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z273(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 14 H 15 N 4 S.C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.5H 2 O: C, 54.53; H, 5.42;N, 10.38. Found: C, 54.58; H, 5.25; N, 10.58.98Thiophen-3-yl boronic1) H2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-acid2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.36(s, 3H), 2.94(s, 3H),4) S13.26(m, 2H), 3.38(m, 2H), 3.64(m, 4H), 3.77(m, 2H), 7.14(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.22(m, 2H), 7.53(dd, J=5.1, 3.1Hz, 1H),7.70(m, 3H), 7.88(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.93(dd, J=2.9, 1.2Hz,1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z287(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 15 H 18 N 4 S.C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 57.62; H, 5.71; N, 12.22. Found: C,57.49; H, 5.71; N, 12.07.995-indolyl boronic acid1) I5-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole Bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.31(s, 7.5H), 3.23-3.50(m, 4H), 3.58-3.72(m, 2H), 3.78(dd, J=11.7, 2.2Hz, 2H), 3.95(dd, J=11.2, 6.8Hz, 2H), 6.63(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.19(d, J=7.8Hz, 5H), 7.39(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.59(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.64-7.77(m, 7H), 8.19(s, 1H), 8.41(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H);MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z306(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 19 N 5 .2.3C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C,H, N.100N- = methylindol-5-yl1) I5-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-boronic acid2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-1-methyl-1H-indole Fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm3.19-3.39(m, 4H),3.56-3.79(m, 6H), 3.84(s, 3H), 6.52(dd, J=3.1, 0.7Hz, 1H), 6.67(s, 3H), 7.12(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.21(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.48(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.78(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.92(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.09(d, J=1.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 ) m/z320(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 21 N 5 .1.3C 4 H 4 O 4 .NH 4 O: C, H, N.102o-tolyl boronic acid1) H2-Methyl-5-(6-o-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-L-tartrate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.31(s, 3H), 2.94(s, 3H),4) S53.26(m, 2H), 3.40(m, 2H), 3.67(m, 4H), 3.80(m, 2H), 4.45(s, 4H), 7.17(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.32(m, 4H), 7.56(d, J=9.5Hz,1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 18 H 22 N 4 .2 C 4 H 6 O 6 : C, 52.52; H, 5.76; N, 9.42. Found: C,52.29; H, 5.82; N, 9.42.103m-tolyl boronic acid1) G2-Methyl-5-(6-(3-methylphenyl)pyridazin-3-yl)-2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole dihydrochloride3) RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.45(s, 3H), 2.96 and 3.024) S3(rotamer s, 3H), 3.20(m, 1H), 3.48(m, 2H), 3.61(m, 1H), 3.79(m, 1H), 3.98(m, 5H), 7.44(m, 2H), 7.81(m, 3H), 8.41 and8.44(rotamer d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295(M+H) + ;Anal. C 18 H 22 N 4 .2.5HCl.0.5H 2 O: C, H, N.104p-tolyl boronic acid1) G2-Methyl-5-(6-p-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) S3pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole di-hydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.43(s, 3H), 2.97(s, 3H),3.17(m, 2H), 3.54(m, 2H), 3.93(m, 6H), 7.40(d, J=7.8Hz, 2H), 7.76(m, 1H), 7.88(m, 2H), 8.38(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z295(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 18 H 22 N 4 .2HCl.1.7H 2 O:C, 54.33; H, 6.94; N, 14.08. Found: C, 54.79; H,7.01; N, 13.65.1053,5-dimethylphenyl1) G2-[6-(3,5-Dimethyl-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-5-boronic acid2) FBmethyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole di-3) RAhydrochloride4) S3 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.41(s, 6H), 2.97(s, 3H),3.17(m, 1H), 3.52(m, 3H), 3.91(m, 6H), 7.25(s, 1H), 7.58(s, 2H), 7.78(t, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 8.39(m, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z 309(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 24 N 4 .2HCl.1.7H 2 O:C, 55.39; H, 7.19; N, 13.60. Found: C, 55.21; H, 7.37; N,13.51.106Furan-3-yl boronic acid1)H2-(6-Furan-3-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-2)FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate3)RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.32(s, 6H), 2.99(s, 3H),4)S13.19(m, 1H), 3.49(m, 3H), 3.91(m, 6H), 6.97(m, 1H), 7.19(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.65(m, 5H), 7.72(m, 1H), 8.12(dd,J=27.8, 9.8Hz, 1H), 8.32(d, J=5.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z 271(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 15 H 18 N 4 O.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C,56.66; H, 5.57; N, 9.11. Found: C, 56.61; H, 5.56; N, 8.81.1071-(4-methylbenzene-1) I5-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-sulfonyl)indol-5-2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-1-(toluene-4-sulfonyl)-1H-indoleboronic acid3) S1 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.27(s, 6H), 2.35(s, 3H), 3.37-3.51(m, 4H), 3.57-3.72(m, 2H), 3.80(dd, J=11.9, 2.0Hz,2H), 3.99(dd, J=11.2, 6.8Hz, 2H), 6.86(d, J=3.7Hz, 1H),7.17(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.34(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 7.65(d, J=8.1Hz,4H), 7.71(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 7.79(d, J=3.7Hz, 1H), 7.86(d, J=8.5Hz, 2H), 7.92(dd, J=8.8, 1.7Hz, 1H), 8.11-8.20(m, 2H), 8.34ppm(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH3)m/z460(M+H)+; Anal. calculated for C 25 H 25 N 5 O 2 S.2.3C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C,57.69; H, 5.11; N, 8.18. Found: C, 57.34; H, 4.82; N 8.41.108p-methoxyphenyl1)H3-Methyl-8-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,8-diaza-boronic acid2)FBbicyclo[4.2.0]octane L-tartrate3)RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.22(m, 1H), 2.50(m, 14)S1H), 2.80(m, 1H), 2.88(s, 3H), 3.00(m, 1H), 3.24(dd, J=13.9,3.4Hz, 1H), 3.55(m, 1H), 3.75(dd, J=7.3, 1.9Hz, 1H), 4.07(m, 2H), 4.39(s, 2H), 4.68(m, 1H), 7.07(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H),7.49(m, 3H), 7.92(m, 2H), 7.94(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .1.2C 4 H 6 O 6 .1 H 2 O: C, 54.32; H, 6.15; N, 11.71.Found: C, 54.94; H, 6.54; N, 11.37.

Example 114-128

Example 114 A

2-(6-Chloro-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

The product from Example 90 (1.5 g, 4.6 mmol) was deprotected using Method FB to give 1.02 g of the title compound (4.6 mmol, 100% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.78 (dd, J=11, 4 Hz, 2H) 2.97-3.06 (m, 2H) 3.09-3.18 (m, 2H) 3.42 (dd, J=11, 4 Hz, 2H) 3.63-3.75 (m, 2H) 7.02 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H) 7.40 ppm (d, J=9 Hz, 1-H). MS m/z 225 (M+H) + .

Example 114B

2-(6-Chloro-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

The product from Example 114A (1.0 g, 4.5 mmol) was N-methylated using method EC to give 1.0 g of the title compound (4.4 mmol, 96% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.34 (s, 3H) 2.52 (dd, J=10, 4 Hz, 2H) 2.73-2.84 (m, 2H) 3.01-3.14 (m, 2H) 3.47 (dd, J=11, 3 Hz, 2H) 3.57-3.73 (m, 2H), 7.03 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H) 7.40 ppm (d, J=9 Hz, 1H). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 239 (M+H) + .

Examples 115-127

The aryl halide from Example 114B (0.5 mmol) and the arylboronic acid or arylboronic ester (1.5 mmol) were processed according to the procedure of method MW, and the product carried further through the listed procedures to provide the title compounds. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound1155-indolyl boronic acid1.I5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-(Frontier)2.S2yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole fumarate 1 HNMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.87(s, 3H), 3.18-3.43(m, 4H), 3.51-3.70(m, 4H), 3.72-3.81(m, 2H), 6.54(d,J=3.4Hz, 1H), 6.69(s, 2H), 7.17(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.29(d,J=3.4Hz, 1H), 7.48(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.72(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz,1H), 7.94(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.10(d, J=1.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z320(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 21 N 5 .1.2C 4 H 4 O 4 .H 2 O: C,H, N.1163-Methyl-5-(4,4,5,5-1.I3-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-tetramethyl-2.S2c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole fumarate[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2- 1 HNMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.36(s, 3H), 2.88(s, 3yl)-1H-indoleH), 3.21-3.38(m, 4H), 3.54-3.68(m, 4H), 3.74-3.81(m, 2H), 6.69(s, 2H), 7.05(d, J=1.0Hz, 1H), 7.17(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.42(dd, J=8.5, 0.7Hz, 1H), 7.70(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H),7.96(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.05(dd, J=1.7, 0.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z334(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 21 N 5 .1.2C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.3H 2 O:C, H, N.1173-amino-4-1.H2-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-methylphenyl boronic2.S2c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamineacid(Lancaster)hemifumarate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.20(s, 3H), 2.71(s, 3H), 3.02(dd, J=10.5, 4.1Hz, 2H), 3.18-3.41(m, 4H), 3.59-3.74(m, 4H), 6.66(s, 1H), 7.05-7.19(m, 3H), 7.30(d, J=1.4Hz,1H), 7.79(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z310(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 23 N 5 .0.6C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.9H 2 O: C, H, N.1184-aminophenyl boronic1.H4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-acid(Asymchem)2.S2yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine Fumarate 1 HNMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.90(s, 3H), 3.22-3.40(m, 4H), 3.55-3.67(m, 4H), 3.71-3.79(m, 2H), 6.69(s, 2H), 6.75-6.82(m, 2H), 7.12(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.64-7.72(m,2H), 7.80(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z296(M+H) + ;Anal. C 17 H 21 N 5 .1.3C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.5H 2 O: C, H, N.1194-indolyl boronic acd1. I4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-(Apollo)2. S2yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole Trifluoroacetate 1 HNMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.99(s, 3H), 3.21-4.00(m, 10H), 6.88(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.35(m, 1H), 7.42-7.52(m, 2H), 7.63(d, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 7.69(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H),8.38(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z320(M+H) + ; Anal.C 19 H 21 N 5 .2.15C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.1202-Benzofuran boronic acid3. I2-(6-Benzofuran-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-(Aldrich)4. S2octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm2.98(s, 3H), 3.33-4.08(m, 10H), 7.26-7.43(m, 3H), 7.52(s, 1H), 7.59(d, J=8.1Hz,1H), 7.70(d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 8.12(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z321(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 20 N 4 O.2.1C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H,N.1222-amino-5-pyridinyl1)MW5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-boronic acid2)S3yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-pyridin-2-ylamine 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.35(s, 3H) 2.52(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.78-2.89(m, 2H) 3.02-3.16(m, 2H) 3.47-3.58(m, 2H) 3.62-3.75(m, 2H) 6.67(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 7.05(d,J=10Hz, 1H) 7.76(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 8.05(dd, J=9, 3Hz, 1H)8.45(s, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z297(M+H) + ; Anal;C 16 H 20 N 6 .3.6HCl.1.38H 2 O123Pyrrole-3-boronic acid1)MW2-Methyl-5-[6-(1H-pyrrol-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2)DeSioctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole3)S3 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.34(s, 3H) 2.48(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.80-2.91(m, 2H) 3.00-3.13(m, 2H) 3.46-3.56(m, 2H) 3.56-3.70(m, 2H) 6.59-6.66(m, 1H) 6.75-6.83(m, 1H) 7.00(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.28-7.37(m, 1H) 7.62(d,J=9Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z270(M+H) + .124Thiphen-2-yl boronic1)MW2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-acid2)S3octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.35(s, 3H) 2.53(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.75-2.90(m, 2H) 3.01-3.15(m, 2H) 3.48-3.58(m, 2H) 3.63-3.75(m, 2H) 7.04(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.11(d,J=9Hz, 1H) 7.43(d, J=6Hz, 1H) 7.54(d, J=5Hz, 1H) 7.81(d, J=9Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z287(M+H) + ; Anal;C 15 H 18 N 4 S.3.5HCl.0.19H 2 O125Pyrazol-4-yl boronic1)MW2-Methyl-5-[6-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-acid2)S3octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.35(s, 3H) 2.52(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.79-2.90(m, 2H) 3.02-3.15(m, 2H) 3.49-3.58(m, 2H) 3.62-3.72(m, 2H) 7.04(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.69(d,J=9Hz, 1H) 8.11(bs, 2H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z271(M+H) + ;Anal; C 14 H 18 N 6 .4.08HCl.0.46C 4 H 8 O 2 1263-carbazole boronic1)MW3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-acid2)S3yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-9H-carbazole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.37(s, 3H) 2.55(dd,J=11, 3Hz, 2H) 2.82-2.94(m, 2H) 3.05-3.17(m, 2H) 3.54-3.63(m, 2H) 3.66-3.79(m, 2H) 7.12(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.17-7.23(m, 1H) 7.34-7.50(m, 2H) 7.54(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 7.93-8.04(m, 2H) 8.13(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 8.61(s, 1H); ); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z370(M+H) + ; Anal;C 23 H 23 N 5 .4.62HCl.0.87CH 3 OH127Furyl-2-boronic acid1)MW2-(6-Furan-2-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-methyl-2)S3octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm2.34(s, 3H) 2.52(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.75-2.90(m, 2H) 3.03-3.16(m, 2H) 3.50-3.60(m, 2H) 3.64-3.78(m, 2H) 6.54-6.62(m, J=13Hz, 1H)6.98-7.02(m, 1H) 7.05(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.64(s, 1H) 7.75(d,J=9Hz, 1H); MS(DCI/NH 3 )m/z271(M+H) + ; Anal;C 15 H 18 N 4 O.3.05HCl.0.98CH 3 OH

Example 128

Example 128A

5-(5-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-p]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To a solution of hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (7.0317 g, 33.2 mmol) in 180 mL toluene was added 2,5-dibromopyridine (22.03 g, 92.9 mmol), tris(dibenzylidenacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.6087 g, 0.664 mmol), 2,2-bis(diphenyphosphino)-1,1binaphthyl (BINAP, Aldrich, 1.0506 g, 1.68 mmol), and NaOtBu (Aldrich, 4.778 g, 49.7 mmol. The reaction mixture was heated to 90 C. under dry N 2 for 6 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and was filtered through diatomaceous earth and the residue was washed with 250 mL ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , gradient 5% to 60% EtOAc-hexanes) to give 7.71 g (20.6 mmol, 62% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz) 1.45 (s, 9H) 2.94-3.14 (m, 2H) 3.17-3.38 (m, 4H) 3.51-3.76 (m, 4H) 6.46 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H) 7.59 (dd, J=9, 3 Hz, 1H) 8.05 ppm (s, 1H).

Example 128B

2-(5-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

The product from Example 128A (7.6 g, 21 mmol) was deprotected using Method FB to give 5.5 g of the title compound (21 mmol, 100% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.75 (dd, J=11, 4 Hz, 2H) 2.90-3.02 (m, 2H) 3.07-3.17 (m, 2H) 3.34-3.38 (m, 2H) 3.51-3.63 (m, 2H) 6.49 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H) 7.59 (dd, J=9, 3 Hz, 1 H) 8.05 ppm (s, 1H). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 270 (M+H) + .

Example 128C

2-(5-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

The product from Example 128B (5.5 g, 20 mmol) was N-methylated using method EC to give 4.7 g of the title compound (1.7 mmol, 82% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.29-2.36 (m, 3H) 2.45 (dd, J=10, 4 Hz, 2H) 2.73-2.90 (m, 2H) 2.97 (s, 2H) 3.34-3.43 (m, 2H) 3.48-3.58 (m, 2H) 6.51 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H) 7.59 (dd, J=9, 3 Hz, 1H) 8.06 ppm (s, 1H). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 283 (M+H) + .

Examples 131-132

The product of Example 128A was coupled with the indicated boronic acid, and further processed according to the indicated procedures, to provide the title compound.

ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound131phenyl boronic acid1) H2-(5-Phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole trifluoroacetate 1 3) S4H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.33(br d, J=4.4Hz, 1H),3.37(m, 1H), 3.44(m, 1H), 3.70(m, 4H), 3.92(m, 2H), 7.08(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.52(m, 3H), 7.65(m, 2H), 8.18(br d,J=2.4Hz, 1H), 8.25(dd, J=9.5, 2.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 266(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 20 H 21 N 3 S.2.1CF 3 CO 2 H:C, 50.44; H, 4.21; N, 8.32. Found: C, 50.57; H, 4.38; N, 8.32.132phenyl boronic acid1) H2-(5-Phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) RAc]pyrrole trifluoroacetate3) FBThe product of Example 20A(0.20g, 0.55mmol) in 5 mL4) S4CH 2 Cl 2 was treated with 5 mL TFA as described in Example11D to give 0.233g of the title compound(0.46mmol, 84%yield). 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.33(br d, J=4.4Hz,1H), 3.37(m, 1H), 3.44(m, 1H), 3.70(m, 4H), 3.92(m, 2H),7.08(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.52(m, 3H), 7.65(m, 2H), 8.18(br d,J=2.4Hz, 1H), 8.25(dd, J=9.5, 2.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 266(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 20 H 21 N 3 S.2.1CF 3 CO 2 H:C, 50.44; H, 4.21; N, 8.32. Found: C, 50.57; H, 4.38; N, 8.32.

Examples 133-155

The product of Example 128C was coupled with the indicated boronic acid, and further processed according to the indicated procedures, to provide the title compound. ExampleReactantsConditionsResulting Compound1335-pyrimidine boronic1) MW2-Methyl-5-(5-pyrimidin-5-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-acid2) S4octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.44(s, 3H) 2.57-2.70(m, 2H) 2.91-3.03(m, 2H) 3.04-3.23(m, 2H) 3.44-3.58(m, 2H) 3.59-3.71(m, 2H) 6.73(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 7.86-7.97(m, 1H) 8.42(d, J=2Hz, 1H) 9.01(s, 2H) 9.06(s, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 282(M+H) + ; Anal. C 6 H 19 N 5 .2.6CF 3 CO 2 H: C,H, N.1344-pyrazole boronic acid1) MW2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-2) S3octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.46(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.79-2.93(m, 2H) 2.98-3.11(m, 2H) 3.44(d, J=22Hz, 2H) 3.51-3.60(m, 2H) 6.63(d, J=8Hz, 1H)7.74(dd, J=9, 2Hz, 1H) 7.86(s, 2H) 8.25(dd, J=2, 1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 270(M+H) + ; Anal. C 15 H 19 N 5 .3.6HCl: C,H, N.1353-cyanophenyl1) MW3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-boronic acid2) S3yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-benzonitrile 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.49(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.78-2.92(m, 2H) 3.01-3.14(m, 2H) 3.44-3.52(m, 2H) 3.57-3.71(m, 2H) 6.68(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.52-7.68(m, 2H) 7.83-7.90(m, 2H) 7.91-7.94(m, J=8Hz, 1H) 8.35(d, J=3Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 305(M+H) + ; Anal;C 19 H 20 ON 4 .3.3HCl.0.21H 2 O1362-methoxypyrimid-5-yl1) MW2-[5-(2-Methoxy-pyrimidin-5-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-boronic acid2) S3methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.49(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.78-2.90(m, 2H) 2.98-3.12(m, 2H) 3.43-3.51(m, 2H) 3.57-3.67(m, 2H) 4.04(s, 3H) 6.69(d, J=8Hz,1H) 7.81(dd, J=9, 3Hz, 1H) 8.29(d, J=3Hz, 1H) 8.75(s, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 312(M+H) + ; Anal;C 17 H 21 N 5 O.2.48HCl.0.08H 2 O1373,5-dimethylpyrazol-4-1) MW2-[5-(3,5-Dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-yl boronic acid2) S35-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.20(s, 6H) 2.35(s, 3H)2.46(dd, J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.81-2.94(m, 2H) 2.98-3.13(m,2H) 3.41-3.50(m, 2H) 3.51-3.62(m, 2H) 6.66(d, J=9Hz,1H) 7.48(dd, J=9, 2Hz, 1H) 7.93(s, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z298(M+H) + ; Anal; C 17 H 23 N 5 .1.6HCl.2.3H 2 O1381-methylpyrazol-4-yl1) MW2-Methyl-5-[5-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyridin-boronic acid2) S32-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.46(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.81-2.93(m, 2H) 2.96-3.11(m, 2H) 3.39-3.48(m, 2H) 3.50-3.60(m, 2H) 3.91(s, 3H) 6.62(d, J=9Hz,1H) 7.62-7.76(m, 2H) 7.85(s, 1H) 8.22(s, 1H); ); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 284(M+H) + ; Anal; C 16 H 21 N 5 .2.76HCl.0.16H 2 O1393,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-1) MW2-[5-(3,5-Dimethyl-isoxazol-4-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-5-yl boronic acid2) S3methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.26(s, 3H) 2.43(s, 3H)2.97(s, 3H) 3.11-3.23(m, 1H) 3.38-3.53(m, 2H) 3.54-3.67(m, 1H) 3.70-4.11(m, 6H) 7.26(t, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.96(d, J=18Hz, 1H) 8.00-8.11(m, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 299(M+H) + ; Anal; C 17 H 22 N 4 O.2.76HCl.0.16H 2 O1403-pyridyl boronic acid1) MW6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) S3[3,3]bipyridinyl dihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35(s, 3H) 2.50(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.79-2.92(m, 2H) 3.00-3.14(m, 2H) 3.44-3.53(m, 2H) 3.56-3.71(m, 2H) 6.71(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.42-7.54(m, 1H) 7.87(dd, J=9, 3Hz, 1H) 8.03(d, J=10Hz, 1H) 8.35(d, J=2Hz, 1H) 8.45(d, J=6Hz, 1H) 8.74(s, 1H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 281(M+H) + ; Anal;C 17 H 20 N 4 .2.35HCl.3.27H 2 O1414-pyridyl boronic acid1) MW6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) S3[3,4]bipyridinyl trihydroclhloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35(s, 3H) 2.51(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.78-2.91(m, 2H) 3.00-3.15(m, 2H) 3.44-3.56(m, 2H) 3.61-3.74(m, 2H) 6.70(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.58-7.75(m, 2H) 7.96(dd, J=9, 3Hz, 1H) 8.40-8.61(m, 3H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 281(M+H) + ; Anal; C 17 H 20 N 4 .3HCl.2.5H 2 O1424-cyanophenyl1) MW4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-boronic acid2) S3yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-benzonitrile 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.97(s, 3H) 3.34-3.61(m, 4H) 3.61-3.98(m, 6H) 7.05(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.82(s, 4H) 8.09-8.28(m, 1H) 8.30-8.50(m, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 305(M+H) + .143m-2-aminopyridine1) MW6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-boronic acid2) S3[3,3]bipyridinyl-6-ylamine trihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.47(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.81-2.92(m, 2H) 2.98-3.11(m, 2H) 3.39-3.50(m, 2H) 3.52-3.65(m, 2H) 6.65(d, J=9Hz, 2H) 7.59-7.80(m, 2H) 8.06(s, 1H) 8.19(s, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z296(M+H) + ; Anal; C 17 H 21 N 5 .3.0HCl.2.1H 2 O1443-pyrrolyl boronic acid1) MW2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrrol-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-2) DeSioctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.96(s, 3H) 3.34-3.60(m, 4H) 3.63-3.93(m, 6H) 6.44(s, 1H) 6.83(s, 1H) 7.12(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.20(s, 1H) 8.01(s, 1H) 8.25(dd, J=9, 2Hz,1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 269(M+H) + ; Anal;C 16 H 20 N 4 .2.9C 2 HF 3 O 2 .0.64H 2 O1452-pyrrolyl boronic acid1) MW2-Methyl-5-[5-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole3) S3 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.33(s, 3H) 2.45(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.81-2.92(m, 2H) 2.96-3.11(m, 2H) 3.39-3.47(m, 2H) 3.49-3.60(m, 2H) 6.07-6.15(m, 1H) 6.26-6.36(m, 1H) 6.61(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 6.71-6.80(m, 1H) 7.73(dd, J=9, 3Hz, 1H) 8.26(d, J=3Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z269(M+H) + ;1462-cyanopyridyl-3-1) MW6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-boronic acid2) S3[3,3]bipyridinyl-2-carbonitrile dihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35(s, 3H) 2.52(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.78-2.90(m, 2H) 3.02-3.14(m, 2H) 3.46-3.57(m, 2H) 3.62-3.73(m, 2H) 6.73(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.70(dd, J=8, 5Hz, 1H) 7.82(dd, J=9, 2Hz, 1H) 8.02(d, J=8Hz,1H) 8.31(d, J=3Hz, 1H) 8.63(d, J=6Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 306(M+H) + ; Anal; C 18 H 19 N 5 .2.22HCl.0.26H 2 O1473-furyl boronic acid1) MW2-(5-Furan-3-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-2) S3pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole dihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.46(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.80-2.92(m, 2H) 2.98-3.10(m, 2H) 3.38-3.49(m, 2H) 3.50-3.63(m, 2H) 6.62(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 6.68-6.76(m, 1H) 7.51-7.55(m, 1H) 7.71(dd, J=9, 2Hz, 1H)7.79(s, 1H) 8.22(d, J=2Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 270(M+H) + ; Anal; C 18 H 19 N 3 O.2.23HCl.1.78H 2 O1482-thienylboronic acid1) MW2-Methyl-5-(5-thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-2) S3octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole hydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.48(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.79-2.91(m, 2H) 2.98-3.11(m, 2H) 3.41-3.50(m, 2H) 3.53-3.66(m, 2H) 6.62(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.01-7.09(m, 1H) 7.19-7.25(m, 1H) 7.29(d, J=6Hz, 1H) 7.73-7.82(m, 1H) 8.30(d, J=3Hz, 1H); ); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 286(M+H) + ; Anal; C 16 H 19 N 3 S.1.61HCl.2.3H 2 O1493-thienylboronic acid1) MW2-Methyl-5-(5-thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-2) S3octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole dihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.47(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.80-2.92(m, 2H) 2.98-3.12(m, 2H) 3.39-3.50(m, 2H) 3.52-3.66(m, 2H) 6.64(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 7.34-7.40(m, 1H) 7.43-7.51(m, 2H) 7.83(dd, J=9, 2Hz, 1H)8.29-8.38(m, 1H); ); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 286(M+H) + ; Anal;C 16 H 19 N 3 O.2.05HCl.2.27H 2 O1505-benzofuran boronic1) MW2-(5-Benzofuran-5-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-acid2) S3octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole dihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.36(s, 3H) 2.50(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.82-2.95(m, 2H) 2.99-3.13(m, 2H) 3.43-3.52(m, 2H) 3.53-3.66(m, 2H) 6.69(d, J=9Hz, 1H) 6.83-6.90(m, 1H) 7.42-7.49(m, 1H) 7.51-7.58(m, 1H) 7.70-7.79(m, 2H) 7.85(dd, J=9, 2Hz, 1H) 8.27-8.35(m, 1H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 320(M+H) + ; Anal;C 20 H 21 N 3 O.2.23HCl.2.02H 2 O1512-furyl boronic acid1) MW2-(5-Furan-2-yl-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-2) S3pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole dihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34(s, 3H) 2.47(dd,J=10, 4Hz, 2H) 2.80-2.91(m, 2H) 2.98-3.12(m, 2H) 3.40-3.51(m, 2H) 3.54-3.66(m, 2H) 6.44-6.49(m, 1H) 6.55-6.58(m, 1H) 6.63(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 7.46-7.52(m, 1H) 7.81(dd, J=9, 2Hz, 1H) 8.37(d, J=2Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z270(M+H) + ; Anal; C 16 H 19 N 3 O.2.27HCl.1.27H 2 O1523-carbazole boronic1) MW3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-acid2) FSS3yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-9H-carbazole trihydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 Cl) ppm 2.45(s, 3H) 2.49-2.62(m,2H) 2.93-3.05(m, 2H) 3.05-3.18(m, 2H) 3.48-3.57(m, 2H) 3.58-3.70(m, 2H) 6.55(d, J=8Hz, 1H) 7.39-7.52(m, 3H) 7.54-7.61(m, 1H) 7.81(dd, J=9, 3Hz, 1H) 8.08-8.11(m, 1H) 8.11-8.14(m, 1H) 8.19(s, 1H) 8.52(d, J=2Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 369(M+H) + ; Anal;C 24 H 24 N 4 .3.09HCl.1.96CH 3 OH1535-indolyl boronic acid1) I5-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-2) S2yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole Fumarate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.93(s, 3H), 3.19-3.39(m, 4H), 3.50(dd, J=10.5, 6.8Hz, 2H), 3.57-3.75(m, 4H), 6.48(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 6.71(s, 3H), 6.78(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.25(d, J=3.4Hz, 1H), 7.29(dd, J=8.5, 2.0Hz, 1H), 7.44(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.70(d, J=1.4Hz, 1H), 7.90(dd, J=8.8,2.4Hz, 1H), 8.36(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 319(M+H) + ; Anal. C 20 H 22 N 4 .1.7C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.4H 2 O: C, H, N.1544-indolyl boronic acid1. I4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-2. S4yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole Trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.99(s, 3H), 3.33-4.05(m, 10H), 6.55(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.10(d, J=7.4Hz, 1H), 7.18(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 7.22(t, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.36(d,J=3.4Hz, 1H), 7.47(d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 8.22(s, 1H), 8.32(dd, J=9.2, 2.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 319(M+H) + ; Anal.C 20 H 22 N 4 .2.1C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.

Example 155

2-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-2H-pyridazin-3-one

To the product from Example 128C (0.1992 g, 0.70 mmol) was added pyridazinone (Strem, 0.108 g, 1.13 mmol), CuI (Aldrich, 0.048 g, 0.76 mmol), and K 2 CO 3 (Aldrich, 0.354 g, 2.56 mmol) in 25 mL pyridine. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 2 days. An additional amount of pyridazinone (0.018 g, 0.187 mmol) and CuI (0.026 g, 0.40 mmol) was added. The reaction was allowed to reflux an additional 3 days. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was partitioned between CH 2 Cl 2 (50 mL) and NH 4 OH aq (25 mL). The organic layer was dried over MgSO 4 , concentrated and purified via HPLC (Xterra C 18 , 30100 mm, gradient 20% to 70% CH 3 CN/NH 4 HCO 3 , flow rate 40 ml/min) to give 0.145 g, (0.49 mmol, 69% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.34 (s, 3H) 2.49 (dd, J=10, 4 Hz, 2H) 2.80-2.90 (m, 2H) 3.00-3.13 (m, 2H) 3.44-3.53 (m, 2H) 3.57-3.68 (m, 2H) 6.65 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H) 7.06 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H) 7.46 (dd, J=9, 4 Hz, 1H) 7.74 (dd, J=9, 3 Hz, 1H) 8.03 (d, J=5 Hz, 1H) 8.26 (d, J=3 Hz, 1H). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 298 (M+H) + .

Example 156A

5-(6-Chloro-pyridin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 6C (5 g, 23.6 mmol), 5-bromo-2-chloropyridine (Aldrich, 5.02 g, 28.3 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.43 g, 0.47 mmol), 2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-binaphthyl (BINAP, Strem, 0.59 g, 0.94 mmol) and tert-BuONa (3.63 g, 37.8 mmol) in 50 mL toluene was warmed to 85 C. and allowed to stir for 20 h. The mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 3.86 g of the title compound (12 mmol, 42% yield) as the major product. MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 324 (M+H) + .

Examples 156-187

The product of Example 156A was coupled with the indicated boronic acid, and processed according to the methods listed in the table below. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound156Phenyl boronic acid1) H2-(6-Phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-2) FBtrifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 3.32(m, 4H), 3.623) S4(m, 6H), 7.57(m, 3H), 7.68(dd, J=9.2, 2.7Hz, 1H), 7.81(m, 2H), 8.01(m, 2H) MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 266(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 19 N 3 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 51.12; H, 4.29; N, 8.52. Found: C, 51.12; H, 4.12;N, 8.37.1573-Biphenyl boronic1) G2-(6-Biphenyl-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-acid2) FBc]pyrrole trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.33(m, 4H), 3.63(m, 6H), 7.39(m, 1H),7.48(m, 2H), 7.67(m, 4H), 7.79(m, 2H), 8.07(m, 3H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z342(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 23 H 23 N 3 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 56.94: H, 4.42; N,7.38. Found: C, 56.64; H, 4.39; N, 7.09.158o-tolyl boronic acid1) H2-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-2) FBtrifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.30(s, 3H), 3.303) S4(m, 3H), 3.35(m, 1H), 3.62(m, 6H), 7.41(m, 4H), 7.70(m, 2H), 8.05(m, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 280(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 18 H 21 N 3 .2.1CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 51.39; H, 4.49; N, 8.10. Found: C, 51.56; H,4.43; N, 8.11.159m-tolyl boronic acid1) I2-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole2) FBbis-trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.45(s, 3H),3) S43.26(m, 2H), 3.36(m, 2H), 3.63(m, 6H), 7.36(m, 1H), 7.45(t, J=7.5Hz,1H), 7.61(m, 2H), 7.67(dd, J=9.2, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.99(dd, J=5.9, 2.9Hz, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 280(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 18 H 21 N 3 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 52.09; H, 4.59; N, 8.28. Found: C, 52.10; H, 4.44;N, 8.23.160m-(trifluoromethyl)1) I2-[6-(3-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-phenyl2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetateboronic acid3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.28(m, 4H), 3.56(m, 6H), 7.37(dd,J=8.8, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.67(m, 2H), 7.87(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.10(m, 2H), 8.18(m, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 334(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 18 F 3 N 3 .1.6CF 3 CO 2 H: C,H, N.161m-tolyl boronic acid1) G2-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole bis-trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm3) S43.28(m, 2H), 3.35(m, 2H), 3.62(m, 6H), 3.89(s, 3H), 7.10(m, 1H),7.37(m, 2H), 7.47(t, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 7.66(dd, J=9.2, 2.7Hz, 1H), 8.00(dd, J=6.1, 2.7Hz, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 296(M+H) + ; Anal. calculatedfor C 18 H 21 N 3 O.2 CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 50.48; H, 4.43; N, 8.03. Found: C, 50.68; H,4.51; N, 8.09.1623-trifluoromethoxy-1) G2-[6-(3-Trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-phenyl boronic acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 3) S4ppm 3.26(m, 2H), 3.34(m, 2H), 3.56(m, 6H), 7.31(m, 1H), 7.38(dd,J=8.8, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.57(t, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 7.79(s, 1H), 7.84(m, 1H),7.85(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.10(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 350(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 18 H 18 N 3 F 3 O.1.5 CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 47.74; H, 3.72;N, 7.95. Found: C, 47.83; H, 3.60; N, 7.80.163Thiophen-3-yl1) G2-(6-Thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-boronic acid2) FBc]pyrrole bis-trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm3) S43.26(m, 2H), 3.36(m, 2H), 3.55(m, 4H), 3.65(m, 2H), 7.58(dd, J=8.8,3.1Hz, 1H), 7.62(m, 2H), 7.94(m, 1H), 7.96(s, 1H), 7.99(dd, J=2.4, 1.7Hz,1H) MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 272(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 15 H 17 N 3 S.2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 45.69; H, 3.83; N, 8.41. Found: C, 46.00; H, 3.74; N, 8.51.1658-quinoline boronic1) G8-[5-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-acid2) FBquinoline tris-trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm3) S43.30(m, 2H), 3.39(m, 2H), 3.69(m, 6H), 7.82(m, 2H), 7.89(t, J=7.8Hz,1H), 8.23(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 8.28(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 8.55(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.59(dd, J=7.5, 1.0Hz, 1H), 8.73(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 9.15(dd,J=4.7, 1.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 317(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 20 H 20 N 4 .3CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 47.43; H, 3.52; N, 8.51. Found: C, 47.67; H, 3.55;N, 8.53.1663-aminophenyl1) G3-[5-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-boronic acid2) FBphenylamine trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.27(m, 1H), 3.34(m, 3H) 3.57(m, 4H),3.64(m, 2H), 7.07(ddd, J=7.8, 2.4, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.37(m, 2H), 7.42(m,1H), 7.62(dd, J=9.1, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.95(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.00(d, J=2.7Hz,1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .2.7CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 45.74; H, 3.89; N, 9.52. Found: C, 45.86; H,3.90; N, 9.69.1672-naphthalene1) G2-(6-Naphthalen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-boronic acid2) FBc]pyrrole bis-trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm3) S43.30(m, 2H), 3.37(m, 2H), 3.64(m, 6H), 7.59(m, 2H), 7.70(dd, J=9.0,2.9Hz, 1H), 7.92(m, 1H), 7.98(m, 2H), 8.05(d, J=5.1Hz, 1H),8.07(s,1H), 8.15(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 8.35(m, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 316(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 21 H 21 N 3 .2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 55.25; H, 4.27; N, 7.73.Found: C, 55.16; H, 4.23; N, 7.63.1682-benzofuran1) G2-(6-Benzofuran-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-boronic acid2) FBc]pyrrole bis-trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm3) S43.31(m, 4H), 3.58(m, 6H), 7.30(m, 4H), 7.54(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.63(m, 1H), 7.94(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.06(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 306(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 19 N 3 O.2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 51.79; H,3.97; N, 7.88. Found: C, 51.52; H, 3.71; N, 7.69.169Benzo[b]thiophen-2-1) I2-(6-Benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-yl boronic acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.26(m, 4H), 3.45(m, 2H), 3.55(m, 2H),3.63(m, 2H), 7.21(dd, J=8.8, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.32(m, 2H), 7.73(br s, 1H),7.78(m, 1H), 7.83(m, 2H), 8.03(br d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z322(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 19 N 3 S.1.1CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 56.98; H,4.53; N, 9.40. Found: C, 57.11; H, 4.44; N, 9.21.1703-furanyl boronic1) G5-(6-Furan-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-C]pyrroleacid2) FBtrifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.25(m, 2H), 3.33(m, 2H), 3.55(m, 4H),3.64(m, 2H), 6.97(dd, J=2.0, 1.0Hz, 1H), 7.60(dd, J=9.2, 3.1Hz, 1H),7.70(dd, J=1.7, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.87(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 7.91(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H),8.19(dd, J=1.4, 1.0Hz, 1H). MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 256(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 15 H 17 N 3 O.2CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 47.21; H, 3.96; N, 8.69. Found: C,47.17; H, 4.01; N, 8.651713-Biphenyl boronic1) G2-(6-Biphenyl-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.34(s, 3H), 2.96(s, 3H), 3.35(m, 6H),4) S13.62(m, 4H), 7.21(m, 2H), 7.36(m, 2H), 7.46(m, 2H), 7.53(m, 1H), 7.63(ddd, J=7.8, 1.7, 1.0Hz, 1H), 7.69(m, 4H), 7.81(ddd, J=7.8, 1.7, 1.0Hz,1H) 7.82(m, 1H), 8.10(dd, J=2.0, 1.4Hz, 1H), 8.15(br d, J=2.7Hz, 1H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 356(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 24 H 25 N 3 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.5H 2 O: C, 69.38; H, 6.39; N, 7.83. Found: C, 69.24; H,6.27; N, 7.78.172o-tolyl boronic acid1) H2-Methyl-5-(6-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole bis-L-tartrate3) S5 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.26(s, 3H), 2.93(s, 3H), 3.30(m, 6H), 3.66(m, 4H), 4.45(m, 4H), 7.26(m, 4H), 7.34(m, 2H), 8.11(m, 1H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 294(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 23 N 3 .2. C 4 H 6 O 6 : C,54.08; H, 5.90; N, 6.90. Found: C, 53.91; H, 5.72; N, 6.51.173m-tolyl boroic acid1) H2-Methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole bis-L-tartrate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.24(m, 2H), 2.41(s, 3H), 2.93(s, 34) S5H), 3.31(m, 4H), 3.62(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 3.69(m, 2H), 4.45(s, 4H), 7.18(d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.31(m, 2H), 7.61(d, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.66(s, 1H),7.70(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.11(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 294(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 23 N 3 .2.3C 4 H 6 O 6 : C, 53.04; H, 5.81; N,6.58. Found: C, 52.65; H, 6.16; N, 6.28.174m-(trifluoromethyl)1) I2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-phenyl2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole L-tartrate3) RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.93(s, 3H), 3.34(m, 6H) 3.65(m, 4H),4) S54.44(s, 4H), 7.30(dd, J=8.8, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.63(m, 2H), 7.81(d, J=8.8Hz,1H), 8.12(m, 1H), 8.17(br d, J=3.1Hz, 1H) 8.19(m, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 348(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 20 F 3 N 3 .2.1C 4 H 6 O 6 : C, H, N.175Phenyl boronic acid1) G2-Methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) FBc]pyrrole L-tartrate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.87(s, 3H), 3.30(m, 6H), 3.60(m, 44) S5H), 4.40(s, 2H), 7.29(dd, J=8.8, 2.7Hz, 1H), 7.35(m, 1H), 7.44(m, 2H),7.71(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.83(m, 2H), 8.12(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 280(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 18 H 18 N 3 F 3 O.1.05 C 4 H 6 O 6 :C, 61.02; H, 6.30; N, 9.62. Found: C, 61.00; H, 5.99; N, 9.46.1763-methoxyphenyl1) G2-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-5-methyl-octahydro-boronic acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-L-tartrate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.93(s, 3H), 3.30(m, 6H), 3.61(m, 24) S5H), 3.70(m, 2H), 3.85(m, 3H), 4.44(m, 4H), 6.92(m, 1H), 7.32(m, 4H),7.71(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.12(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 310(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 23 N 3 O.2.25 C 4 H 6 O 6 .H 2 O: C, 50.56; H,5.83; N, 6.32. Found: C, 50.47; H, 5.92; N, 6.45.1773-trifluoromethoxy-1) G2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-phenyl boronic acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-L-tartrate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.93(s, 3H), 3.33(m, 6H), 3.63(d,4) S5J=8.5Hz, 2H), 3.70(m, 2H), 4.45(s, 4H), 7.25(m, 1H), 7.28(dd, J=8.8,3.1Hz, 1H), 7.52(t, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 7.77(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.80(m, 1H),7.86(d, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 8.16(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 364(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 23 N 3 O.2 C 4 H 6 O 6 : C, 48.87; H, 4.86: N,6.33. Found: C, 48.54; H, 4.89; N, 6.22.1783-nitrophenyl1) G2-Methyl-5-[6-(3-nitro-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrroleboronic acid2) FBp-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35(s, 3H), 2.94(s, 3H), 3.26(m, 34) S1H), 3.43(m, 3H), 3.68(m, 3H), 3.99(m, 1H), 7.22(m, 2H), 7.33(m, 1H),7.69(m, 3H), 7.88(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.21(m, 2H), 8.28(m, 1H), 8.77(dd, J=1.9, 1.9Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 325(M+H) + ; Anal. calculatedfor C 18 H 20 N 4 O 2 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S.H 2 O: C, 58.35; H, 5.88; N, 10.89. Found: C,58.19; H, 5.64; N, 10.64.179Thiophen-3-yl1) G2-Methyl-5-(6-thiophen-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-boronic acid2) FBtoluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.36(s, 3H), 2.93(s, 3H), 3.30(m, 64) S1H), 3.59(m, 4H), 7.22(d, J=7.8Hz, 2H), 7.27(dd, J=8.8, 3.1Hz, 1H),7.47(dd, J=5.1, 3.1Hz, 1H), 7.58(dd, J=5.1, 1.4Hz, 1H), 7.68(m, 3H),7.77(dd, J=2.9, 1.2Hz, 1H), 8.05(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z286(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 19 N 3 S.C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 60.37; H, 5.95; N,9.18. Found: C, 60.12; H, 5.92; N, 9.03.1818-quinoline boronic1) G8-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline p-acid2) FBtoluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35(s, 3H), 2.93(s, 3H), 3.33(m, 64) S1H), 3.61(m, 4H), 7.22(d, J=7.8Hz, 2H), 7.37(dd, J=8.6, 2.9Hz, 1H),7.57(dd, J=8.3, 4.2Hz, 1H), 7.71(m, 3H), 7.86(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.98(ddd, J=14.1, 7.6, 1.4Hz, 2H), 8.19(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H), 8.42(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz,1H), 8.87(dd, J=4.2, 1.9Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 331(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 21 H 22 N 4 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 66.91; H, 6.02; N, 11.15. Found:C, 66.80; H, 5.91; N, 11.14.1822-naphthalene1) G2-Methyl-5-(6-naphthalen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrroleboronic acid2) FBp-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35(s, 3H), 2.95(s, 3H), 3.34(m, 64) S1H), 3.64(m, 4H), 7.22(m, 2H), 7.34(dd, J=8.8, 2.7Hz, 1H), 7.50(m, 2H), 7.70(m, 2H), 7.90(m, 4H), 8.02(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 8.18(d,J=2.7Hz, 1H), 8.32(m, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 330(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 22 H 23 N 3 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 69.43; H, 6.23; N, 8.38. Found: C,69.06; H, 5.86; N, 8.05.183Benzo[b]thiophen-2-1) I2-(6-Benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-yl boronic acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.36(s, 3H), 2.93 and 2.98(rotamer s,4) S43H), 3.27(m, 2H), 3.29(m, 2H), 3.42(m, 2H), 3.65(m, 3H), 3.98(m, 1H),7.22(m, 2H), 7.32(m, 3H), 7.70(m, 2H), 7.75(br s, 1H), 7.78(m, 1H), 7.84(dd, J=7.1, 2.0Hz, 1H), 7.85(br d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 8.07(br d, J=2.4Hz,1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 322(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 20 H 21 N 3 S.1.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S.H 2 O: C, 60.90; H, 5.87; N, 7.50. Found: C, 60.93;H, 5.74; N, 7.31.1843-furanyl boronic1) G2-(6-Furan-3-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-acid2) FBc]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.35(s, 4H) 2.95(m, 4H), 3.29(m, 3H),4) S13.42(m, 3H), 3.64(m, 3H), 6.93(dd, J=2.0, 1.0Hz, 1H), 7.21(m, 3H), 7.47(m, 1H), 7.64(dd, J=1.7, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.68(m, 3H), 7.72(m, 1H), 7.97(m,1H), 8.11(dd, J=1.4, 1.0Hz, 1H). MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 270(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 15 H 17 N 3 O.1.5C 7 H 8 O 2 S: C, 60.32; H, 5.92; N, 7.96. Found:C, 60.34; H, 6.00: N, 8.11.

Examples 185-187

The product of Example 156 was processed according to the method EC to afford 2-(6-chloropyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole, which was coupled with the specified boronic acid and converted to the title salts according to the methods listed in the table. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound1855-indolyl boronic acid1) I5-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) S2pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole Trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.97(s, 3H), 3.33-3.83(m,10H), 6.62(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.40(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.54(dd,J=8.7, 1.6Hz, 1H), 7.61(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.86(dd, J=9.0, 2.2Hz,1H), 7.93(s, 1H), 8.05(s, 1H), 8.12(d, J=9.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 319(M+H) + ; Anal. C 20 H 22 N 4 .2.1C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.1864-indolyl boronic acid1) I4-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) S2pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole Trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.98(s, 3H), 3.13-4.11(m,10H), 6.65(dd, J=3.2, 0.8Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.37(m, J=3.7, 3.7Hz, 2H), 7.44-7.50(m, 1H), 7.58-7.67(m, 1H), 7.82-7.93(m, 1H),8.06(s, 1H), 8.14(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 319(M+H) + ;Anal. C 20 H 22 N 4 .2C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.1875-quinoline boronic1) I5-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-acid2) S3pyridin-2-yl]-quinoline Hydrochloride 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.00(d, J=12.2Hz, 3H), 3.03-3.41(m, 2H), 3.41-3.82(m, 8H), 4.03(dd, J=12.0, 7.3Hz, 1H),7.68-7.77(m, 1H), 7.93(dd, J=8.8, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.97-8.09(m, 2H), 8.17-8.25(m, 1H), 8.26-8.37(m, 2H), 9.10(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H),9.21(d, J=5.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 331(M+H) + ; Anal.C 21 H 22 N 4 .3.5HCl.C 2 H 6 O: C, H, N.

Example 188

6a-Methyl-5-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole fumarate

The diamine from Example 20G was coupled to 5-bromo-2-chloropyrdine according to the procedure of Example 156A. The product was in turn coupled with m-tolyl boronic acid according to the procedure of method G, and further processed according to methods PD and S2 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 1.66 (s, 3H), 2.06-2.13 (m, 1H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 2.44-2.54 (m, 1H), 2.84-2.93 (m, 1H), 3.35-3.62 (m, 4H), 4.00 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 6.69 (s, 2.2H), 7.19-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.59-7.72 (m, 3H), 8.09 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 294 (M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 23 N 3 1.1C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.

Examples 191-197

The product of Example 10 was reacted with 3,6-dichloropyridazine according to the procedure of Example 90, and the material was in turn coupled to the boronic acid and processed further according to the conditions listed in the table below: ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound191p-tolyl boronic acid1) H(1R, 5R)-3-(6-p-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.32(s, 6H), 2.45(s, 3H), 3.38-3.99(m, 4H), 4.28-4.40(m, 2H), 4.56(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 5.03-5.34(m, 1H), 7.19(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.44(m, 2H) 7.66(d, J=8.1Hz,4H) 7.76-8.00(m, 3H) 8.37(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 267(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .2.00C7H8SO3: C,59.00; H, 5.61; N, 9.17. Found: C, 58.92; H, 5.54; N, 9.08.192o-tolyl boronic acid1) H(1R, 5R)-3-(6-o-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.35(s, 6H), 2.39(s, 3H), 3.54-3.80(m, 3H), 3.84(dd, J=11.0, 5.3Hz, 1H), 4.17-4.43(m, 2H),4.56(d, J=13.9Hz, 1H), 5.19(t, J=6.1Hz, 1H), 7.22(d, J=8.1Hz,4H) 7.33-7.59(m, 2H) 7.68(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.92(d, J=9.5Hz,1H), 8.11(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 267(M+H) + ; Anal.Calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .2.00C 7 H 8 SO 3 .1.00H 2 O: C, 57.31; H, 5.77;N, 8.91. Found: C, 57.90; H, 5.60; N, 8.79.193m-tolyl boronic acid1) H(1R, 5R)-3-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.32(s, 6H), 2.48(s, 3H), 3.58-3.99(m, 4H), 4.20-4.40(m, 2H), 4.58(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 5.22(t,J=6.3Hz, 1H), 7.19(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.39-7.58(m, 2H) 7.66(d,J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.70-7.86(m, 2H) 7.94(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 8.40(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 267(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 16 H 18 N 4 .2.10C 7 H 8 SO 3 .1.40H 2 O: C, 56.35; H, 5.79; N, 8.47.Found: C, 56.60; H, 5.78; N, 8.13.1943,4-methylenedioxy-1) H(1R, 5R)-3-(6-Benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-benzeneboronic2) FB3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)acid3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.33(s, 6H), 3.55-3.70(m, 2H),3.78(dd, J=12.1, 5.8Hz, 1H), 3.88(dd, J=11.9, 5.1Hz, 1H), 4.20-4.364.36(m, 2H), 4.56(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 5.21(t, J=5.8Hz, 1H), 6.11(s, 2H), 7.04(d, J=8.2Hz, 1H), 7.20(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.46-7.52(m, 2H), 7.65(d, J=8.4Hz, 4H), 7.88(d, J=9.9Hz, 1H), 8.33(d,J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 297(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 16 H 16 N 4 O 2 .2.00C 7 H 8 SO 3 : C, 56.24; H, 5.03; N, 8.74. Found: C,56.01; H, 4.94; N, 8.51.195p-tolyl boronic acid1) H(1R, 5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-p-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-2) FBdiaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.40(s, 3H), 2.89(s, 3H), 3.31-3.664) S1(m, 3H), 3.91(dd, J=10.7, 4.6Hz, 1H), 4.10-4.18(m, 2H),4.50(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 4.68-4.97(m, 1H), 6.68(s, 2H), 7.18-7.44(m, 3H), 7.84(d, J=8.5Hz, 2H), 7.95(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 281(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .1.10C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.50H 2 O: C, 61.90; H, 6.12; N, 13.49.Found: C, 61.97; H, 5.77; N, 13.72.196o-tolyl boronic acid1) H(1R, 5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-o-tolyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-2) FBdiaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHZ) 2.35(s, 6H), 2.38(s, 3H), 3.054) S1(s, 3H), 3.58-3.85(m, 3H) 4.20(d, J=6.4Hz, 2H), 4.30(d,J=10.5Hz, 1H), 4.64(d, J=14.6Hz, 1H) 4.98-5.18(m, 1H), 7.21(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.35-7.59(m, 4H), 7.68(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H) 7.95(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H) 8.15(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 281(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 .2.10C 7 H 8 SO 3 .1.00H 2 O: C,57.69: H, 5.93; N, 8.49. Found: C, 57.50; H, 5.60; N, 8.79.1973,4-methylenedioxy1) H(1R, 5R)-3-(6-Benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-6-benzeneboronic2) FBmethyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-acid3) RAtoluenesulfonate)4) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.31(s, 6H), 3.04(s, 3H), 3.52-3.79(m, 3H), 4.05-4.38(m, 3H), 4.61(d, J=13.9Hz, 2H), 5.07(t,J=6.3Hz, 1H), 6.10(s, 2H), 7.03(d, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.18(d, J=7.8Hz,4H), 7.35-7.56(m, 2H), 7.64(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.75(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.22(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 311(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 17 H 18 N 4 O 2 .2.10C 7 H 8 SO 3 .1.00H 2 O: C,56.87; H, 5.23; N, 8.56. Found: C, 56.85; H, 5.37; N, 8.74.

Examples 204-208

The product of Example 8B was reacted with 3,6-dichloropyridazine according to the procedure of Example 90, and the material was in turn coupled to the boronic acid and processed further according to the conditions listed in the table below: ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound2045-indolyl boronic1) MW(1S, 5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-acid2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole Fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.29-3.38(m, 1H), 3.45(dd, J=13.6, 5.1Hz, 1H), 3.51-3.65(m, 1H), 3.78(dd, J=11.4, 5.3Hz,1H), 4.17(d, J=11.2Hz, 1H), 4.30(dd, J=11.0, 8.6Hz, 1H),4.48(d, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 5.10(dd, J=7.1, 5.1Hz, 1H), 6.55(d,J=2.4Hz, 1H), 6.71(s, 2H), 7.30(d, J=3.4Hz, 1H), 7.34(d, J=9.5Hz,1H), 7.50(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.75(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 8.02(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.13(s, 1H); MS(APCl/NH 3 ) m/z 292(M+H) + ;Anal. C 17 H 17 N 5 .1.5C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.5H 2 O: C, H, N.2055-indolyl boronic1) MW(1S, 5S)-5-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-acid2) RAyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole Bis(trifluoroacetate)3) S4 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.02(s, 3H), 3.43-3.72(m,4H), 4.07-4.29(m, 2H), 4.53-4.66(m, 1H), 5.03(s, 1H), 6.64(d, J=4.1Hz, 1H), 7.39(d, J=3.4Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.64(m, 1H),7.67-7.73(m, 1H), 7.78(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H), 8.20(d, J=1.4Hz, 1H), 8.39(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 306(M+H) + ; Anal.C 18 H 19 N 5 .2C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.2064-indolyl boronic1) MW(1S, 5S)-4-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-acid2) S4yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1 H-indole Bis(trifluoroacetate) 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.03(s, 3H), 3.45-3.73(m,4H), 4.09-4.30(m, 2H), 4.63(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 5.04(s, 1H),6.81(dd, J=3.4, 1.0Hz, 1H), 7.32(t, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.43-7.49(m,2H), 7.63(d, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.75(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 8.33(d, J=9.5Hz,1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 306(M+H) + ; Anal.C 18 H 19 N 5 .2.5C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.2075-(4,4,5,5-1) MW(1S, 5S)-3-(6-Benzofuran-5-yl-pyridazin-3-yl)-6-tetramethyl-1,3,2-2) S4methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptanedioxaborolan-2-yl)-Bis(trifluoroacetate)1-benzofuran 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.03(s, 3H), 3.46-3.72(m,4H), 4.09-4.29(m, J=16.3Hz, 2H), 4.56-4.68(m, 1H), 5.04(s,1H), 6.99(dd, J=2.4, 1.0Hz, 2H), 7.68(d, J=5.4Hz, 1H), 7.71(d,J=4.4Hz, 1H), 7.88(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H), 7.93(dd, J=8.8, 2.0Hz, 1H), 8.24(d, J=1.7Hz, 1H), 8.30(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 307(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 18 N 4 O.2.5C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, H, N.208p-aminobenzene1) I(1S, 5S)-4-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-boronic acid2) FBpyridazin-3-yl]-phenylamine tri(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.33(s, 9H), 3.76-4.05(m, 4H),4.20-4.40(m, 2H), 4.58(d, J=13.9Hz, 1H) 5.22(t, J=5.9Hz, 1H)7.20(d, J=8.5Hz, 6H) 7.36(d, J=8.5Hz, 2H) 7.67(d, J=8.1Hz, 6H) 7.91(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H) 8.01(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H) 8.37(d, J=9.8Hz,1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 268(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 15 H 17 N 5 .3.23C 7 H 8 SO 3 .0.50H 2 O: C, 54.26; H, 5.31; N, 8.41.Found: C, 53.93; H, 4.82; N, 8.02.

Example 209-211

The product of Example 7J was reacted with 3,6-dichloropyridazine according to the procedure of Example 90, and subjected to N-methylation according to method EC. The material was in turn coupled to the boronic acid and processed further according to the conditions listed in the table below: ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound2093-thienyl boronic1) MW(1R, 5S)-3-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-acid2) S4yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-thiophene trifluroacetate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.08(s, 3H), 3.19-3.38(m, 2H), 3.51-3.61(m, 1H), 3.91(dd, J=8.6, 3.2Hz, 1H), 4.02(dd,J=25.1, 12.2Hz, 2H), 4.30(t, J=8.3Hz, 1H), 5.23(dd, J=6.6, 3.6Hz,1H), 7.01(d, J=9.2Hz, 1H), 7.54(dd, J=5.1, 2.7Hz, 1H), 7.71(dd, J=5.1, 1.4Hz, 1H), 7.92(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.96(dd, J=3.1, 1.4Hz,1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 273(M+H) + ; Anal.C 14 H 16 N 4 S.1.3C 2 F 3 HO 2 .0.8H 2 O: C, H, N.2105-indolyl boronic acid1) I(1R, 5S)-5-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-2) FByl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole bis(trifluroacetate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 3.05(s, 3H), 3.50-3.61(m, 1H),3.88-4.08(m, 4H) 4.13(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 4.40(t, J=8.5Hz, 1H),5.30(dd, J=6.8, 3.7Hz, 1H), 6.59(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.43(m,2H) 7.55-(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.70(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 8.14(d,J=1.7Hz, 1H), 8.23(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 306(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 18 H 19 N 5 .2.00CF 8 CO 2 H.0.50H 2 O: C,50.09; H, 4.47; N, 12.43. Found: C, 49.97; H, 4.04; N, 12.07.2114-indolyl boronic acid1) MW(1R, 5S)-4-[6-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-2) S4yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole bis(trifluroacetate) 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.10(s, 3H), 3.30-3.41(m, 2H), 3.60-3.72(m, 1H), 3.99-4.09(m, 2H), 4.18(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 4.45(t, J=8.6Hz, 1H), 5.36(dd, J=6.8, 4.1Hz, 1H), 6.83(dd,J=3.2, 0.8Hz, 1H), 7.25-7.32(m, 1H), 7.39-7.46(m, 3H), 7.60(d, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 8.26(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 306(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 19 N 5 .2.4C 2 F 3 HO 2 .0.8H 2 O: C, H, N.

Example 212

3-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indazole bis(trifluoroacetate)

Example 212A

3-Methyl-5-trimethylstannanyl-indazole-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Hexamethylditin (4.73 g, 14.4 mmol) was added to a mixture of 3-methyl-5-bromo-indazole-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (3.0 g, 9.6 mmol) and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (1.1 g, 0.96 mmol) in toluene (50 mL). The solution was purged with nitrogen, and heated to 115 C. under nitrogen for 2 h. The black reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, loaded onto a column od silica gel and eluted with EtOAc-Hexane (5-30%) to provide the title compound (3.06 g, 80% yield): MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 396 (M+H).

Example 212B

3-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexa hydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indazole bis(trifluoroacetate)

The product of Example 114 (120 mg, 0.5 mmol) was combined with the product of Example 212A (278 mg, 0.7 mmol). Dioxane (10 mL), tris(dibenzylidene)-dipalladium (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , 24 mg, 0.025 mmol), Pd (Pbu t 3 , 26 mg, 0.05 mmol) and CsF (152 mg, 1 mmol) were added, and the mixture was stirred at 100 C. under nitrogen for 16 h. The reaction was cooled to room temperature, diluted with ethyl acetate (30 mL) and washed with water. The organic phase was concentrated under vacuum, and the resicdue was purified by column chromatography (10% MeOHCH 2 Cl 2 ) to provide the free base (120 mg, 55% yield) which was converted to the title compound by method S4: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CH 3 OH-d 4 ) 2.63 (s, 3H), 2.99 (s, 3H), 3.23-4.07 (m, 10H), 7.58-7.70 (m, J=8.6, 8.6 Hz, 2H), 8.03 (dd, J=8.8, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 8.42 ppm (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 335 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 22 N 6 2.28C 2 F 3 HO 2 : C, 47.61; H, 4.12; N, 14.14. Found: C, 47.26; H, 3.92; N 14.44.

Example 213

(1S,5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-3-methyl-1H-indazole tri(p-toluenesulfonate)

The product of Example 9 was was reacted with 2,5-dibromopyridine according to the procedure of Example 128A, then coupled with the product of Example 212A according to the procedure of Example 212B. The resulting product was deprotected according to procedure FB and converted to the salt by method S4 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-D 4 , 300 MHz) 2.32 (s, 9H), 2.65 (s, 3H) 3.67-3.73 (m, 2H), 3.82 (dd, J=13.2, 5.8 Hz, 1H), 3.90 (dd, J=11.2, 4.1 Hz, 1H), 4.25-4.37 (m, 2H), 4.58 (d, J=13.2 Hz, 1H), 5.24 (t, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 6H), 7.41 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.64-7.70 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 6H), 7.72-7.75 (dd, J=8.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (dd, J=8.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.16 (m, 1H), 8.26 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.46 (dd, J=9.5, 2.4 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 306 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 18 H 19 N 5 3.30C 7 H 8 SO 3 1.50H 2 O: C, 54.81; H, 5.42; N, 7.78. Found: C, 54.98; H, 5.30; N, 7.40.

Example 224

(1R,5S)-3-Phenyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)

The diamine from Example 9 was coupled with 3-chloro-6-phenylpyridazine according to the procedure of Method A. The product was deprotected by the procedure of Method PD, then coupled with bromobenzene according to the general procedure of Example 156A. The product was then converted to the salt with p-toluenesulfonic acid according to Method S1 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD, 300 MHz) 2.40 (s, 6H), 2.99-3.22 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.76 (m, 1H), 3.99 (d, J=10.5 Hz, 1H), 4.13-4.27 (m, 2H), 4.48-4.64 (m, 1H), 5.30-5.47 (m, 1H), 6.89 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.12-7.36 (m, 7H), 7.46-7.62 (m, 3H), 7.69 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 4H), 7.88-8.06 (m, 2H), 8.33 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 329 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 21 H 20 N 4 2.00C 7 H 8 SO 3 1.50H 2 O: C, 60.07; H, 5.62; N, 8.01. Found: C, 59.97; H, 5.55; N, 7.92.

Examples 225-239

The product of Example 10 was was reacted with 5-bromo-2-chloropyridine according to the procedure of Example 156A, then coupled with the listed boronic acid and processed according to the procedures indicated in the table below. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound2254-acetylphenyl boronic1. G(1R, 5R)-1-{4-[5-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-acid2. FByl)-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone p-3. S1toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.35(s, 6H), 2.67(s, 3H),3.43(dd, J 1 =12.9Hz, J 2 =5.4Hz, 1H), 3.55-3.67(m, 1H), 4.09(d, J=11.2Hz, 1H), 4.26-4.37(m, 2H), 5.14(t, J=6.5Hz, 1H),7.21(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.68(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.95-8.01(m,3H), 8.17-8.22(m, 3H), 8.28(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 294(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 19 N 3 O.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, H, N.2264-N,N-1. G(1R, 5R)-{4-[5-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-dimethylaminophenyl2. FBpyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-dimethyl-amine p-toluenesulfonateboronic acid3. S1 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.34(s, 6H), 3.10(s, 6H), 3.23(dd, J=10.5, 6.4Hz, 1H), 3.31-3.39(m, 1H), 3.51-3.64(m, 1H), 3.79(dd, J=11.0, 5.3Hz, 1H), 4.01(d, J=10.9Hz,1H), 4.21-4.35(m, 2H), 5.12(dd, J=6.8, 5.4Hz, 1H),6.94(d, J=9.2Hz, 2H), 7.21(d, J=8.1Hz. 4H), 7.69(d, J=8.5Hz,4H), 7.73(d, J=9.2Hz, 2H), 7.97-8.13(m, 3H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 295(M+H) + ; Anal.C 18 H 22 N 4 .2.4C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.3H 2 O: C, H, N.227m-tolyl boronic acid1. G(1R, 5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-m-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-2. FBdiaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane p-toluenesulfonate3. RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.33(s, 6H), 2.48(s, 34. S1H), 3.04(s, 3H), 3.32-3.38(m, 1H), 3.42(dd, J=12.9, 4.7Hz,1H), 3.57-3.69(m, 1H), 4.08(d, J=10.8Hz, 1H), 4.13-4.21(m, 2H), 4.39(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 5.01(dd, J=7.3, 4.6Hz,1H), 7.20(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.42-7.56(m, 2H), 7.58-7.71(m, 6H), 7.99-8.06(m, 1H), 8.10-8.21(m, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 280(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 21 N 3 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, H, N.228p-tolyl boronic acid1. G(1R, 5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-p-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-2. FBdiaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane p-toluenesulfonate3. RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.34(s, 6H), 2.46(s, 34. S1H), 3.04(s, 3H), 3.31-3.36(m, 1H), 3.40(dd, J=13.2, 4.7Hz,1H), 3.56-3.68(m, 1H), 4.07(d, J=10.8Hz, 1H), 4.11-4.21(m, 2H), 4.37(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 5.01(dd, J=7.3, 4.6Hz,1H), 7.20(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.46(d, J=7.8Hz, 2H), 7.67(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.70-7.76(m, 2H), 7.99-8.05(m, 1H),8.09-8.18(m, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 280(M+H) + ; Anal.C 18 H 21 N 3 .2.25C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, H, N.229m-Cyanophenyl boronic1. G(1R, 5R)-3-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-acid2. FBbicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-benzonitrile p-3. RAtoluenesulfonate4. S1 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.35(s, 6H), 3.03(s, 3H), 3.31-3.37(m, 1H), 3.42(dd, J=13.1, 4.9Hz, 1H), 3.56-3.68(m, 1H), 4.09(d, J=10.9Hz, 1H), 4.13-4.21(m, 2H),4.39(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 5.01(dd, J=7.1, 4.7Hz, 1H), 7.21(d,J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.68(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.78(t, J=8.0Hz, 1H),7.90-7.97(m, 2H), 8.10-8.18(m, J=9.2Hz, 2H), 8.22-8.27(m, 1H), 8.30(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 291(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 18 N 4 .2.5C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, H, N.2304-ethylphenyl boronic1. G(1R, 5R)-3-[6-(4-Ethyl-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-acid2. FBmethyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane p-3. RAtoluenesulfonate4. S1 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 1.29(t, J=7.6Hz, 3H),2.34(s, 6H), 2.77(q, J=7.1Hz, 2H), 3.04(s, 3H), 3.31-3.36(m, 1H), 3.40(dd, J=13.2, 5.1Hz, 1H), 3.57-3.68(m, 1H),4.07(d, J=10.8Hz, 1H), 4.11-4.20(m, 2H), 4.36(d, J=12.9Hz,1H), 5.01(dd, J=7.6, 4.9Hz, 1H), 7.21(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H),7.48(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.67(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.75(d, J=8.5Hz,2H), 7.99-8.05(m, 1H), 8.11-8.18(m, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 294(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 23 N 3 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.7H 2 O:C, H, N.2314-acetylphenyl boronic1. G(1R, 5R)-1-{4-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-acid2. FBbicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl]-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-3. RAethanone p-toluenesulfonate4. S1 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.33(s, 6H), 2.67(s, 3H),3.04(s, 3H), 3.33-3.50(m, 2H), 3.57-3.70(m, 1H), 4.05-4.22(m, 3H), 4.41(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 5.02(t, J=4.7Hz, 1H), 7.21(d,J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.67(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.92-8.05(m, 3H), 8.15-8.30(m, 4H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 308(M+H) + ; Anal.C 19 H 21 N 3 O.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, H, N.2324-N,N-1. G(1R, 5R)-Dimethyl-{4-[5-(6-methyl-3,6-diaza-dimethylaminophenyl2. FBbicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl]-pyridin-2-yl]-phenyl}-boronic acid3. RAamine p-toluenesulfonate4. S1 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.34(s, 6H), 3.03(s, 3H), 3.10(s, 6H), 3.21-3.39(m, 2H), 3.53-3.67(m, 1H),4.02(d, J=10.8Hz, 1H), 4.11-4.20(m, 2H), 4.32(d, J=12.9Hz,1H), 4.99(dd, J=7.0, 4.6Hz, 1H), 6.94(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H),7.21(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.63-7.77(m, 6H), 7.94-8.13(m, 3H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 309(M+H) + ; Anal.C 19 H 24 N 4 .2.3C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, H, N.233m-methoxylphenyl1. G(1R, 5R)-3-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-boronic acid2. FBmethyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3. RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.96(s, 3H), 3.08(dd,4. S2J=10.2, 6.4Hz, 1H), 3.16(dd, J=12.9, 4.4Hz, 1H), 3.47-3.59(m, 1H), 3.86(s, 3H), 3.97(d, J=10.5Hz, 1H), 3.97-4.04(m, 1H), 4.16-4.27(m, 1H), 4.26(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H),4.94(dd, J=7.0, 4.9Hz, 1H), 6.72(s, 4H), 6.92-6.97(m, 1H), 7.32-7.39(m, 1H), 7.41-7.47(m, 3H), 7.78(dd, J=8.8,0.7Hz, 1H), 8.27(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 296(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 19 H 23 N 3 .2.3C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.2343,4-1. G(1R, 5R)-3-(6-Benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-methylenedioxybenzene2. FB6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarateboronic acid3. RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.90(s, 3H), 3.03-3.164. S2(m, 2H), 3.45-3.55(m, 1H), 3.87-3.97(m, 2H), 4.08-4.18(m, 1H), 4.19(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 5.99(s, 2H), 6.68(s,2H), 6.90(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.34-7.44(m, 3H), 7.69(d,J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.21(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 310(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 18 H 19 N 3 O 2 .1.1C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.2354-methoxybenzene1. G(1R, 5R)-3-[6-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-yl]-6-boronic acid2. FBmethyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane Fumarate3. RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.91(s, 3H), 3.03-3.164. S2(m, 2H), 3.45-3.56(m, J=13.6Hz, 1H), 3.84(s, 3H),3.89-3.97(m, 2H), 4.09-4.24(m, J=12.0, 12.0Hz, 2H),6.68(s, 2H), 7.00(d, J=9.2Hz, 2H), 7.42(dd, J=8.6, 2.9Hz,1H), 7.71(dd, J=8.8, 0.7Hz, 1H), 7.80(d, J=9.2Hz, 2H),8.22(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 296(M+H) + ; Anal.Calculated for C 18 H 21 N 3 O.1.1C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.2363,4-dimethoxybenzen1. G(1R, 5R)-3-[6-(3,4-Dimethoxy-phenyl)-pyridin-3-boronic acid2. FByl]-6-methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane3. RAFumarate4. S2 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.99(s, 2H), 3.09(s, 1H), 3.19(dd, J=13.1, 4.9Hz, 1H), 3.54-3.64(m, 1H), 3.91(s, 3H), 3.95(s, 3H), 3.95-4.01(m, 1H), 4.25-4.35(m, 1H), 4.93-5.06(m, 1H), 6.73(s, 4H), 7.10(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H),7.45(dd, J=8.5, 2.0Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.56(m, 2H), 7.79(d,J=9.2Hz, 1H), 8.25(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 326(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 19 H 23 N 3 O 2 .1.8C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.237Phenyl boronic acid1. G(1R, 5R)-6-Methyl-3-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-2. FBdiaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane Fumarate3. RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.91(s, 3H), 3.05-3.194. S2(m, 2H), 3.45-3.56(m, 1H), 3.89-3.98(m, 2H), 4.15(dd, J=10.9, 8.8Hz, 1H), 4.23(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 4.85-4.90(m, 1H), 6.68(s, 2H), 7.32-7.50(m, 5H), 7.77(d, J=8.8Hz,1H), 7.83-7.90(m, 2H), 8.27(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 266(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 17 H 19 N 3 .1.4C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.238Pyridine-3-boronic acid1. G(1R, 5R)-5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2. FB3-yl)-[2,3]bipyridinyl Fumarate3. RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 2.91(s, 3H), 3.09-3.234. S2(m, 2H), 3.46-3.57(m, 1H), 3.89-4.01(m, 2H), 4.09-4.19(m, 1H), 4.24(d, J=12.9Hz, 1H), 4.85-4.90(m, 1H),6.69(s, 2H), 7.45(dd, J=8.6, 2.9Hz, 1H), 7.52(ddd, J=8.1,4.8, 0.7Hz, 1H), 7.87(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 8.32-8.39(m, 2H),8.52(dd, J=4.9, 1.5Hz, 1H), 9.09(dd, J=2.4, 0.7Hz, 1H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 267(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 16 H 18 N 4 .1.2C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.2395-indolyl boronic acid1) I(1R, 5R)-5-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole p-3) S1toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.34(s, 3H), 2.97(s, 3H),3.07(dd, J=10.3, 6.3Hz, 1H), 3.15(dd, J=12.7, 4.6Hz, 1H),3.41-3.69(m, 1H), 3.96(d, J=10.5Hz, 1H), 4.26(d, J=12.5Hz,1H), 4.90-5.02(m, 1H), 6.53(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H), 7.21(d,J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.29(d, J=3.4Hz, 1H), 7.48(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.53(dd, J=8.8, 2.7Hz, 1H), 7.63(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H),7.69(d, J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.82(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 8.05(d, J=1.4Hz,1H), 8.22(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 305(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 19 H 20 N 4 .1.07C 7 H 8 SO 3 .0.50H 2 O:C, 62.92; H, 5.89; N, 11.08. Found: C, 63.13; H, 5.87; N,10.70.

Example 240

The product of Example 10 was was reacted with 5-bromo-2-chloropyridine according to the procedure of Example 156A, then coupled with the listed boronic acid and processed according to the procedures indicated in the table below. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound2405-indolyl boronic1) I(1S, 5S)-5-[5-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-acid2) FByl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.34(s, 3H), 2.97(s, 3H), 3.07(dd,J=10.3, 6.3Hz, 1H), 3.15(dd, J=12.7, 4.6Hz, 1H), 3.41-3.69(m, 1H), 3.96(d, J=10.5Hz, 1H), 4.26(d, J=12.5Hz, 1H), 4.90-5.02(m, 1H), 6.53(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H), 7.21(d, J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.29(d, J=3.4Hz,1H), 7.48(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.53(dd, J=8.8, 2.7Hz, 1H), 7.63(dd,J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.69(d, J=8.1Hz, 2H), 7.82(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H),8.05(d, J=1.4Hz, 1H), 8.22(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z305(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 19 H 20 N 4 .1.12C 7 H 8 SO 3 .1.00H 2 O:C, 62.56; H, 6.06; N, 10.87. Found: C, 62.75; H, 5.75; N, 10.48.

Examples 243-246

The product of Example 8B was was reacted with 5-bromo-2-chloropyridine according to the procedure of Example 156A, then coupled with the listed boronic acid and processed according to the procedures indicated in the table below. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound243Phenylboronic acid1) H(1R, 5S)-6-(6-Phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) Pdbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 3.20(dd, J=12.5, 3.4Hz,1H), 3.32-3.39(m, 1H), 3.39-3.54(m, 1H) 3.67-3.80(m,2H), 3.82(dd, J=7.8, 2.7Hz, 1H), 4.07(t, J=7.8Hz, 1H),4.89-5.03(m, 1H), 6.68(s, 2H) 7.10(dd, J=8.6, 2.9Hz, 1H)7.34(t, J=7.3Hz, 1H) 7.39-7.48(m, 2H), 7.70(d, J=8.5Hz,1H), 7.78-7.86(m, 2H), 7.92(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 252(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 19 H 20 N 4 .1.00C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.10H 2 O: C, 65.06; H, 5.79; N, 11.38.Found: C, 64.79; H, 5.42; N, 11.24.244m-tolyl boronic acid1) H(1R, 5S)-6-(6-m-Tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) Pdbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) S2 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.40(s, 3H), 3.18(dd,J=12.5, 3.4Hz, 1H), 3.35(d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.38-3.52(m, 1H), 3.73(dd, J=12.2, 9.8Hz, 2H), 3.81(dd, J=8.0, 2.9Hz, 1H), 4.02-4.12(m, 1H), 4.94(dd, J=6.4, 3.4Hz, 1H), 6.68(s,2H), 7.09(dd, J=8.6, 2.9Hz, 1H), 7.17(d, J=7.5Hz, 1H),7.31(t, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 7.55-7.66(m, 2H), 7.68(d, J=8.1Hz,1H), 7.91(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 266(M+H) + ;Anal. Calculated for C 17 H 19 N 3 .1.00C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.10H 2 O: C,65.06; H, 5.79; N, 11.38. Found: C, 64.79; H, 5.42; N, 11.24.245Phenylboronic acid1) H(1R, 5S)-3-Methyl-6-(6-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl)-3,6-2) FBdiaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.99(s, 3H), 3.06(dd,4) S2J=11.9, 3.4Hz, 1H), 3.16(dd, J=12.0, 7.3Hz, 1H), 3.40-3.56(m, 1H), 3.80-3.88(m, 2H), 3.91(d, J=11.9Hz, 1H), 4.07(t,J=8.0Hz, 1H), 4.93(dd, J=6.4, 3.4Hz, 1H), 6.69(s, 2H)7.09(dd, J=8.6, 2.9Hz, 2H) 7.29-7.38(m, 1H) 7.38-7.50(m, 2H) 7.70(d, J=8.1Hz, 2H) 7.77-7.86(m, 2H) 7.92(d,J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 266(M+H) + ; Anal.Calculated for C 17 H 19 N 3 .1.00C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.60H 2 O: C, 64.31; H,6.22; N, 10.71. Found: C, 64.11; H, 5.86; N, 10.81.2465-indolyl boronic acid1) I(1R, 5S)-5-[5-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-pyridin-2-yl]-1H-indole3) RAfumarate4) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.99(s, 3H) 3.05(dd,J=12.0, 3.2Hz, 1H), 3.15(dd, J=12.0, 7.6Hz, 1H), 3.39-3.58(m, 1H), 3.77-3.97(m, 3H) 4.06(t, J=8.3Hz, 1H),4.91(dd, J=7.0, 2.9Hz, 1H), 6.50(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 6.69(s,2.6H), 7.10(dd, J=8.6, 2.9Hz, 1H), 7.26(d, J=3.4Hz, 1H),7.42(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.58(dd, J=8.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.70(d,J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.88(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H), 7.99(s, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 305(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 19 H 20 N 4 .1.30C 4 H 4 O 4 .1.00H 2 O.1.00C 3 H 8 O: C, 61.25; H,6.65; N, 10.50. Found: C, 61.26; H, 6.25; N, 10.86.

Examples 247-250

The product of Example 9 was was reacted with 2,5-dibromopyridine according to the procedure of Example 128A, then coupled with the listed boronic acid and processed according to the procedures indicated in the table below. ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound2475-indolyl boronic acid1) I(1S, 5S)-5-[6-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-2) FBpyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.29(s, 1H), 3.59-3.88(m,4H), 4.23(d, J=9.9Hz, 1H), 4.33(dd, J=11.2, 8.8Hz, 1H),4.50(d, J=13.2Hz, 1H), 5.22(t, J=6.1Hz, 1H), 6.55(d,J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.20(t, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.29-7.43(m, 3H),7.53(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.66(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.83(d, J=1.7Hz,1H), 8.14(d, J=2.4Hz, 1H), 8.30-8.52(m, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 291(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 18 H 18 N 4 .2.00C 7 H 8 SO 3 .1.50H 2 O: C, 58.76; H, 6.44; N, 7.61.Found: C, 58.58; H, 6.12; N, 7.50.248Phenylboronic acid1) H(1S, 5S)-3-(5-Phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3,6-diaza-2) FBbicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)3) S1 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.38(s, 6H), 3.61-3.75(m,2H), 3.79(dd, J=13.6, 5.8Hz, 1H), 3.88(dd, J=11.5, 4.7Hz,1H), 4.24(d, J=10.2Hz, 1H), 4.27-4.39(m, 1H), 4.51(d,J=13.2Hz, 1H), 5.22(t, J=6.1Hz, 1H), 7.20(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H),7.37(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.42-7.58(m, 2H), 7.59-7.78(m, 7H),8.16(d, J=1.7Hz, 1H), 8.37(dd, J=9.5, 2.4Hz, 1H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 252(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 16 H 17 N 3 .2.10C 7 H 8 SO 3 .0.50H 2 O: C, 59.29; H, 5.64; N, 6.76.Found: C, 58.94; H, 5.87; N, 6.51.249Phenylboronic acid1) H(1S, 5S)-6-Methyl-3-(5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3,6-2) FBdiaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane fumarate3) RA 1 H NMR(MeOH-D 4 , 300MHz) 2.93(s, 3H), 3.16-3.40(m,4) S12H), 3.40-3.54(m, 1H) 3.85-3.95(m, 1H) 4.01-4.06(m, 1H)4.20(d, J=20.3Hz, 1H) 4.43(d, J=13.2Hz, 1H), 4.87-5.00(m,1H), 6.70(s, 2H), 6.93(d, J=8.8Hz, 1H), 7.32(t,J=7.1Hz, 1H), 7.39-7.50(m, 2H), 7.52-7.66(m, 2H), 7.93(dd,J=8.5, 2.4Hz, 1H), 8.44(d, J=2.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 266(M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated forC 17 H 19 N 3 .1.00C 4 H 4 O 4 .0.50H 2 O: C, 64.60; H, 6.20; N, 10.76.Found: C, 64.96; H, 6.30; N, 10.46.2505-indolyl boronic acid1. MW(1S, 5S)-5-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-2. ECbicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridin-3-yl]-1H-indole3. S4Bis(trifluoroacetate) 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) ppm 3.03(s, 3H), 3.40-3.71(m,4H), 4.06-4.26(m, 2H), 4.50(d, J=14.6Hz, 1H),5.02(s, 1H), 6.52(dd, J=3.2, 0.8Hz, 1H), 7.20(d, J=9.2Hz,1H), 7.30(d, J=3.1Hz, 1H), 7.35(dd, J=8.5, 2.0Hz, 1H),7.50(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.80(d, J=1.0Hz, 1H), 8.26(dd,J=9.0, 2.2Hz, 1H), 8.34(d, J=1.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 305(M+H) + ; Anal. C 19 H 20 N 4 .2C 2 F 3 HO 2 .1.25H 2 O: C, H, N.

Example 251

2-Methyl-5-(3-phenyl-isoxazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Example 251A

2-Methyl-5-(3-phenyl-isoxazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Fumarate

The product of Example 6C (1 g, 7.9 mmol), and 5-chloro-3-phenyl-isoxazole (1.4 g, 7.9 mmol) (prepared according to literature procedure: Dannhardt, G.; Obergrusberger, I. Chemiker-Zeitung 1989, 113, 109-113) in DBU (1.3 g, 8.6 mmol) were warmed to 140-145 C. for 40 min. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, CH 2 Cl 2 was added, and the crude material was purified by flash column chromatography (SiO 2 , 10% CH 3 OHCH 2 Cl 2 with 1% NH 4 OH) to provide 0.54 g of the coupled product (2.0 mmol, 25% yield). This was converted to the fumarate salt by method S4 to give 0.65 g of the title compound (1.69 mmol, 87% yield). 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.84 (s, 3H), 3.15-3.32 (m, 3H), 3.42-3.62 (m, 7H), 5.62 (s, 1H), 7.42 (m, 3H), 7.65 (m, 2H), 8.11; MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 270 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 19 N 3 O'C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, 62.33; H, 6.01; N, 10.90; Found: C, 62.23; H, 5.93; N, 10.82.

Example 252

2-(3-Phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Example 252A

5-(3-Phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

5-Chloro-3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazole (0.75 g, 3.81 mmol) was prepared according to literature procedure (Goerdeler, J. et al Chem. Ber. 1957, 90, 182) and was combined with the product of Example 6C (0.85 g, 4.0 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.105 g, 0.11 mmol), 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 97 mg, 0.23 mmol) and tert-BuONa (Aldrich, 0.73 g, 7.6 mmol) in 40 mL PhCH 3 . This mixture was degassed three times with N 2 backflush. The reaction was warmed to 85 C. for 18 h then was cooled to ambient temperature, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 1.02 g of the title compound (2.74 mmol, 72% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 373 (M+H) + .

Example 252B

2-(3-Phenyl-f 1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 252A was processed according to methods FB and S1 to provide the title salt: 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.38 (m, 1H), 3.36 (m, 3H), 3.63 (m, 4H), 3.84 (m, 2H), 7.22 (m, 2H), 7.43 (m, 3H), 7.70 (m, 2H), 8.14 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 273 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 14 H 16 N 4 S1.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 56.17; H, 5.39; N, 11.70; Found: C, 56.28; H, 5.46; N, 11.63.

Example 253

2-Methyl-5-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Fumarate

The product of Example 252A was processed according to method FB, RA, and S4 to provide the title salt: 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.81 (s, 3H), 3.17 (dd, J=11.2, 4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.36 (m, 2H), 3.48 (m, 2H), 3.63 (dd, J=11.2, 2.7 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (m, 2H), 6.69 (s, 2H), 7.44 (m, 3H), 8.13 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 287 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 15 H 18 N 4 SC 4 H 4 O 4 : C, 56.70; H, 5.51; N, 13.92; Found: C, 56.42; H, 5.51; N, 13.71.

Example 254

2-(4-Phenyl-thiophen-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

Example 254A

5-(4-Phenyl-thiophen-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 6C (0.75 g, 3.5 mmol) was combined with 2-bromo-4-phenyl-thiophene (0.8 g, 3.35 mmol, prepared according to literature procedure (Gronowitz, S.; Gjs, N.; Kellogg, R. M.; Wynberg, H. J. Org. Chem. 1967, 32, 463-464)), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 92 mg, 0.10 mmol), racemic-2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-binaphthyl (BiNAP, Strem, 0.10 g, 0.17 mmol), and NaOt-Bu (0.64 g, 6.7 mmol) in toluene (40 mL). This mixture was placed under vacuum, then purged with N 2 and stirred under nitrogen at 85 C. for 18 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered through diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes in EtOAc) to provide the title compound (0.39 g, 1.1 mmol, 33% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 371 (M+H) + .

Example 254B

2-(4-Phenyl-thiophen-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 254A was processed according to methods FB and S1 to provide tht title compound: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.36 (s, 3H), 3.24 (m, 6H), 3.41 (m, 2H), 3.57 (m, 2H), 6.41 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (m, 3H), 7.34 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 2H), 7.70 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 271 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 2 S1.1C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 61.91; H, 5.87; N, 6.09. Found: C, 61.78; H, 6.14; N, 6.15.

Example 255

2-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Example 255A

2-Bromo-5-phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazole

A mixture of 2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole sulfate (Aldrich, 2.5 g, 9.08 mmol) and 48% aqueous HBr (10 mL) was cooled to 5 C. and a solution of NaNO 2 (0.69 g, 9.99 mmol) H 2 O (10 mL) was added dropwise at a rate so the internal temperature is maintained at approximately 5 C. The mixture was stirred for 15 min after the addition, then CuBr (0.69 g, 4.8 mmol) was added portion-wise so as to maintain the temperature at approximately 5 C. After the addition was complete, the mixture was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stirred for 16 h. The mixture was diluted with 20 mL CH 2 Cl 2 and 10 mL H 2 O. The organic layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound (1.63 g, 6.76 mmol, 74% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 241, 243 (M+H) + .

Example 255B

5-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The products of Examples 6C (0.70 g, 3.32 mmol) and 255A (0.88 g, 3.65 mmol) were reacted under the conditions of Example 254A to provide the title compound (0.53 g, 1.42 mmol, 43% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 373 (M+H) + .

Example 255C

2-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Fumarate

The product of Example 255B was processed according to method FB and S4 to provide the title salt: 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.33 (m, 3H), 3.60 (m, 4H), 3.79 (m, 2H), 6.68 (s, 2H), 7.46 (m, 3H), 7.80 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 305 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 14 H 16 N 4 SC 4 H 4 O 4 0.3H 2 O: C, 54.89; H, 5.27; N, 14.23; Found: C, 54.66; H, 6.10; N, 14.19.

Example 256

2-Methyl-5-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 255B was processed according to methods FB, RA, and S1 to provide the title salt: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35 (s, 6H), 2.97 (s, 3H), 3.09 (m, 2H), 3.48 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 4H), 3.91 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 4H), 7.51 (m, 3H), 7.69 (m, 4H), 7.82 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 287 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 15 H 18 N 4 S2.1C 7 H 8 O 3 S0.3H 2 O: C, 54.59; H, 5.46; N, 8.57. Found: C, 54.24; H, 5.06; N, 8.54.

Example 257

2-(1-Phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Example 257A

4-Bromo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole

A solution of bromine (1.1 g, 6.94 mmol) in acetic acid (10 mL) was added to a mixture of 1-phenylpyrazole (Aldrich, 1 g, 6.94 mmol) in acetic acid (10 mL). This mixture was warmed to 100 C. in a pressure tube for 8 h. The material was cooled to ambient temperature, poured into ice and H 2 O neutralized with excess saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 . Ethyl acetate (50 mL) was added and the layers were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (215 mL) and the combined organic extract was dried over Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude solid. Purification by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) provided the title compound (1.5 g, 6.72 mmol, 97% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 223, 225 (M+H) + .

Example 257B

5-(1-Phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the product of Example 6C (0.5 g, 2.4 mmol) in 15 mL toluene in a pressure tube was added the product of Example 257A (0.68 g, 3.06 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 43 mg, 0.047 mmol), racemic-2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-binaphthyl (BINAP, Strem, 59 mg, 0.094 mmol), and tert-BuONa (0.362 g, 3.8 mmol). This mixture was warmed to 85 C. and stirred for 18 h. At this point, the reaction was incomplete, so additional Pd 2 (dba) 3 (43 mg, 0.047 mmol) and BINAP (59 mg, 0.094 mmol) were added and the mixture stirred for an additional 24 h. The reaction was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered through Celite diatomaceous earth, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via flash column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give the title compound (40 mg, 0.113 mmol, 5% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 355 (M+H) + .

Example 257C

2-(1-Phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 257B was processed according to methods FB and S1 to provide the title salt: 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.98 (m, 2H), 3.18 (m, 2H), 3.23 (m, 2H), 3.35 (br d, J=9.5 Hz, 2H), 3.57 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 2H), 7.27 (it, J=7.1, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (m, 3H), 7.68 (m, 4H), 7.80 (d, J=0.7 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 255 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 15 H 18 N 4 1.1C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 61.44; H, 6.09; N, 12.63; Found: C, 61.04; H, 6.09; N, 12.45.

Example 258

2-(5-Phenyl-isoxazol-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

Example 258A

5-(1-Methylsulfanyl-3-oxo-3-phenyl-propenyl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

3,3-Bis-methylsulfanyl-1-phenyl-propenone (0.675 g, 3.0 mmol), was prepared according to literature procedure (Galli, F. et al WO 01/92251 A1) and was combined with the product of Example 6C (0.213 g, 1.0 mmol) in 10 mL MeOH. This mixture was warmed to 70 C. fo 4 h then was cooled to ambient temperature, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatrography (SiO 2 , 90/10/1 dichloromethane-methanol-NH 4 OH) to give 0.169 g of the title compound (0.43 mmol, 43% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 389 (M+H) + .

Example 258B

5-(5-Phenyl-isoxazol-3-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of example 258B (0.163 g, 0.42 mmol), hydroxylamine hydrochloride (0.126 g, 1.7 mmol), sodium acetate (0.13 g, 1.3 mmol) were combined in toluene (4 mL), acetic acid (2 mL), water (0.5 mL), and ethanol. The mixture was heated to reflux for 8 h. The mixture was poured into saturated aqueous sodium carbonate and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were dried over MgSO 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes in EtOAc) to provide the title compound (0.109 g, 0.3 mmol, 71% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 356 (M+H) + .

Example 258C

2-(5-Phenyl-isoxazol-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 258B was processed according to method FB, and S1 to provide the title salt: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ) 2.24 (s, 3H) 2.92 (s, 2H) 3.18 (s, 2H) 3.31 (s, 2H) 3.49 (s, 1H) 3.52 (s, 1H) 3.61-3.75 (m, 2H) 6.08 (s, 1H) 7.09 (d, J=8 Hz, 3H) 7.38-7.55 (m, 3H) 7.67 (t, J=7 Hz, 3H) 9.27 ppm (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 )_m/z 256 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 15 H 17 N 3 1.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S0.9H 2 O: C, 58.78; H, 5.99; N, 8.79. Found: C, 59.03; H, 5.73; N, 8.53.

Example 259

2-Methyl-5-(5-phenyl-isoxazol-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 258C was processed according to method RA, and S1 to provide the title salt: 1H NMR (300 MHz,) 2.23-2.49 (m, 3H) 2.87-2.94 (m, 3H) 2.95-3.01 (m, 2H) 3.10-3.72 (m, 8H) 6.48-6.61 (m, 1H) 7.13-7.29 (m, 2H) 7.42-7.55 (m, 3H) 7.65-7.74 (m, 2H) 7.72-7.85 ppm (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 270 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 16 H 19 N 53 O1.3C 7 H 8 SO 3 C,61.12, H6.01, 8.52. found: C, 60.92, H, 5.74, N, 8.64.

Example 260

2-(5-Phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

Example 260A

5-(5-Bromo-thiazol-2-yl)-hexa hydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

A solution of Example 6C (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol) in N,N-diisopropylethylamine (1.5 mL, 8.4 mmol) was treated with 2,5-dibromothiazole (0.89 g, 4.2 mmol, Aldrich). This mixture was warmed to 110 C. and stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, concentrated under reduced pressure, and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 20-40% ethyl acetate/hexanes gradient) to afford 1.1 g of the title compound (2.9 mmol, 69% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.97-3.09 (m, 2H), 3.21-3.41 (m, 4H), 3.60-3.71 (m, 4H), 7.09 (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 376 (M+H + ).\

Example 260B

5-(5-Phenyl-th iazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 260A was coupled with phenylboronic acid according to the procedure of method I to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 61.46 (s, 9H), 3.00-3.17 (m, 2H), 3.24-3.54 (m, 4H), 3.61-3.72 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.86 (m, 2H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 7.34 (t, 2H, J=7.6 Hz), 7.42 (d, 3H, J=8.5 Hz); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 372 (M+H + ).

Example 260C

2-(5-Phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 260B was processed according to methods FB and S1 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 63.57-3.67 (m, 3H), 3.74-3.84 (m, 2H), 7.22 (d, 2H, J=7.8 Hz), 7.29 (m, 1H), 7.35-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.47-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.56 (s, 1H), 7.70 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 272 (M+H + ).

Example 261

2-Methyl-5-(5-phenyl-th iazol-2-Vl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 260B was processed according to methods FB, RA and S1 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.95 (s, 3H), 3.33-3.43 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.65 (m, 4H), 7.24 (t, 3H, J=8.0 Hz), 7.35 (t, 2H, J=7.6 Hz), 7.45-7.50 (m, 3H), 7.7 (d, 2H, J=8.1 Hz); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 286 (M+H + ). Anal. calculated for C 16 H 19 N 3 SC 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 60.37; H, 5.95; N, 9.18. Found: C, 60.04; H, 6.04; N, 9.15.

Example 262

2-(2-Phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetate

Example 262A

2-Phenylthiazole

A solution of 2-bromothiazole (1.0 g, 6.1 mmol, Aldrich) in dioxane (25 mL) was treated with phenylboronic acid (0.82 g, 6.4 mmol), Pd(P t Bu 3 ) 2 (0.16 g, 0.3 mmol, Strem) and Cs 2 CO 3 (3.97 g, 12.2 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 80 C. for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, concentrated under reduced pressure, and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1:1 hexanes/ethyl acetate) to give provide the title compound (0.69 g, 4.3 mmol, 70%). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 67.33 (m, 1H), 7.41-7.48 (m, 3H), 7.87 (d, 1H, J=3.4 Hz), 7.95-8.00 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 162 (M+H + ).

Example 262B

5-Bromo-2-phenylthiazole

N-Bromosuccinimide (0.33 g, 1.86 mmol) was added to a solution of the product of Example 262A (0.15 g, 0.93 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 50 C. for 12 hours. The mixture was then diluted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) and washed with brine (220 mL). The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure, and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 20-40% ethyl acetate/hexanes gradient) to provide the title compound (0.20 g, 0.81 mmol, 87%). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 67.43-7.46 (m, 3H), 7.74 (s, 1H), 7.85-7.88 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 242 (M+H + ).

Example 262C

5-(2-Phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 262B (0.63 g, 2.6 mmol) was combined with the product of Example 6C (0.55 g, 2.6 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.07 g, 0.08 mmol), BINAP (0.81 g, 1.3 mmol) and sodium tert-butoxide(0.50 g, 5.2 mmol) in toluene (15 mL) The mixture was stirred at 80 C. for 12 hours. The reaction-mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, diluted with ethyl acetate, filtered through a pad of Celite and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 0-10% methanol/methylene chloride gradient) afforded the title compound (0.73 g, 1.96 mmol, 75% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 61.46 (s, 9H), 3.02-3.09 (m, 2H), 3.23 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.43 (s, 2H), 3.55 (dd, 2H, J=9.66 Hz, 7.29 Hz), 3.63-3.70 (m, 2H), 6.73 (s, 1H), 7.30-7.41 (m, 3H), 7.79 (d, 2H, J=7.1 Hz); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 372 (M+H + ).

Example 262D

2-(2-Phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Trifluoroacetate

The product of Example 262C was processed according to methods FB and S2 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.19-3.29 (m, 4H), 3.33-3.47 (m, 4H), 3.54-3.67 (m, 2H), 6.92 (s, 1H), 7.33-7.45 (m, 3H), 7.74-7.77 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 272 (M+H + ). Anal. calculated for C 15 H 17 N 3 SC 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, 52.98; H, 4.71; N, 10.90. Found: C, 52.71; H, 4.63; N, 10.68.

Example 263

2-Methyl-5-(2-phenyl-th iazol-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Hydriodide

The product of Example 262C (0.12 g, 0.44 mmol) was converted to the free amine by method FB. The amine was dissolved in methylene chloride (4 mL) and treated with methyl iodide (3.0 L, 0.44 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 12 hours and then concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 0-20% methanol/methylene chloride gradient) afforded 0.11 g (0.24 mmol, 54% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.15-3.27 (m, 5H), 3.35-3.52 (m, 6H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 6.96 (m, 1H), 7.34-7.45 (m, 3H), 7.74-7.78 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 286 (M+H + ). Anal. calculated for C 16 H 19 N 3 SHI: C, 46.49; H, 4.88; N, 10.17. Found: C, 47.36; H, 5.17; N, 9.16.

Example 264

Example 264A

5-(4-Bromo-thiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 6C (0.1 g, 0.47 mmol) and 2,4-dibromothiazole (0.11 g, 0.94 mmol) was combined with N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.02 mL, 0.94 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at 110 C. for 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, concentrated under reduced pressure, and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 20-40% ethyl acetate/hexanes gradient) to provide the title compound (0.13 g, 0.34 mmol, 72% yield). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 61.46 (s, 9H) 2.96-3.09 (m, 2H) 3.18-3.47 (m, 4H) 3.58-3.77 (m, 4H) 6.37 (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 376 (M+H + ).

Example 264B

5-(4-Phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 264A (0.11 g, 0.29 mmol) was combined with tributylphenyl tin (0.11 g, 0.29 mmol, Aldrich) and Pd(P t Bu 3 ) 2 (0.020 g, 0.030 mmol) in toluene (2 mL). The mixture was stirred at 100 C. for 16 hours. Cesium fluoride (0.97 g, 0.64 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture after 20.5 hours. After an additional 5 hours time, the reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, diluted with ethyl acetate, filtered through diatomaceous earth and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 20-40% ethyl acetate/hexanes gradient) to provide the title compound (0.01 g, 0.026 mmol, 9% yield).

Example 264C

2-(4-Phenyl-thiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Tosylate

The product of Example 264B was processed accrding to methods FB and S1 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.36 (s, 3H) 3.20-3.28 (m, 3H) 3.55-3.73 (m, 6H) 6.98 (s, 1H) 7.19-7.40 (m, 5H) 7.70 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H) 7.81 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 272 (M+H + ). Anal. calculated for C 15 H 17 N 3 S1.15 C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 58.98; H, 5.63; N, 8.95. Found: C, 58.67; H, 5.64; N, 8.96.

Examples 265-275

N-alkylation of 2-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

The free base of the title compound (prepared as in Example 51) was converted to the indicated N-alkyl derivatives by reaction with the listed N-alkylating agent according to the procedures described below.

Method K: The N-alkylating agent (0.39 mmol) and 1M Na 2 CO 3 (aq, 0.5 mL) were added to a solution of 2-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (98 mg, 0.37 mmol) in THF (0.5 mL). The mixture was stirred for 2 h, then diluted with dichloromethane (5 mL) and washed with water (2 mL). The organic phase was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography to provide the N-alkylated product, which was converted to a salt by the listed procedure.

Method L: A solution of the N-alkylating agent (a carboxylic acid, 0.41 mmol) and carbonyldiimidazole (63 mg, 0.39 mmol) in DMF (0.4 mL) was stirred for 1 h, then treated with a solution of 2-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (89 mg, 0.33 mmol) in DMF (1 mL). The mixture was heated to 50 C. for 12 h, then diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 , washed with 0.2 M NaOH, dried over K 2 CO 3 and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography to provide the N-acyl intermediate. This was taken in THF (2 mL) and added dropwise to an ice-cooled mixture of LiAlH 4 (26 mg, 0.68 mmol) in THF 1 mL). The mixture was warmed to room temperature, heated to 50 C. for 15 min, then stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with excess Na 2 SO 4 10H 2 O, and filtered with an ethyl acetate rinse. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue purified by column chromatography to provide the N-alkyl derivative, which was converted to a salt by the listed method.

Method M: To a solution of 2-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (0.11 g, 0.41 mmol) in the N-alkylating agent (a ketone or aldehyde, 7 mL) was added NaBH(OAc) 3 (0.11 g, 0.53 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 18 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was partitioned with CH 2 Cl 2 (5 mL) and saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 (3 mL), and the aqueous layer was further extracted with CH 2 Cl 2 (35 mL). The combined extract was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via column chromatography to provide the alkylated amine, which was converted to a salt by the listed procedure. N-alkylatingExampleAgentConditionsResulting Compound265Benzyl bromide1) K2-Benzyl-5-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-octahydropyrrolo[3,4-2) S3c]pyrrole hydrochloride 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.11-3.32(m, 4H), 3.56-3.87(m, 6H),4.36(s, 2H), 7.17(d, J=9Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.58(m, 8H), 7.86-7.99(m, 3H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 357(M+H) + ; Anal. C 23 H 24 N 4 .1.05HCl: C, H, N.2664-chloromethyl1) K2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)-pyridine2) S4octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis(trifluoroacetate)octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis(trifluoroacetate) 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.13-3.52(m, 6H), 3.73-3.91(m, 4H).4.30(s, 2H), 7.46-7.59(m, 4H), 7.66(d, J=6Hz, 2H), 7.92-8.02(m, 2H),8.18(d, J=10Hz, 1H), 8.67(d, J=5Hz, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 358(M+H) + ;Anal. C 22 H 23 N 5 .2C 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, H, N.2672-chloromethyl1) K2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-pyridine2) S4octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis(trifluoroacetate) 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.36-3.51(m, 4H), 3.75-3.96(m, 6H),4.61(s, 2H), 7.41-7.58(m, 6H), 7.90(td, J=8, 2Hz, 1H), 7.93-7.99(m, 2H),8.15(d, J=10Hz, 1H), 8.67(d, J=4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 358M+H) + ;Anal. C 22 H 23 N 5 .2C 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, H, N.2682-chloro-5-1) K2-(6-Chloropyridin-3-ylmethyl)-5-(6-phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-chloromethyl2) S3octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole hydrochloridepyridine 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.04-3.22(m, 2H), 3.23-3.61(m, 4H),3.65-3.83(m, 4H), 4.26(s, 2H), 7.26(d, J=9Hz, 1H), 7.41-7.59(m, 4H),7.89-8.03(m, 4H), 8.47(d, J=2Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 392, 394(M+H) + ;Anal. C 22 H 22 ClN 5 .HCl: C, H, N.2693-Pyridylacetic1) L2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(2-pyridin-3-ylethyl)-acid2) S4octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis(trifluoroacetate) 1 H NMR(CD 3 OD, 300MHz) 3.17(m, 2H), 3.38-3.61(m, 4H), 3.76-3.95(m,J=2Hz, 4H), 7.47-7.61(m, 5H), 7.93-8.02(m, 3H), 8.20(d,J=10Hz, 1H), 8.54(dd, J=5, 1Hz, 1H), 8.58(d, J=1Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 372(M+H) + ; Anal. C 23 H 25 N 5 .2.05C 2 HF 3 O 4 : C, H, N.2703-bromomethyl1) K2-(6-Phenylpyridazin-3-yl)-5-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)-pyridine2) S4octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis(trifluoroacetate)hydrobromide 1 H NMR(MeOH-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.40-3.54(m, 4H), 3.63-3.76(m, 2H),3.82-3.95(m, 4H), 4.49(s, 2H), 7.54-7.58(m, 3H), 7.60(ddd, J=8, 5, 1Hz,1H), 7.66(d, J=10Hz, 1H), 7.93-8.01(m, 2H), 8.09(ddd, J=8, 2Hz,1H), 8.32(d, J=10Hz, 1H), 8.68(dd, J=5, 1Hz, 1H), 8.73(d, J=2Hz, 1H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 358(M+H) + ; Anal. C 22 H 23 N 5 .2.5C 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, H, N.271Allyl iodide1) K2-Allyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate)2) S1 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.28(s, 6H), 3.24(m, 1H), 3.50(m,3H), 3.89(m, 8H), 5.58(m, 2H), 6.03(m, 1H), 7.17(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H),7.58(m, 3H), 7.64(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.73(dd, J=27.5, 9.5Hz, 1H), 7.96(m,2H), 8.30(dd, J=23.9, 9.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 307(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 19 H 22 N 4 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.5H 2 O: C, 60.07; H, 5.96; N,8.49. Found: C, 60.37; H, 5.68; N, 8.52.272Crotonaldehyde1) M2-But-2-enyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) S1pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.78(d, J=5.8Hz, 3H), 2.31(s, 6H),3.14(m, 2H), 3.48(m, 2H), 3.87(m, 8H), 5.83(m, 2H), 7.18(d, J=7.8Hz,4H), 7.58(m, 3H), 7.66(m, 4H), 7.73(dd, J=25.1, 10.2Hz, 1H),7.97(m, 2H), 8.31(dd, J=22.4, 9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 321(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 20 H 24 N 4 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 61.42; H, 6.06; N,8.43. Found: C, 61.15; H, 5.83; N, 8.40.273Acetaldehyde1) M2-Ethyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) S1c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.37(q, J=7.7Hz, 3H), 2.30(s, 6H),3.41(m, 6H), 3.94(m, 6H), 7.18(d, J=7.8Hz, 4H), 7.58(m, 3H), 7.65(d,J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.74(dd, J=28.1, 10.2Hz, 1H), 7.96(d, J=3.7Hz, 2H),8.32(dd, J=27.0, 10.0Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 295(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 18 H 22 N 4 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 60.17; H, 6.00; N, 8.77. Found: C,59.74; H, 5.98; N, 8.68.274Propionaldehyde1) M2-(6-Phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-5-propyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) S1c]pyrrole tris-p-toluenesulfonate) 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.01(q, J=7.5Hz, 3H), 1.76(m, 1H),2.31(s, 9H), 3.33(m, 6H), 3.94(m, 7H), 7.19(d, J=8.1Hz, 6H), 7.58(m,3H), 7.66(m, 6H), 7.75(m, J=30.8Hz, 1H), 7.97(m, 2H), 8.31(dd,J=28.6, 9.7Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 309(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 19 H 24 N 4 .3C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.8NH 3 : C, 57.29; H, 6.06; N, 8.02. Found: C, 57.67;H, 5.58; N, 8.41.275Acetone1) M2-Isopropyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-2) S1pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis-p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.40(d, J=6.8Hz, 3H), 1.44(d, J=6.8Hz,3H), 2.30(s, 6H), 3.24(m, 1H), 3.51(m, 4H), 3.94(m, 6H), 7.18(d,J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.58(m, 3H), 7.65(d, J=8.1Hz, 4H), 7.70(m, 1H),7.97(m, 2H), 8.30(dd, J=31.9, 9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 309(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 24 N 4 .2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 60.71; H, 6.18; N,8.58. Found: C, 60.45; H, 5.99; N, 8.47.

Examples 276-281

5-aryl-2-benzenesulfanyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives were prepared from the commercially available 5-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazolyl-2-thiols according to the following procedure:

Example 276A

2-Benzylsulfanyl-5-phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazole

5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazole-2-thiol (Aldrich, 3.1 g, 17.4 mmol) was added to EtOH (30 mL) and cooled to 0 C. while stirring. Diisopropylethylamine (3.1 mL, 17.4 mmol) was then added and the mixture became a clear solution. Benzyl bromide (2.08 mL, 17.4 mmol) was added and the resulting mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature while stirring. After 45 min, a thick white precipitate formed. The mixture was stirred an additional 1 hr followed by the addition of 1M NaOH (3 mL). The mixture was filtered, washed with 1M NaOH (220 mL), 3% citric acid (220 mL), H 2 O (220 mL) and the precipitate was dried under vacuum to afford 4.31 g (92%) 2-benzylsulfanyl-5-phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazole as a white solid. 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 , 300 MHz) 4.57 (s, 2H), 7.37 (m, 3H), 7.48 (m, 5H), 7.99 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 269 (M+H) + .

Example 276B

(3aR,6aR)-5-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

To provide the title compound, the product of Example 14H, 0.20 g, 0.95 mmol) and diisopropylethylamine (0.17 mL, 0.95 mmol) were dissolved in 1,2-dichlorobenzene (3 mL). The 2-benzylsulfanyl-5-aryl-[1,3,4]oxadiazole (0.23 g, 0.86 mmol, prepared according to the procedure of Example 276A) was added and the mixture heated to 220 C. under microwave irradiation for 15 min. After cooling, the reaction mixture was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (25 mL), washed successively with sat. NaHCO 3 (10 mL), H 2 O (10 mL), and brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 SO 4 ) and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by column chromatography (100% CH 2 Cl 2 to 95/5/0.5 CH 2 Cl 2 :MeOH:NH 4 OH) to provide the title compound (56 mg, 18%) as a yellow solid: 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD, 300 MHz) 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.78-1.93 (m, 1H), 2.04-2.21 (m, 1H), 3.16 (m, 1H), 3.42-3.57 (m, 3H), 3.68-3.90 (m, 3H), 4.42 (m, 1H), 7.51 (m, 3H), 7.89 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 357 (M+H) + . The product was carried through deprotection and/or salt formation steps as listed in the table below.

Examples 276-281

General Coupling Procedure (OD): The diamine (1 mmol) and diisopropylethylamine (1-2 mmol) were dissolved in 1,2-dichlorobenzene (3 mL). A 5-aryl-substituted 2-benzylsulfanyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazole (1-2 mmol) was added and the mixture heated to 220 C. under microwave irradiation for 15 min. After cooling, the reaction mixture was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (25 mL), washed successively with sat. NaHCO 3 (10 mL), H 2 O (10 mL), and brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 SO 4 ) and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by column chromatography. Examples 276-281 were prepared by reacting the 2-benzylsulfanyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative substituted at the 5-position with the listed aryl group and the corresponding diamine according to the conditions listed in the table below. ExampleArylDiamineConditionsResulting Compound276PhenylExample 14H1) OD(3aR,6aR)-5-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole 1 H NMR(CD 3 OD, 300MHz) 1.72-1.83(m, 1H), 2.02-2.18(m,1H), 2.88-3.06(m, 3H), 3.40-3.46(m, 1H), 3.57-3.63(m,1H), 3.71-3.81(m, 2H), 3.94-4.00(m, 1H), 7.52(m,3H), 7.90(m, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 257(M+H) + ; Anal.C 14 H 16 N 4 O.0.67H 2 O: C, H, N277PhenylExample 6C1) B2-(5-Phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-octahydro-2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole bis hydrochloride3) S3 1 H NMR(DMSO-d 6 , 300MHz) 3.06-3.25(m, 4H)3.38-3.37(m, 2H) 3.52-3.63(m, 2H) 3.65-3.76(m, 2H)7.51-7.58(m, 3H) 7.82-7.90(m, 2H) 9.17(s, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 257(M+H) + ; Anal. C 14 H 16 N 4 O.1.8HCl: C, H,N.278p-methoxyExample 6C1) B2-[5-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-phenyl1) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(DMSO-d 6 , 300MHz) 3.08-3.21(m, 4H)3.37-3.49(m, 2H) 3.49-3.57(m, 2H) 3.61-3.71(m, 2H) 3.83(s,3H) 7.06-7.14(m, 2H) 7.75-7.83(m, 2H) 8.88(s, 2H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 287(M+H) + ; Anal.C 15 H 18 N 4 O 2 .C 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, H, N.279p-methoxyExample 6C1) B2-[5-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-phenyl2) FB5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole3) RAhydrochloride4) S3 1 H NMR(DMSO-d 6 , 300MHz) 2.81(dd, J=6.6, 4.9Hz, 3H)2.86-2.96(m, 1H) 3.04-3.20(m, 1H) 3.23-3.36(m,2H) 3.47-3.58(m, 2H) 3.59-3.66(m, 2H) 3.66-3.82(m,2H) 3.83(s, 3H) 7.05-7.16(m, 2H) 7.75-7.86(m, 2H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 301(M+H) + ; Anal.C 16 H 20 N 4 O 2 .1.3HCl: C, H, N.280p-chloroExample 6C1) B2-[5-(4-Chloro-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-phenyl2) FBoctahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole trifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(DMSO-d 6 , 300MHz) 3.11-3.22(m, 4H)3.38-3.49(m, 2H) 3.51-3.59(m, 2H) 3.64-3.74(m, 2H)7.44-7.75(m, 2H) 7.79-8.00(m, 2H) 8.97(s, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 291(M+H) + ; Anal.C14H15ClN4O.3.7C2HF3O2: C, H, N.281PhenylExample 5D1) B6-Methyl-3-(5-phenyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-3,6-2) S4diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane bis trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.07-2.28(m, 1H)2.41-2.56(m, 1H) 2.88-2.97(m, 1H) 2.99(s, 3H) 3.24(dd,J=12.4, 5.6Hz, 1H) 3.35-3.59(m, 2H) 3.74-4.00(m, 2H)4.01-4.31(m, 2H) 7.40-7.68(m, 3H) 7.84-8.07(m,2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 271(M+H) + ; Anal.C15H18N4O.2.2C2HF3O2: C, H, N.

Example 282

2-(2-Methoxy-bi phenyl-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Example 282A

5-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 6C (1.0 g, 4.71 mmol), 3-bromoanisole (1.15 g, 6.12 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 86 mg, 0.094 mmol), racemic-2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-binaphthyl (BINAP, Strem, 0.117 g, 0.188 mmol), and tert-BuONa (0.724 g, 7.54 mmol) were combined in 20 mL toluene. This mixture was warmed to 85 C. and stirred for 18 h then was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude residue was purified via flash column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give 1.45 g of the title compound (4.6 mmol, 97% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 319 (M+H) + .

Example 282B

5-(4-Iodo-3-methoxy-phenyl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To the product of Example 282A (0.7 g, 2.2 mmol) in 30 mL CH 2 Cl 2 at ambient temperature was added 1.16 g of TIOAc (Aldrich, 4.4 mmol) as described in Pirrung, M., et al, JACS, 2001, 123, 3638-3643. This mixture was stirred for 5 min then I 2 ( 0.67 g, 2.64 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 (70 mL) was added dropwise. Thallium (I) iodide formed a precipitate in the course of this reaction. This mixture stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h then was filtered. The filtrate was washed with 10% aqueous Na 2 S 2 O 3 (15 mL), NaHCO 3 (10 mL), and saturated, aqueous NaCl (10 mL). The organic material was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via flash column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to provide the title compound (0.68 g, 70% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 445 (M+H) + .

Example 282C

5-(2-Methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 282B (0.68 g, 1.53 mmol), phenylboronic acid (Aldrich, 0.59 g, 3.07 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 56 mg, 0.061 mmol), 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 65 mg, 0.15 mmol), and 2M Na 2 CO 3 (aq, 4 mL) were combined in toluene (20 mL). The mixture was warmed to 85 C. and stirred for 18 h; however, the mixture contained mostly starting material, so additional Pd 2 (dba) 3 (56 mg, 0.061 mmol) and 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (65 mg, 0.15 mmol) were added and the mixture stirred for another 18 h at 85 C. The reaction was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) to give the title compound (0.17 g, 28% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 395 (M+H) + .

Example 282D

2-(2-Methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole Trifluoroacetate

To the product of Example 282C (0.17 g, 0.43 mmol) in 6 mL CH 2 Cl 2 was added 3 mL trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) according to the general procedure to give 0.122 g of the title compound (0.30 mmol, 69% yield). 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.25 (m, 4H), 3.35 (m, 2H), 3.52 (m, 2H), 3.62 (m, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 6.41 (dd, J=6.8, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.42 (s, 1H), 7.18 (m, 2H), 7.31 (m, 2H), 7.42 (m, 2H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 295 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 22 N 2 OCF 3 CO 2 H: C, 61.76; H, 5.68; N, 6.86; Found: C, 62.03; H, 5.91; N, 7.02.

Example 283

2-(2-Methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Example 283A

2-(2-Methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

To the product of Example 282D (0.102 g, 0.25 mmol) in 3 mL 37% aqueous HCHO was added 54 mg NaBH(OAc) 3 (0.25 mmol). This material stirred at ambient temperature for 4 h then was quenched with 5 mL saturated, aqueous NaHCO 3 . CH 2 Cl 2 (5 mL) was added, the layers separated and the aqueous layer was extracted 35 mL CH 2 Cl 2 . The combined organics were dried over Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via flash column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1% NH 4 OH: 9% CH 3 OH: 90% CH 2 Cl 2 ) to give 69 mg of the title compound (2.24 mmol, 90% yield) which was carried on to the next reaction without further purification.

Example 283B

2-(2-Methoxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate

To the product of Example 283A (69 mg, 0.224 mmol) in 3 mL 10% EtOH in EtOAc was added p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TsOHH 2 O, 45 mg, 0.24 mmol) in 2 mL 10% EtOH in EtOAc. Diethyl ether (1 mL) was added and the mixture stirred at ambient temperature until a precipitate formed. Filtration yielded 28 mg of the title compound (0.043 mmol, 19% yield). 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.35 (s, 6H), 2.92 and 2.98 (rotamer s, 3H), 3.19 (m, 3H) 3.38 (m, 3H), 3.63 (m, 3H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 6.50 (m, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 7.16 (m, 1H), 7.22 (m, 5H), 7.32 (m, 2H), 7.42 (m, 2H), 7.70 (m, 4H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 309 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 20 H 24 N 2 O2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 62.55; H, 6.18; N, 4.29; Found: C, 62.17; H, 5.95; N, 4.18.

Example 284

4-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-ol di-bromide

Demethylation Procedure (deMe): A solution of the product of Example 282C (0.28 g, 0.71 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 (15 mL) was cooled to 78 C. and BBr 3 (2.8 mL of a 1M solution in heptane, 2.8 mmol) was added dropwise via syringe. The mixture was stirred at 78 C. for 30 min then was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for an additional 3 h. The mixture was cooled to 78 C. and 3 mL CH 3 OH was added dropwise and the mixture was allowed to warm to ambient temperature. After concentration under reduced pressure, 5 mL of 10% CH 3 OH in EtOAc was added. The resulting solids were isolated via filtration to give 0.25 g of the title compound (0.56 mmol, 80% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 3.32 (m, 6H), 3.50 (dd, J=9.8, 1.7 Hz, 2H), 3.61 (m, 2H), 7.16 (t, J=4.4 Hz, 1H), 7.21 (m, 1H), 7.33 (m, 3H), 7.50 (m, 3H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 281 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 18 H 20 N 2 O2HBr: C, 48.89; H, 5.01; N, 6.34. Found: C, 48.53; H, 5.04; N, 6.14.

Example 285

4-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-biphenyl-2-ol bis-p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 284 was processed according to the methods RA and S1 to prvide the title compound 7% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 2.36 (s, 6H), 2.91 (s, 3H), 3.18 (m, 6H), 3.52 (m, 4H), 7.13 (m, 1H), 7.22 (m, 5H), 7.40 (m, 5H), 7.69 ppm (m, 5H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 295 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 19 H 22 N 2 O1.7C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 63.21; H, 6.11; N, 4.77. Found: C, 62.93; H, 5.68; N, 5.10.

Example 286

Example 286A

5-[6-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 90(0.50 g, 1.5 mmol), m-methoxy-phenylboronic acid (0.47 g, 3.1 mmol), aqueous Na 2 CO 3 (2M, 2.5 mL), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 56 mg, 0.062 mmol) and 1,3-bis(2,6-di-1-propylphenyl)imidazolium chloride (Strem, 65 mg, 0.15 mmol) were combined in toluene (20 mL) were combined in toluene (20 mL). The mixture was deoxygenated by three vacuum/N 2 purge cycles. The mixture was stirred under nitrogen at 85 C. for 18 h then cooled to room temperature, filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes in ethyl acetate) to provide the title compound (0.51 g, 84% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 397 (M+H) + .

Example 286B

3-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol Dihydrobromide

The product of Example 286A (0.63 g, 1.6 mmol) was processed according to the procedure deMe as described in Example 284 to provide the title compound (0.77 g) as a crude solid, suitable for the next reaction: MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 283 (M+H) + .

Example 286C

5-[6-(3-Hydroxy-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 286B (1.6 mmol) was dissolved in THF (15 mL). Aqueous NaHCO 3 (2M, 4 mL) was added, followed by di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (0.49 g, 2.2 mmol). This mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h then extracted CH 2 Cl 2 (25 mL). The combined extract was washed with brine (3 mL), dried over anhydrous Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1% NH 4 OH: 9% CH 3 OH: 90% CH 2 Cl 2 ) to provide the title compound (0.34 g, 56% from Example 286A). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 383 (M+H) + .

Example 286D

3-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-d]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol tri-hydrochloride

The product of Example 286C was processed according to the methods FB and S3 to provide the title compound in 29% yield: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 3.31 (m, 4H), 3.70 (m, 6H), 6.86 (ddd, J=8.0, 2.4, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (m, 2H), 7.85 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 283 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 O3.8HCl1.3NH 4 OH: C, 41.20; H, 6.12; N, 15.91. Found: C, 40.90; H, 6.27; N, 16.26.

Example 287

4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol bis-trifluoroacetate

Example 287A

4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol Dihydrobromide

The product of Example 95 was processed according to the procedure deME as described in Example 284 to provide the title compound as a crude salt in 89% yield: MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 283 (M+H) + .

Example 287B

5-[6-(4-Hydroxy-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 287A was treated with di-tert-butyl dicarbonate according to the procedure Boc as described in Example 286C to provide the crude title compound: MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 383 (M+H) + .

Example 287C

4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol bis-trifluoroacetate

The product of Example 287B was processed according to the methods FB and S4 to provide the title compound in 87% yield: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 3.37 (m, 4H), 3.66 (dd, J=11.5, 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.74 (dd, J=11.7, 3.2 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (m, 2H), 6.96 (m, 2H), 7.65 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (m, 2H), 8.29 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 282 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 O2.4CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 44.93; H, 3.70; N, 10.08. Found: C, 45.16; H, 3.61; N, 10.22.

Example 288

Diethyl-(2-{3-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine bis-p-toluenesulfonate

Example 288A

5-{6-[3-(2-Diethylamino-ethoxy)-phenyl]-pyridazin-3-yl}-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

Polymer-bound triphenylphosphine (Aldrich, 0.61 g, 1.8 mmol) was added to an ice-cooled solution of the product of Example 286C (0.28 g, 0.73 mmol) and N,N-diethylethanolamine (0.24 mL, 1.8 mmol) in CH 2 Cl 2 . Di-iso-propyl-azodicarboxylate (Aldrich, 0.36 mL, 1.8 mmol) was added dropwise via syringe. This mixture was stirred at 0 C. for 1 h then kept at room temperature for 72 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through diatomaceous earth, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 1% NH 4 OH: 9% CH 3 OH: 90% CH 2 Cl 2 ) to provide the title compound (0.19 g, 54% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 482 (M+H) + .

Example 288B

Diethyl-(2-[3-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy]-ethyl)-amine bis-p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 288A (0.18 g, 0.37 mmol) was processed according to the methods FB and S1 to provide the title compound in 43% yield: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.39 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 6H), 1.38 (s, 6H), 3.32 (m, 8H), 3.71 (m, 8H), 4.44 (dd, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.11 (dd, J=7.6, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.21 (m, 5H), 7.46 (t, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.67 (m, 5H), 7.97 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 382 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 22 H 31 N 5 O2C 7 H 8 O 3 S1.1H 2 O: C, 57.98; H, 6.65; N, 9.39. Found: C, 57.67; H, 6.64; N, 9.11.

Example 289

Diethyl-(2-{4-[6-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine tris-trifluoroacetate

The product of Example 287B was processed successively according to the procedures of Example 288A, FB, and S4 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.39 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 6H), 3.37 (m, 8H), 3.65 (m, 4H), 3.76 (dd, J=11.2, 2.7 Hz, 2H), 3.91 (m, 2H), 4.45 (m, 2H), 7.19 (m, 2H), 7.53 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 7.98 (m, 2H), 8.21 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 382 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 22 H 31 N 5 O3CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 46.48; H, 4.74; N, 9.68. Found: C, 46.56; H, 4.72; N, 9.55.

Example 290

(2-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-dimethyl-amine tris-trifluoroacetate

The product of Example 287B was coupled to N,N-dimethylethanolamine according to the procedure of Example 288A. The product was further processed-according to the methods FB and S4 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 3.01 (s, 6H), 3.39 (m, 4H), 3.65 (m, 4H), 3.76 (m, 2H), 3.91 (m, 2H), 4.44 (m, 2H), 7.19 (m, 2H), 7.53 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 7.98 (m, 2H), 8.20 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 354 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 20 H 27 N 5 O3CF 3 CO 2 H: C, 44.90; H, 4.35; N, 10.07. Found: C, 44.85; H, 4.16; N, 9.92.

Examples 291-294

The N-methyl derivatives of Examples 286-290 were prepared according to the methods indicated in the table below: ExampleStarting MaterialConditionsResulting Compound291Example 2861) RA3-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2) S32-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol tri-hydrochloride 1 HNMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.96(s, 3H), 3.31(m, 4H),3.61(m, 6H), 6.86(ddd, J=7.9, 2.5, 1.2Hz, 1H), 7.16(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.29(t, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.37(m, 2H),7.86(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 297(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 O.2.5HCl.0.75H 2 O: C,50.91; H, 6.03; N, 13.97. Found: C, 51.03; H, 6.36; N,13.98.292Example 2871) RA4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2) S12-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenol bis-p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.31(m, 6H), 3.00(s,3H), 3.20(m, 1H), 3.47(m, 3H), 3.89(m, 6H), 6.97(m,2H), 7.19(m, 4H), 7.65(m, 5H), 7.81(d, J=8.5Hz, 2H),8.24(dd, J=24.8, 10.9Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z297(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 17 H 20 N 4 O.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C,58.11; H, 5.66; N, 8.74. Found: C, 57.96; H, 5.56; N, 8.69.293Example 2881) RADiethyl-(2-{3-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-2) S2pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine bis-fumarate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.38(t, J=7.3Hz, 6H), 2.88(s,3H), 3.28(m, 4H), 3.35(q, J=7.1Hz, 4H), 3.62(m, 6H),3.78(m, 2H), 4.44(dd, J=4.8Hz, 2H), 6.70(s, 4H), 7.09(ddd,J=8.1, 2.5, 0.8Hz, 1H), 7.15(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H),7.45(t, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.54(m, 1H), 7.65(m, 1H), 7.91(d,J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 396(M+H) + ; Anal.calculated for C 23 H 33 N 5 O.2C 4 H 4 O 4 .NH 4 OH: C, 56.18; H,7.00; N, 12.68. Found: C, 56.40; H, 6.50; N, 12.94.294Example 2891) RADiethyl-(2-{4-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-2) S1pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenoxy}-ethyl)-amine bis-p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 1.38(t, J=7.3Hz, 6H),2.35(s, 6H), 2.94(s, 3H), 3.32(m, 8H), 3.64(m, 6H),3.77(m, 2H), 4.41(m, 2H), 7.14(m, 3H), 7.22(m, 4H),7.69(m, 4H), 7.87(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.93(m, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 396(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 23 H 33 N 5 O.2C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.25H 2 O: C, 59.70; H, 6.70; N,9.41. Found: C, 59.41; H, 6.71; N, 9.36.

Example 295A

5-[6-(4-Amino-phenyl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 90 (0.97 g, 3.0 mmol) and 4-aminophenylboronic acid, pinacol ester (TCl, 1.92 g, 7.5 mmol) were coupled according to the procedure of method (G, H, I) to provide the title compound (0.91 g, 2.39 mmol, 80% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 181 (M+H) + .

Examples 295-300

The product of Example 295A (164 mg, 0.43 mmol) and an acylating agent (0.86 mmol) were combined in CH 2 Cl 2 (2.0 mL) containing anhydrous pyridine (0.10 mL, 1.2 mmol) and stirred at rt to 40 C. for 2-18 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, partitioned with CH 2 Cl 2 (10 mL) and 1 N aq. NaOH (5 mL) and the layers were separated. The organic layer was washed with satd. aq. NH 4 Cl (25 mL) and brine (5 mL), dried (Na 2 SO 4 ) and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the acylated product in 51%-84% yield. The crude materials were further processed as indicated below to provide the title compounds. ExampleAcylating AgentIConditionsResulting Compound295Methanesulfonyl1) ECN-{4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-chloride2) S2c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-methanesulfonamide fumarate 1 H NMR(D 2 O, 300MHz) 2.89(s, 3H) 3.07(s, 3H)3.22-3.56(m, 4H) 3.58-3.78(m, 4H) 3.82-4.05(m, 2H)6.48(s, 2H) 7.18(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H), 7.20-7.34(m, 2H)7.66-7.80(m, 2H) 7.86(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 374(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 23 N 5 O 2 S.1.0C 4 H 4 O 4 .2.6 H 2 O: C, H, N.296Benzoyl chloride1) FBN-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) S2pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-benzamide fumarate 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 3.12-3.21(m, 2H)3.25-3.30(m, 2H) 3.48-3.59(m, 2H) 3.62-3.71(m, 2H)3.75-3.83(m, 2H) 6.72(s, 1H) 7.07(d, J=8.9Hz, 1H)7.48-7.55(m, 2H) 7.55-7.60(d, J=8.9Hz, 1H) 7.70-7.75(m,2H) 7.83-7.90(m, 2H) 7.93-8.00(m, 3H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 386(M+H) + ; Anal. C 23 H 23 N 5 O.0.7 C 4 H 4 O 4 :C, H, N.297Methanesulfonyl1) FBN-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-chloride2) S2pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-methanesulfonamidefumarate 1 H NMR(D 2 O, 300MHz) 3.04(s, 3H) 3.18-3.30(m, 4H)3.47-3.55(m, 2H) 3.54-3.69(m, 4H) 6.41(s, 1H)6.95(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H) 7.19-7.25(m, 2H) 7.63(d, J=9.8Hz,1H) 7.65-7.70(m, 2H);MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 360(M+H) + ; Anal. C 17 H 21 N 5 O 2 S.0.8C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.298Dimethyl sulfamoyl1) FBN-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-chloride2) S2pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-dimethylaminosulfonamide fumarate 1 H NMR(D 2 O, 300MHz) 2.73(s, 6H) 3.20-3.31(m, 2H)3.30-3.39(m, 2H) 3.56-3.67(m, 4H) 3.76-3.87(m,2H) 6.49(s, 4H) 7.17-7.25(m, 2H) 7.29(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H)7.66-7.74(m, 2H) 7.89(d, J=9.8Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 389(M+H) + 299Acetic anhydride1) FBN-{4-[6-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2) S4pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-acetamidetrifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.15(s, 3H) 3.26-3.40(m,4H) 3.58-3.67(m, 2H) 3.67-3.74(m, 2H) 3.76-3.86(m,2H) 7.25(d, J=9.6Hz, 1H) 7.66-7.75(m, 2H)7.86-7.95(m, 2H) 8.00(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 324(M+H) + ; Anal. C 18 H 21 N 5 O.1.3C 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, H, N.300Acetic anhydride1) FBN-{4-[6-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-2) RAc]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-3) S4acetamide trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(MeOD-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.15(s, 3H) 2.96(s, 3H)3.33-3.43(m, 4H) 3.57-3.74(m, 4H) 3.75-3.84(m, 2H)7.16(d, J=9.5Hz, 1H) 7.65-7.72(m, 2H) 7.85-7.92(m,2H) 7.90(d, J=9.4Hz, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 338(M+H) + ;Anal. C 19 H 23 N 5 O.C 2 HF 3 O 2 : C, H, N.

Example 301

2-(2-Phenyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Example 301A

5-Pyrimidin-5-yl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

A mixture of the product of Example 6C (2.045 g, 9.63 mmol), 5-bromopyrimidine (1.84 g, 11.6 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 0.265 g, 0.29 mmol), racemic-2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-10 binaphthyl (BINAP, Strem, 0.30 g, 0.48 mmol) and tert-BuONa (sodium tert-butoxide, 1.85 g, 19.3 mmol) in 75 mL PhCH 3 was degassed three times with a N 2 back-flush. The mixture was warmed to 85 C., stirred for 48 h then was cooled, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 50% hexanes-EtOAc) gave 2.68 g of the title compound (9.23 mmol, 95% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 291 (M+H) + .

Example 301B

5-(2-Bromo-pyrimidin-5-yl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

To a solution of the product of Example 301A (2.68 g, 9.23 mmol) in 75 mL of CH 3 CN at 0 C. was added N-bromosuccinimide (NBS, 1.64 g, 9.23 mmol) in 50 mL CH 3 CN portionwise via cannula. The mixture was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stir for 16 h. The reaction mixture was quenched by the addition of 25 mL H 2 O then 50 mL CH 2 Cl 2 was added. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted 320 mL CH 2 Cl 2 . The combined organic layers were washed with 10 mL saturated, aqueous NaCl (brine), then were dried over Na 2 SO 4 , and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification via column chromatography (SiO 2 , 75% hexanes-EtOAc) gave 1.2 g of the title compound (3.25 mmol, 35% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 369, 371 (M+H) + .

Examples 301-304

The product of Example 301B was coupled with an aryl boronic acid and further processed by methods listed in the table below to provide the title compounds: ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound301Phenyl boronic1) H2-(2-Phenyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-octahydro-acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate3) S1 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.35(s, 3H), 3.27(m, 4H),3.45(m, 2H), 3.59(m, 4H), 7.20(m, 2H), 7.42(m, 3H), 7.69(m,2H), 8.22(m, 2H), 8.30(s, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 267(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 .1.25C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C,61.73; H, 5.86; N, 11.63; Found: C, 61.47; H, 5.85; N, 11.71.302Phenyl boronic1) H2-Methyl-5-(2-phenyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-octahydro-acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate3) RA 1 H NMR(CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300MHz) 2.35(s, 3H), 2.95(s, 3H),4) S13.30(m, 2H), 3.35(m, 4H), 3.65(m, 4H), 7.21(m, 2H), 7.43(m,3H), 7.69(m, 2H), 8.23(m, 2H), 8.36(s, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 281(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated forC 17 H 20 N 4 .C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 63.69; H, 6.24; N, 12.38; Found: C,63.32; H, 6.12; N, 12.07.303o-methoxyphenyl1) H2-[5-(Hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-boronic acid2) DeMepyrimidin-2-yl]-phenol p-toluenesulfonate3) FB 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 0.93(m, 1H), 1.35(m,4) S11H), 2.35(s, 3H), 3.30(m, 2H), 3.56(m, 6H), 6.91(m, 2H),7.22(m, 2H), 7.28(ddd, J=8.1, 7.1, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.69(m,2H), 8.30(dd, J=8.1, 1.7Hz, 1H), 8.37(s, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 283(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 O.1.5C 7 H 8 O 3 S.H 2 O: C, 56.97; H, 5.77; N, 10.03. Found: C,57.04; H, 5.44; N, 10.30.304o-methoxyphenyl1) H2-[5-(5-Methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-boronic acid2) DeMeyl)-pyrimidin-2-yl]-phenol p-toluenesulfonate 1 H3) FBNMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.35(s, 3H), 2.95(s, 3H),4) RA3.28(m, 4H), 3.37(m, 3H), 3.67(m, 3H), 6.89(m, 2H),5) S17.22(m, 2H), 7.27(dd, J=7.5, 1.7Hz, 1H), 7.69(m, 2H),8.30(dd, J=8.3, 1.9Hz, 1H), 8.40(s, 2H); MS(DCl/NH 3 )m/z 297(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 16 H 18 N 4 O.C 7 H 8 O 3 S.0.25H 2 O: C, 60.93; H, 6.07; N, 11.84. Found: C,60.84; H, 5.98; N, 11.58.

Example 305

5-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of Example 6C (0.75 g, 3.53 mmol), 1,4-dibromobenzene (0.83 g, 3.53 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (Pd 2 (dba) 3 , Strem, 65 mg, 0.071 mmol), racemic-2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-binaphthyl (BINAP, Strem, 88 mg, 0.14 mmol), and NaOt-Bu (0.54 g, 5.6 mmol) were combined in toluene (15 mL). This mixture was stirred at 100 C. for 24 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 70% hexanes in EtOAc) to give the title compound (0.65 g, 1.8 mmol, 50% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 367 (M+H) + .

Examples 306-309

The intermediate Example 305 was coupled with an aryl boronic acid and further processed by methods listed to provide the title compounds: ExampleBoronic AcidConditionsResulting Compound3063-pyridinyl1) G2-(4-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-boronic acid2) FBc]pyrrole bis-trifluoroacetate 1 H NMR(300MHz,3) S4CD 3 OD) ppm 3.25(m, 4H), 3.45(m, 2H), 3.53(m, 2H),3.63(m, 2H), 6.89(m, 2H), 7.67(m, 2H), 7.86(dd, J=8.1,5.4Hz, 1H), 8.56(m, 2H), 8.95(s, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z266(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 17 H 19 N 3 .2CF 3 CO 2 H.0.5H 2 O: C, 50.20; H, 4.41; N, 8.38. Found: C, 50.51; H,4.29; N, 8.12.3073-pyridinyl1) G2-Methyl-5-(4-pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-octahydro-boronic acid2) FBpyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole p-toluenesulfonate 1 H NMR3) RA(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 2.36(s, 3H), 2.93(s, 3H), 3.23(m,4) S14H), 3.38(m, 2H), 3.59(m, 3H), 3.99(m, J=7.5Hz, 1H),6.94(d, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 7.22(m, 2H), 7.69(m, 4H),7.89(m, 1H), 8.59(d, J=5.8Hz, 2H), 8.97(s, 1H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 280(M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 18 H 21 N 3 .1.8C 7 H 8 O 3 S: C, 62.36; H, 6.05; N, 7.13. Found: C, 62.32; H,6.01; N, 7.13.308Phenyl boronic1) H2-Biphenyl-4-yl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrroleacid2) FBtrifluoroacetate3) S4 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) ppm 3.29(m, 6H), 3.52(d,J=8.8Hz, 2H), 3.61(m, 2H), 6.83(m, 2H), 7.23(m, 1H),7.37(m, 2H), 7.52(m, 4H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 265(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 18 H 20 N 2 .CF 3 CO 2 H.0.2H 2 O: C, 62.89;H, 5.65; N, 7.33. Found: C, 62.84; H, 5.41; N, 7.11.309Phenyl boronic1) H2-Biphenyl-4-yl-5-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-acid2) FBc]pyrrole hydrochloride 1 H NMR(300MHz, CD 3 OD) 3) RAppm 2.92(s, 3H), 3.21(m, 2H), 3.40(m, 4H), 3.64(m, 3H),4) S33.98(m, 1H), 6.96(m, 2H), 7.25(t, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.38(t,J=7.6Hz, 2H), 7.54(m, 4H); MS(DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 279(M+H) + ;Anal. calculated for C 19 H 22 N 2 .HCl: C, 64.96; H,6.89; N, 7.97. Found: C, 64.68; H, 7.08; N, 7.76.

Example 310

1-Methyl-5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indole Fumarate

The product of Example 115 was converted to the free base by method FB. This material was subjected to indole N-methylation according to the procedure of Method RA, followed by salt formation according to method S2 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 2.87 (s, 3H), 3.19-3.39 (m, 4H), 3.52-3.68 (m, 4H), 3.73-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 6.53 (d, J=3.1 Hz, 1H), 6.68 (s, 2H), 7.16 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (d, J=3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (dd, J=8.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.94 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 8.10 ppm (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 334 (M+H) + ; Anal. C 20 H 23 N 5 1.14C 4 H 4 O 4 : C, H, N.

Example 311

Dimethyl-{5-[6-(5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-1H-indol-3-ylmethyl}-amine Fumarate

The product of Example 115 was converted to the free base by method FB. The free base (90 mg, 0.28 mmol), 37% formaldehyde solution (34 mg, 0.42 mmol) and 2M dimethylamine solution in THF (0.21 ml, 0.42 mmol) were combined in dioxane (1 mL) and HOAC (1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The mixture was concentrated, and the residue was purified by preparative HPLC (Xterra column, NH 4 HCO 3 CH 3 CN). The product was converted to thte title compound according to method S2 (81 mg, 50% yield): 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , 300 MHz) ppm 2.78-2.85 (m, 9H), 3.32-3.41 (m, 4H), 3.42-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.61 (dd, J=10.8, 6.9 Hz, 2H), 3.84 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 2H), 4.50 (s, 2H), 6.52 (s, 3H), 7.08 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.57 (m, 2H), 7.78 (dd, J=8.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 8.22 (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 377 (M+H) + ; Anal. C 22 H 28 N 6 1.6C 4 H 4 O 4 H 2 O: C, H, N.

Example 312

(1S,5S)-6-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole Bis(trifluoroacetate)

Example 312A

N-{4-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-phenyl}-hydrazinecarboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The free base of the product of Example 85 (790 mg, 2 mmol), tert-butyl carbazate (317 mg, 2.4 mmol), cesium carbonate (910 mg, 2.8 mmol) and CuI (29 mg, 0.15 mmol) were combined in DMF (8 mL). The mixture was stirred at 80 C. under N 2 for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was purified via column chromatography (SiO 2 10% CH 2 Cl 2 -MeOH) to give 0.6 g of the title compound (1.5 mol, 75% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 1.52 (s, 9H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 3.18-3.41 (m, 4H), 3.59 (dd, J=11.4, 8.3 Hz, 1H), 3.94-4.03 (m, 2H), 4.06 (dd, J=6.8, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.85-7.94 ppm (m, J=9.2, 7.1 Hz, 3H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 397 (M+H) + .

Example 312B

6-[6-(6-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-pyridazin-3-yl]-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole bis(trifluoroacetate)

The product of Example 312A (200 mg, 0.5 mmol), cyclohexanone (98 mg, 1 mmol) and p-toluenesulfonic acid (30 mg, 0.15 mmol) were combined in EtOH (3 mL), and the mixture was heated in the microwave reactor to 150 C. for 10 minutes. The crude reaction mixture was purified by preparative HPLC (Xterra column, 0.1% TFA-CH 3 CN), to provide the title compound (19.9 mg, 6% yield). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 1.85-2.01 (m, 4H), 2.72-2.82 (m, 5H), 2.96-3.09 (m, 2H), 3.43-3.70 (m, 4H), 4.06-4.28 (m, 2H), 4.52-4.64 (m, 1H), 4.95-5.09 (m, 1H), 7.46 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (dd, J=8.5, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 8.00 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.42 ppm (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 360 (M+H) + ; Anal. calculated for C 22 H 25 N 5 2.5C 2 F 3 HO 2 0.3H 2 O: C, 49.90; H, 4.36; N, 10.78. Found: C, 49.85; H, 4.51; N 10.89.

Example 314

2-(5-Phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane bis-p-toluenesulfonate

Example 314A

5-(1-Methylsulfanyl-3-oxo-3-phenyl-propenyl)-2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

3,3-Bis-methylsulfanyl-1-phenyl-propenone (0.675 g, 3.0 mmol), was prepared according to literature procedure (Galli, f. et al WO 01/92251 A1) and was combined with the product of Example 24 (0.200 g, 1.0 mmol) in 10 mL MeOH. This mixture was warmed to 70 C. for 4 h then was cooled to ambient temperature, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified via column chromatrography (SiO 2 , 10% CH 3 OHCH 2 Cl 2 with 1% NH 4 OH) to give 0.159 g of the title compound (0.38 mmol, 38% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 375 (M+H) + .

Example 314B

5-(5-Phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylic Acid tert-butyl Ester

The product of example 314B (0.143 g, 0.42 mmol), hydrazine 1.0M solution in THF (1.7 mL, 1.7 mmol), sodium acetate (0.13 g, 1.3 mmol) were combined in toluene (4 mL), acetic acid (2 mL), water (0.5 mL), and ethanol. The mixture was heated to reflux for 8 h. The mixture was poured into saturated Aq sodium carbonate and extracted with EtOAc the organics were dried over MgSO 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (SiO 2 , 10% CH 3 OHCH 2 Cl 2 with 1% NH 4 OH) to provide the title compound (0.088 g, 0.24 mmol, 57% yield). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 356 (M+H) + .

Example 314C

2-(5-Phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane bis-p-toluenesulfonate

The product of Example 314B was processed according to method FB, and S1 to provide the title salt. 1 H NMR (CH 3 OH-d 4 , (300 MHz) 2.04-2.20 (m, 2H) 2.26-2.42 (m, 6H) 3.35-3.44 (m, 1H) 3.45-3.66 (m, 2H) 3.66-3.86 (m, 1H) 4.49-4.72 (m, 2H) 6.28-6.47 (m, 1H) 7.14-7.30 (m, 5H) 7.45-7.59 (m, 1H) 7.62-7.83 ppm (m, 7H). MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 241 (M+H)+ Anal. calculated for C 14 H 16 N 4 2.C 7 H 8 O 3 S0.: C, 57.51; H, 5.52; N, 9.58. Found: C, 57.39; H, 5.19; N, 9.14.

Example 315

Example 315A

Benzyl (1S,5S)-6-(5-cyano-3-pyridinyl)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3-carboxylate

The product of Example 7J (830 mg, 3.58 mmol) in toluene (20 mL) was treated with Pd 2 (dba) 3 (71.0 mg, 0.072 mmol), BINAP (134 mg, 0.214 mmol), Cs 2 CO 3 (2.32 g, 7.16 mmol) and 3-bromo-5-cyanopyridine (0.98 g, 5.37 mmol). The mixture was heated at 100 C. under N 2 for 10 hours and then allowed to cool to room temperature and diluted with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The brown solution was washed with water (210 mL) and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography (SiO 2 , EtOAc:hexane, 50:50, R f 0.3) to provide the title compound (770 mg, 64% yield). 1 H NMR (MeOH-d 4 , 300 MHz) 3.2 (dd, J=12.9, 4.Hz, 1H), 3.30-3.4 (m, 2H), 3.6 (dd, J=8.2, 3.Hz, 1H), 3.96-4.10 (m, 3H), 4.74 (dd, J=6.1, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 5.10 (m, 2H), 7.15 (dd, J=2.7, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (m, 3H), 7.35 (m, 2H), 7.96 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 1H), 8.15 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 335 (M+H) + .

Example 315B

Benzyl(1S,5S)-6-(6-bromo-5-cyano-3-pyridinyl)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3-carboxylate

The product of Example 315A was treated with N-bromosuccinimide in acetonitrile according to the method of Example 301B to provide the title compound: MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z413/415 (M+H) + .

Example 315C

Benzyl(1S,5S)-6-(6-[2-thienyl[1-5-cyano-3-pyridinyl)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane 3-carboxylate

The product of Example 315B was coupled with 2-thienyl boronic acid according to the procedure of method I to provide the title compound: MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 417 (M+H) + .

Example 315D

(1R,5S)-5-(3,6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-2-thiophen-2-yl-nicotinonitrile Trifluoroacetate

The product of Example 315C was stirred in trifluoroacetic acid at 65 C. for 2 h, then cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was triturated with 10% methanol in ether to provide tht title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-D 4 , 300 MHz) 3.20 (dd, J=12.9, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 3.33-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.41-3.61 (m, 1H), 3.66-3.89 (m, 3H), 4.13 (t, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 5.01 (dd, J=6.6, 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.14 (dd, J=5.1, 3.7 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=3.1 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 283 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 15 H 14 N 4 S1.12CF 3 CO 2 H1.90H 2 O: C, 54.08; H, 5.64; N, 9.83. Found: C, 54.33; H, 5.30; N, 9.46.

Example 316

(1R,5S)-5-(3-Methyl-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-6-yl)-2-thiophen-2-yl-nicotinonitrile Fumarate

The product of Example 315D was processed according to method RA, then converted to the salt according to method S2: 1 H NMR (MeOH-D 4 , 300 MHz) 2.82-2.93 (m, 4H), 3.00 (dd, J=11.7, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.39-3.58 (m, 1H), 3.73 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 1H), 3.77-3.91 (m, 2H), 4.10 (t, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.96 (dd, J=6.8, 3.4 Hz, 1H), 6.69 (s, 2H), 7.13 (dd, J=5.1, 3.7 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 1H), 8.07 (d, J=3.1 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 297 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 16 H 16 N 4 S1.10 C 4 H 4 O 4 1.10H 2 O: C, 62.26; H, 6.25; N, 10.18. Found: C, 62.34; H, 6.31; N, 10.43.

Example 318

(1S,5S)-3-(4-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)

Example 318A

(1 S, 5R)-3-(4-bromophenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-6-carboxylate t-butyl Ester

The product of Example 8B was coupled with p-dibromobenzene according to the procedure of Example 128A to provide the title compound.

Example 318B

(1S,5S)-3-(4-Pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)

The product of Example 318A was coupled with pyridine-3-boronic acid according to the procedure of Method I. The product was further processed according to method FB and method S1 to provide tht title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-D 4 , 300 MHz) 2.37 (s, 6H) 3.02 (dd, J=10.5, 6.1 Hz, 1H), 3.10 (dd, J=12.5, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.39-3.60 (m, 1H), 3.75 (dd, J=11.0, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.93 (d, J=10.9 Hz, 1H), 4.14 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 1H), 4.25 (dd, J=10.8, 8.5 Hz, 1H), 5.02 (dd, J=7.0, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 6.93-7.16 (m, 2H) 7.23 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 4H) 7.47 (dd, J=8.0, 4.9 Hz, 1H) 7.56-7.66 (m, 3H) 7.64-7.80 (m, 4H) 7.95-8.15 (m, 1H) 8.44 (dd, J=4.9, 1.5 Hz, 1H) 8.75 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 252 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 16 H 17 N 3 2.20 C 7 H 8 SO 3 0.50H 2 O: C, 59.00; H, 5.61; N, 6.57. Found: C, 58.75; H, 5.72; N, 6.75.

Example 319

(1S,5S)-6-Methyl-3-(4-pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-3,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane bis(p-toluenesulfonate)

The product of Example 318A was coupled with pyridine-3-boronic acid according to method I, and further processed according to methods FB, RA, a nd S1 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-D 4 , 300 MHz) 2.39 (S, 6H), 2.89-2.90 (m, 4H), 3.11 (dd, J=13.2, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 3.38-3.62 (m, 1H), 3.94 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 4.01-4.16 (m, 2H), 4.16-4.34 (m, 1H), 4.72-5.05 (m, 1H), 7.08 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.22 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 4H), 7.51-7.91 (m, 6H) 8.35 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 8.55 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 1H), 8.89 (s (br.), 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 266 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 17 H 19 N 3 2.00 C 7 H 8 SO 3 0.60H 2 O: C, 60.00; H, 5.88; N, 6.77. Found: C, 59.92; H, 5.72; N, 6.74.

Example 320

(1S,5S)-5-[4-(3;6-Diaza-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-3-yl)-phenyl]-3-methyl-1H-indazole bis(p-toluenesulfonate)

The product of Example 318A was coupled with the product of Example 212A according to the procedure of Example 212B. The product was further processed according to methods FB and S1 to provide the title compound: 1 H NMR (MeOH-D 4 , 300 MHz) 2.28 (s, 6H), 2.53 (s, 3H), 2.59 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 2.91 (dd, J=10.3, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 3.02 (dd, J=11.7, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.33-3.44 (m, 1H), 3.89 (d, J=10.5 Hz, 1H), 4.04-4.21 (m, 2H), 4.87-5.05 (m, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.10 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 4H), 7.41-7.54 (m, 5H), 7.56-7.69 (m, 3H), 7.90 (s, 1H); MS (DCl/NH 3 ) m/z 305 (M+H) + ; Anal. Calculated for C 19 H 20 N 4 2.00 C 7 H 8 SO 3 0.60H 2 O: C, 59.84; H, 5.60; N, 8.46. Found: C, 60.04; H, 5.72; N, 8.70.

Example 321

Determination of Biological Activity

To determine the effectiveness of representative compounds of this invention as 7 nAChRs, the compounds of the invention were evaluated according to the [3H]-methyllycaconitine (MLA) binding assay and considering the [3H]-cytisine binding assay, which were performed as described below.

[3]-Cytisine Binding

Binding conditions were modified from the procedures described in Pabreza L A, Dhawan, S. Kellar K J, [ 3 H]-Cytisine Binding to Nicotinic Cholinergic Receptors in Brain, Mol. Pharm. 39: 9-12, 1991. Membrane enriched fractions from rat brain minus cerebellum (ABS Inc., Wilmington, Del.) were slowly thawed at 4 C., washed and resuspended in 30 volumes of BSS-Tris buffer (120 mM NaCl/5 mM KCl/2 mM CaCl 2 /2 mM MgCl 2 /50 mM Tris-Cl, pH 7.4, 4 C.). Samples containing 100-200 g of protein and 0.75 nM [3H]-cytisine (30 Cl/mmol; Perkin Elmer/NEN Life Science Products, Boston, Mass.) were incubated in a final volume of 500 L for 75 minutes at 4 C. Seven log-dilution concentrations of each compound were tested in duplicate. Non-specific binding was determined in the presence of 10 M ()-nicotine. Bound radioactivity was isolated by vacuum filtration onto prewetted glass fiber filter plates (Millipore, Bedford, Mass.) using a 96-well filtration apparatus (Packard Instruments, Meriden, Conn.) and were then rapidly rinsed with 2 mL of ice-cold BSS buffer (120 mM NaCl/5 mM KCl/2 mM CaCl 2 /2 mM MgCl 2 ). Packard MicroScint-20 scintillation cocktail (40 L) was added to each well and radioactivity determined using a Packard TopCount instrument. The IC 50 values were determined by nonlinear regression in Microsoft Excel software. K i values were calculated from the IC 50 s using the Cheng-Prusoff equation, where K i =IC 50 /1+[Ligand]/K D ].

[3H]-Methylycaconitine (MLA) Binding

Binding conditions were similar to those for [3H]-cytisine binding. Membrane enriched fractions from rat brain minus cerebellum (ABS Inc., Wilmington, Del.) were slowly thawed at 4 C., washed and resuspended in 30 volumes of BSS-Tris buffer (120 mM NaCl, 5 mM KCl, 2 mM CaCl 2 , 2 mM MgCl 2 , and 50 mM Tris-Cl, pH 7.4, 22 C.). Samples containing 100-200 g of protein, 5 nM [3H]-MLA (25 Ci/mmol; Perkin Elmer/NEN Life Science Products, Boston, Mass.) and 0.1% bovine serum albumin (BSA, Millipore, Bedford, Mass.) were incubated in a final volume of 500 L for 60 minutes at 22 C. Seven log-dilution concentrations of each compound were tested in duplicate. Non-specific binding was determined in the presence of 10 M MLA. Bound radioactivity was isolated by vacuum filtration onto glass fiber filter plates prewetted with 2% BSA using a 96-well filtration apparatus (Packard Instruments, Meriden, Conn.) and were then rapidly rinsed with 2 mL of ice-cold BSS. Packard MicroScint-20 scintillation cocktail (40 L) was added to each well and radioactivity was determined using a Packard TopCount instrument. The IC 50 values were determined by nonlinear regression in Microsoft Excel software. K i values were calculated from the IC 50 s using the Cheng-Prusoff equation, where K i =IC 50 /1+[Ligand]/KDI.

Compounds of the invention had K i values of from about 1 nanomolar to about 10 micromolar when tested by the MLA assay, many having a K i of less than 1 micromolar. [3H]-Cytisine binding values of compounds of the invention ranged from about 50 nanomolar to at least 100 micromolar. The determination of preferred compounds typically considered the K i value as measured by MLA assay in view of the K i value as measured by [3H]-cytisine binding, such that in the formula D=K i MLA /K i 3H-cytisine , D is about 50. Preferred compounds typically exhibited greater potency at 7 receptors compared to 42 receptors.

Compounds of the invention are 7 nAChRs ligands that modulate function of 7 nAChRs by altering the activity of the receptor. The compounds can be inverse agonists that inhibit the basal activity of the receptor or antagonists that completely block the action of receptor-activating agonists. The compounds also can be partial agonists that partially block or partially activate the x7 nAChR receptor or agonists that activate the receptor.

It is understood that the foregoing detailed description and accompanying examples are merely-illustrative and are not to be taken as limitations upon the scope of the invention, which is defined solely by the appended claims and their equivalents. Various changes and modifications to the disclosed embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Such changes and modifications, including without limitation those relating to the chemical structures, substituents, derivatives, intermediates, syntheses, formulations and/or methods of use of the invention, may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof.